Naufal Muharam Nurdin
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT MAKANAN DAN AIR DENGAN POLA DEFEKASI ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA BOGOR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 9, No 1 (2014): MARET 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe study aimed to analyze correlation between dietary fiber and water intake with defecation pattern among elementary school students. A Cross-sectional design was used in this study. Subjects were 527 students of V and VI grades. The results showed that the mean of fiber and water intake of students was categorized as low. The average dietary fiber intake was 12.4 g/d. The average water intake was 1 086 ml. The average frequency of bowel movements was six times/week with the consistency of the stool according to Bristol Stools Chart categories was normal (type 4). Based on correlation test, there was significant correlation between fiber intake with stool frequency and consistency of stool (p<0.05). However, there was no significant correlation between fiber intake with painfulness during defecation, water intake with stool frequency, consistency of stool, painfulness during defecation, and constipation (p>0.05).Keywords: constipation, defecation pattern, fiber intake, stool frequency, water intakeABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara asupan serat makanan dan air dengan pola defekasi pada siswa sekolah dasar di Kota Bogor. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V dan VI sebanyak 527 siswa. Hasil menunjukkan rata-rata asupan serat dan air subjek masih kurang. Rata-rata asupan serat subjek yaitu 12.4 g/hari. Rata-rata asupan air subjek adalah 1 086 ml/hari. Rata-rata frekuensi BAB sebanyak 6 kali/minggu dengan mayoritas konsistensi feses menurut Bristol Stool Chart termasuk kategori normal (tipe 4). Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan serat dengan frekuensi BAB dan konsistensi feses (p<0.05). Tetapi, tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan serat dengan rasa nyeri ketika BAB dan keluhan konstipasi, asupan air dengan frekuensi BAB, konsistensi feses, rasa nyeri ketika BAB dan keluhan konstipasi (p>0.05).Kata kunci: asupan air, asupan serat, frekuensi BAB, konstipasi, pola defekasi*

PENGARUH INTERVENSI PENAMBAHAN FITOSTEROL PADA MINYAK GORENG SAWIT TERHADAP PROFIL LIPID SUBJEK DENGAN SINDROMA METABOLIK

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 9, No 2 (2014): JULI 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of addition of phytosterol on palm oil among metabolic syndrome (MetS) subject. This study was a clinical trial with randomized double blind controlled design. Thirty adult subject (age 40—60) with MetS are divided into 2 groups. Intervention group were given palm oil enriched with 6.5% phytosterol and used as cooking oil for habitual use for 8 week. The control group were given palm oil without phytosterol. Nutrition intake was assesed by recalls every 2 weeks. Blood lipid profile, blood glucose and anthropometry were analyzed at pre and post intevention. After 8 week intervention, estimated total palm cooking oil and phytosterol consumption on intervention group were 46±23 g/day and 2±1 g/day. There were no significant change of the LDL-choleseterol level (p>0.05) but there were a significant reductiton of serum total cholesterol and triglyceride level compared the control group (respectively p=0.007 and p=0.027). In conclusion with high level palm cooking oil intake, estimated phytosterol intake had reached the target and there are slight improvement of the lipid profile on MetS subject .Keywords: lipid profile, metabolic syndrome, palm oil, phytosterolABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis efek penambahan fitosterol pada minyak goreng sawit terhadap profil lipid subjek dengan sindroma metabolik (SM). Penelitian ini merupakan uji klinis acak tersamar ganda. Sebanyak 30 subjek dewasa dengan umur 40—60 tahun yang memenuhi kriteria SM terlibat pada penelitian ini. Subjek dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol. Kelompok perlakuan diberikan minyak sawit yang diperkaya 6.5% fitosterol dan digunakan sebagai minyak goreng sesuai kebiasaan sehari-hari selama delapan minggu sedangkan kelompok kontrol diberikan minyak sawit tanpa fitosterol. Konsumsi pangan dinilai melalui metode 24 jam-recall setiap dua minggu. Pengukuran antropometri dan profil lipid darah dilakukan pada awal dan akhir intervensi. Setelah delapan minggu intervensi, estimasi rata-rata total konsumsi minyak sawit yaitu 46±23 g/hari dan rata-rata estimasi asupan fitosterol pada kelompok perlakuan yaitu sebesar dan 2.0±1 g/hari. Hasil pada penelitian ini yaitu tidak terdapat perubahan signifikan terhadap kadar kolesterol-LDL (p>0.05) namun terdapat penurunan signifikan pada kadar kolesterol-total dan trigliserida (p<0.05). Pada penelitian ini, subjek dengan konsumsi minyak sawit yang tinggi, asupan fitosterol dapat memenuhi target dan terdapat sedikit perbaikan pada beberapa parameter profil lipid bila dibandingkan pada kontrol.Kata kunci: fitosterol, minyak sawit, profil lipid, sindroma metabolik

