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Journal : Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)

Penggunaan Ampas Sagu Ampas Tahu Fermentasi dengan Monascus purpureus dalam Ransum Terhadap Performa Puyuh Petelur Latif, S.A.; Nuraini, Nuraini; Mirzah, Mirzah; Djulardi, A.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 13, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.13.2.125-129.2011

Abstract

The aim of this research is to know the effect of utilization of combination sago rotb waste and tofu waste fermented by Monascus purpureus in egg quail (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) ration on their egg performance. About 200 quails were used in completely randomized design with 4 treatments (0.5%; 10% and 15%) of different level of combination sago rotb waste and tofu waste fermented in ration, and each treatment are replicated for 5 times. Ration are arranged iso protein (20%) and iso calory (2,800 kcal/kg). The parameters are: egg production, egg weigth and body weight. The result showed that the utilization of combination of sago rotb and tofu waste fermented by Monascus purpureus was not affected egg quail performance significantly (P>0.05). Inconclusion, the utilization of combination sago rotb waste and tofu waste fermented by Monascus purpureus until 15% in quail ration increased egg production with quail day scoring 80%, egg weight is 9.70 g/egg, and body weight is 56.12 g/quail.
Penampilan dan Kualitas Telur Puyuh Yang Diberi Pakan mengandung Produk Fermentasi dengan Neurospora crassa Nuraini, Nuraini; Sabrina, Sabrina; Latif, S.A
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 14, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.14.2.385-391.2012

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding products fermented by Neurospora crassa on quail performances and egg quality. 200 quail layers were randomly allocated into 20 pens. This experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with four dietary treatments: 0%, 3%, 6%, 9% and 12%  product fermented by Neurospora crassa in  the diets and four replications. Variable measured were feed comsumption, egg production, feed conversion,  egg cholesterol and egg yolk colour. Data were analized by CRD and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Results of the experiment indicated that feed comsumption, egg production, feed conversion were not affected (p>0.05) but  egg cholesterol and egg yolk colour were affected (p<0.01) by using product fermented in the diets for quails.  Results of Duncant Multiple Range Test indicated that egg cholesterol in E treatment (used 12% products fermented)  was the lowest  than other treatment, but the highest on egg yolk colour .  The conclusion of the experiment that up to 12% products fermented by Neurospora crassa  can be used in the diet of quail and can increase the quality of quail egg (egg low cholesterol).
Pengaruh Penambahan Lisin dalam Ransum terhadap Berat Hidup, Karkas dan Potongan Karkas Ayam Kampung Yuniza, A.; Nuraini, Nuraini; Hafiz, S.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 13, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.13.3.199-204.2011

Abstract

Standard of nutrient requirements especially amino acid requirements in kampung chicken’s diet was not known yet. Therefore, until now formulation of kampung chicken’s diet still refferenced to nutrient requirements of laying hen. Usualy formulation of kampung chicken was based on protein and metabolizable energy requirement only, without considering about it’s balances of amino acids. Amino acids that usualy deficiency in diet were lysine and methionine. Because, study about amino acid requirement of kampung chicken was limited, so this research was conducted to study effect the suplementation of lysine in kampung chicken diet on body weight, carcass, and carcass quarter of kampung chicken (thigh and breast quarter yield). The experiment was designed by using randomized completely design with 5 treatments of supplementation of lysine (A = 0 % as a control, B = 0.15%, C = 0.30%, D = 0.45%, and E = 0.60%) in diet which crude protein content 14.5% and 2900 kkal/kg ME with 4 replications. Parameters were: body weight, carcass weight, percentage of carcass, thigh weight, breast weight, percentage of thigh, and percentage of breast of kampung chickens. The results showed that suplementation of lysine in diet highly significant (P<0.01) increased the body weight, carcas weight, thigh weight and breast weight. Suplementation of lysine in diet also significant (P<0.05) increased the percentage of breast, but not significant (P>0.05) on persentage of carcas and percentage of thigh. Levels supplementation of lysine bigger than 0.15% in diet (C = 0.30%, D = 0.45%, and E = 0.60%) gave the same effect as at level 0.15%. It concluded, the level of lysine supplementation in kampung chicken diet recomended was 0.15%. Therefor it was known that requirement lysine for kampung chicken on growth periode was 0.77%.
Review: Potensi, Faktor Pembatas dan Pengolahan Rumput Laut Coklat (Phaeophyceae) sebagai Pakan Ayam Petelur Dewi, Y. L.; Yuniza, A.; Nuraini, Nuraini; Sayuti, K.; Mahata, M. E.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 20, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.20.2.53-69.2018

