I. Nur
Department of Geological Engineering, Hasanuddin University, Jln. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Tamalarea, Makassar - 90245

Published : 7 Documents
Articles

Found 7 Documents
Search

RESISTANCE OF FRY FROM VACCINATED MOTHER OF GIFT TILAPIA (OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS LINN.) TO ARTIFICIAL INFECTION OF STREPTOCOCCUS INIAE Nur, I.; Sukenda, .; Dana, D.
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 3 No. 1 (2004): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.466 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.3.37-43

Abstract

An investigation was made to study the efficacy of dosage and time of administration in maternal vaccination. Mothers of nile tilapia were vaccinated by intraperitoneal injection with adjuvant-heat killed Streptococcus iniae at one and two weeks after spawning at the dosages of 0,2 ml/kg and 0,4 ml/kg body weight. Unvaccinated mothers were used as control. Agglutinating antibody titers in the blood plasma of mothers before and after spawning, eggs soluble extract, the body fluid of fry at 5, 10 and 15 days post hatching (DPH) were examined. The protective immunity of fry was tested by challenge test, the survival rate (SR) and the relative percent survival (RPS) offish within 7 days was observed. There was no difference in the antibody level of mothers, eggs soluble extract, and the body fluid of fry at 5, 10 and 15 DPH from vaccinated mothers at one or two weeks after spawning. However, antibody of mothers, eggs and fry from vaccinated mothers at the dosage of 0,4 ml/kg body weight were higher than the dosage of 0,2 ml/kg body weight and control. Antibody titre. of fry of vaccinated mothers at 5, 10 and 15 DPH were (-log2=2,88), (-log2=2,53) and (-log2=2,07) respectively, while SR were 89%, 94% and 92% respectively. SR of control fry were lower 7%, 10% and 12% respectively than fry from vaccinated mother; meanwhile RPS were 47%. 76% and 77% respectively. Key words: Maternal immunity. Streptococcus iniae, Oreochromis niloticus, vaccination, antibody   ABSTRAK Suatu studi tentang efikasi dari dosis dan waktu pemberian vaksin pada vaksinasi lewat induk dilakukan. Induk ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) diberi vaksin melalui injeksi intraperitoneal dengan "adjuvant-heat killed Streptococcus iniae" satu minggu sesudah memijah dan dua minggu sesudah memijah dengan dosis 0,2 ml/kg dan 0,4 ml/kg bobot tubuh. Aglutinasi titer antibodi dari plasma darah induk sebelum dan sesudah memijah, ekstrak terlarut telur, dan cairan tubuh pada 5, 10 dan 15 hari setelah menetas (DPH) diperiksa. Imunitas dari larva diuji dengan uji tantang, kelangsungan hidup (SR) dalam 7 hari setelah uji tantang diamati. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan pada level antibodi dari induk, ekstrak terlarut telur dan cairan tubuh dari larva pada 5, 10 dan 15 DPH dari induk yang diberi vaksin pada satu atau dua minggu setelah memijah. Akan tetapi, level antibodi induk, ekstrak terlarut telur dan cairan tubuh larva dari induk-induk yang diberi vaksin dengan dosis 0.4 ml/kg bobot tubuh lebih tinggi dari 0.2 ml/kg bobot tubuh dan kontrol. Level antibodi dari larva yang berasal dari induk yang diberi vaksin dengan dosis 0.2 ml/kg, 0.4 ml/kg dan kontrol adalah (-log2=2.5), (-log2=2.9) dan (-log2=2). Sedangkan kelangsungan hidupnya masing-masing 95%, 94% dan 84%. Kata kunci: Imunitas induk. Streptococcus iniae, Oreochromis niloticus, vaksinasi, antibodi
Ore Characteristics and Fluid Inclusion of the Base Metal Vein Deposit in Moncong Bincanai Area, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia Asmariyadi, Asmariyadi; Langkoke, R.; Maulana, A.; Nur, I.; AstamAn, W.
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 7, No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1860.001 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i4.146

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i4.146This paper is dealing with ore characteristics and fluid inclusion of the Moncong Bincanai, Biringbulu Subregency of Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The mineralization is a vein type, with the orientation of N170oE /65oSW, hosted in open-space filling within basalt. The mineralization consists of galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and pyrite. Vein thickness ranges from 5 - 17 cm, showing a crustiform banding texture, with a sequence from outer to centre: quartz, carbonate (siderite), sulphide. The quartz displays primary growth textures such as comb, crystalline, saccharoidal, and colloform. Analytical methods applied include AAS and fluid inclusion microthermometry. Chemical composition of the vein indicates an average of Pb = 47.92%, Cu = 1.27%, Zn = 1.02%, and Fe = 9.46%, which shows a significant concentration of Pb. Fluid inclusion microthermometry results indicate a range of formation temperature of 240 - 250C and salinity of the responsible hydrothermal fluid of 2.1 - 2.5 wt.% NaCl eq. The deposit is categorized into low-sulfidation epithermal deposits, which was formed within a range of 410 - 440 m below paleosurface.
Thermal and Infrared Studies of Garnierite from the Soroako Nickeliferous Laterite Deposit, Sulawesi, Indonesia Sufriadin, Sufriadin; Idrus, Arifudin; Pramumijoyo, S.; Warmada, I. W.; Nur, I.; Imai, A.; Imran, A. M.; Kaharuddin, Kaharuddin
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3347.354 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i2.137

