Heri Nurohman
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STUDI GEOKIMIA AIR PANAS AREA PROSPEK PANASBUMI GUNUNG KENDALISODO KABUPATEN SEMARANG, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Aribowo, Yoga; Nurohman, Heri
TEKNIK Volume 33, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Fluid geochemistry is a useful method to analyse lateral and vertical processes and trends in a geothermalsystem, just like a blood and urine analysis to determine the functions of internal organs in human body. Fluidsgeochemistry study in Kendalisodo Geothermal Prospect has conducted to get information about type andcharacteristics of fluids, to predict reservoir temperature, and sub surface hidrogeochemical cycle model.From fluids geochemistry analysis, the most significant constituent is HCO3, and thus all fluids classified intobicarbonate water. Based on gethermometry analysis, the average reservoir temperature calculated is about175oC and classified into medium enthalpy system.
ZONA PERMEABEL DI KAWAH GUNUNG PAPANDAYAN BERDASARKAN GAS RADON DAN THORON Nurohman, Heri; Bakti, Hendra; Indarto, Sri; Permana, Haryadi; Yuliyanti, Anita; Kausar, Andrie Al; Gaffar, Eddy Z.
JURNAL RISET GEOLOGI DAN PERTAMBANGAN Vol 26, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

One of the methods used in geothermal exploration is to take advantage of the presence of radon in nature. In this study, we measured radon and thoron in Papandayan Volcano area, which was assumed to have a high geothermal potential. Measurements were carried out in around the crater of the volcano by using Rad7 on soil and water. The duration of measurement in each point is 15 minutes at a depth of 75 cm with a sniff mode. The result indicated that the concentration of radon gas is relatively high. The high concentration might be interpreted as the permeable zone, which associated with the zone of faults or fractures. The results also showed relatively high concentrations of radon gas around the east and the west of the crater. This concentration reflects the presence of permeable zones that may be associated with the southwest trending fault - northeast and also the presence of the caldera boundary. The continuity of permeable zone below the surface was interpreted based on the thoron- radon ratio (220Rn / 222Rn). A high ratio (indicating the source of radon shallow) found in the northern ridge of the Papandayan crater.Salah satu metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan eksplorasi panasbumi adalah dengan memanfaatkan keberadaan gas radon alam. Dalam penelitian dilakukan pengukuran gas radon dan thoron di lokasi Gunung Papandayan karena daerah ini diduga memiliki potensi panas bumi yang tinggi. Kegiatan pengukuran dilakukan di sekitar kawah Gunung Papandayan dengan menggunakan alat Rad7 pada media tanah dan air. Lama pengukuran pertitik adalah 15 menit pada kedalaman 75 cm dengan mode sniff. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan konsentrasi gas radon yang relatif tinggi, yang dapat diinterpretasikan sebagai keberadaan zona permeabel, berkaitan dengan adanya zona rekahan atau patahan. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan konsentrasi gas radon yang relatif tinggi di sekitar tebing kawah timur dan barat. Konsentrasi tersebut mencerminkan keberadaan zona permeabel, yang mungkin berasosiasi dengan patahan berarah baratdaya – timurlaut, dan juga keberadaan batas kaldera. Kemenerusan zona permeabel sampai ke bawah permukaan dianalisa berdasarkan rasio thoron/radon (220Rn/222Rn). Rasio tinggi ditemukan (menunjukkan sumber radon dangkal)  dipunggungan utara kawah Papandayan.
STRUKTUR GEOLOGI DAN LITOLOGI SEBAGAI KONTROL MUNCULNYA MATA AIR PANAS DI GUCI DAN BATURADEN, JAWA TENGAH Indarto, Sri; Permana, Haryadi; Gaffar, Eddy Zulkarnaini; Bakti, Hendra; Al Kausar, Andrie; Nurohman, Heri; Sudarsono, Sudarsono; Sudrajat, Yayat
JURNAL RISET GEOLOGI DAN PERTAMBANGAN Vol 27, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

The Guci and Kalipedes hot springs, in northwestern slope of Mount Slamet, Central Java appears on the contact between volcanic breccia rocks with lava flows. The hot springs is located on a structure lineament or fault, west-east trending for Kalipedes hot springs and Northwest-Southeast lineament direction for Guci hot springs. The Baturaden hot springs located at the southeast slope of Mt. Slamet appear on the contact between polimicbreccia with lava in a relatively northwest-southeast trending river valley. Breccia rocks generally have higher permeability compare to relatively impermeable lava flows. Volcanic rocks in the study area composed by olivine basalt, basaltic andesites, pyroxen andesite with fairly high potassium content or as calc alkaline basalt or andesite affinity. The presence of the main structure controlling the appearance of hot springs evidenced by radonstudies that show a high radon value to > 40 bpm/L showed high permeability that is interpreted as a weak zone due to the of the geological structure or fault activities in Kalipedes and Guci areas while in the Baturaden, the radon content is relatively low so that estimated the main control of the hotspring is permeability differences. The presence of the geological structure or the faults could be proven through magnetotelluric research.AbstrakMata air panas Kalipedes dan Guci di lereng baratlaut Gunung Slamet, Jawa Tengah muncul pada kontak antara batuan breksi gunungapi dengan aliran lava. Mataair panas tersebut terletak pada suatu kelurusan struktur atau sesar berarah barat-timur untuk mataair panas Kalipedes dan kelurusan berarah baratlaut-tenggara untuk mataair panas Guci. Mataair panas Baturaden yang terletak di kaki tenggara G. Slamet muncul pada kontak antara breksi polimik dengan lava pada suatu lembah sungai yang berarah relatif baratlaut-tenggara. Batuan breksi umumnya memiliki tingkat kelulusan fluida yang tinggi sedangkan aliran lava relatif kedap fluida. Batuan gunungapi di daerah penelitian disusun oleh basal olivin, andesit basaltik, andesit piroksin dengan kandungan kalium cukup tinggi atau berafinitas sebagai basal atau andesit kalk alkalin.Kehadiran struktur utama pengontrol pemunculan mataair panas dibuktikan dengan penelitian gas radon yang menunjukkan nilai radon yang cukup tinggi sampai tinggi >40 dpm/L dan kelulusan fluida yang tinggi yang ditafsirkan sebagai zona lemah akibat kegiatan struktur geologi di kawasan Kalipedes dan Guci,sedangkan di daerah Baturaden nilai gas radon relatif rendah sehingga diperkirakan kontrol utama pemunculan mataair panas adalah perbedaan kesarangan batuan. Kehadiran struktur geologi atau sesar-sesar tersebut dapat dibuktikan melalui penelitian magnetotelurik.