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Seleksi Genotipe Padi Mutan Insersi Toleran Cekaman Salinitas Berdasarkan Karakter Pertumbuhan dan Biokimia Situmorang, Apriadi; Zannati, Anky; Widyajayantie, Dwi; Nugroho, Satya
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 38, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Eleven genotypes of insertional mutant Nipponbare rice carrying randomly inserted activation tag were tested to investigate the growth and biochemical responses to salt stress. Pokkali, IR 29, and non-transgenic Nipponbare were used as tolerant, susceptible, and isogenic control, respectively. Plants were grown in plastic trays filled with 0  g L-1 NaCl  Yoshida nutrient solution as control and grown in 6 g L-1 NaCl as treatment. Salt injury was scored on 10, 16, and 21 days after salinization. Observation at 21 days after salinization showed that there was significant  difference  among genotypes in growth and biochemical characters. Classification  using hierarchical cluster analysis based on growth and biochemical responses showed that there were three clusters. Cluster I consisted of wild-type Nipponbare, T2.pMO.V.3.13.c.22, T2.pMO. V.1.7.a.15, T2.pMO.III.98.b.7, T2.pMO.II.231.c15, T2.pMO.III.98.b.8, T2.pMO.III.98.b.17, T2.pMO.III.98.b.3, and T2.pMO.VI.81.3.a.4. Cluster II consisted of IR 29, T2.pMO.V.3.13.c.14, T2.pMO.VI.30.1a.125, and T2.pMO.VI.30.1.a.65. However no mutant genotype was clustered with Pokkali in cluster III, which may indicate that there was no salt tolerant mutant genotype found in this research.   Keywords: salt tolerance mutant rice, growth characters, biochemical characters
Aplikasi Berbagai Marka Aromatik pada Varietas Padi Indonesia Seno, Djarot Sasongko Hami; Nugroho, Satya; Santoso, Tri Joko; Adrianto, Dimas; Praptiwi, Dewi; Apriana, Aniversari
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research applied various badh2.7 and badh2.2 fragrant markers (Bradbury et al., 2005b, Lang and Buu 2008, Shi et al., 2008, Sakthivel et al., 2009) on popular Indonesia non-fragrant (Ciherang, Fatmawati) and fragrant (Pandan wangi, Rojo Lele, Mentik Wangi, Gunung Perak, Pulu mandoti, Pare Kembang, Sintanur) rice varieties. For comparison, IR64, Nippon bare and Taipei 309 were included. Rice DNA samples were isolated from young  leaves, and PCR amplified using each of those fragrant markers. Results using all badh2.7 markers were consistently supported the existence of 2 group badh2.7 mutation pattern, while the use of badh2.2 marker indicated that there was no ex on 2 mutation. Badh2.7 sequence analysis of non-fragrant Ciherang, and aromatik member of group 1 (Pandan Wangi), as well as group 2 (Mentik Wangi) showed different mutation pattern. Keywords: Badh2.2, badh2.7, fragrant maker, fragrant, non-fragrant.
PENGARUH MODAL, TENAGA KERJA DAN TEKNOLOGI TERHADAP HASIL PRODUKSI SUSU KABUPATEN BOYOLALI Nugroho, Satya; Budianto, Muchamad Joko
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 7, No 2 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Semarang State University

