Aman Sentosa Panggabean
Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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SYNTHESIS CHITOSAN-ETHYLENE DIAMINE TETRA CETATE CHELATING RESIN ISOLATED FROM WINDU SHRIMP’S (Penaeus monodon) SHELL WASTE

PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA PROCEEDING OF INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 2015
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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Abstract

A researchon the utilization of shrimp shell waste are abundan tin the province of East Kalimantan as the source of chitosan and synthesis of the derivative chelating chitosan-ethylene diamine tetra acetate (EDTA) resin and the retention of characterization for Cu(II) ions has been carried out. Chitin were obtained from Windu Shrimp’s (Penaeus monodon) shell through three ways, are deproteination, demineralitation and depigmentation. The obtained chitin were deacetylated with sodium hydroxide at temperature 150-160˚C during 1 hour to obtained chitosan, with contain was 64.4%. Synthesis chitosan-EDTA resin can be done by coupling reacts between diazonium ion from diazotation chitosan with EDTA at temperature 1-3˚C during 1 hour, the product of 70% yield was obtained. The Chitosan-EDTA resin was synthesized has characterization by using FT-IR spectroscopic and scanning electron microscope, shows the spesific functional groups of the resin.

SINTESIS METIL ESTER DARI MINYAK BIJI KARET (Hevea brasiliensis ) SEBAGAI BIODIESEL DENGAN KATALIS ABU BUAH BINTARO(Cebera manghas L.)

PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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The synthesis of methyl esters from rubber seed oil (Hevea brasiliensis) as biodiesel, using fruit bintaro ash utilization as a source of base catalysts in the transesterification reaction has been conducted. The determination of the base content in the fruit ash bintaro have been researched with alkalinity titration and K ion content determinated with Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Base catalyst were obtained ash bintaro fruit mixed in methanol and used for the transesterification of rubber seed oil. Produce of biodiesel used with ash bintaro fruit weight of variety was 4-8 % (w/w). The fatty acid composition of rubber seed oil from transesterification results determined by using GC-MS, whereas some physical properties of biodiesel determined to know the quality of biodiesel. The results of research shows the of potassium contents in the form of potassium carbonate in ash bintaro fruit are 31.75% (w/w) and conversion of biodiesel obtained from each catalyst are 65.2; 66.6; 73.6; 69.8; and 69.2% (w / w) respectively. Data analiysis GC-MS dominant of fatty acids in the biodiesel contents are metil linoleatewith amount was 42.57%.

STUDI KOMPUTASI REAKSI ADSORBSI DISOSIASI GAS O 2 PADA PERMUKAAN Pt-Fe DENGAN METODE TEORI FUNGSI KERAPATAN

PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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Platinum purpose as a catalysts on the cathode in a fuel cell hydrogen system gets a role in disconnection of O 2 molecules. Power adsorption and dissociation of O 2 molecules determined the effectiveness and efficiency of the nature of catalyst that is utilized. All thid time metal is considered the most effective as a catalyst in fuel cells hydrogen is Pt. After be done investigation and calculation is known about platinum and iron alloy (Pt-Fe) can be utilized as a catalyst that has approached the effectiveness and efficiency of pure Pt metal. One of the way to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of the catalyst Pt-Fe alloys by calculating the value of the potential energy surface (PES). PES value calculation is done using density functional theory calculations. Analysis’s result point out the value of the potential energy surface (PES) O 2 molecules in the Pt-Fe metal fusion for -929.8341 Ry with optimal distance of 2.4908 A of Pt-Fe’s metal surface and distances among O atoms as big as 3.3211 A.

