Alex Pangkahila
Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Olahraga Universitas Udayana

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MODEL AKTIVITAS PRAKTIKUM LAPANGAN BERBASIS ERGONOMI (APeLErg) MEMPERBAIKI RESPON FISIOLOGIS TUBUH, MENURUNKAN KELELAHAN, DAN MENINGKATKAN KINERJA, DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN MODEL LAMA (APeL), PADA MAHASISWA FMIPA UNIMA Palilingan, Rolles; Manuaba, Adnyana; Adiputra, Nyoman; Pangkahila, Alex
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Vol. 3, No. 1 Januari 2009
Publisher : Udayana University

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Aktivitas praktikum lapangan merupakan kegiatan yang dilakukan sebagaiimplementasi kurikulum akademik di Jurusan Fisika FMIPA UNIMA. Sebagaiimplementasi kurikulum tersebut telah dibuat model aktivitas praktikum lapangan (modelAPeL) dan telah digunakan sejak tahun 2001. Namun model APeL ternyata menimbulkanrisiko yang merugikan bagi mahasiswa dilihat dari respon fisiologis dan kelelahansehingga mahasiswa belum dapat mencapai kinerja yang diharapkan. Untuk itu telahdiupayakan dengan penerapan pendekatan ergonomi total (PET) suatu model baru yaitumodel APeLErg. Untuk menguji keandalan model APeLErg dibandingkan dengan modelAPeL, telah dilakukan penelitian dengan hipotesis: model APeLErg, dibandingkan denganmodel APeL; memperbaiki respon fisiologis tubuh; menurunkan kelelahan; danmeningkatkan kinerja mahasiswa di daerah dataran rendah/panas dan di daerah datarantinggi/dingin. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua tahap dengan menggunakan rancangansama subjek. Penelitian pada tahap pertama dilakukan di daerah panas denganmenggunakan 15 orang subjek sedangkan penelitian tahap kedua di daerah dinginmenggunakan 18 orang subjek. Hasil penelitian tahap I dan tahap II menunjukkan bahwaaktivitas dengan model APeLErg dapat: memperbaiki respon fisiologis mahasiswa secarasignifikan (p<0,05); menurunkan rata-rata skor kelelahan umum secara signifikan(p<0,05); meningkatkan kecepatan, kekonstanan dan ketelitian mahasiswa secarasignifikan (p<0,05); dan meningkatkan kinerja mahasiswa secara signifikan (p<0,05). Darihasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa model APeLErg dapat: memperbaiki responfisiologis mahasiswa; menurunkan tingkat kelelahan mahasiswa; dan meningkatkankinerja mahasiswa dalam melakukan aktivitas praktikum lapangan.
Pregnancy Exercise Reduce Oxidative Damage in Pregnant Women Wagey, Freddy W.; Pangkahila, Alex; Putu Surya, I. G.; Bagianda, Agus
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 35. No 2. April 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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AbstractObjective: To determine the effect of exercise during pregnancy in reducing oxidative damage marked by decrease of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxy-guanosine (8-OHdG) levels.Method: A number of 66 pregnant women were recruited in this study and grouped to two groups, i.e. 30 of them as control group and the rest as treatment group. Pregnancy exercise was performed to all 36 pregnant women from 20 weeks gestation on treatment group. The exercise was performed in the morning for about 30 minutes,twice a week until fullterm. Blood sample was taken for MDA and 8 OHdG level at the beginning of research, at 20 weeks of gestation, and at intial delivery or fullterm. Student’s t-test was applied to compared the difference between treatment and control group with 5% significant value.Result: This study reveals that there were significant decrease of MDA and 8-OHdG level amongs treatment and control groups (p < 0.05).Conclusion: Light exercise started from pregnancy age 20 weeks will decrease MDA and raised 8-OHdG levels compared to control group without exercise.[Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2011; 35-2: 57-60]Keywords: oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, 8-hidroxy-2- deoxy-guanosine
INTERVENSI PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION LEBIH MENURUNKAN TEKANAN DARAH DARI PADA SLOW STROKE BACK MASSAGE PADA PASIEN HIPERTENSI DERAJAT I YANG MENGONSUMSI OBAT ANTI HIPERTENSI DI BADUNG Juni Antari, Ni Komang Ayu; Pangkahila, Alex; Ali Imron, Muh.; Griadhi, I Putu Adiartha; Sri Handari Adiputra, Luh Made Indah; Irfan, Muh.
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 7, No.1, Januari 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/spj.2019.v07.i01.p12

Abstract

ABTSRACT Introduction: Physical exercise as anticipate of hypertension along with nutrition and medicines. One of physical exercise that can be applicated here is relaxation techniques which is showed positive impact in decreased blood pressure. Objective: Determine the difference between PMR intervention with SSBM intervention to reduce blood pressure for grade I hypertension patients whose consumed anti-hypertension medicine in badung regency. Methods: Experimental method Pre and post-test control group design and used 24 subjects, divided in to 2 groups, in which the experimental group I (n=12) received progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) while the treatment group 2 (n=12) received slow stroke back massage (SSBM). Intervention is given 3 times a week for 4 weeks. This study was using simple random sampling. Blood pressure was measured by sphygmomanometer and stethoscope. Result: Independent Sample T-test showed there was significant difference between Group 1 and Group 2 which (p<0.05) for systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: Progressive muscle relaxation intervention decrease blood pressure more than slow stroke back massage intervention in patients grade I hypertension whose consumed anti-hypertension medicine in Badung Regency.Keywords: progressive muscle relaxation, slow stroke back massage, grade I hypertension, blood pressure
PENGATURAN POLA HIDUP DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK MENINGKATKAN UMUR HARAPAN HIDUP Pangkahila, Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal volume 1, no 1, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Human life expectancy is very dependent on the process of aging, and the aging process is not nature but is caused by several factors including: excessive activity (Wear and Tear Theory), hormonal (Neuroendocrinology Theory), genetic (The Genetic Control Theory), and free radicals (The Free Radical Theory). Understanding of the nature that is not appropriate is believed by many community groups and even linked to problems that impede true religion in society. A true old age group the number is gradually increasing and this means increasing life expectancy. Actually, life expectancy can be scientifically programmed with faith. The development of science and technology so advanced in many fields, including health sciences and many other disciplines that support positive impact for the control of the aging process that increases a person´s life expectancy. Pattern of life is very important role determining the aging process. This is evidenced by the report that 64% of deaths are caused by unhealthy lifestyles. Setting lifestyle that includes sleeping patterns, eating, working, break, and recreation, especially in determining the age of a person. Excess work or excess physical activity and lack of sleep will shorten the lifespan because penuaannya process occurs faster than their healthy life. This situation will reduce levels of some hormones and increases free radicals which will accelerate the aging process. Based on various research reports that turns the aging process can be slowed by setting lifestyle that consists of several elements of the lifestyle patterns such as sleep, work, eat, exercise and recreation. It is recommended that all people a healthy lifestyle as early as possible since the kids up for life.
PELATIHAN PLIOMETRIK ALTERNATE LEG BOUND DAN DOUBLE LEG BOUND MENINGKATKAN DAYA LEDAK OTOT TUNGKAI PADA SISWA PUTRA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 3 SUKAWATI TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013 Tri Widhiyanti, Komang Ayu; Tirtayasa, Ketut; Pangkahila, Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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This study was conducted to know the improvement the explosive power of leg muscle. It was done through 5 set 12 repetitions during 6 weeks in the field of SMP Negeri 3 Sukawati started from 4 p.m. until 6 p.m. There were 3 groups applied in this study such as group 1 (control group) that was instructed to kick a ball, group 2 (plyometric training of alternate leg bound), and group 3 (plyometric training of double leg bound). The sample was 14 male students who were in the seventh grade class of SMP Negeri 3 Sukawati in the academic year 2012/2013. The data was gained by doing the movement of alternate leg bound and double leg bound that each movement was done three times before and after the training. The hypothesis was examined by using independent t-test with the result 0.05 (p<0.05). Based on the different result of analysis test in each group, the gain score of the group 2 with the group 1 about 0,51 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00, the gain score of the group 2 with the group 3 about 0,31 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00, the gain score of the group 3 with the group 1 about 0,20 that shows the significant differences p = 0,00. Thus, alternate leg bound plyometric training is more effective than double leg bound. It is expected that the coach and the gym teacher to apply alternate leg bound plyometric training as an alternative to improve the explosive power of leg muscle.