Abstract

Tulisan ini dibuat untuk mengetahui potensi, faktor pembatas, dan pengolahan rumput laut coklat (Phaeophyceae) sebagai pakan ayam petelur. Rumput laut coklat (Phaeophyceae) adalah rumput laut yang mengandung pigmen klorofil a, karotin, xanthofil dan fukosantin, pigmen yang dominan adalah fukosantin yang menutupi warna lainnya dan menyebabkan rumput laut ini kelihatan berwarna coklat. Rumput laut coklat memiliki potensi sebagai bahan pakan ayam petelur karena ketersediaan yang melimpah, tidak bersaing dengan kebutuhan manusia, mengandung zat-zat nutrisi, tidak bersifat toksik, kaya asam lemak omega 3, mengandung pigmen fukosantin, alginat dan fukoidan. Faktor pembatas penggunaan rumput laut ini, yaitu 1) Kandungan nutrisi dan kualitas: alginat tinggi, protein rendah, dan energi rendah; 2) Kandungan anti nutrisi: kadar garam tinggi dan phlorotannin; 3) Penanganan dan pengolahan: membutuhkan berbagai pengolahan khusus sebelum digunakan sebagai pakan ternak. Faktor-faktor pembatas tersebut dapat diatasi dengan perlakuan fisik (pencucian, pengeringan, autoklaf, perebusan dan freezing), fermentasi dan penambahan enzim dalam pakan sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan ketersediaan zat nutrisi dan mendetoksifikasi senyawa antinutrisi. Rumput laut coklat (Phaeophyceae) memiliki potensi sebagai bahan pakan penyusun ransum ayam petelur.
Peningkatan Kualitas Limbah Buah Kopi dengan Phanerochaete chrysosporium sebagai Pakan Alternatif Nuraini, Nuraini; Marlida, Y.; Mirzah, Mirzah; Disafitri, R.; Febrian, R.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 17, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.17.2.143-150.2015

Abstract

Limbah buah kopi bisa digunakan sebagai pakan alternatif berdasarkan potensi ketersediaannya dan kandungan nutrisinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas nutrisi limbah buah kopi melalui fermentasi dengan Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Metode eksperimen yang digunakan adalah dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial 3 x 2 dengan 3 ulangan. Faktor pertama, dosis inokulum yaitu: 4%, 7% dan 10% dari jumlah substrat. Faktor kedua, lama fermentasi: 7 hari dan 10 hari. Peubah yang diamati adalah protein kasar, serat kasar, retensi nitrogen dan kecernaan serat kasar. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh adalah interaksi antara dosis inokulum 7% dan lama fermentasi dengan Phanerochaete chrysosporium 10 hari dapat menurunkan serat kasar dan meningkatkan protein kasar, retensi nitrogen dan kecernaan serat kasar limbah buah kopi fermentasi. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah fermentasi dengan Phanerochaete chrysosporium dengan dosis inokulum 7% dan lama fermentasi 10 hari merupakan perlakuan terbaik untuk peningkatan kualitas nutrisi dari limbah buah kopi.
Penampilan dan Kualitas Telur Puyuh yang Diberi Pakan Mengandung Produk Fermentasi dengan Neurospora crassa Nuraini, Nuraini; Sabrina, Sabrina; Latif, S.A.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 13, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.13.3.234-240.2011