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Abstract

Currently, most of milk in Indonesia should be imported. It is about 78,89 %, and the rest, that is about 22,11% is from local production or local dairy farmers. However, there are some problems faced by the dairy farmers in Kecamatan Musuk. They are capital, workforces, and technology. This study aims at knowing the influence of capital, workforces, and technology to the milk production in Kecamatan Musuk. Ordinary Least Square (OLS) was applied for analizing the data. The results show that the regression coefficient values of each independent variable (the variables of capital, workforces, and technology) positively influence the production of milk. Based on the T-test (partial), the capital and workforces influence positively and significantly to the production. In addition, technology also has positive effect to the milk production, but it is not significant. Finally, based on F-test, the milk production is influenced by the capital, workforces and technology. It is 87%. Saat ini sebagian besar susu di Indonesia masih harus di impor (sekitar 78,89%), sedangkan 22,11%nya di pasok dari produksi susu domestik yang sebagian besar dihasilkan oleh peternak sapi perah rakyat. Namun ada beberapa permasalaham yang kerap dihadapi oleh peternak sapi perah di Kecamatan Musuk, baik dari segi permodalan, tenaga kerja maupun teknologi yang dipakai.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh dari penggunaan faktor produksi modal, tenaga kerja dan teknologi terhadap hasil produksi susu sapi perah di Kecamatan Musuk. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi berganda atau Ordinary Least Square (OLS).Hasil analisis diperoleh bahwa nilai koefisien regresi masing-masing variabel bebas yaitu variabel Modal, Tenaga Kerja, dan Teknologi berpengaruh secara positif terhadap produksi susu sapi perah. Dari hasil uji-t (parsial) modal dan tenaga kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan sedangkan teknologi berpengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan. Uji F menunjukkan produksi susu sapi perah dipengaruhi oleh modal, tenaga kerja dan teknologi sebesar 87%.
Gene flow from genetically modified rice to their weedy and wild relatives and its environmental consequences Estiati, Amy; Nugroho, Satya
ANNALES BOGORIENSES Vol 13, No 1 (2009): Annales Bogorienses
Publisher : Research Center for Biotechnology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

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Abstract

Rice is one of the most important food crops in the world.  Nearly half of the world population consume rice as their staple food (FAO, 2004).  With the increasing of world population, the need to provide more food supplies including rice is obvious.  Biotechnology is expected to play major roles in the improvement of crop productivity and quality. Unlike transgenic maize, eventhough many research have been done to improve rice performance by genetic engineering, transgenic rice has not been released or commercialized.  Among those research to improve rice performance are the atempt to introduce biotic and abiotic stress tolerant traits, herbicide tolerant trait and beta-carotin biosynthetic pathway.  Currently, several genetically modified rice cultivars have been and being tested on limited field trials.Keywords : Rice, stress tolerant
Identification of Drought Tolerant Related Insertional Mutant Lines Using PEG 6000 Nugroho, Satya; Windiastri, Vincentia Esti; Widyajayanti, Dwi; Pantouw, Carla Frieda
ANNALES BOGORIENSES Vol 13, No 1 (2009): Annales Bogorienses
Publisher : Research Center for Biotechnology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

