Arlina Nurhapsari
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PERBANDINGAN DAYA HAMBAT ANTARA DUA JENIS PROBIOTIK YANG BERBEDA TERHADAP BAKTERI Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Pradini, Hesty; Tjitra A, Sutji Asri; Mujayanto, Rochman; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Probiotics is live microorganisms which is given in adequate amounts in the form of food Probiotics is live microorganisms which are given in adequate amounts in the form of food or supplements provide health benefits to the body. Probiotics Bacteria has to unleash antimicrobial substances such as organic acids, hydrogen peroxide and bacteriocins. The aim of the study is to know inhibition differences between two different types of probiotic bacteria toward Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.The study was conducted by using two different types of probiotics, the probiotics containing bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium and probiotic containing bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles, and sterile distilled water as a negative control group. The antibacterial properties of the extracts were tested using by chamber diffusion method and incubated ± 24hours, then by measuring inhibition zone (light zone) around the chamber using calipers.The average resistance zone of probiotics which contains probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium, probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles successive sequence were 3.13 mm, and 1.87 mm. There were differences with One Way Anova in the groups treated with significance of 0.000.From the results, it concluded that there were differences in the inhibition of the two types of probiotic bacteria on the growth of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Keywords : Probiotics, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles, resistibility, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK KULIT BUAH MANGGIS (Garcinia manggostana Linn) DALAM MENGHAMBAT PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI Streptococcus mutans Gustiningrum, Ferry; Nurhapsari, Arlina; Indraswary, Recita; Darjono, Uswatun N.A
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Caries known as disease which hard to lose. The major causative of caries is Streptococcus mutans bacteria. Streptococcus mutans can be inhibited by antibacterial agent. Substances in the pericarp of mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana Linn) was reported had an antibacterial ability. These compounds such as xanthone, saponins, tannins and flavonoids. The purpose of this study was to examined the effectiveness of mangosteen pericarp extracts (Garcinia mangostana Linn) for inhibite the growth of Streptococcus mutans, which the major causative bacteria of dental caries.This study used experimental laboratory with 25 sample were divided into 5 groups concentration which are 3.125%, 6.25%, 12.5% , 25%, and 50%. Streptococcus mutans culture on blood agar and the disks have been soaked in the mangosteen pericarp extracts.The disks placed on the blood agar. Effectiveness of antibacterial mangosteen’s pericarp extract formed in the presence of inhibition zones around paper disc and measured with sliding calipers (mm). The average inhibition zone, analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Mann Whitney test.The result of this research was significant difference (sig<0,05) from the Kruskal-Wallis test with the probability 0,000. The Mann Whitney test result is also said significant (p<0,05).Conclusion of this study, the mangosteen pericarp extracts (Garcinia mangostana Linn) with minimal concentration 3.125% can inhibit Streptococcus mutans. Keywords: Anti bacterial effect, Mangosteen’s pericarp extract, Streptococcus mutans
EFEKTIVITAS OBAT KUMUR PROPOLIS, KLORHEKSIDIN DAN POVIDON IODINE TERHADAP INDEKS PLAK (Studi Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang berusia 18-23 tahun) Nailullathifah, Mayya; Fatmasari, Diyah; A.K, Ade Ismail; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Nowdays various chemical and herbal mouthwash has been circulating. Propolis is one of the herbal mouthwash product derived from bee Apis sp. While chlorhexidine and povidon iodin are chemical mouthwash known to control the plaque growth. Research’s objective determine the effect of propolis mouthwash to plaque index decrease, compared to mouthwash ‘chlorhexidine and povidone iodine.The study was conducted on students 18-23 years old from the Dentistry Faculty, Islamic University Sultan Agung Semarang. Samples were divided into three groups, each group consits of 11 people for mouthwash chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, and propolis. Measurement of plaque index using PHP (Patient Hygiene Performance Index) Plaque Index by Podshadley and Haley.The majority of criteria dental plaque before rinsing were moderate in the group propolis, chlorhexidine and povidon iodin. The majority of criteria dental plaque after rinsing are moderate in the propolis, chlorhexidine and povidone (p < 0,05) iodine. P-value from one way anova test on the plaque index after rinsing shows that plaque index mean was significantly different. The post hoc test showed plaque index decrease by propolis is equivalents to chlorhexidine and higher than povidon iodin. The research design was pre and post test control group.It was concluded that propolis mouthwash influence to plaque index decrease. Keywords: propolis, chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, plaque index
EFEKTIFITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK BUAH MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia, Linn) DALAM MEMBUNUH BAKTERI Enterococcus faecalis Intani, Berti Silviana; Nurhapsari, Arlina; Mujayanto, Rochman; Putranto, Rama
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
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Noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia, Linn) consists of antibacterial compound of phenolic. The phenolic derivatives of noni fruit are alizarin, antrakuinon, and acubin, these derivatives can kill bacteria by damaging cell membrane and protein denaturation. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of antibacterial noni fruit extract in killing bacteria Enterococcus faecalis.The study was conducted by making various concentrate of noni fruit extract, that is 100%, 50%, 25%, 12,5%, and 6,25%, and cresophene as the positive control. Testing samples of the bacterium Enterococcus faecalis suspension by putting a disc that has been soaked in various concentrations extract and cresophene on a petri dish, and then incubated for 24 hour, followed with measurement of kiling zone (light zone) around the discs using calipers.The average killing zones formed in extracts 100%, 50%, 25%, 12.5%, 6.25% and cresophene respectively were 13.9 mm, 9.6 mm, 7.3 mm, 6.4 mm , 6mm, and 27.1 mm. The data obtained were tested with One Way Anova and gained a result that there was a difference in the treatment group with significance of 0.000.It can be concluded that noni fruit extract was effective in killing bacteria Enterococcus faecalis.The higher concentration of noni fruit extract, more effective in killing bacteria Enterococcus faecalis. Keyword: antibacterial, noni fruit extract, killing zone of Enterococcus faecalis.
HUBUNGAN IBU PEROKOK PASIF SEBAGAI FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN CELAH BIBIR DENGAN ATAU TANPA CELAH PALATUM NONSINDROMIK (Pada Pasien RSI Sultan Agung Semarang Bulan Juni 2012) Ratnasari, Beti; Amalina, Rizki; Rochmah, Yayun Siti; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
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Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or wihout cleft palate (CL±CP) is a congenital defect caused by genetic and environmental factors. One of the its environmental factors is passive smoking mother. The increasing risk of CL±CP in passive smoking mothers occurs due to the fetal hypoxia caused by carbon monoxide and nicotine in cigarette smoke. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship of passive smoking mothers as environmental factor towards the incidence of nonsyndromic CL±CP in patients of Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang June 2012.This study used cross sectional method. The samples were 16 CL±CP patients at Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang June 2012 with their mothers who had fulfilled exclusion and inclusion criteria stated in the questionnaire and 16 control subjects. The motherswere qualified as passive smokers if they met all requirements. The data analysis involved Chi-square test as descriptiveand hypothesis test.The analysis results showed significant relationship (p<0,05) with prevalence ratio (RP)=2,647 and confidence interval (CI) 95%=1,083-6,469. Twelve out of sixteen CB±CP patients’ mothers were passive smokers.  In conclusion, there is a relationship between passive smoking mothers as environmental factor towards the incidence of nonsyndromic CL±CP in patients of Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang June 2012.Keywords: passive smoking mothers, cleft lip, cleft lip with cleft palate, nonsyndromic, carbon monoxide, nicotine, hypoxia
PENATALAKSANAAN GIGI PREMOLAR KEDUA MAKSILA DENGAN SALURAN AKAR VERTUCCI TIPE V - laporan Kasus Nurhapsari, Arlina
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2014): July 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (717.072 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.1.53-56

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Background: The aim of the case report is to demonstrate the importance of knowing the root canals configuration in the maxillary second premolars. Maxillary second premolars usually have one root canal, however in several cases there is more than one root canal with a variety of configurations. Method: multiple visit root canal treatment with a crown down technique on the maxillary second premolar with unusual root canals configuration which is confirmed using radiograph. Result: Based on radiograph, it was identified Vertucci type V root canal on the maxillary second premolars. After biomechanical preparation, obturation was conducted. When patient controlled, there were not problem and inflammation. Conclusion : This report described and discussed about the possibility of root canals variation on the maxillary second premolars. Careful examination using radiograph and deep knowledge, it is identified by the clinician in treating root canal treatment on that premolars.
