J. Alex Pangkahila
Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Olahraga Universitas Udayana

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DYNAMIC NEUROMUSCULAR STABILIZATION LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KESEIMBANGAN DINAMIS DARIPADA BALANCE EXERCISE PADA SISWA USIA 9-10 TAHUN DI SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI 11 SUMERTA DENPASAR Hastuti, Santi Bery; Pangkahila, J. Alex; Irfan, Muhammad; Dwi Primayanti, I Dewa Ayu Inten; Adiartha Griadhi, I Putu; Ali Imron, Moh
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 6, No.1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2018.v06.i01.p05

Abstract

Kemajuan teknologi mengakibatkan terjadinya perubahan pada permainan yang dilakukan anak-anak. Mereka lebih banyak menghabiskan waktu bermainnya dengan permainan elektronik daripada bermain dengan melakukan aktivitas fisik. Kurangnya aktivitas fisik dapat mengakibatkan perkembangan keseimbangan menjadi kurang optimal, sehingga meningkatkan resiko terjadinya cedera pada anak-anak. Perkembangan keseimbangan selain dipengaruhi oleh kematangan sistem saraf juga dipengaruhi oleh pengalaman dengan latihan pada tugas dan lingkungan yang spesifik. Penulis melakukan penelitian dengan membandingkan latihan Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization dengan Balance Exercise dalam meningkatkan keseimbangan dinamis pada anak-anak. Penelitian bersifat eksperimental dengan rancangan pre test and post test group design. Sampel 28 siswa SD berusia 9-10 tahun dan nilai keseimbangan dinamis <80, terbagi secara acak menjadi 2 kelompok. Kelompok I mendapatkan perlakuan Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization, Kelompok II mendapatkan perlakuan Balance Exercise. Latihan dilakukan 3x seminggu selama 4 minggu. Alat ukur keseimbangan dinamis dengan Y-Balance Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Terdapat peningkatan nilai keseimbangan dinamis pada Kelompok I dengan nilai rerata sebelum 77,52 ± 1,67 dan sesudah 88,85 ± 3,39 dengan nilai p<0,05, (2) Terdapat peningkatan nilai keseimbangan dinamis pada Kelompok II dengan nilai rerata sebelum 77,81 ± 2,03 dan sesudah 86,73 ± 1,69 dengan nilai p<0,05, (3) Terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada Kelompok I dan Kelompok II dalam peningkatan nilai keseimbangan dinamis dengan nilai p<0,05. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization lebih baik daripada Balance Exercise dalam meningkatkan keseimbangan dinamis pada siswa usia 9-10 tahun di Sekolah Dasar Negeri 11 Sumerta DenpasarKata kunci: dynamic neuromuscular stabilization, balance exercise, keseimbangan dinamis
PELATIHAN LARI-LOMPAT DI PASIR MENINGKATKAN JARAK CAPAIAN LOMPAT JAUH LEBIH PANJANG DARIPADA LARI RINTANGAN PADA SISWA SMPN-11 DENPASAR Sugianta, I Wayan; Pangkahila, J. Alex; Adiputra, N.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.2, 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Success in the long jump is strongly influenced by the explosive power of the leg muscles. Increasing this explosive power will increase the distance long jump performance. In this study conducted with two types of training that is run on the track in the sand and obstacles run, each of which performed a total of five sets and four reps. Training is done in the field SMP-11 Denpasar for six weeks with a frequency of three times in a week. Samples were selected randomly as many as 20 people and the selected sample was divided into two groups, so that each group of 10 people. Group-1 are given run-jump training on the sand group-2 are given obstacles run training. Paired t test was used to analyze differences in the long jump achievement gap between before and after training in each group and the unpaired t test used to analyze differences in the long jump achievement gap between groups of training. Limit of significance used was 0.05. The mean distance long jump performance on the training run around in the sand before training was 3.86 ± 0.33 meters and after training was 4.38 ± 0.34 meter showed a statistically significant difference, p = 0.000 (p<0.05). The mean distance of achievement results before training on obstacles run training was 3.62 ± 0.37 meters and after training was 3.92 ± 0.37, also showed a significant difference p = 0.000 (p<0.05). Differences long jump distance before training outcomes between the two groups was not significant p = 0.190 (p>0.05), while after training between groups showed a significant difference p = 0.010 (p<0.05). Therefore run-jump training in the sand and obstacles run training can increase the distance of the long jump in student SMP-11 Denpasar, where run jump training in the sand beter than obstacles run training. So expect to teachers and sports trainers to implement the training long jump with run jump in sand five reps and four sets in training.
HUBUNGAN TIDUR LARUT MALAM DENGAN PENUAAN DINI PADA DOSEN POLITEKNIK NEGERI BALI JURUSAN PARIWISATA Fitria Ningrum, Nurmalia; Pangkahila, J. Alex
E-Jurnal Medika Udayana Vol 6 No 7 (2017): E-Jurnal Medika Udayana
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The aging process is a process that occurs in every human being old it is inevitable dependent and run at different speeds. Some researchers have argued about theories of aging one of which is the free radical theory and the wear and tear that is most often a factor in the aging process, aging process involves a decrease in organ function followed with increasing age means increasing the length of time working these organs. With the phenomenon is then conducted research on the relationship to sleep late with premature aging of Bali State Polytechnic Lecturer of the Department of Tourism. This research is an analytic study to find a relationship between them. This study uses primary data consists of 37 samples consisted of 25-50 years of age. Found results decreased function of muscle endurance, physical endurance, emotional control, and elasticity of the skin on the respondent who sleep late with the results of the Pearson Correlation 1 (p> 0.01.) It is considered significant. Further research is needed to determine the relationship more closely about the aging process. Keywords: Sleep late at night, early aging
PENAMBAHAN KINESIOTAPING PADA LATIHAN QUADRICEPS SETTING MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN FUNGSIONAL PENDERITA OSTEOARTHRITIS SENDI LUTUT Wibowo, Eko; Pangkahila, J. Alex; Lesmana, S. Indra; Sandi, Nengah; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.3, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2017.v05.i03.p07