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding products fermented by Neurospora crassa on quail performances and egg quality. 200 quail layers were randomly allocated into 20 pens. This experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with four dietary treatments: 0%, 3%, 6%, 9% and 12% product fermented by Neurospora crassa in the diets and four replications. Variable measured were feed comsumption, egg production, feed conversion, egg cholesterol and egg yolk colour. Data were analized by CRD and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Results of the experiment indicated that feed comsumption, egg production, feed conversion were not affected (P>0.05) but egg cholesterol and egg yolk colour were affected (P<0.01) by using product fermented in the diets for quails. Results of Duncant Multiple Range Test indicated that egg cholesterol in E treatment (used 12% products fermented) was the lowest than other treatment, but the highest on egg yolk colour . The conclusion of the experiment that up to 12% products fermented by Neurospora crassa can be used in the diet of quail and can increase the quality of quail egg (egg low cholesterol).
Co-Authors A. Djulardi A. Yuniza A.T. Umiarti Abadi, Musram Abdul Kahar Abidin, Nurul Adnan Syam Agus Taufik Mulyono Alfian, Rizki Alfian, Rizki Alfian, Rizki Alfian, Rizki Andana, Adi Anggraini, Betty Anip Dwi Saputro, Anip Dwi Arico, Zulfan - Arnoli, Zulmi Asni Johari Asriani Ilyas Azhar Muttaqin, Azhar Budiartha, I.W. Cahyani, Mita Chandra, Karlina CINDY CINDY Daulay, Lili Yuspita Dewi S, Chandra Dewi, Y. L. Dian Agustina Dian Rusmanawati Disafitri, R. Djulardi, Ade Dwi Kurniani Dyah Kusuma, Farida Halis Eka Sofia Agustina elida elida Elsje Theodora Maasawet Fadhilah, Raudhatul Febrian, R. Fenny Trisnawati Fitriani Fitriani Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih H. Hafid H., Wahidyanti Rahayu H.S. Arifin, Nurhayati Hafnati Rahmatan Hamdan Alawi Haque, Marissa harahap, Miswaruddin Harapin Hafid Harefa, Dalizaro Hari Nugroho Hasibuan, Moh. Sanjiva Refi Heriyani, Eka Hidayat, Zikril Hira Helwati Imani, Siti Rohmatul Imelda Imelda Inderawati, Inderawati Inderawati, Inderawati Indra Suharman Iqbal Iqbal Irvan, Aidil Irwansyah Irwansyah Ismida, Yulina Isnain Effendi, Isnain Iwan Ardian, Iwan Jalil, Zakaria A Kasmita Kasmita Kiki Yolanda, Kiki La Ode Arsad Sani Laili Rahayuwati, Laili M Ali Sarong, M Ali Mahata, M. E. Makhdalena Makhdalena, Makhdalena Makrina Tindangen, Makrina MARIA ENDO MAHATA Marwan Marwan Masbirorotni Masbirorotni, Masbirorotni Mbina Pinem Mega Asiska Ninda Pratiwi, Mega Asiska Ninda Mega Asiska, Mega Mirzah Mirzah Monalisa Monalisa Muhammad Ali Husni muhammad Diwan, muhammad Muhammad Rais Muhammad Rizki Saputra, Muhammad Rizki Muhammad Yusuf Mujib Mujib, Mujib Munthe, Betti Suryati Murniana Murniana Muslim Muslim Muslimin Muslimin Mustafa Kamal NAFRIAL, NAFRIAL Nailufar, Balqis Nainggolan, Sri Faulina Nasri, Rizfaldi Naziah, Naziah Netti Aryani Niken Ayu Pamukas NOPIANTI, NOPIANTI Novianty, Iin Nunung Fajaryani, Nunung Nuraysah, Intan NurKhairin, Fibriyani Nurliza Nurliza Nurul Iman, Nurul Nusdiani Nusdiani, Nusdiani Pain Pati, Petrus Paulus Pandiangan, Tito Fresly Pangaribuan, Ayu Rayuni Pareira, Novica Christiani Pargito Pargito Parimartha, I.K.W. Pratama, Rama Arif Puspita, Yolanda Putri TM, Risma Putri, B.R.T. Putu Nara Kusuma Prasanjaya Rahim Aka Rajagukguk, Ronald Hasudungan Rasman Rasman Ratnasari, Diyannita Ray March Syahadat Retnaningsih Retnaningsih Revis Asra Ridha DS, Muhammad Rina Herartri, Rina Rinaldi Rinaldi Rindang Ekawati Rionaldi, Rionaldi Riyanto Djoko Rusli Badaruddin S. Hafiz S.A Latif S.A. Latif Sabhan Sabhan Sabrina Sabrina Sani, Arsad Sayuti, K. Setyabudi, Irawan Sigit Dwi Laksana, Sigit Dwi Silfeni Silfeni Simbolon, Antonius KAP Sirait, Desy Kristina Ayu Siti Samhati Sri Jayanthi, Sri Sri Kartikowati Sri Wahyuni Sudjarwo Sudjarwo Suherman Suherman Sukamdi Sukamdi Sukendi Sukendi, Sukendi Sulaiman Sulaiman Sumarno Sumarno Suparta, I.N. Syafruddin Nasution Syamsudin Syamsudin Syamsul Rizal Tanggela, Ardian taruli, sihombing Tasse, A. M. Toba, R. D. S. Tri Dewi Andalasari Uran, Rofinus Seri Utami, M.Kes, Dr. Tri Niswati Vitaloka, Nia Wahyudi Wahyudi Widyawati, Ratih Widyawati, Ratih Winda Winda Wirnelis Syarif Y. Marlida Yafisham Yafisham, Yafisham Yeye Susilowati Yogia Prihartini Yulisari, Irma Zainaro, M. Arifki Zainaro, Muhammad Arifki