Articles

MUTU DAN PERDAGANGAN IKAN TUNA HASIL TANGKAPAN LONGLINE YANG DIDARATKAN DI PPS NIZAM ZACHMAN JAKARTA Sidik, Fajar; Nurani, Tri Wiji; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari
Buletin PSP Vol 21, No 2 (2013): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi sumber suplai tuna di PPS Nizam Zachman Jakarta, terkait dengan harga, mutu, jumlah dan daerah asalnya, dan sistem perdagangan komoditi tuna di PPS Nizam Zachman Jakarta. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survei, dan data yang dikumpulkan meliputi data primer dan sekunder. Data primer didapatkan melalui pengumpulan tally sheet hasil pembongkaran kapal tuna longline dengan teknik sampling dan observasi terhadap proses pembongkaran tuna longline di pelabuhan. Pelabuhan perikanan yang biasanya mengirimkan tuna ke PPSNJZ adalah PPS Benoa Bali, PPN Palabuhanratu, dan PPS Cilacap. Mutu tuna segar yang di ekspor memiliki grade AAA, AAF, AF, AA, A+ dan A, sedangkan tuna lokal memiliki grade B+, B, B-, Reject/C, Oba/D. Berdasarkan uji statistik, hubungan jumlah dan mutu terhadap harga dapat dikatakan sangat kuat dengan pengaruh sebesar 73,8% dan memiliki nilai Sig F Change= 0,00. Artinya bahwa pengaruh variabel independen (jumlah dan mutu) sangat signifikan terhadap variabel dependen (harga) karena nilainya pada kisaran 0-0,05 (selang besarnya pengaruh).
Strategy of Small Pelagic Fisheries Development in Southeast Maluku District Waters Tahapary, Jacomina; Simbolon, Domu; Nurani, Tri Wiji
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 33, No 4 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Southeast Maluku District waters has abundance fisheries resources, especially small pelagic fisheries, but its poorly managed.  That is identified from inadequate infrastructure with traditional fishing effort.  Furthermore, the quality of human resources (fishermen) is still relatively low, characterized by weak management and skills so that adopting technology is time-consuming.  The objectives of this study were to analyze the alternative policies and steps or actions priorities on the small pelagic fisheries development in Southeast Maluku District waters.  One of the approaches can be used for solving the development of small pelagic fisheries problems is analytical hierarchy process (AHP) method.  Study result showed alternative development priority on increasing the number of catches (0.316), improving the quality of human resources (0.309), sustainable development of fishing gear (0.225), and improvement of infrastructure facilities and fishing (0.150) in consitency ratio of 0.04. Appropriate policy measures in the form of short-term program is the improvement of fishing technology (0.237), motorization of fishing units (0.189), the economic empowerment of fishing communities (0.187), entered into a building where fish autions (0.137), conduct training and coaching (0.130) and strengthening institutional institutional management and operations (0.120) in consistency ratio of 0,05.  Conclusion is alternative development policy priority on increasing the amount of catch with the important aspects to be considered that biological aspects improving the efficiency of fishing gear, the economic aspect in improving labor income, the marketing aspect in strengthening the domestic market, the technical aspect of overcoming the influence of the physical environment of the selectivity tools and social aspects in improving the wages received by fishermen.  Actions taken to increase the catch is with the development of fishing technology.  Such measures are also useful for improving the quality of human resources (fishermen) in order to exploit fish resources responsibly and sustainably.   Key words: analitycal hierarchy process (AHP), small pelagic, Southeast Maluku District, strategy development
System Design of Tuna Fisheries Development in South Java Region Nurani, Tri Wiji; Haluan, John; Saad, Sudirman; Lubis, Ernani
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 2 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Although tuna fisheries have significant role on Indonesian fisheries, concept for integrated tuna fisheries development in South Java Waters have not been implemented yet.  This study was aimed to design model for tuna fisheries development in South Java Waters.  Because of fisheries is a complex system, therefore the system approach was applied in this study.  The system design, named SIMPENA model, consist of three submodels, there are (1) fisheries business (USAHA), (2) fishing port requirement: functionality and accessibility (PELABUHAN), and (3) policy and institution (LEMBAGA).  The result of this study indicated that the tuna business is a very high risk business.  Government policies which contribute a little support to the business cause a big impact for the business continuity.  There is only a few number of fishing port that could support the tuna business in this region, namely PPS Cilacap and PPN Palabuhanratu.  The development strategic analysis by using interpretative structural modeling technique resulted seven elements which playing an important role for succeeded the system.   Key words: system design, development, fisheries, tuna, South Java Waters
Management Model of Reef Fisheries in Karimunjawa National Park Irnawati, Ririn; Simbolon, Domu; Wiryawan, Budy; Murdiyanto, Bambang; Nurani, Tri Wiji
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 35, No 1 (2012): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) inhabited mostly by fisherman. Its area surrounds by 111.625 ha as waters. Fishing zone is dedicated for traditional fisheries. Therefore the capture fisheries in KNP should be adjusted to ccommodate conservancy and utilization objectives. The objective of the research is to design management model of reef fisheries in KNP. Selection of leading fish product was conducted by implementing comparative performance index. Potency of reef fish resources was performed by using bio-economic model. Optimization number of fishing gear is performed by using LGP. Feasibility study for fishery business was conducted with R/C, ROI, PP, NPV, B/C, and IRR criteria. Policy and institutional for capture  fisheries was conducted by using institutional analysis. The result shows the leading fish from reef fish is jack trevallies and yellow tail; reef fish potency is 174.225,68 kg/year; the fishing technology for reef fish are hand line  (1.412 units) and traps  (102 units);  hand line, fish trap, and muroami  are  competent to develop  continuously in KNP area; the policy of reef fisheries need to coordinate between stakeholders and institutions  to gain optimal management; the institutional that involve in management are fishermen group, BTNKJ, DKP, NGO, fisherman’s business group, and educational institutions.
Keunggulan Kompetitif UKM Sentra Pengolahan Kerupuk Ikan dan Udang di Indramayu Berbasis Sumber Daya Ningsih, Trisna; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari; Huseini, Martani; Poernomo, Achmad; Nurani, Tri Wiji
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The concept of resource based focus on modifying organizational capabilities into company´s competitive advantage, which is the achievements of the unique, rare, cannot be duplicated and cannot be replaced combination between company´s resources and assets. The purpose of this research is to identify the resources, capabilities, and core competencies owned by the SMEs of fish and shrimp crackers in the Indramayu processing center, and their development strategies. The competitive advantage of the SMEs of fish and shrimp crackers in the Indramayu processing center was analyzed using network analysis, while its dynamic capabilities was analyzed using Soft Systems Methodology (SSM). After the core competencies were identified, the next step was formulating the strategic routing for the SMEs of fish and shrimp crackers in Indramayu processing center. The research shows the time required to produce 3.550 kgs of fish crackers with 100 labour are 2.070 minutes, so the level of efficiency was 33.5 kgs/20,7 minutes/person. Some alternative development strategies required for the SMEs of fish and shrimp crackers in the Indramayu processing center to realize the strategic routing are (1) organizational restructuring, (2) business reengineering, and (3) business revitalizing.   Key words: competitive advantage; SMEs processing center; fish and shrimp crackers; resource based
SISTEM PENYEDIAAN DAN PENGENDALIAN KUALITAS PRODUK IKAN SEGAR DI HYPERMARKET Nurani, Tri Wiji; Astarini, Julia Eka; Astarini, Marina Nareswari
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Fresh  sh product is one food that is offered in Giant Hypermarket. Supply system and quality control of products is important to ful l consumer’s need and satisfaction. The study was aimed to examine the supplysystem and quality control of fresh  sh products at Giant. The analysis method used were the ABC analysis, singleexponential smoothing method, p control charts, and diagrams of causation. The results of this study indicatethat fresh  sh products must be controlled properly by the Giant, these include banana prawn and shrimp small pancet which were categorized as product A. The budget available for product A reached is Rp1,158,979,112 or 73.7% of the total inventory cost and reached 2,394.24 kg or 8% of the total supply of seafood per year. The single exponential smoothing method with parameter smoothing (α) 0.9; was considered as the best parameter to be used for estimate supply of banana prawn, in the year 2010. The proportion of banana prawn that is not ful lled quality standard is still under control. Such condition is expected can be maintained and improved fresh  sh quality by the Division of Seafood Giant by considering the factors in uencing the product quality control system which include human, technology, materials, and handling methods aspects.Keywords: fresh  sh products, Giant Hypermarket, quality control, supply system, single exponential smoothing,
KELAYAKAN DASAR PENERAPAN HACCP DI KAPAL FRESH TUNA LONGLINE Nurani, Tri Wiji; Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo; Wahyudi, Gina Almirani
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Many numbers of rejected tuna product of Indonesia in export market, request fish handling which can qual-ity assurance and security of the product. Fish handling on board is one of the production chain which playing a port of important to quality of tuna product. HACCP quality management system have been obliged to be applied in fish processing unit, while in fishing vessel the traceability. Appling SSOP and GMP/GHP represent a basic requirement (pre requisite) as measuring rod of the readiness of applying HACCP. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of the basic requirements of HACCP implementation in the tuna longline vessels.  Research done in the fishing port of Palabuhanratu and Nizam Zachman Jakarta. Assessment conducted to basic requirement of vesselfeasibility, include the location and environment, design andconstruction of ships and facilities, equipment and supplies,operational management, hygiene and health of workers, to thequality management system. Result of the research indicatedthat value Yi around 1,5
STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKSI UDANG DI KABUPATEN CILACAP (Management Strategies to Increase Shrimp Production in Cilacap Regency) Pangesti, T. P.; Nurani, Tri Wiji; Wiyono, Eko Sri
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Abstract