Abstract

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a chronic degenerative joint disease, with slowly progressive runs, where the structure of joints have a pathological changes. Characterized by imbalances of regeneration and degeneration that causes pain, impaired joint mobility or limited range of motion (LGS), stiffness, instability and muscles weakness arround the joint. The purpose of this study was to compare functional ability level in the additional kinesiotaping for quadriceps setting exercise in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint. This research uses experimental methode with pre-test and post-test group design. Number of samples of the first group 9 patients were given quadriceps setting exercise with a duration of 3 sets, 10 repetitions, three times a week for 3 weeks, in second group were 9 patients given kinesiotaping combine with quadriceps setting with 3-days used and 2-day intervals. The results showed : (1) there is an increase functional ability test results in the treatment group I. Related t-test results show mean ± SB pre test (28.18 ± 2.84) and the mean ± SB post test (31.41 ± 3.31) with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). (2) there is increased functional ability test results in the treatment group II. Results related t-test showed mean ± SB pre test (26.48 ± 3.74) and (31.30 ± 3.33) with p = 0.000 (p <0.05). (3) there are significant differences in test results koos in the treatment group I and group II treatment. Comparison test results show mean ± SB group I (3.22 ± 1.65) and the mean ± SB group II (4.82 ± 1.12) with p = 0.003 (p> 0.05). It was concluded that the addition kinesiotaping the quadriceps setting exercise can improve functional ability of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint. There is a significant difference in functional enhancement between the quadriceps setting treatment and the addition of kinesiotaping to the quadriceps setting exercise. The addition of kinesiotaping to the quadriceps setting exercise is better than the quadricep setting exercise to improve functional ability in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
The influence of granting ngor eggplant (solanium indicum) extract inhibiting of spermatogenesis in mice (mus musculus) Suarjana, Nyoman; Karmaya, I Nyoman Mangku; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Pangkahila, J. Alex; Astuti, Ni Putu Widya
International journal of health sciences Vol 1 No 2: August 2017
Publisher : Universidad Tecnica de Manabi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (628.807 KB) | DOI: 10.21744/ijhs.v1i2.35