LATIHAN AEROBIK INTENSITAS SEDANG DENGAN DIET RENDAH KOLESTEROL LEBIH BAIK DALAM MEMPERBAIKI KOGNITIF DARIPADA INTENSITAS RINGAN PADA PENDERITA SINDROMA METABOLIK Ratmawati, Yuliana; Pangkahila, Alex; Lesmana, S. Indra
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 1, No.2, 2013
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors causing atherosclerosis. The presence of cholesterol mikroemboli carotid plaque is considered as one of the mechanisms that can interfere with cognitive. Aerobic exercise is one of the interventions that can improve cognitive function. The purpose of this study was to determine the aerobic exercise of moderate intensity with more cholesterol diet improve cognitive rather than light intensity in patients with metabolic syndrome. The experimental research method to design randomized control trial of pre and post test design. Sample of 26 patients with metabolic syndrome. samples were divided into two groups. The first group was given exercise intensity light with a low cholesterol diet (n = 13) while the second group was given moderate intensity exercise with low-cholesterol diet (n = 13).Characteristics of study subjects with age range of 45-55 years old, with a body mass index 23-29 range. Data before and after the treatment with a light intensity aerobic low cholesterol diet obtained p> 0.05 normally, while the data before and after the treatment of moderate-intensity aerobic with low cholesterol diet p <0.05 distribution is not normal. Different test groups before and after treatment with a mild intensity aerobic low cholesterol diet using paired sample t-test test showed 0,001 (p <0,05). Different test before and after the treatment of moderate-intensity aerobic with low cholesterol diet results obtained using the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test 0,001 (p <0,05). Different test groups after the treatment of mild and moderate intensity aerobics with low cholesterol diet results obtained using the Mann-Whitney U 0,005 (p <0.05) there is a significant difference between treatment groups with a light aerobic low-cholesterol diet with moderate intensity aerobic treatment group with a low-cholesterol diet. The conclusion of this research is that the treatment group showed moderate aerobic intensity with a low cholesterol diet improve cognitive more than mild intensity aerobics with low-cholesterol diet.
PELATIHAN FISIK SEIMBANG MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS STEM CELL ENDOGEN UNTUK ANTI PENUAAN Milas Siswanto, Ferbian; Pangkahila, Alex
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.1, 2014
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Human life expectancy increasing progressively declines with technological developments and poor lifestyle. The cause of death due to an unhealthy lifestyle among other physical activity that is not in accordance with scientific principles accelerates the aging process. The development of the science of Anti - Aging Medicine is expected to improve human welfare through increased life expectancy. Several attempts have been made, both in research and clinical reports, to find the factors of aging that can do prevention and control. These efforts are expected to be a reference to slow down the aging process and preventing the aging occur. One of the efforts that have been made in various countries is the use of stem cells. The utilization of stem cells is a breakthrough in the field of medicine to address degenerative diseases and slow down the aging process. The ability of proliferation, differentiation and self- renewal of stem cells can be used to replace the cells, tissues, and organs damaged by the aging process. The characters and the unique benefits of this increase the number of stem cell field research. One area of ??research that is related to the formation of the stem cell is physical exercise factor. The benefits of physical training on endogenous stem cells give new hope in the field of anti - aging medicine. Regular physical training in accordance with scientific principles (exercise physiology), is expected to prevent anti-aging through activation of endogenous stem cells in the body naturally.
PELATIHAN LARI SIRKUIT 2 X 10 MENIT DAN PELATIHAN LARI KONTINYU 2 X 10 MENIT DAPAT MENINGKATKAN VO2 MAX TAEKWONDOIN PUTRA KABUPATEN MANGGARAI - NTT Sesilia Noy, Regina; Pangkahila, Alex; Jawi, I Made
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.2, 2014
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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VO2 max is very important in everyday life, so as to facilitate any physicalactivity, specially for athletes in order to achieve maximum performance. In aneffort to increase VO2 max training should be carried out regularly, measured andplanned. This study aims to determine the increase in VO2 max through circuittraining run and run continuously. The sample is taekwondoin son Manggarai-NTTwith an average age of 15 years. This study is an experimental study with the studydesign used was Randomized Pre and Post Test Group desigen. With a totalsample of 7 people in each group. Samples were randomly selected. Treatmentgroup 1 (KP1) given training run circuit 2 x 10 minute and Treatment Group 2(KP2) are given continuous training run 2 x 10 minute. Training carried out for 6weeks with a frequency of four times a week starting at 17:00 to 18:00 pm locatedat Frans Sales Lega Airport Manggarai-NTT. The analysis showed an increase inVO2 max was significantly (p <0.05) against both groups fled. In both groups thecircuit run by Pulse Oxymeter and Norma Cooper an increase in VO2 max with p<0.05, as well as a continuous run either by Pulse Oxymeter and Norma Cooperwith an increase in VO2 max value of p <0.05. The results of this analysis meansthat either the training or circuit training run run continuously to improve VO2max. Based on a comparison of test data by an independent test after training inboth groups either by Pulse Oxymeter and Norma Cooper in get p values > 0.05, orthere is no significant difference. Based on these results it can be concluded thatthe run circuit training and continuous training run together can increase VO2 maxand there was no significant difference. The results of this study are expected toincrease the knowledge of coaches, teachers and taekwondoin to perform trainingon a regular basis and are also expected to do similar research that examines VO2max with different training.
