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Journal : Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan

Purification and Charaterization of Protease from Pathogenic Bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa Baekhari, Ace; Suhartono, Maggy T; Palupi, Nurheni Sri; Nurhayati, Tati
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 19, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.842 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/366

Abstract

In the last decade, concern on protease as medical target for overcoming bacterial diseases and viral diseases has been rapidly increased because of the obvious involvement of this enzyme in the molecular of the diseases. The purpose of this research was to purify and characterize protease from pathogenic bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The bacteria were grown in media containing triptone 1%, NaCl 1% and Yeast extract 0.5%. protease of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was purified using column chromatography with Sephadex G-100 gel. There were three peaks of enzyme protein, which were detected on fractions 14,17 and 30. the optimum pH of the extracelluler protease from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 8. The optimum temperature of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 300C. Fe3+ (1dan 5 mM) was strong activator and Co 2+ was strong inhibitor. Study on the effect of metals ion and specific inhibitors indicated that protease from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was serin metaloprotease. The apparent moleculer weights, as determined by SDS-PAGE and zymogram technique, 36 kD and 42 kD. Key word : Protease, characterization, purification, pathogenic bacteria P. aeruginosa
KARAKTERISTIK MI BASAH JAGUNG AKIBAT PENGARUH LAJU PENGUMPANAN DAN PENAMBAHAN GUAR GUM [Characteristics of Wet Corn Noodle: Effect of Feeding Rate and Guar Gum Addition] Muhandri, Tjahja; Subarna, .; Palupi, Nurheni Sri
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.741 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/6955

Abstract

KARAKTERISTIK MI BASAH JAGUNG AKIBAT PENGARUH LAJU PENGUMPANAN DAN PENAMBAHAN GUAR GUM  [Characteristics of Wet Corn Noodle: Effect of Feeding Rate and Guar Gum Addition] Tjahja Muhandri*, Subarna dan Nurheni Sri Palupi Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor   Diterima 28 Maret 2012 / Disetujui 22 Juli 2013 ABSTRACT   The objectives of this research were to (1) investigate the effect of feeding rate on elongation, cooking loss, and microstructure of wet corn noodle properties and (2) investigate the effect of guar gum on elongation, cooking loss, hardness, and sensory quality of wet corn noodle. Corn noodles were made with pasta extruder. Two levels of feeding rate, i.e. 2.10 g/second and 1.87 g/second and three levels of guar gum (0, 1, 2% based on flour weight) were applied during wet corn noodle processing. Increase in feeding rate resulted in increased elongation, decreased cooking loss, and corn noodles microstructure similar to wheat noodle. Addition of guar gum increased elongation, but decreased hardness and cooking loss of the corn noodle. Additionally, guar gum decreased the preference scores.
Change in the profiles lipid, digesta cholesterol and propionic acid of rats fed with of seaweed powder-based diets ., Herpandi; Astawan, Made; Palupi, Nurheni Sri
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 17, No 3 (2006): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.562 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/439

Abstract

Community’s consumption pattern with high fat-low fiber has caused the prevalence of degenerative disease, i.e.cardivascular disease. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the first cause of death in Indonesia. Seaweed is a fiber rich food and has a hypocholesterolemic effect. Objectives of the research were to investigate the changes of lipid profiles, digesta cholesterol and propionic acid of rats fed with seaweed powder-based diet. Five groups of six male Sprague Dawley hypercolesterolemia rats were feed by 0% cholesterol and 0% seaweed powder (negative control); 1% cholesterol and 10% Eucheuma cottonii, 1% cholesterol and 10% Gelidium sp,1% cholesterol and 10% Sargassum sp, and 1% cholesterol and 0% seaweed powder (positive control) for 31 days. The experiment result showed that the seaweed powder did not have a significant effect (P>0,05) on the growth and feed consumption, and serum HDL (Hight Density Lipoprotein) but has a significant effect (P
ACIDIC SOAKING AND STEAM BLANCHING RETAIN ANTHOCYANINS AND POLYPHENOLS IN PURPLE Dioscorea alata FLOUR [Perendaman Asam dan Blanching Uap Mempertahankan Antosianin dan Polifenol Tepung Dioscorea alata Ungu] Imanningsih, Nelis; Muchtadi, Deddy; Wresdiyati, Tutik; Palupi, Nurheni Sri; Komari, .
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (700.821 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/7677