Abstract

The study about contraceptive for adult especially for men that the numbers were limited, so needed the ingredients contraceptive is derived from a plant. One of the plants that potentially becomes contraceptive is ngor eggplant because contains antifertility substances. The research has been done about granting of ngor eggplant extract inhibiting spermatogenesis in mice. The design of research used random post-test control group design by one group control, three groups by treatment and six times doing treatment again. (T0 = control group, T1 = granting extract 15%, T2 = granting extract 20%, T3 = granting extract 25%). This treatment has been done in 36 days. The result of this research showed the granting ngor eggplant extract to T1 could reduce the number of cells spermatocyte primary pakhiten and cells spermatids 7 & 19 by meaningful (P<0,05). In T2 and T3 could reduce the number spermatogonia A cells, spermatocyte primary pakhiten cells and spermatids 7 & 19 cells (P<0,05).
PELATIHAN LONCAT NAIK TURUN TRIBUN DAN PELATIHAN LONCAT NAIK TURUN BANGKU MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI PADA PESERTA EKSTRA KURIKULER BOLA VOLI PUTRA SMA NEGERI 1 TEGALLALANG Budi Sudarsana, I Putu Agus; Pangkahila, J. Alex; Satriyasa, Bagus Komang; Weta, Wayan; Sandi, I Nengah; Ayu Dewi, Ni Nyoman
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p06

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to determine the increase in limb muscle explosive power. The training was conducted with 5 reps of 3 sets over six weeks in the field of Tegallalang 1 Public High School starting at 17.00 WITA until completion. In this study using 2 groups, namely the 1st group given jump training up and down the stands, the 2nd group was given jump training up and down the bench. The sample for each group is 8 people who have met the requirements of the male volleyball extra-curricular participants of Tegallalang 1 Public High School. Data from leg muscle explosive results obtained from 3 jumps taken before and after training. The results obtained before and after the Group-1 training were 57.5 cm to 70.875 cm and Group-2 were 57.375 cm to 65.75 cm. Hypothesis testing uses an independent t-test at a significance limit of 0.05 (p <0.05). Based on the differences in the results of the intergroup test analysis using independent t-test obtained group-1 and group-2 for p = 0.935 which showed no significant difference before being given treatment with a p value greater than 0.05. Whereas after treatment the group-1 and group-2 were obtained at p = 0.007 which showed a significant difference between groups 1 and 2 groups with a p value smaller than 0.05. It can be concluded that jumping up and down the stands is more effective than jump training up and down the bench in increasing the explosive power of the leg muscles. For this reason, it is expected that sports coaches to apply jumping up and down the stands as an alternative in increasing athletes' explosive power.Keywords: Training jumping up and down the stands, training jumping up and down the bench, explosive muscle power.
SEXUAL ABSTINENCE AND IMMOBILISATION STRESS DECREASED NITRATE + NITRITE CONCENTRATION AND INCREASED NECROTIC OF PENILE CORPUS CAVERNOSUM SMOOTH MUSCLE AND ENDOTHELIAL CELLS OF ADULT MALE MICE Karmaya, I.N. Mangku; I. Pangkahila, Wimpie; Pangkahila, J. Alex
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Vol. 4, No. 1 Januari 2010
Publisher : Udayana University

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Abstract

Sexual intercourse in adult people is not only related to reproduction,recreation and better relation but also for maintaining good health. Regular andfrequent sexual intercourse has protective role for cardiovascular disease, malignancyand often related with longevity. On the contrary less frequent sexual intercourse isoften correlated to early death and reproductive organ disorders. One main factorwhich involve in any process related to sexual intercourse is nitric oxide. Thisresearch aims to know the declination of total nitrate and nitrite concentration as themain oxidation product of nitric oxide and necrosis of the endothelial and smoothmuscles of corpus cavernosum after three month sexual intercourse abstinence andstress immobilization.By randomized pretest-posttest control group design, the research wasconducted in adult male mice (Mus musculus) which were divided into four groups.each consisted of seven mice. One group as a control and the other three wereexposed to sexual abstinence, immobilization stress and the combination of sexualabstinence and immobilization stress in three months period. The investigation wascarried out to the penile total nitrate and nitrite concentration and the histologicalchanges of the middle part of the penile shaft. To know the degree of lesion then thecalculation of the histologic features was done in five view fields of every preparat.The result was compared to control group.In this research, the mean of total nitrate and nitrite decline and the lowest wasfound in the combine intervention groups with significance level p < 0,005. Thecorpus cavernosum in the intervention groups showed multifocal necrosis onendothelial and smooth muscle cells of corpus cavernosum with picnotic nuclei,irregular form and dark colour. Some muscle cells are lysis. These features werefound in three among seven samples in sexual abstinence group, two among sevensamples in immobilization stress group and in all samples of combined interventiongroup.Conclusions can be drawn from this research are that the sexual abstinence,immobilization stress and the combine interventions decline the nitrate and nitriteconcentrations and induce endothelial and smooth muscle cells necrosis of the copuscavernosum.