EFEKTIVITAS LARUTAN EKSTRAK JERUK NIPIS (Citrus Aurantifolia) SEBAGAI OBAT KUMUR TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS PLAK PADA REMAJA USIA 12-15 TAHUN - Studi di SMP Nurul Islami, Mijen, Semarang Ladytama, Rr. Sarah; Nurhapsari, Arlina; Baehaqi, Moh.
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2014): July 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.693 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.1.1.39-43

Abstract

Background: Plaque is formed by colonizing bacteria that adhere on the surface of teeth can be caused dental and oral disease. Using mouthwash can prevent plaque formation quickly and easily. Lime can be used as alternative herbal mouthwash to decrease plaque index because of antibacterial content. The purposed of this study is to determined the effectiveness of lime with concentration of 20%,40% and 60% as mouthwash in the term of plaque index decrease at teens 12-15 years old. Method: This study was an quasi experimental using post test only control group design method which is perform to 12 students who at teens 12-15 years old at Nurul Islami Secondary High School, Mijen-Semarang using until four weeks. The sample were given lime extract with many concentration every weeks. Dental plaque score was measured before and after intervention. The data analyzed with Kruskal–Wallis and Mann-Whitney test. Result: Result showed that lime extract with many concentration effective to decrease dental plaque index. Kruskall-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test showed significance value 0,000 (p<0,05), there are significant differences among concentration. Conclusion: It is concluded from this research that the higher level of lime extract concentration increasing flavonoid content. There are significant differences of lime extract with 20%, 40%, 60% concentration as mouthwash in decreasing plaque index. The highest decrease plaque happen in concentration 60%.
PENGARUH EKSTRAK DAUN PEPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA, LINN.) TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS GINGIVITIS PADA PEMAKAI ALAT ORTODONTIK CEKAT Nur Arzanudin, Hafid; Nurhapsari, Arlina; Susilowati, Aning
ODONTO : Dental Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2015): July 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (84.597 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/odj.2.1.34-39

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Background: Gingivitis is one of the serious periodontal infection desease and if there is no precise treatment it will cause the loss of tooth. Patient with fixed orthodontic appliance will be easier to be suffered by the gingivitis because the form of the appliance that attached in such a way. The gingivitis treatment has some alternatives derived from nature and traditional medicines. One of the plants which can be used as traditional medicine is papaya leaf (carica papaya L). Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effect of papaya leaf extract toward the decline of gingivitis index in patient with fixed orthodontic appliance.  Method: The method of this research was quasi-experiment with one group pre-post test design which samples were patient with fixed orthodontic appliance. The gingivitis index was examined in the sample which contains of 30 people at before and after treatment. The index was measured by counting gingival amount score devided by the number of teeth examined. The datawere analyzed by using Friedman examination with the degree of significance 0,05. Result: The result of the study shows that before the treatment 56,7% patient with fixed orthodontic appliance have mild gingivitis. And after the treatment, the number of patient with fixed orthodontic appliance with mild gingivitis increase to 93,3%. The significance score based on the Friedman examination was 0,000 (p<0,05). It means there was a meaningful differences between the group which is given papaya leaf extract at before and after the treatment. Conclusion: It can be concluded that papaya leaf extract is able to decrease the gingivitis index of patient with orthodontic appliance
