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Journal : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

STUDY OF SHORELINE CHANGES AT JENEBERANG RIVER DELTA, MAKASSAR Sakka, Sakka; Purba, Mulia; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Pawitan, Hidayat; Siregar, Vincentius P.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

The study of shoreline changes during 1990 - 2008 in the delta of the River Jeneberang, Makassar was conducted by evaluating sediment transport into and out of a cell. Longshore sediment transport was computed by considering the influence of heights and angles of the breaking waves. Results of calculation of sediment transport showed that the dominant of sediment transport was to the north during the arrival of the southwest and west waves, and to the south when the wave coming from the northwest. Comparison between shore profiles resulting from model and coastline satellite imagery showed similarity. The difference between the two tend to be occurred at the head land part of the shoreline. This was due to complexity of coastal dynamic at the area. The results of the 19 years shoreline simulation showed that there was a tendency of abrasion at the upsteam head land part as the wave energy tend to converge and accretion at the bay part as the wave energy tend to diverge. Abrasion mainly occurred at Tanjung Bunga (head land) where the coast retreat 181.1 m. Accretion occur in the bay area (Tanjung Merdeka) where the coast advance to the sea for about 59.8 m. The shoreline tend to be stable when the profile was straight such as Barombong Coast.Keywords: abrasion, accretion, sediment transport, shoreline changes.
THERMAL DISPERSION MODEL OF WATER COOLING PLTGU CILEGON CCPP DISCHARGE INTO MARGASARI COASTAL WATERS AT THE WESTERN COAST OF BANTEN BAY Nurjaya, I Wayan; Surbakti, Heron
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 2, No 1 (2010): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Thermal dispersion model based on the hydrodynamics model was applied on PLTGU Cilegon (electric power industry based on gas and steam) at the coast of Margasari, Pulo Ampel District, Serang-Banten. This PLTGU used around 60.000 mP3P/hour of seawater as cooling water system. Therefore, it produced water with high temperature of about 5 PoPC higher than the sourounding of seawater temperature. This high water temperature was flowed out into the coastal waters. This study tried to predict their distribution according to southeast and northeast monsoon. Model verification was conducted both to hydrodynamics component (tide and current) and water temperature. The verification results show good enough patterns between the model results and field measurement.Key words: Bay of Banten, cooling water system, thermal dispersion, hydrodynamics model
CHARACTERISTIC OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY IN EAST INDIAN OCEAN DURING POSITIVE PHASE OF INDIAN OCEAN DIPOLE (IOD) OF 1994/1995, 1997/1998, AND 2006/2007 Dipo, Pramudyo; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Syamsudin, Fadli
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

There is an inter-annual phenomenon in the Indian Ocean that occurs because of the interaction between atmosphere and ocean are known Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). IOD is a bipolar structure that characterized by the difference of sea surface temperature to normal. The objectives of this study is to know the characteristic of physical oceanography in the eastern part of Indian Ocean during the formation phase, maturation phase and decay phases of positive IOD. The second objective was to determine the comparative characteristic of physical oceanography in the eastern Indian Ocean between the positive IOD in different years. The strengthening of the South Equatorial Current in transitional seasons I (March-May) followed by early cooling of the SST which is indicated by the formation phase of IOD. At the Southeast monsoon (June to August) and the beginning of the season transition II, there is a visible presence of upwelling in the south of Java, which is then further extends to the peak in September (maturation phase) and begin to disappear in October followed by warming of the SST on the East of Indian Ocean in November (decay phase).Keywords: Indian Ocean Dipole, upwelling, Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis, Eastern Indian Ocean
THE PATTERN OF WAVE TRANSFORMATION USING RCPW ave MODEL AT BAU - BAU COAST, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI PROVINCE Baharuddin, Baharuddin; Pariwono, John I; Nurjaya, I Wayan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2009): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

When wind-wave generated on deep water propagates into shallow water they will be transformed into several processes such as refraction, shoaling, reflection, diffraction, and finally collapsing. This research has objective to analyze the pattern of wave transformation which pro pagate into Bau-Bau coastal waters by using RCPWave Model as a numerical model solution to predict wave condition within the surf zone. The model showed that the wave transformation at Bau -Bau Coastal waters was influenced by coastal morphology and characteristic that was more open to the west (to the opensea) than to the east coast (bordered by Buton Strait). Wave transformation occurred from both sides, either from west or east side. When wave were broken at the western coast the wave high from west and east were 1.9 m and 0.5 respectively. At the eastern coast were 1.0 m and 0.7 m. The highest wave high occurred at head land or peninsula. Keywords: wave transformation, RCPWave, Bau-Bau Coast, refraction, shoaling,reflection, diffraction and collapsing
TIDAL RANGE CALCULATION BASED ON THE LOCAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAMA ETHNIC GROUP IN THE EASTERN INDONESIA Salnuddin, .; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Jaya, Indra; Natih, Nyoman M.N.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

The Sama ethnic group (Bajo) is well known as “Indonesian marine people” that dominantly spreaded in coastal region of eastern Indonesian region. Their activities have been adapting with the territorial water as shown in the determination of their home floor height to prevent from the tidal flood. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of the tidal range calculation by local knowledge of the Sama ethnic group (Sama Ethnic Method, SEM). The analysis was done by comparing tidal range result calculated by the Sama Ethnic Method (SEM) with the standardized tidal harmonic constituents.  The result showed that the 2nd tidal peaks (DLB-s) in the 15th “Sya’ban” date was the best date to do measurement of a tidal range. In this case, the “Likkas Silapas” (LS) value at the above date was above the mean height water level (MHWL). Meanwhile, in other dates, the LS value was under MHWL value. The result also showed a strong correlation (R2> 90%) between rasio of tidal high on 1st and 2ndpeaks (DLB-s/DLB-m) on 15th Sya’ban date and LS-s value. The local knowledge of the Sama Ethnic Method to determine the tidal range was effective and scientifically proven. Keywords: the Sama Ethnic group, tidal range, Likkas Boe, Likkas Silapas, Sya’ban
WAVE PROPAGATION AND RESIDUAL CURRENT OF TIDE IN MAYALIBIT BAY: 2D HYDRODYNAMICS MODEL OF TIDE Budiman, Asep Sandra; Koropitan, Alan F.; Nurjaya, I Wayan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Study on tidal waves and residual currents in Mayalibit Bay was conducted by constructing the 2D numerical hydrodynamics to find the characteristics of tide and residual currents inside the Bay. The 2D hydrodynamic equations with non-linier terms were solved by finite difference methods explicitly. M2 and K1 wave propagations were observed and analyzed at 25 observation points. M2 and K1 residual currents were obtained and described spatially. Simulation results of tidal currents were validated with field measurements. The validation result showed that the tidal currents between the model results and field measurements were quite fit. Generally, simulation results showed the significant differences between the tide inside and outside the Bay. This was strongly explained by the simulation results of M2 and K1 wave propagations. The M2 and K1 amplitudes were 10 times lower inside  than outside the Bay with the phase lags of about 180°(M2) and 160°(K1). This result indicated that the tide inside and outside the Bay were in the opposite conditions. The tide had an ebb inside while the flood was outside and vice versa.  M2 residual currents was flowed into the Bay uniformly, while K1 residual currents flowed out to the open sea in the Northern part and it flowed into the Bay in the Southern part of the Bay. Eventually, both of them converged in the middle of the Bay. Keywords: tide, tide-induced residual current, numerical method
OBSERVATION OF COASTAL FRONT AND CIRCULATION IN THE NORTHEASTERN JAVA SEA, INDONESIA Atmadipoera, Agus S.; Kusmanto, Edi; Purwandana, Adi; Nurjaya, I Wayan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