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i2.137Mineralogical characterization of some garnierite samples from Soroako have been conducted using X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and infrared spectroscopy methods. XRD patterns reveal the samples mainly containing the mixture of kerolite (talc-like phase) and serpentine with minor smectite, sepiolite, and silica. Thermal analyses of garnierite samples indicated by DTA curves are in good agreement with patterns that have been reported in literature. Three endothermic peaks normally occur in the ranges between 58º C and <800º C illustrating three steps of weight losses: adsorbed, bound, and hydroxyl/crystal water. One additional weight loss in low temperature region of sepiolite is corresponding to the lost of zeolitic water. Infrared spectra appeared in 3800 - 3200 cm-1 region generally exhibit broad absorption bands, indicating low crystallinities of studied samples and can be assigned to the presence of hydroxyl group bonded to octahedral coordination mainly Mg atom. The bands observed at 1660 cm-1, 1639 cm-1, 1637 cm-1, and 1633 cm-1 in all samples indicate water molecules. FTIR spectra displaying the strong bands at 1045 cm-1, 1038 cm-1, and 1036 cm-1 could be related to the presence of Si-O-Si bonds linking to tetrahedral coordination. The strong absorption bands appeared at 511 cm-1, 505 cm-1, 499 cm-1, and 496 cm-1 in respective samples are attributed to divalent cation bonds (e.g. Mg, Ni-O). Both TG/DTA and FTIR seem to be the powerful tool in diagnosing the crystal chemistry of garnierite which is mainly composed of phyllosilicate minerals.
Metamorphic Rock-Hosted Orogenic Gold Deposit Type as a Source of Langkowala Placer Gold, Bombana, Southeast Sulawesi Idrus, Arifudin; Nur, I.; Warmada, I. W.; Fadlin, Fadlin
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2637.886 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v6i1.114

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v6i1.114In 2008, placer gold was discovered in Langkowala area (Bombana Regency), Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, and more than 60,000 traditional gold miners in the early 2009 have been operating by digging vertical pits and panning active stream sediments. The grade of placer gold ranges from 50 to 140 g/t. Local geological framework indicates that the placer gold is not related to volcanic rock-related hydrothermal gold deposit, e.g. epithermal, skarn or porphyry. This paper describes a preliminary study on possible primary deposit type as a source of the Langkowala (Bombana) secondary placer gold. A field study indicates that the Langkowala (Bombana) placer/paleoplacer gold is possibly related to gold-bearing quartz veins/veinlets hosted by metamorphic rocks particularly mica schist and metasediments in the area. These quartz veins/veinlets are currently recognized in metamorphic rocks at Wumbubangka Mountains, a northern flank of Rumbia Mountain Range. Sheared, segmented quartz veins/veinlets are of 2 cm to 2 m in width and contain gold in a grade varying between 2 and 61 g/t. At least, there are two generations of the quartz veins. The first generation of quartz vein is parallel to foliation of mica schist and metasediments with general orientation of N 300oE/60o; the second quartz vein generation crosscut the first quartz vein and the foliation of the wallrock. The first quartz veins are mostly sheared/deformed, brecciated, and occasionally sigmoidal, whereas the second quartz veins are relatively massive. The similar quartz veins/veinlets types are also probably present in Mendoke Mountain Range, in the northern side of Langkowala area. This primary gold deposit is called as ‘orogenic gold type’. The orogenic gold deposit could be a new target of gold exploration in Indonesia in the future.
Ore Characteristics and Fluid Inclusion of the Base Metal Vein Deposit in Moncong Bincanai Area, Gowa, South Sulawesi, Indonesia Asmariyadi, Asmariyadi; Langkoke, R.; Maulana, A.; Nur, I.; AstamAn, W.
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 7, No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1860.001 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.7.4.189-197