Cilacap is the center of the shrimp fishery in Central Java’s south sea. Lately, the shrimp resources in that area have decreased biologically, which is characterized by a decrease in shrimp production trend line. From 2004 to 2008 there was a decrease by 6.3% per year which was caused by large scale utilization in shrimp resources and degradation in carrying capacity. This study aimed to determine influential factors in decreasing shrimp production and to develop strategies for business development in Cilacap’s shrimp fishery. Data were analyzed using the fish-bone diagram and SWOT (Strengths Weakness Opportunities and Threats) analysis. Influential factors in decreasing shrimp production were 1) fishermen; 2) units of fishing; 3) mangrove forests; 4) fishing methods, and 5) shrimp resources stock. Strategies for Cilacap shrimp fishery management were 1) law enforcement in controlling the shrimp capture and mangrove exploitation; 2) the economic development of fishermen and society; 3) integrated shrimp fisheries management; 4) mangrove and aquatic ecosystems rehabilitation; and 5) increase the environmental and shrimp resources carrying capacity.Key words: Cilacap, fish-bone diagrams, management, shrimp fishery, SWOT analysis
INTEGRASI PASAR KOMODITAS UNGGULAN MINAPOLITAN DI PALABUHANRATU (Market Integration for Major Minapolitan Commodities in Palabuhanratu) Ardani, Ardani; Nurani, Tri Wiji; Lubis, Ernani
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Abstract

Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Palabuhanratu telah ditetapkan sebagai lokasi proyek minapolitan perikanan tangkap. Pemerintah daerah menetapkan tuna dan layur sebagai komoditas unggulan minapolitan. Salah satu aspek penting yang harus diperhatikan dalam pengembangan komoditas unggulan adalah  integrasi pasar. Dalam integrasi pasar, harga suatu komoditas sangat responsif terhadap perubahan harga produk yang memiliki kualitas yang sama di pasar lainnya. Hubungan harga spasial dapat menunjukkan kinerja pasar secara keseluruhan. Kinerja pasar yang efisien dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu daya saing komoditas unggulan minapolitan di Palabuhanratu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis integrasi pasar tuna dan layur di kawasan minapolitan perikanan tangkap Palabuhanratu. Model Ravallion digunakan untuk menganalisis integrasi pasar tuna dan layur antara pasar lokal dan  pasar ekspor. Metode Index of Market Connection digunakan untuk menghitung derajat integrasi di antara kedua pasar. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pasar bigeye tuna segar dan layur di Palabuhanratu terintegrasi baik untuk jenis pasar lokal maupun pasar ekspor. Kata kunci: perikanan tangkap, integrasi pasar, minapolitan, Palabuhanratu
Leading Commodity Analysis of Capture Fisheries in Karimunjawa National Park Irnawati, Ririn; Simbolon, Domu; Wiryawan, Budy; Murdiyanto, Bambang; Nurani, Tri Wiji
SAINTEK PERIKANAN Vol 7, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Saintek Perikanan
Publisher : SAINTEK PERIKANAN

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Abstract

Karimunjawa National Parks (TNKJ) is a marine conservation area which has 111.625 ha area with the majority of residents work as fishermen. Utilization of traditional fisheries zone intended for fishing activities. Therefore, fishing activities in TNKJ should be conducted in accordance with the principles of conservation. The aim of this study was to determine the winning fish fishery commodities in TNKJ. The selection of commodities was done by using comparative performance index (CPI). Analysis of potential fish resources is done with bioeconomic model. Optimizing the amount of fishing equipment was done by using linear goal programming (LGP). Feasibility of the business conducted by financial analysis. The results showed commodities TNKJ reef fisheries are pompano, and for pelagic fisheries are anchovies. Reef fish resource potential of 174 tons / year and pelagic fish of 22 069 tons / year. Appropriate fishing technologies for reef fisheries is the fishing rod elongation and traps, while for the pelagic fishery and gillnet fishing minnows on trolling lines. Financial analysis shows that all fishing gear is still viable to continue the effort.   Key words: Selection commodities, fishing activities, Karimunjawa National Parks