PELATIHAN LARI INTERVAL 4 X 50 METER DI PANTAI BERPASIR LEBIH MENINGKATKAN KECEPATAN LARI 100 METER DARIPADA PELATIHAN LARI INTERVAL 4 X 50 METER DI LAPANGAN PADA SISWA KELAS XSMK N KAKULUK MESAK NTT. Nahak, Benediktus; Pangkahila, Alex; Purnawati, Susy
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 2, No.2, 2014
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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The speed is one of the biomotoriccomponents which dominantin the run race100 meters. 100 meters run is part of athletics which has a short duration, highintensity and anaerobic systems develop. The purpose of this study was todetermine the increasing of 100 meter run speed, therefore this research is anexperimental study was conducted in SMK N Kakulukmesak Belu regency NTT,for 6 months from March - May 2014, with the frequency of exercise 3 times aweek. This study uses two types of training, and were divided into two treatmentgroups, ie group one is the training of interval run 4 x 50 meter on the sandybeach 4 reps 3 sets andgroup twois the interval run 4 x 50 meter in the yard 4 reps3 sets, implemented in the afternoon at 15.30 to 17.00 pm in the yard of SMK NKakulukmesak and Atapupu Beach, Belu regency - NTT. Sample was 20 people,chosen simple randomly from a population of 53 people who meet therequirements of inclusion and exclusion. The number of samples for each group is10 people. The speed of 100 meter run was measured using stopwatch, while the100-meter dash speed data before and after training in both groups, were testedwith parametric statistical analysis. With a paired t-test of mean difference testsobtained the 100 meter dash speed after training on each group with p <0.05. Themean speed of 100 meters before training in the group one is 16.06 seconds and13.01 seconds after training. Means increased speed of 3:05 seconds, or at =19:02%. While the average running speed of 100 meters in group two beforetraining is 16.02 seconds and after training is 13.95 seconds, the increasing ofspeed is 12.91%. This shows that the average speed of 100 meters before and aftertraining on each group there is a significant difference, with value p<0.05. Thusthe training of group 1is interval run 4 x 50 meter on the sandy beach and intervaltraining run 4 x 50 meters in the yard, after training is equal to increase the speedof the 100 meterin 10th grade student of SMK N Kakulukmesak. However, in theanalysis of data on the paired sample test, the speed training of group oneon thesandy beach is faster = 0.94 seconds than thetraining of group twoin the yard.
CORE STABILITY EXERCISE LEBIH BAIK MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS FUNGSIONAL DARI PADA WILLIAM’S FLEXION EXCERCISE PADA PASIEN NYERI PUNGGUNG BAWAH MIOGENIK Pramita, Indah; Pangkahila, Alex; -, Sugijanto
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.1, 2015
Publisher : Sport and Fitness Journal

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Myogenic low back pain is pain around of the lower back mucle caused by disorder or abnormalities in the elements of muscles and tendons without neurological disorders. Myogenic low back pain may result in pain, muscle spasm and muscle imbalance, so that the stability of abdominal muscles and low back decreased, lumbar mobility is limited, resulting in a decrease in functional activity. The exercise was usually given in a hospital Short Wave Diathermy combined with Williams Flexion Exercise (WFE). The existence of a new method of core stability exercise (CSE) is very important for patients with myogenic low back pain. CSE was function to activate the harmonious movement between the four core muscle groups. The activation of these four core muscles will given stability on the lower back. The purpose of this study to determine core stability exercise is better than Williams Flexion Exercise increases the functional activity in patients with myogenic low back pain. This study uses a quasi experimental design with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in a clinic in Denpasar. Subjects were 28 patients who fulfill the criteria were established of the researchers. The increasing of functional activity was measured with the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) before and after training. Subjects were divided into two groups, they are the treatment group was given SWD and CSE three times a week and a control group given SWD and WFE three times a week. The results of statistical test was obtained, occur of decreasing in ODI scores in the first group with p = 0.001 and in the second group with p = 0.001. It means that the first group and the second group alike can increase the functional activity significantly. From the comparative test data by t-test using the difference data in the two groups was obtained the value p=0.001, which means significantly. The difference mean value ODI in first group as 28,86% although the difference ODI in the second group as 15,41%.  From the results of the research can be concluded that the core stability exercises is more increase the functional activity than Williams Flexion Exercise in patients with myogenic low back pain. The study is expected to be beneficial in patients with myogenic low back pain to improving functional activity.