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Journal : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia

Dampak Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Perekonomian Antar Daerah : Analisa Model IRIO Nurkholis, Nurkholis; Brodjonegoro, Bambang P.S.
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 3 No 2 (2003): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.327 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v3i2.28

Abstract

Regional autonomy program is the form of fiscal decentralization policy in Indonesia, legally started with the law of Regional Government No.22/1999 about de-concentration azas, which imply power or authority sharing and No.25/1999 about decentralization, which imply financial sharing between central and regional government. Financial sharing is tax and natural resources sharing revenue. This financial sharing type can widen fiscal gap between regions. As the solution, the central government gives block grants. Interregional Input-Output (IRIO) model can be used to analyze the impact of fiscal decentralization policy on sectoral and regional linkages, multipliers, growth, equalization, and efficiency of the regional economy. The analysis use shock variables of inter-governmental transfer including tax sharing revenue, natural resources revenue and block grants. They are treated as an exogenous variable package by regional government expenditure. The expenditures are in the form of investment and consumption based on IRIO model to analyze the optimality of policy variation. The analysis shows that the optimality of growth, equalization, and economic efficiency will be reached if the allocation of inter-governmental transfer is exactly the same as the potency and linkages between sectors and regions. We find the current formulation of intergovernmental transfer by central government, potent to increase regional disparity. Central government should reformulate division of inter-governmental transfer to avoid fiscal decentralization to be contra productive policy.
Dampak Desentralisasi Fiskal Terhadap Perekonomian Antar Daerah : Analisa Model IRIO Nurkholis, Nurkholis; Brodjonegoro, Bambang P.S.
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2003): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Regional autonomy program is the form of fiscal decentralization policy in Indonesia, legally started with the law of Regional Government No.22/1999 about de-concentration azas, which imply power or authority sharing and No.25/1999 about decentralization, which imply financial sharing between central and regional government. Financial sharing is tax and natural resources sharing revenue. This financial sharing type can widen fiscal gap between regions. As the solution, the central government gives block grants.   Interregional Input-Output (IRIO) model can be used to analyze the impact of fiscal decentralization policy on sectoral and regional linkages, multipliers, growth, equalization, and efficiency of the regional economy. The analysis use shock variables of inter-governmental transfer including tax sharing revenue, natural resources revenue and block grants. They are treated as an exogenous variable package by regional government expenditure. The expenditures are in the form of investment and consumption based on IRIO model to analyze the optimality of policy variation.   The analysis shows that the optimality of growth, equalization, and economic efficiency will be reached if the allocation of inter-governmental transfer is exactly the same as the potency and linkages between sectors and regions. We find the current formulation of intergovernmental transfer by central government, potent to increase regional disparity. Central government should reformulate division of inter-governmental transfer to avoid fiscal decentralization to be contra productive policy
PERKEMBANGAN HUBUNGAN ANTAR SEKTOR DAN ANTAR DAERAH DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA: ANALISA MODEL INTERREGIONAL INPUT-OUTPUT TAHUN 1995 DAN 2000 Hirawan, Susiati B.; Nurkholis, Nurkholis
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2008): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The changes in sectors and linkages in Indonesian economy have been changing thus affecting the structure. This study aims to evaluate the changes in the nation´s economic structure by focusing on the development of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions linkage using lnterregional Input-Output (IRIO) model in 1995 and 2000 data. The model analyzes the changes by applying the concept of technical coeflicient stability, testing changes on the coeflicients, and exploring the basic IRIO model. The study found that there has been a significant decrease of relative relationship between sectors and regions in Indonesian economy albeit of seemingly insignificant. Further, the analysis in intra and inter regions showed that an increase in intra regions relationship has not been significant meanwhile the decrease of inter regions relationship has been significant. The studies also revealed that industry was a high potential sector in national development priorities notonly because of its high multiplier but also its role in strengthening and increasing theinteractions of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions.
PERKEMBANGAN HUBUNGAN ANTAR SEKTOR DAN ANTAR DAERAH DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA: ANALISA MODEL INTERREGIONAL INPUT-OUTPUT TAHUN 1995 DAN 2000 Hirawan, Susiati B.; Nurkholis, Nurkholis
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 8 No 2 (2008): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.258 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v8i2.173

Abstract

The changes in sectors and linkages in Indonesian economy have been changing thus affecting the structure. This study aims to evaluate the changes in the nation's economic structure by focusing on the development of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions linkage using lnterregional Input-Output (IRIO) model in 1995 and 2000 data. The model analyzes the changes by applying the concept of technical coeflicient stability, testing changes on the coeflicients, and exploring the basic IRIO model. The study found that there has been a significant decrease of relative relationship between sectors and regions in Indonesian economy albeit of seemingly insignificant. Further, the analysis in intra and inter regions showed that an increase in intra regions relationship has not been significant meanwhile the decrease of inter regions relationship has been significant. The studies also revealed that industry was a high potential sector in national development priorities notonly because of its high multiplier but also its role in strengthening and increasing theinteractions of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions.