Articles

Found 32 Documents
Search

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI 11 LUBUK BUAYA KOTA PADANG TAHUN 2018 Yensasnidar, Yensasnidar; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Putri, Atika dewi Kumala
JURNAL KESEHATAN PERINTIS (Perintis's Health Journal) Vol 5 No 2 (2018): DESEMBER 2018 : Jurnal Kesehatan Perintis (Perintis's Health Journal)
Publisher : STIKES PERINTIS PADANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.905 KB)

Abstract

Obesitas pada anak saat ini merupakan masalah di seluruh dunia termasuk Indonesia. Prevalensi obesitas pada Tahun 2012 di Indonesia 18,8%. Begitu pula di Sumatera Barat pada Tahun 2011 prevalensi obesitas yaitu 5,4%. Di Kota Padang prevalensi obesitas pada Tahun 2011 yaitu 9,2%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada (pola makan, aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi serat). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa apakah ada faktor-faktor yang berhubungan antara pola makan, aktivitas fisik, dan konsumsi serat dengan kejadian obesitas pada Murid Sekolah Dasar Negeri 11 Lubuk Buaya Kota Padang Tahun 2018.  Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan desain case control. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah murid Sekolah Dasar Negeri 11 Lubuk Buaya Tahun 2018 sebanyak 80 kasus adalah anak obesitas (IMT/U > +25) dan kontrol adalah anak tidak obesitas. orang dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara variabel dengan terjadinya kejadian obesitas digunakan uji statistik chi square. Hasil analisis univariat Faktor yang secara bermakna berhubungan (p<0,05) dan menjadi faktor risiko terjadinya obesitas pada anak adalah pola makan 47,5% aktivitas fisik 48,8%, konsumsi serat 51,2%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah adanya hubungan antara pola makan, aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi serat dengan kejadian obesitas. Berdasarkan peelitian ini Disarankan bagi anak dan orang tua agar membiasakan diri bersikap positif dan mengontrol diri agar  memiliki pola makan baik, aktivitas fisik ringan, tingkat ekonomi cukup dan konsumsi serat yang cukup supaya terhindar dari penyakit obesitas.
PENGARUH STRATEGI GENIUS LEARNING DISERTAI METODE PENEMUAN TERBIMBING TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIS SISWA KELAS IX SMPN 20 PADANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013 Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Putra, Atus Amadi; Harisman, Yulyanti
Pendidikan Matematika Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Matematika
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The centre of learning process by the teachers and lack of motivation to find mathematic concept causes the comprehension math concept of students relatively low is the basic to do this research. The purpose of this research is to know weather the comprehension of math concept by using the Genius Learning strategy with Penemuan Terbimbing method is better than comprehension of math concept by using conventional learning at class IX of state Junior High School 20 Padang TP 2012/2013. This research is experimental research and use random sampling. To analyze the data this research used Mann-Whitney test with Minitab software. The result of hypotesis test is probability = 0,0039 with a = 0,05, so the hypotesis was accepted. So that it concludes that the comprehension of students math concept by using Genius Learning strategy with Penemuan Terbimbing method is better than comprehension of math concept by using conventional learning.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU IBU TERHADAP KEBIASAAN MENYIKAT GIGI ANAK Zia, Hanim Khalida; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Afriza, Dhona
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juni 2014
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Peran orang tua terutama ibu, sangat berpengaruh dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan dan kebersihan gigi anak. Pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku ibu terhadap kesehatan gigi akan menentukan status kesehatan gigi anak kelak. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku ibu terhadap kebiasaan menyikat gigi pada murid kelas 1 di SDN 02 Ulak Karang Kota Padang. Jenis penelitian adalah survei analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional. Cara pengambilan sampel dengan conservative sampling yaitu 36 orang ibu beserta anaknya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 52,8% murid kelas 1 SDN 02 Ulak Karang Kota Padang sering menyikat gigi, sedangkan 47,2% lagi jarang menyikat gigi. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara pengetahuan ibu dengan kebiasaan menyikat gigi anaknya (p = 0,000). Antara perilaku ibu dengan kebiasaan menyikat gigi anaknya juga memiliki hubungan signifikan (p = 0,007). Namun tidak terdapat hubungan antara sikap ibu dengan kebiasaan menyikat gigi anaknya (p = 0,101). Dari hasil penelitian sebagian besar responden sudah mengetahui cara memelihara kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak, aplikasinya dalam hal tindakan pemeliharaan juga sudah baik, tetapi sikap yang ditunjukkan responden dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak masih kurang.
Dental Hygiene Care Intervention (Oral Hygiene) in Reduction Plaque Index towards Hearing Impaired Students: RCT Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Setyawan, Henry; Sunarjo, Lanny
Jurnal LINK Vol 10, No 3 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4859.043 KB)

Abstract

This research was to determine the influence of dental hygiene care interventions (oral hygiene) to the reduction of plaque index of deaf students. It was a true experimental with randomi pre-post-test control group design. The measurements of plaque index performed with PHPM index in inspection sheet method. The plaque index are calculated from the amount of plaque scores in inspection sheet. Research was done over 49 respondents that divided into two groups: intervention groups and control groups. There was a significant difference of plaque index before and after the treatment. In intervention groups it decreased from the average of 35,7 to 10,4 (70,87%) with value p=0,001. Whether in control group it was also decreased from the average of 37,5 to 28,9 (22,93%) with value p=0,001. The average of plaque index reduction was also differ significantly between intervention groups (31,06 ) and control groups (12,0) with value p=0,001. Dental hygiene care intervention (oral hygiene) can reduce plaque index of deaf students. Suggestion: Dental hygiene care intervention (oral hygiene) should be delivered periodically to the deaf students by nurturing the habit brushing teeth twice a day completed with a written module, so that it can prevent the occurrence of oral diseases.
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK DAUN Ricinus communis L (JARAK KEPYAR) Sarfina, Julia; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Handayani, Dewi
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to determine the antioxidant activity of jarak kepyar’s  leaf extracts (Ricinus communis L.) and to determine of the fraction the growth of Erwinia carotovora. Jarak kepyar’s leaf extracted by maceration method using ethanol and fractionated using n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Antioxidant test using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) with various concentrations of 125 ppm, 100 ppm, 75 ppm, 50 ppm, 25 ppm, 15 ppm and 5 ppm. Antibacterial test conducted on the active fractions as antioxidants using paper disc method and variations in the concentration of 1000 ppm, 500 ppm, 250 ppm, 125 ppm, 62.5 ppm. Phytochemical test results jarak kepyar’s leaf contain secondary metabolites are alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols and terpenoids. The test results demonstrate the antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate fraction is very strong as an antioxidant with IC50 values of 5.4 ppm and a strong ethanol fraction categorized as antioxidants IC50 of 99.8 ppm. Antibacterial test results showed inhibition of the leaf fraction of  jarak kepyar’s (Ricinus communis L.) against Erwinia carotovora categorized weak growth in ethanol fractions with inhibition zone diameter of 4 mm and being in ethyl acetate fraction with a diameter of 5 mm
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK DAUN Jatropha gossypifolia L Pangestu, Nia Sapitri; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the activity of Jatropha gossypifolia L (jarak merah’s) leaf extract as an antioxidant and antibactery against acne causing bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes). To obtain an J. gossypifolia L jarak merah’s leaf extract by maceration using 96% ethanol, and then fractionated with n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Testing of antioxidant activity by DPPH method and antibactery activity test by the paper disc method. Antioxidant activity test has done for ethanol fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and n-hexane fraction, while testing for antibacterial activity performed on fractions active as antioxidant. The test results demonstrate the antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate fraction and the ethanol fraction as a fraction very strong with IC50 value of 22.33 ppm for ethyl acetate fraction and 41.04 ppm for ethanol fraction. Then the fraction of ethyl acetate and ethanol fraction antibactery activity test, the result is known that both factions have the ability to inhibit the growth of bacteria Propionibacterium acnes demonstrated by the inhibition zone is formed. In 1000 ppm is formed diameter of the greatest inhibition zone that is equal to 6 mm for ethyl acetate fraction and 5 mm for ethanol fraction.
BIOSINTESIS NANOPARTIKEL PERAK MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRAK BUAH Passiflora flavicarva (MARKISA) UNTUK MENDETEKSI LOGAM BERAT Maryani, Dina; Firdaus, M. Lutfi; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of this research was to synthesize silver nanoparticle (NPP) by using Passiflora flavicarva (Markisa) fruit extract as detector of heavy metal. The NPP particles produced were determined by their optimum condition on the ratio of the volume of  Passiflora flavicarva passion fruit extract to AgNO3 and the reaction time. The silver nanoparticles produced under optimum conditions will be tested for selectivity against several metals that are often present in the environment, once the selective metal is known then it can be sensitized to the metal using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer to determine the minimal concentrations that can be detected by the silver nanoparticles Formed. The results showed that Passiflora flavicarva passion fruit extracts could be used for the biosynthesis of  NPP particles because they contain vitamin C and flavonoids capable of reducing Ag+ to Ag0 in the form of NPP. The optimal conditions for forming NPP particles are in the 1: 2 ratio with a 2 hour reaction time. From the results of selectivity test of NPP to some heavy metals that often exist in environment, it is known that NPP selective to mercury metal. It was found that selective mercury was followed by a sensitivity test with a UV-Vis spectrophotometer, with sensitive NPP  up to a concentration of 6.7 ppm. From the results of this study it can be concluded that NPP particles formed can be used to detect mercury metal up to a minimum concentration of 6.7 ppm.
PEMANFAATAN ARANG AKTIF SABUT KELAPA SAWIT SEBAGAI ADSOBEN ZAT WARNA SINTETIS REACTIVE RED-120 DAN DIRECT GREEN -26 Puspita, Melfi; Firdaus, M. Lutfi; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The problem of environmental polution caused by waste of batik industry lately is increasing, so it needed a method to overcome that problem. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of activated charcoal from coconut fiber palm in adsorbing Reactive Red-120 and Direct Green-26 dyes in waste of batik along with determining the parameters of isotherms adsorption using UV-Vis Spectrophotometer analysis method. Variations of pH, contact time, adsorbent weight and temperature were carried out as variable to obtain optimum conditions of the adsorption process. The optimum of conditions for Reactive Red-120  occured at pH 3 and a contact time of 30 minutes, while Direct Green-26  occurred at pH 4 and a contact time of 40 minutes, with each adsorbent weight 150 mg and the temperature 30 °C. Adsorption isotherms determined by Freundlich and Langmuir models with maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax) were obtained for the Reactive Red-120  was 400 mg/g, while Direct Green-26 is 169 mg/g. 
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIPLASMODIUM FRAKSI N-HEKSANA DAUN Peronema canescens TERHADAP Mus musculus Andriani, Fenny; Sundaryono, Agus; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Peronema canescens (Sungkai) has been used in Bengkulu as raw herbal remedy to reduce the fever, some people are using as a malaria drug. P.  canescens leaves contain alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and terpenoids – steroids .This study aims to analyze the effect of P.  canescens leaves  n-hexane fraction.  against paracetemias in Mus musculus infected with Plasmodium berghei, then to prove whether the . P.  canescens leaves n-hexane fraction  has potential as alternative medicine for malaria .   To make P. canescens extract , leaves was macerated using EtOH (96%), then filtrate was evaporated using a rotary evaporator, then fractionated with n-hexane. The 25 healthy  M.musculus  weighing 20-40g each, infected with P.berghei, grouped into 5 ie group 1 (K-) was treated orally with aquades, group 2 (K +) was treated orally with 0.42 mg of Chloroquine, Group 3 (P1) Group 4 (P2), group 5 (P3) was treated orally with a P.  canescens leaves n-hexane fraction  each at a dose of 0.028 ,  0.056 and 0.084 g / kgBW. After 3 days of digestion for each treatment, the amount of erythrocytes was calculated under a microscope. : The giving of the with dose 0,028 g / kgBW able to inhibit paracetemia 33,49%,  0,056 g / kgBW able to  57.91% and  0,084 g / kgBW able to  61.69%   The conclusion is the P. canescens leaves n-hexane fraction  at a dose of 0.028 , 0.056 , and 0.084 g / kgBW orally wil be decreased the amount of paracetemia in M.musculus, and the higher the dose given the higher percent of the inhibition.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ASAM URAT PADA PASIEN RAWAT JALAN DI RUMAH SAKIT STROKE NASIONAL BUKITTINGGI TAHUN 2015 Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Nofiani, Selpi
JURNAL KESEHATAN PERINTIS (Perintis's Health Journal) Vol 2 No 2 (2015): DESEMBER 2015 : Jurnal Kesehatan Perintis (Perintis's Health Journal)
Publisher : STIKES PERINTIS PADANG

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.317 KB)

Abstract

Asam urat merupakan hasil metabolisme normal dari pencernaan protein atau dari penguraian senyawa purin yang seharusnya akan dibuang melalui ginjal,feses, atau keringat. Dari data Riskesdas 2013, prevalensi penyakit sendi di Sumatera Barat berdasarkan diagnosis tenaga kesehatan 12.7% dan berdasarkan diagnosis dangejala 21.8%. Penyakit asam urat ini lebih cenderung menyerang laki-laki meskipun bisa juga menyerang wanita yang telah mengalami menopause. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian asam urat pada pasien rawat jalan di Rumah Sakit Stroke Nasional Bukittinggi Tahun 2015. Jenis penelitian ini observasional dengan pendekatan studi analitik desain Cross sectional Study. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada pasien rawat jalan di Rumah Sakit Stroke Nasional Bukittinggi dengan jumlah populasi 605 orang dan sampel 40 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan cara Accidental Sampling. Data primer dikumpulkan dengan wawancara langsung terhadap responden menggunakan kuesioner dan formulir FFQ. Data sekunder diambil dari hasil pemeriksaan kadar asam urat, data pasien rawat jalan yang telah melakukan pemeriksaan asam urat, gambaran umum, dan geografis. Data dianalisa secara univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan ujikorelasi. Hasil penelitian didapatkan sebanyak 57.5% responden menderita asam urat, 55.0% responden dengan asupan purin tinggi, 82.5% dengan asupan vitamin C rendah,62.5% dengan asupan cairan tinggi,62.5% dengan tekanan darah normal, 60.0% dengan aktivitas fisik sedang, dan 52.5% dengan status gizi baik. Hasil uji statistik menunjukan tidak ada hubungan bermakna antara asupan vitamin C, cairan, tekanan darah, aktifitas fisik, dan ststus gizi dengan kejadian asam urat (p>0.05) dan ada hubungan bermakna antara asupan purin dengan kejadian asam urat (p<0.05). Kesimpulannya adalah asupan purin berhubungan dengan kejadian asam urat, sedangkan asupan vitamin C, cairan, tekanan darah, aktifitas fisik dan status gizi tidak berhubungan dengan kejadiaan asam urat pada pasien rawat jalan di Rumah Sakit Stroke Nasional Bukittinggi.