The structure and spatial extent of a coastal front and circulation in the shallow (<55 m depth) northeastern Java Sea in Indonesia was investigated with a new dataset of high-resolution conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) and along-track shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler (SADCP) during a DIKTI-LIPI 2010 joint research cruise on R.V. Baruna Jaya 8.  The coastal front separates fresh warm coastal water derived mainly from Barito River discharge and the saline, cool Java Sea water.  The surface fresh water plume extends approximately 760 km from the Barito River estuary to the south, and its thickness varies from the surface to 10 m and 20 m depth, depending on its proximity to the fresh water source.  The front is aligned a northeast and east direction, probably related to a meandering of strong northeastward monsoon current in the eastern part of the Java Sea during the observation time. Keywords: hydrographic measurement, coastal front, Matasiri Islands, Barito River, the northwest monsoon current
THERMAL DISPERSION MODEL OF WATER COOLING PLTGU CILEGON CCPP DISCHARGE INTO MARGASARI COASTAL WATERS AT THE WESTERN COAST OF BANTEN BAY Nurjaya, I Wayan; Surbakti, Heron
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 2, No 1 (2010): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2796.546 KB)

Abstract

Thermal dispersion model based on the hydrodynamics model was applied on PLTGU Cilegon (electric power industry based on gas and steam) at the coast of Margasari, Pulo Ampel District, Serang-Banten. This PLTGU used around 60.000 mP3P/hour of seawater as cooling water system. Therefore, it produced water with high temperature of about 5 PoPC higher than the sourounding of seawater temperature. This high water temperature was flowed out into the coastal waters. This study tried to predict their distribution according to southeast and northeast monsoon. Model verification was conducted both to hydrodynamics component (tide and current) and water temperature. The verification results show good enough patterns between the model results and field measurement.Key words: Bay of Banten, cooling water system, thermal dispersion, hydrodynamics model
THE PATTERN OF WAVE TRANSFORMATION USING RCPW ave MODEL AT BAU - BAU COAST, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI PROVINCE Baharuddin, Baharuddin; Pariwono, John I; Nurjaya, I Wayan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2009): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1845.677 KB)

Abstract

When wind-wave generated on deep water propagates into shallow water they will be transformed into several processes such as refraction, shoaling, reflection, diffraction, and finally collapsing. This research has objective to analyze the pattern of wave transformation which pro pagate into Bau-Bau coastal waters by using RCPWave Model as a numerical model solution to predict wave condition within the surf zone. The model showed that the wave transformation at Bau -Bau Coastal waters was influenced by coastal morphology and characteristic that was more open to the west (to the opensea) than to the east coast (bordered by Buton Strait). Wave transformation occurred from both sides, either from west or east side. When wave were broken at the western coast the wave high from west and east were 1.9 m and 0.5 respectively. At the eastern coast were 1.0 m and 0.7 m. The highest wave high occurred at head land or peninsula. Keywords: wave transformation, RCPWave, Bau-Bau Coast, refraction, shoaling,reflection, diffraction and collapsing
STUDY OF SHORELINE CHANGES AT JENEBERANG RIVER DELTA, MAKASSAR Sakka, Sakka; Purba, Mulia; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Pawitan, Hidayat; Siregar, Vincentius P.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.813 KB)

Abstract

The study of shoreline changes during 1990 - 2008 in the delta of the River Jeneberang, Makassar was conducted by evaluating sediment transport into and out of a cell. Longshore sediment transport was computed by considering the influence of heights and angles of the breaking waves. Results of calculation of sediment transport showed that the dominant of sediment transport was to the north during the arrival of the southwest and west waves, and to the south when the wave coming from the northwest. Comparison between shore profiles resulting from model and coastline satellite imagery showed similarity. The difference between the two tend to be occurred at the head land part of the shoreline. This was due to complexity of coastal dynamic at the area. The results of the 19 years shoreline simulation showed that there was a tendency of abrasion at the upsteam head land part as the wave energy tend to converge and accretion at the bay part as the wave energy tend to diverge. Abrasion mainly occurred at Tanjung Bunga (head land) where the coast retreat 181.1 m. Accretion occur in the bay area (Tanjung Merdeka) where the coast advance to the sea for about 59.8 m. The shoreline tend to be stable when the profile was straight such as Barombong Coast.Keywords: abrasion, accretion, sediment transport, shoreline changes.