PENGARUH VARIASI DOSIS KOAGULAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PARAMETER FISIKA – KIMIA KUALITAS AIR BAKU (Studi Kasus : PDAM Kota Samarinda)

PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA SEMINAR NASIONAL KIMIA 2013
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR KIMIA

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This research was conducted with the aim of obtained the physical – chemical parameter change water quality caused by the coagulant dose variant. Issues raised in this study is a variation of the added coagulant dose on each raw water samples with dose of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, and 60 ml. Raw water is obtained from Cendana Intake as much as 6 samples, and then the other raw water is obtained from Palaran Intake as much as 6 samples. Of each raw water sample obtained reported on the weather conditions, and ebb & flow river conditions at the time of data collect. Obtained data analyzed using anova test to find out the availability of influence resulting from coagulant dose variant : (a) Raw water turbidity parameter with a value F cal 33,61 and F table 1,82 (0,05), 2,32(0,01). Raw water color parameter with a value F cal 32,15 dan F table 1,82 (0,05), 2,32(0,01). Raw water pH parameter with a value F cal 260 dan F table 1,82 (0,05), 2,32(0,01). F cal value > F table value at all anova test for each parameter indicates that coagulant additions greatly affect turbidity and color parameters change derived raw water suitable standard PERMENKES/No.492/PER IV/2010 about drink water (turbidity 5 NTU and color 15 PtCo). While the addition of coagulant in the raw water will lower the pH of the water, up to add lime or soda ash to raise the pH. In total all raw water samples with turbidity 30 – 80 ppm each matching derived optimal dose distribution average as big 20 – 35 ppm.

STUDI KOMPUTASI REAKSI ADSORBSI DISOSIASI GAS O2 PADA PERMUKAAN Pt-Fe DENGAN METODE TEORI FUNGSI KERAPATAN

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 10, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

Platinum purpose as a catalysts on the cathode in a fuel cell hydrogen system gets a role in disconnection of O2 molecules. Power adsorption and dissociation of O2 molecules determined the effectiveness and efficiency of the nature of catalyst that is utilized. All this time metal is considered the most effective as a catalyst in fuel cells hydrogen is Pt. After be done investigation and calculation is known about platinum and iron alloy (Pt-Fe) can be utilized as a catalyst that has approached the effectiveness and efficiency of pure Pt metal. One of the way to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of the catalyst Pt-Fe alloys by calculating the value of the potential energy surface (PES). PES value calculation is done using density functional theory calculations. Analysis’s result point out the value of the potential energy surface (PES) O2 molecules in the Pt-Fe metal fusion for -929.8341 Ry with optimal distance of 2.4908 A of Pt-Fe’s metal surface and distances among O atoms as big as 3.3211 A.Keywords: Fuel cell hydrogen, Adsorption dissociation O2, PES, Density functional theory (DFT)

MODIFIKASI RESIN Ca-ALGINAT DENGAN ABU JERAMI PADI SEBAGAI MATERIAL PENGISI KOLOM PADA TAHAPAN PRAKONSENTRASI ANALISA ION Mn (II) SECARA OFF- LINE

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 12 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

The modification of resin Ca - Alginate with rice straw ash as a column filler material for preconcentration step of Mn(II) ion. Has been done Preconcentration method was used by off-line method, water samples were passed through the column and eluted with 0.1 M H2SO4. The eluate was taken and detected by using Spectrophotometer UV-Visible. Optimum composition of modified resin Rice straw ash - Ca - Alginat were at 1% Na - Alginate, 0.1 M CaCl2, and 0.5 g rice straw ash. The result of research shown the optimum condition of retention capacity ion Mn(II) was 0.08211 mg Mn / gr resin. The best sorption at pH 2, and optimum condition of eluent concentration 0.1 M H2SO4, sample volume 12 mL and eluent volume was 5 mL. The analytical performance of this method was good for determination of ion Mn(II) that could be evaluated by limit of detection about 0.7727 mg/L with the reproducibility level shown by the precentage of the coefficient variance was 1.179 %. This method could be applicated to determine ion Mn(II) at the natural water samples from Mahakam river with a recovery percentage of > 95 %, used spike method that shown this resin is good to using at preconcentration stage determination of ion Mn(II).

