Carolus Paulus Paruntu
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Budidaya Ikan Kerapu (Epinephelus tauvina Forsskal, 1775) dan Ikan Beronang (Siganus canaliculatus Park, 1797) dalam Karamba Jaring Apung dengan Sistim Polikultur Paruntu, Carolus Paulus
e-Journal BUDIDAYA PERAIRAN Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.168 KB) | DOI: 10.35800/bdp.3.1.2015.6924

Abstract

The aim of the present research was to evaluate the daily growth ratio, food conversion ratio and mortality of grouper (Epinephelus tauvina) and rabbit fish (Siganus canaliculatus) in floating net with polyculture system.  This experiment was done at the coastal area of Tomini Bay in the North Sulawesi Province.  The observations were done every two weeks for three months from August - November 2014.  Twenty five groupers (62.41 grams in ABWo) and twenty five rabbit fish (52.2 grams in ABWo) were used for polyculture experiment, while fifty groupers (56.71 grams in ABWo) for monoculture.  The results indicated that the daily individual growth of Epinephelus tauvina on polyculture was 1.29%, with food conversion ratio 6.1, while it on monoculture was 1,18%, with food conversion ratio 6.4.  The daily individual growth of Siganus canaliculatus on polyculture was 0,8%, with food conversion ratio 3.8.  Mortality for all species studied were 0%.  The present research showed that the polyculture system was better than monoculture system.  The future studies suggest that the polyculture system in the floating net may be developed and applied as a mariculture model in the North Sulawesi Province for prosperous life of fisherman. Keywords: Epinephelus tauvina,  Siganus canaliculatus, polyculture system, floating net, prosperous life,  fisherman.
POVERTY REDUCTION IN INDONESIA: A CHALLENGE FACING ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY Kindangen, Paulus; Paruntu, Carolus Paulus
Journal of Asean Studies on Maritime Issues Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Journal of Asean Studies on Maritime Issues

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Abstract

Poverty reduction is an important agenda of Indonesian government. Endeavors to reduce poverty require identification of its main influencing factors. This research was conducted to show  the role of economic growth and entrepreneurship in alleviating poverty in Indonesia. Descriptive analysis was done using secondary data and several empirical findings. This study shows that poverty in Indonesia decreased as the economy grew continuously in the long period of time. During the Asia financial crisis poverty jumped up, but then reduced again as the crisis ended and the economic growth did persist. This conclusion is in line with findings of various empirical studies. Two empirical studies in North Sulawesi indicate that entrepreneurship influence household income positively. These findings state that entrepreneurship or entrepreneurship spirit enable households to perform well in economic activities result in higher household income. As houshold income increases, poverty reduces. It means that entrepreneurship has positive influence on poverty reduction. In macroeconomic view, increased income of  households causes increased economic growth. This study concludes that economic growth reduces poverty and that entrepreneurship has positive influence on economic growth as well as poverty reduction. It is recommended that, the endeavor to reduce poverty should always be one of the government priorities and that the government should keep on struggling to foster economic growth as an important way to reduce poverty. Poverty reduction as a result of economic growth supported by strong entrepreneurship enables this country to be better prepared facing Asean Economic Community.