Yulianto Sulistyo Nugroho
Departemen Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424

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Simulasi dan Eksperimental Isothermal Aliran Eksternal Resirkulasi pada Up-Draft Gasifier Vidian, Fajri; Prabowo, Hery; ., Yulianto; Surjosatyo, Adi; Nugroho, Yulianto Sulistyo
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13, No 1 (2011): APRIL 2011
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

Gasification process at updraft gasifier produces greater amount of tar than other type of gasifier. To reduce tar at updraft gasifier, the pirolysis gas will be re-circulated to combustion zone and to exhaust gas from reduction zone. Recirculation of pirolysis gas to combustion zone can be carried out by using ejector. Ejector is an equipment used to inject the secondary fluid flow by the movement of momentum and energy from high speed primary flow (jet). The research conducted with isothermal 3D simulation using CFD and experimental investigation of recirculation flow using ejector at updraft gasifier. Ejector velocity for simulation and experimentation is constant at 0.6 m/s. Ejector’s nozzle exit position (NXP) direction will be varied. The goal of this research is to obtain information of optimal nozzle exit position for producing maximum velocity of gas recirculation. The result of simulation and experiment shows that the change of nozzle exit position direction to – x axis from zero point, it will give maximum velocity of gas recirculation flow with the optimum position of nozzle exit position at the range of -3 to -4 cm from zero point.
Self-ignition Properties of Peat, Palm Shell Fibre and Woods Nugroho, Yulianto Sulistyo
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 6, No 3 (2002)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Forest fire is one of the greatest environmental problems faced by Indonesia. Forest fires have destroyed million hectares of forest and land which cause economic loss, social problems including smoke related diseases and environmental disaster with long time consequences. The exothermic reactions of forest fuels that lead to fire can be initiated by a piloted flame and low-temperature oxidation mechanism. This paper presents the results of low temperature oxidation studies using forests fuel samples i.e. palm shell fibre, peat, woods and low-rank coal. The measured values of the critical oven temperatures and the kinetic oxidation parameters are used to analyze the intrinsic properties of the samples to self-ignite. Thermal runaway reactions leading to ignition are indicated for all forest fuels tested. This reaction is affected by various factors including oven temperature, moisture content, chemical and physical properties as well as basket sizes. Attempt to extrapolate the results of these laboratoryscaled experiments for real fires still require further tests and assessments.
PEMILIHAN ADSORBEN UNTUK PENJERAPAN KARBON MONOKSIDA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL ADSORPSI ISOTERMIS LANGMUIR Yuliusman, Yuliusman; Purwanto, Widodo Wahyu; Nugroho, Yulianto Sulistyo
Reaktor Volume 14, No. 3, APRIL 2013
Publisher : Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

ADSORBENT SELECTION FOR CO ADSORPTION USING LANGMUIR ISOTHERMIC ADSORPTION MODEL. The objective of this research is to choose the adsorbent that can be applied to decrease toxicity level and to purify fire smoke. In case of fire, toxicity level is high due to carbon monoxide. Adsorbent is chosen based on its ability to adsorb carbon monoxide using volumetric method in constant temperature. Materials to be tested are natural zeolite, active carbon, TiO2, CuO, MgO. Due to existence of organic and mineral polluters, natural zeolite needs to be activated prior to adsorption test using fluoride acid (HF), chloride acid (HCl), ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) and followed by calcination process. Result shows that activation of natural zeolite can increase Si/Al ratio and surface area. According to Langmuir adsorption model obtained, adsorption capacity of active carbon and natural zeolite are the highest. At 1 atmospheric pressure, adsorption capacity are 0.0682 mmol/g for active carbon, 0.0464 for activated natural zeolite with particle size of 400 nm, and 0.0265 mmol/g for activated natural zeolite with particle size of (37-50) ?m.?Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memilih adsorben yang dapat diaplikasikan untuk menurunkan tingkat racun dan menjernihkan asap kebakaran. Pada kasus kebakaran tingkat racun asap disebabkan tingginya kandungan karbon monoksida. Proses pemilihan adsorben dilihat pada kemampuan adsorben mengadsorpsi karbon monoksida, yang dilakukan dengan metode volumetrik pada temperatur konstan. Material yang diuji adalah zeolit alam, karbon aktif, TiO2, CuO, MgO. Zeolit alam banyak terdapat pengotor baik organik maupun mineral, oleh karena itu sebelum dilakukan uji adsorpsi, zeolit alam terlebih dahulu diaktifasi menggunakan larutan asam florida (HF), asam khlorida (HCl) dan larutan amonium khlorida (NH4Cl), dilanjutkan dengan proses kalsinasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktifasi zeolit alam dapat meningkatkan rasio Si/Al dan luas permukaan. Semua adsorben yang diuji mempunyai kemampuan mengadsorpsi karbon monoksida. Berdasarkan model adsorpsi Langmuir yang diperoleh, karbon aktif dan zeolit alam mempunyai kapasitas adsorpsi yang paling besar. Dengan menggunakan kondisi tekanan 1 atmosfir, kapasitas adsorpsi adalah 0,0682 mmol/g untuk karbon aktif, 0,0464 mmol/g untuk zeolit alam teraktifasi dengan ukuran partikel 400 nm dan 0,0265 mmol/g untuk zeolit alam teraktifasi dengan ukuran partikel (37-50) ?m.