OPTIMASI KINERJA ANALITIK PADA PENENTUAN KADAR FOSFOR SEBAGAI P2O5 PADA ABU BATUBARA DENGAN METODE SPEKTROFOTOMETER VISIBLE

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

The research on optimization of analytical performance in the determination of phosphorous as P2O5 content in the coal ash with visible spectrophotometer method has been done. In this research was conducted validation visible spectrophotometer method to establish the levels of phosphorus in coal ash. Validation parameters used in this research were accuracy, precision, linearity, LOD, LOQ and ruggedness methods. From the result of this research, accuracy was stated in percent recovery, precision was stated as a RSD percent, withthe equation of linearity as y=0,1768x - 0,0076. From the equation, it will be obtained LOD and LOQ values. And endurance test methods that varied the length of it digest time. From the results it can be concluded that the determination of phosphorous content in the coal ash using visible spectrophotometer method has good precisionand accuracy, and able to be justifiedKeywords: Coal, Phosporous, Analytical Performance, Visible Spectrophotometer.

PENENTUAN KLORAMFENIKOL DALAM DAGING AYAM BROILER DENGAN METODE HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 9 No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

Determination of chloramphenicol on broiler meat in traditional market by using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method has been done. The optimal of result determination to obtain, the HPLC system has been optimalized for the important parameters are composition of mobile phase, injection sample volume, flow rate and eluen pH. The result of research shown that the optimum conditions to obtain from the research are composition of mobile phase methanol:water (80:20), injection sample volume 5 µL, flow rate 0.5 mL/minute and eluent pH are 6 has been achieved. The analytical performance of method has been optimalized and gives good performance which shown with reproducibility of this method as coefficient of variation percentage (% CV) was 0.2198%, limit of detection was 0.1051 mg/L, and % recovery for the chicken meat sampel with 3 different samples > 95%. This result showed this method capable to application for the routine analysis of the determination chloramphenicol countent in samples.Keywords: Chloramphenicol, HPLC, Analytical performance, Broiler Meat

Potensi Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Kubis Ungu (Brassica oleracea L.) sebagai Indikator Asam Basa Alami

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

The study of potential use of extracts and fractions of purple cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as an indicator of acid-base has been conducted. This research aims to determine the color change at a certain pH to extract total, n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol fraction. Based on the results of the test changes color only total extracts and methanol fraction that is suitable as indicator. Statistical test that the t test for total titration end point extracts, t calculate is smaller than t table [0.4241 <2.776], it showed no significant difference between the endpoint using the total extract with bromine thymol blue indicator. While the endpoint for methanol fraction having t calculategreater than t table [6.323> 2.776],indicating the end point of the titration using methanol fraction was significantly different compared with bromine thymol blue indicator.Keywords: Brassica oleracea L, indicator, and acid-base

PEMANFAATAN TUMBUHAN SERAI WANGI (Cymbopogon nardus (L.) RENDLE) SEBAGAI ANTIOKSIDAN ALAMI

JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 10, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Mulawarman

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Abstract

The phytochemical test, brine shrimp lethality test and antioxidant activity test on secondary metabolits of serai wangi (Cympogon nardus (L.) Rendle) stalk have been completed. Samples are extracted by masseration method that is concentrated by using rotary evaporator. The methanol hard extract are then fractioned with n-hexan and etil n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Based on secondary metabolits phytochemical test of serai wangi (Cympogon nardus (L.) Rendle) stalk showed that methanol raw ekstract contains flavonoid, fenol and triterpenoid. n-hexane fraction extract contain steroid and ethyl Acetat fraction extract contains flavonoid, fenol and terpenoid. In brine shrimp lethality test, the increase larvae death data was recorded and processed using SAS Probit Analysis to determine the Lethal Concentration 50% (LC50) value. The results of this test showed that the most active fraction is n-hexane fraction with LC50 value of 86,9704 ppm. Based on the antioxidant activity by scavenging activity of DPPH used spectrophotometry was obtained that Inhibition Concentration 50% (IC50) of methanol extract is 67,18 ppm, extract of n-hexane fraction is 1.078,41 ppm, extract of ethyl acetat fraction is 68,96 ppm and vitamin C is 3,05 ppm.Keyword: Cympogon nardus (L.) Rendle, Phytochemical Test, Antioxidant Activity Test, DPPH.