Abstract

Purple Dioscorea alata (DA) tuber has health benefits due to its bioactive anthocyanins, which belong to polyphenolic group. Tuber is commonly made into flour to optimize its uses, however, the anthocyanins undergo significant degradation during processing because of the endogenous polyphenol oxidase activities. This research investigated factors that retain anthocyanins and polyphenols in the purple DA flour as well as its antioxidant capacity. The types of treatments during milling process should be taken into account; for instance, soaking in citric acid and blanching in order to preserve the bioactive compounds. To examine the inhibitory effects of acidic soaking and steam blanching on polyphenol oxidase activities, these experiments used four levels of citric acid (0, 0.25, 0.5, and 1%) and two levels of steam blanching time course (5 and 10 minutes). It was found that steam blanching for 5 or 10 minutes could reduce the activity of polyphenol oxidase, and consequently, retard the oxidation process and retain the polyphenolic compounds. Soaking the purple DA slices into a 1% citric acid solution followed by steam blanching for 10 min resulted in the highest total anthocyanins (104.36 mg/100 g), polyphenols (198.52 mg equivalent gallic acid/100 g), with an antioxidant capacity of 1.300 mg trolox equivalent/100 g. This study showed that the retention of bioactive compounds of DA tuber through soaking the tuber slices in solution containing inexpensive chemicals like citric acid at low concentrations, combined with 10 minutes of steam blanching resulted in flour containing total anthocyanins and phenolic as high as 44.51% and 62.58% of fresh tuber, respectively.
ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN VITAMIN D PADA ANAK INDONESIA USIA 2 – 12 TAHUN [Calcium and Vitamin D Intake of Indonesian Children 2-12 Years Old] Valentina, Victoria; Palupi, Nurheni Sri; Andarwulan, Nuri
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 25, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (437.062 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/8307

Abstract

ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN VITAMIN D PADA ANAK INDONESIA USIA 2 – 12 TAHUN [Calcium and Vitamin D Intake of Indonesian Children 2-12 Years Old] Victoria Valentina*, Nurheni Sri Palupi dan Nuri Andarwulan Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor Diterima 18 Januari 2014 / Disetujui 25 Juni 2014 ABSTRACT Food consumption is playing an important role for nutritional status of children 2-12 years old. During growth and development phase, body needs macro and micro nutrients even more than later phase. The process can not be catched up at later stage therefore it is very important to pay attention to food consumption during this phase. This study used secondary data of South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS) 2011-2012 which was covered recapitulation profile data of 300 children age 2-12 years old representative of 48 districts in Indonesia. The study showed that Indonesian children consuming less calcium and vitamin D-rich foods than the recommended daily allowance (RDA). It does not reflects on the result of anthropometry data, vitamin D on the blood and bone mass density since the dietary recall 24 hours shows only food consumption in that specific day while nutritional status shows a result of longer process. However, vitamin D in blood has a significant correlation with bone mass density of tibia bone (p<0.05). Deficiency of calcium and mainly vitamin D is a new finding at this time. Therefore, the study showed that fortification of calcium and vitamin min D in food become important to improve nutritional status of Indonesian children. 20% of RDA per serving size twice a day is recommended as well for fortification level of Calcium and Vitamin D.
ACIDIC SOAKING AND STEAM BLANCHING RETAIN ANTHOCYANINS AND POLYPHENOLS IN PURPLE Dioscorea alata FLOUR [Perendaman Asam dan Blanching Uap Mempertahankan Antosianin dan Polifenol Tepung Dioscorea alata Ungu] Imanningsih, Nelis; Muchtadi, Deddy; Wresdiyati, Tutik; Palupi, Nurheni Sri; Komari, .
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (700.821 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2013.24.2.121

Abstract

Purple Dioscorea alata (DA) tuber has health benefits due to its bioactive anthocyanins, which belong to polyphenolic group. Tuber is commonly made into flour to optimize its uses, however, the anthocyanins undergo significant degradation during processing because of the endogenous polyphenol oxidase activities. This research investigated factors that retain anthocyanins and polyphenols in the purple DA flour as well as its antioxidant capacity. The types of treatments during milling process should be taken into account; for instance, soaking in citric acid and blanching in order to preserve the bioactive compounds. To examine the inhibitory effects of acidic soaking and steam blanching on polyphenol oxidase activities, these experiments used four levels of citric acid (0, 0.25, 0.5, and 1%) and two levels of steam blanching time course (5 and 10 minutes). It was found that steam blanching for 5 or 10 minutes could reduce the activity of polyphenol oxidase, and consequently, retard the oxidation process and retain the polyphenolic compounds. Soaking the purple DA slices into a 1% citric acid solution followed by steam blanching for 10 min resulted in the highest total anthocyanins (104.36 mg/100 g), polyphenols (198.52 mg equivalent gallic acid/100 g), with an antioxidant capacity of 1.300 mg trolox equivalent/100 g. This study showed that the retention of bioactive compounds of DA tuber through soaking the tuber slices in solution containing inexpensive chemicals like citric acid at low concentrations, combined with 10 minutes of steam blanching resulted in flour containing total anthocyanins and phenolic as high as 44.51% and 62.58% of fresh tuber, respectively.
Change in the profiles lipid, digesta cholesterol and propionic acid of rats fed with of seaweed powder-based diets ., Herpandi; Astawan, Made; Palupi, Nurheni Sri
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 17, No 3 (2006): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Community�s consumption pattern with high fat-low fiber has caused the prevalence of degenerative disease, i.e.cardivascular disease. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the first cause of death in Indonesia. Seaweed is a fiber rich food and has a hypocholesterolemic effect. Objectives of the research were to investigate the changes of lipid profiles, digesta cholesterol and propionic acid of rats fed with seaweed powder-based diet. Five groups of six male Sprague Dawley hypercolesterolemia rats were feed by 0% cholesterol and 0% seaweed powder (negative control); 1% cholesterol and 10% Eucheuma cottonii, 1% cholesterol and 10% Gelidium sp,1% cholesterol and 10% Sargassum sp, and 1% cholesterol and 0% seaweed powder (positive control) for 31 days. The experiment result showed that the seaweed powder did not have a significant effect (P>0,05) on the growth and feed consumption, and serum HDL (Hight Density Lipoprotein) but has a significant effect (P
KARAKTERISTIK MI BASAH JAGUNG AKIBAT PENGARUH LAJU PENGUMPANAN DAN PENAMBAHAN GUAR GUM [Characteristics of Wet Corn Noodle: Effect of Feeding Rate and Guar Gum Addition] Muhandri, Tjahja; Subarna, .; Palupi, Nurheni Sri
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 24, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.741 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2013.24.1.110

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to (1) investigate the effect of feeding rate on elongation, cooking loss, and microstructure of wet corn noodle properties and (2) investigate the effect of guar gum on elongation, cooking loss, hardness, and sensory quality of wet corn noodle. Corn noodles were made with pasta extruder. Two levels of feeding rate, i.e. 2.10 g/second and 1.87 g/second and three levels of guar gum (0, 1, 2% based on flour weight) were applied during wet corn noodle processing. Increase in feeding rate resulted in increased elongation, decreased cooking loss, and corn noodles microstructure similar to wheat noodle. Addition of guar gum increased elongation, but decreased hardness and cooking loss of the corn noodle. Additionally, guar gum decreased the preference scores.
ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN VITAMIN D PADA ANAK INDONESIA USIA 2 – 12 TAHUN [Calcium and Vitamin D Intake of Indonesian Children 2-12 Years Old] Valentina, Victoria; Palupi, Nurheni Sri; Andarwulan, Nuri
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 25, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (437.062 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2014.25.1.83

Abstract

ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN VITAMIN D PADA ANAK INDONESIA USIA 2 ? 12 TAHUN[Calcium and Vitamin D Intake of Indonesian Children 2-12 Years Old]Victoria Valentina*, Nurheni Sri Palupi dan Nuri AndarwulanDepartemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor Diterima 18 Januari 2014 / Disetujui 25 Juni 2014ABSTRACT  Food consumption is playing an important role for nutritional status of children 2-12 years old. During growth and development phase, body needs macro and micro nutrients even more than later phase. The process can not be catched up at later stage therefore it is very important to pay attention to food consumption during this phase. This study used secondary data of South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS) 2011-2012 which was covered recapitulation profile data of 300 children age 2-12 years old representative of 48 districts in Indonesia. The study showed that Indonesian children consuming less calcium and vitamin D-rich foods than the recommended daily allowance (RDA). It does not reflects on the result of anthropometry data, vitamin D on the blood and bone mass density since the dietary recall 24 hours shows only food consumption in that specific day while nutritional status shows a result of longer process. However, vitamin D in blood has a significant correlation with bone mass density of tibia bone (p<0.05). Deficiency of calcium and mainly vitamin D is a new finding at this time. Therefore, the study showed that fortification of calcium and vitamin min D in food become important to improve nutritional status of Indonesian children. 20% of RDA per serving size twice a day is recommended as well for fortification level of Calcium and Vitamin D.  
NILAI BIOLOGIS MI KERING JAGUNG YANG DISUBSTITUSI TEPUNG JAGUNG TERMODIFIKASI MELALUI HEAT MOISTURE TREATMENT Palupi, Nurheni Sri; Kusnandar, Feri; Lestari, Oke Anandika
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol 26, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.058 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2015.26.1.9

Abstract

The objective of this research was to determine the effects of physical modification of corn flour by heat moisture treatment (110°C, 6 hours) on the biological values of Heat Moisture Treated (HMT)-corn flour obtained as well as corn noodles substituted with the HMT-corn flour. The parameters tested which were directly associated were starch and protein digestibility in vitro while indirect parameters included the resistant starch and insoluble fiber contents. The chemical composition (protein, fat, carbohydrates, starch, amylose and amylopectin) of the substituted corn noodles were analyzed by chemical methods. In vitro dietary fiber of the noodles were determined gravimetrically whereas the resistant starch, starch and protein digestibility for both the HMT-corn flour and corn noodles substituted with 10% HMT-corn flour were determined using spectrophotometry. The HMT-corn flour had higher resistant starch and soluble fiber contents, but lower starch and protein digestibilities. Meanwhile, the substituted corn noodle had higher resistant starch and soluble fiber yet had significantly lower starch digestibility than those of corn noodle without HMT-corn flour.