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i4.146This paper is dealing with ore characteristics and fluid inclusion of the Moncong Bincanai, Biringbulu Subregency of Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The mineralization is a vein type, with the orientation of N170oE /65oSW, hosted in open-space filling within basalt. The mineralization consists of galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and pyrite. Vein thickness ranges from 5 - 17 cm, showing a crustiform banding texture, with a sequence from outer to centre: quartz, carbonate (siderite), sulphide. The quartz displays primary growth textures such as comb, crystalline, saccharoidal, and colloform. Analytical methods applied include AAS and fluid inclusion microthermometry. Chemical composition of the vein indicates an average of Pb = 47.92%, Cu = 1.27%, Zn = 1.02%, and Fe = 9.46%, which shows a significant concentration of Pb. Fluid inclusion microthermometry results indicate a range of formation temperature of 240 - 250C and salinity of the responsible hydrothermal fluid of 2.1 - 2.5 wt.% NaCl eq. The deposit is categorized into low-sulfidation epithermal deposits, which was formed within a range of 410 - 440 m below paleosurface.
Thermal and Infrared Studies of Garnierite from the Soroako Nickeliferous Laterite Deposit, Sulawesi, Indonesia Sufriadin, Sufriadin; Idrus, Arifudin; Pramumijoyo, S.; Warmada, I. W.; Nur, I.; Imai, A.; Imran, A. M.; Kaharuddin, Kaharuddin
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3347.354 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.7.2.77-85

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i2.137Mineralogical characterization of some garnierite samples from Soroako have been conducted using X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and infrared spectroscopy methods. XRD patterns reveal the samples mainly containing the mixture of kerolite (talc-like phase) and serpentine with minor smectite, sepiolite, and silica. Thermal analyses of garnierite samples indicated by DTA curves are in good agreement with patterns that have been reported in literature. Three endothermic peaks normally occur in the ranges between 58º C and <800º C illustrating three steps of weight losses: adsorbed, bound, and hydroxyl/crystal water. One additional weight loss in low temperature region of sepiolite is corresponding to the lost of zeolitic water. Infrared spectra appeared in 3800 - 3200 cm-1 region generally exhibit broad absorption bands, indicating low crystallinities of studied samples and can be assigned to the presence of hydroxyl group bonded to octahedral coordination mainly Mg atom. The bands observed at 1660 cm-1, 1639 cm-1, 1637 cm-1, and 1633 cm-1 in all samples indicate water molecules. FTIR spectra displaying the strong bands at 1045 cm-1, 1038 cm-1, and 1036 cm-1 could be related to the presence of Si-O-Si bonds linking to tetrahedral coordination. The strong absorption bands appeared at 511 cm-1, 505 cm-1, 499 cm-1, and 496 cm-1 in respective samples are attributed to divalent cation bonds (e.g. Mg, Ni-O). Both TG/DTA and FTIR seem to be the powerful tool in diagnosing the crystal chemistry of garnierite which is mainly composed of phyllosilicate minerals.
Metamorphic Rock-Hosted Orogenic Gold Deposit Type as a Source of Langkowala Placer Gold, Bombana, Southeast Sulawesi Idrus, Arifudin; Nur, I.; Warmada, I. W.; Fadlin, Fadlin
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience Vol 6, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Geological Agency

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2637.886 KB) | DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.1.43-49

Abstract

DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v6i1.114In 2008, placer gold was discovered in Langkowala area (Bombana Regency), Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, and more than 60,000 traditional gold miners in the early 2009 have been operating by digging vertical pits and panning active stream sediments. The grade of placer gold ranges from 50 to 140 g/t. Local geological framework indicates that the placer gold is not related to volcanic rock-related hydrothermal gold deposit, e.g. epithermal, skarn or porphyry. This paper describes a preliminary study on possible primary deposit type as a source of the Langkowala (Bombana) secondary placer gold. A field study indicates that the Langkowala (Bombana) placer/paleoplacer gold is possibly related to gold-bearing quartz veins/veinlets hosted by metamorphic rocks particularly mica schist and metasediments in the area. These quartz veins/veinlets are currently recognized in metamorphic rocks at Wumbubangka Mountains, a northern flank of Rumbia Mountain Range. Sheared, segmented quartz veins/veinlets are of 2 cm to 2 m in width and contain gold in a grade varying between 2 and 61 g/t. At least, there are two generations of the quartz veins. The first generation of quartz vein is parallel to foliation of mica schist and metasediments with general orientation of N 300oE/60o; the second quartz vein generation crosscut the first quartz vein and the foliation of the wallrock. The first quartz veins are mostly sheared/deformed, brecciated, and occasionally sigmoidal, whereas the second quartz veins are relatively massive. The similar quartz veins/veinlets types are also probably present in Mendoke Mountain Range, in the northern side of Langkowala area. This primary gold deposit is called as ‘orogenic gold type’. The orogenic gold deposit could be a new target of gold exploration in Indonesia in the future.