PENDEKATAN POSITIVE DEVIANCE DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN TINGKAT KEHADIRAN SASARAN POSYANDU

Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2017): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

The main problem of integrated health post is the lack of community participation, and its resources. One of the alternative solution is finding a special behavior with positive deviance (PD) approach. The aim of this research was to analyze positive behavior through PD approach. This research was a qualitative research. The research method was focus group discussion with all cadre leader and indepth interview technique to 59 subjects, village midwife, cadre, and posyandu target in 10 posyandu (Tunas Harapan-TH 1 to 10) at Sadeng Village, Leuwisadeng sub district, Bogor District and completed with secondary data from monthly report of posyandu. These data were analyzed qualitatively using five basic steps in PD approach. The average attendance posyandu target was low (30.3%). Theresult showed Posyandu TH 6 is defined as a model (performer) of PD. Specific positive behaviors encountered include better management of task distribution, mutual assistance behavior, cadres family members participation as transportvolunteer, cooperation with early childhood education (ECE), sub-village involvement, and adequate posyandu building. These behaviors were applied to the Posyandu TH 4 who had the worst performance and successfully increased its attendance from 23% to 62%. In this research the PD performer and its positive behavior have been identified through the PD approach and those behaviors were successfully applied to other posyandu

ASUPAN ASAM FOLAT, VITAMIN B12 DAN VITAMIN C PADA IBU HAMIL DI INDONESIA BERDASARKAN STUDI DIET TOTAL

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze intake of folic acid, B12 and C of pregnant women (PW) in Indonesia. This study used secondary data from a cross-sectional study, so called Total Diet Study conducted in year 2014. The food consumption data were collected using the 24-hour dietary recall method. Total subjects of this study were 606 PW aged 14-49 old. Data of dietary intake of  folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin C were analyzed using Indonesian food composition tables (FCT), nutrisurvey software, nutrition fact and FCT from United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The results showed that mean intake of folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin C were 167.2±145.5 µg/d, 3.5±5.3 µg/d, 61.3±75.8 mg/d, respectively. The prevalence of severely deficiency of folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin C were 88.3%, 34.5% and 46.9% respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that the younger PW from middle and low economic status had higher risk for folic acid deficiency. PW with education level less than and equal to senior high school with middle and low economic status had higher risk for vitamin B12 deficiency. PW with education level less than and equal to senior high school had higher risk for vitamin C deficiency. Consumption of folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin C of PW was low, so the consumption of vitamin sources was very important to prevent problems during pregnancy, such as anemia, premature, and also maternal and child mortality.

SMOKING HABIT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HYPERTENSION AMONG MIDDLE AGED MEN[Kebiasaan Merokok, Aktifitas Fisik, dan Hipertensi pada Laki-laki Dewasa]

Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2018): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Hypertension is a global public health problem. Hypertension prevalence increasing with age, particularly in middle aged men. It is important to identify the modifiable risk factors. The aim of this study was to analyse the correlation of smoking habit, physical activity, and hypertension among middle aged men. This study was conducted in Cianjur District, West Java. 112 men aged 45-59 years old were participated in this cross sectional study. Automatic blood pressure (OMRON Model HEM-7200) was used to measure blood pressure. 24-hour physical activity recall was used to assess physical activity (PA). The correlation between smoking habit and hypertension was analyzed by Chi Square.  The correlation between physical activity and hypertension was analyzed by Spearman.  This study found that 83.9% subjects had smoking habit.  More than half of the subjects (57.2%) had heavy PA. Almost half of the subjects (43.7%) were hypertension. Median of systolic 135.0 mmHg and diastolic 85.0 mmHg. There was a significant correlation between smoking habit (p=0.039) and physical activity (p=0.025) with hypertension. Smoking habit and physical activity correlate with hypertension. Having a moderate to vigorous physical activity regularly particularly in smokers among middle aged men are recommend for decreasing the prevalence of hypertension.