PENGARUH PERMAINAN ULAR TANGGA MODIFIKASI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT PADA ANAK (Studi terhadap Siswa SD N 4 Tanggungharjo, Kecamatan Grobogan) Labibah, Ani; Nurhapsari, Arlina; Mujayanto, Rochman
Jurnal Medali Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : fakultas kedokteran gigi, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Pendidikan kesehatan gigi adalah upaya untuk meningkatkan kesehatan gigi dan mulut sejak dini. Pemberian pendidikan kesehatan gigi harus menarik, penjelasan yang menarik tanpa mengurangi konten pendidikan. Pemberian pengetahuan dapat dilakukan dengan permainan ular tangga yang telah dimodifikasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh permainan ular tangga modifikasi terhadap pengetahuan kesehatan gigi da mulut pada anak. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan analitik deskriptif dengan rancangan pre dan post test. Sampel dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan metode stratified random sampling yang terdiri 73 responden berdasarkan kriteria inklusi dari SD N VI Tanggungharjo, Grobogan. Variabel independen adalah permainan ular tangga modifikasi. Variabel terikat adalah pengetahuan tentang kesehatan gigi dan mulut pada anak. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji Paired t - test dengan p &lt; 0,05. Berdasarkan analisis menggunakan uji Paired t - test menunjukkan terdapat pengaruh permainan ular tangga terhadap peningkatan tingkat pengetahuan anak yang ditunjukkan dari nilai signifikansi 0, 000 (p &lt; 0,05). Dari hasil penelitian tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa permainan ular tangga modifikasi mempengauhi peningkatan pengetahuan kesehatan gigi dan mulut pada anak.
SURVEI MENGENAI PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DOKTER GIGI TENTANG FLUORIDA BAGI KESEHATAN GIGI DI KOTA SEMARANG (Berdasarkan Usia, Jenis Kelamin, Dan Jenis Pekerjaan Dokter Gigi) Adityawarman, Kris; Fatmasari, Diyah; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Medali Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : fakultas kedokteran gigi, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Karies merupakan salah satu penyakit kronis yang paling umum terjadi di dunia. Penggunaan fluorida sebagai tindakan pencegahan karies sudah lama dilakukan di negara-negara maju. Dokter gigi mempunyai peranan yang sangat penting sebagai sumber informasi tentang fluorida terhadap tindakan pencegahan kesehatan gigi untuk masyarakat. Peningkatan pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida sangatberpengaruh terhadap sikap dokter gigi dalam tindakan pencegahan karies gigi dan akan meminimalkan terjadinya fluorosis pada gigi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan mengenai pengetahuan dan sikap dokter gigi tentang fluorida bagi kesehatan gigi (berdasarkan usia, jenis kelamin, dan jenis pekerjaan dokter gigi).Jenis penelitian ini analitik observasional dengan pendekatan survey cross sectional. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Pengetahuan dalam penelitian ini adalah pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida sebagai bahan untuk pencegahan terjadinya karies, sedangkan untuk sikap yaitu respon dari dokter gigi terhadap penggunaan fluorida untuk mencegah terjadinya karies. Uji chi-squaredigunakan sebagai alat analisis dengan nilai p &lt; 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida berdasarkan kelompok usia (p=0,01) dan jenis pekerjaan (p=0,001), namun tidak terdapat perbedaan antara dokter gigi laki-laki dan perempuan (p=0,661). Tidak terdapat perbedaan sikap dokter gigi terhadap fluorida berdasarkan kelompok usia (p=0,245) dan jenis kelamin (p=0,481), namun terdapat perbedaan berdasarkanjenis pekerjaan (p=0,039).Sikap dan pengetahuan dokter gigi terhadap fluorida berdasarkan usia dan jenis pekerjaan dokter gigi menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan, sedangkan berdasarkan jenis kelamin tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan.