Aminuddin Parakkasi
Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, IPB

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Performa Pertumbuhan Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) yang Diberi Ransum Berbagai Taraf Limbah Udang Mas’ud, Muhammad Sayuti; Parakkasi, Aminuddin
Jurnal Agripet Vol 9, No 2 (2009): Volume 9, No. 2, Oktober 2009
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.36 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v9i2.625

Abstract

Growth performance of white rat (Rattus norvegicus) fed by various of shrimp waste levelsABSTRACT. The objectives of this research are to investigate: (1) The effect of shrimp waste levels in experimental diets on feed intake, daily weight gain, and feed convertion (F/G) of white rats; (2) Optimal level of shrimp waste in white rat diets; and (3) The responses of both male and female white rats to shrimp waste levels. 15 male and 15 female white rats were given pellet ration contain shrimp waste for four weeks. The experimental design used in this research is Completely Randomized Design with 2 x 5 factorial arrangement in 3 replications. The A factor was sex (male and female) and the B factor was shrimp waste levels in ration (0% as control. 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%). The parameters determined are feed intake, weight gain, and feed convertion of white rats. The results indicate that shrimp waste levels in ration was significantly (P<0.05) affect the dry matter intake, whereas the effect on weight gain and feed convertion of white rats was highly significant (P<0.01). Sex was significantly affect weight gain (P<0.05%), however it was not significance (P>0.05%) on dry matter intake and feed convertion of white rats. There were no interaction (P>0.05%) between shrimp waste levels in ration and sex of white rats. The conclusion of this research that shrimp waste levels in ration of white rats increase dry matter intake and daily weight gain. Whereas, it decreased feed convertion. The optimal level of shrimp waste in the diet for daily weight gain was 19.44%, while optimal feed convertion 16.62%. Male daily weight gain was higher than female. 
Efek Ekstrak Daun Murbei Terfermentasi sebagai Komponen Pakan terhadap Performa Mencit Syahrir, Syahriani; Wiryawan, Komang Gede; Parakkasi, Aminuddin; Winugroho, Winugroho; Lini, Christina
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Kandungan nutien dan produksi daun murbei cukup tinggi sehingga berpotensi menjadi sumber pakan ternak. Namun, daun murbei mengandung senyawa aktif 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), yang dapat menghambat hidrolisis disakarida menjadi monosakarida. Penghambatan tersebut dapat meningkatkan fermentabilitas pakan berserat dalam system rumen. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji dampak senyawa DNJ yang terkandung dalam ekstrak daun murbei (EDM) dalam sistem pasca rumen. Penelitian menggunakan mencit sebagai hewan model percernaan pasca rumen. Penelitian terdiri atas 6 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri atas: P0 = Ransum semi purified (kontrol), P1 = P0 + padatan residu fermentasi in vitro, P2 = P1 + EDM dengan kadar DNJ ransum sebesar 0,03%, P3 = P1 + padatan residu fermentasi in vitro yang diberi substrat EDM dengan kadar DNJ ransum sebesar 0,03%, P4 = P1 + EDM dengan kadar DNJ ransum sebesar 0,06%, dan P5 = P1 + padatan residu fermentasi in vitro yang diberi substrat EDM dengan kadar DNJ ransum sebesar 0,06%. Hasil penelitian menginformasikan bahwa penambahan ekstrak daun murbei dalam pakan mengakibatkan penurunan bobot badan, konsumsi dan kecernaan pakan serta kadar glukosa darah mencit. EDM tidak terdegradsi sempurna dalam sistem rumen, sehingga masih berdampak negatif pada sistem pasca rumen. Namun, fermentasi EDM dapat mengurangi dampak negatif senyawa DNJ dalam sistem pasca rumen.Kata kunci: Ekstrak daun murbei, 1-deoxynojirimycin, residu fermentasi in vitro, mencit.
HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL IN HUMAN MIGHT CAUSE ATHEROSKELEROSIS, A DISEASE THAT EVENTUALLY LEADS TO THE OCCURRENCE OF CORONARY HEART ATTACK. THIS RESEARCH WAS AIMED TO INVESTIGATE LEVEL OF SAGO WASTE OR SHRIMP WASTE ON PLASMA CHOLESTEROL AND GROWTH IN RATS. THE EXPERIMENT WAS CONDUCTED ON 28 MALES SPRAQUE DOWLEY RAT OF ONE MONTH OLD AND WAS SET UP IN A COMPLETELY RANDOMIZED DESIGN WITH SEVEN TREATMENTS AND FOUR REPLICATIONS. THE TREATMENTS WERE R0 (0 % SAGO WASTE AND SRIMP MEAL) AS A CONTROL, ASA 1 Ralahalu, Tabita N.; ., Kartiarso; Parakkasi, Aminuddin; Wiryawan, Komang G.; Priyanto, Rudy
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

High blood cholesterol in human might cause atheroskelerosis, a disease that eventually leads to the occurrence of coronary heart attack. This research was aimed to investigate level of sago waste or shrimp waste on plasma cholesterol and growth in rats. The experiment was conducted on 28 males Spraque dowley rat of one month old and was set up in a completely randomized design with seven treatments and four replications. The treatments were R0 (0 % sago waste and srimp meal) as a control, ASA 10 (10% of sago waste), ASA 20% (20% of sago waste), ASAF 10% (10% fermentation of sago waste), ASAF 20% (20% fermentation of sago waste), LU 10% (10% of srimp waste), LU 20% (20% of srimp waste). Variables measured included feed intake, body weight gain, plasma cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, low density lipoprotein, and triglyceride. The results showed that there was non-significant decrease in feed intake, whereas on body weight gain showed significant effect (P&lt;0.05) between ASA 20%, ASAF 20% and LU 20%. Feed eficiency showed significant effect (P &lt; 0, 01) between R0, ASA 20%, LU 10% with LU 20%. There was significant differences (P &lt; 0.05) in plasma cholesterol between ASA 20% and R0, ASA 10%, LU 10% and 10% of ASAF, while HDL, LDL and plasma triglyceride did not indicate a significant effect between treatment. It  is concluded that percentages of sago waste, fermentation of sago waste and shrimp waste in the ration as an effort to reduce cholesterol do not give a positive effect on feed intake, HDL, LDL and plasma triglyceride of rats; giving 20% of sago waste, 10% of fermentation of sago waste and 10% of shrimp waste showed significant effect on body weight gain, and the highest was obtained at a given ration ASA 20%, i.e. 3.55 g; giving  ASA 20% has the highest feed eficiency  that is  0.31;  giving  20% of sago waste, fermentated sago waste and shrimp waste reduce cholesterol level significantly. The lowest plasma cholesterol was obtained at 20% ASA treatment that is 59.75 mg/dl.   Key words: sago waste, fermentation, shrimp waste, rat performance
Daya Hambat Hidrolisis Karbohidrat Oleh Ekstrak Daun Murbei Syahrir, S.; Wiryawan, Komang G; Parakkasi, Aminuddin; Winugroho, Winugroho; Ramdania, W.
Jurnal Agripet Vol 9, No 2 (2009): Volume 9, No. 2, Oktober 2009
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (162.484 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v9i2.600

Abstract

Inhibition hydrolysis of carbohydrate by mulberry leaves extractABSTRACT. Mulberry leaves has a great potential as animal feeds because of its high nutrient content, but has deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) active matter. It is potential to inhibit carbohydrate hydrolysis process, come to monosaccharides. The objective of this experiment is to study the inhibiting ability of mulberry leave extract in carbohydrate hydrolysis process. The kinds of carbohydrates were using glucose, maltose, sucrose and starch. This experiment used twenty four of 60 days old male mice (Mus musculus). Diet and water were given ad libitum. Treatment were allocated ina factorial completely randomized design with three replications and two factors containing of completely mulberry leaves extract and variance of carbohydrates. Variable observed were feed consumtion, feed digestibility, body weight gain and blood glucose. The data were analyzed with univariate analysis of variance. The result showed that inclusion of mulberry leaves extract had decrease body weight (P< 0,05) and reduce blood glucose (P< 0,05).