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Abstract

Drought is one of the most important abiotic stresses in rice (Oryza sativa) productivity. The development of drought tolerant cultivars are therefore highly desireable. We have developed insertional mutant based on the Japonica rice cv Nipponbare rice by transposons Ac/Ds insertions containing activation-tag and gene trap. Screening of the mutant population for drought tolerant related phenotypes is of our priority.  The screening protocol based on PEG 6000 has been developed and was  being used to screen 70 mutant lines to characterize their responds to the treatment based on different parameters (number of leaf, total weight, plant height, root length and number of germinating seeds).  These characters were used to score the Degradation Index  and Vigour Index. Results showed varrying responds of the lines to the osmotic presure.  Some lines showing a good performance indicated by lower Degradation Index and higher Vigour Index have been identified.  Some inconsistencies in the performances scored by both indices were thought to be due to seed quality.   Keywords:  Oryza sativa, insertion mutant, drought, PEG 6000, Degradation Index, Vigor Index.
PENGARUH MODAL, TENAGA KERJA DAN TEKNOLOGI TERHADAP HASIL PRODUKSI SUSU KABUPATEN BOYOLALI Nugroho, Satya; Budianto, Muchamad Joko
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 7, No 2 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Currently, most of milk in Indonesia should be imported. It is about 78,89 %, and the rest, that is about 22,11% is from local production or local dairy farmers. However, there are some problems faced by the dairy farmers in Kecamatan Musuk. They are capital, workforces, and technology. This study aims at knowing the influence of capital, workforces, and technology to the milk production in Kecamatan Musuk. Ordinary Least Square (OLS) was applied for analizing the data. The results show that the regression coefficient values of each independent variable (the variables of capital, workforces, and technology) positively influence the production of milk. Based on the T-test (partial), the capital and workforces influence positively and significantly to the production. In addition, technology also has positive effect to the milk production, but it is not significant. Finally, based on F-test, the milk production is influenced by the capital, workforces and technology. It is 87%.Saat ini sebagian besar susu di Indonesia masih harus di impor (sekitar 78,89%), sedangkan 22,11%nya di pasok dari produksi susu domestik yang sebagian besar dihasilkan oleh peternak sapi perah rakyat. Namun ada beberapa permasalaham yang kerap dihadapi oleh peternak sapi perah di Kecamatan Musuk, baik dari segi permodalan, tenaga kerja maupun teknologi yang dipakai.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh dari penggunaan faktor produksi modal, tenaga kerja dan teknologi terhadap hasil produksi susu sapi perah di Kecamatan Musuk. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi berganda atau Ordinary Least Square (OLS).Hasil analisis diperoleh bahwa nilai koefisien regresi masing-masing variabel bebas yaitu variabel Modal, Tenaga Kerja, dan Teknologi berpengaruh secara positif terhadap produksi susu sapi perah. Dari hasil uji-t (parsial) modal dan tenaga kerja berpengaruh positif dan signifikan sedangkan teknologi berpengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan. Uji F menunjukkan produksi susu sapi perah dipengaruhi oleh modal, tenaga kerja dan teknologi sebesar 87%.
Pengembangan Nontransgenik F1 dan Bc1f1 Padi Ciherang Toleran Genangan secara Site-Directed Crossing Hami Seno, Djarot Sasongko; Nugroho, Satya; Santoso, Tri Joko; Sinaga, Joel Rivandi; Marlina, Euis; Adrianto, Dimas; Munzirwan, Rudi; Apriana, Aniversari; Mas'ud, Zainal Alim
Current Biochemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The development of submergence tolerant rice varieties is urgently required to maintain the stability of future food production, to anticipate the unpredictable global climate changes. Due to in-economical agronomic traits of native submergence tolerant varieties for large scale cultivation, submergence tolerance gene (sub1) must be introduced into popular high-yielding rice variety, such as Ciherang. To develop new submergence tolerant variety with good agronomic traits as those of Ciherang, in this research, submergence tolerance gene (sub1) was introduced into Ciherang variety. To avoid strict GMO regulation, gene introduction was carried out through site-directed crossing. Donor sub1 was crossed with Ciherang host. The selected F1 progenies were further backcrossed to Ciherang 4 x to obtain BC5F1 progeny having ~98% agronomic traits of those of Ciherang. In every cross/backcross generation, submergence test was performed, followed by sub1 marker-assisted PCR. F1 and BC1F1 submergence-tolerant Ciherang were successfully constructed. Co-dominant RM464A marker was not able to discriminate between host, donor, and progenies (F1 and BC1). Co-dominant RM219 maker showed slightly different size between donor and host amplicon, but it was difficult to see their heterozygous progenies. Both C173 and AEX1 dominant markers were able to show sub1 introgression from donor to host. PCR results confirmed that progenies-submergence tolerance was due to sub1 introgression, not escape mechanisms. AEX1 was chosen for subsequent experiments. Backcross until BC5 is in progress, to obtain maximum host retention for engineering new submergence tolerant varieties with good agronomic traits as those of Ciherang.
Parameter Genetik dan Seleksi Sorgum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Populasi F4 Hasil Single Seed Descent (SSD) Sulistyowati, Yuli; koesoemaningtyas, Tri; Sopandie, Didy; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Nugroho, Satya
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

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Abstract

The objective of this study were to obtain information about genetic parameters of agronomic characters of sorghum populations derived from Single Seed Descent (SSD) method, and to estimate selection differensial and also to select of F4 population that have a high yield and medium plant height . The experiment was carried out at Leuwikopo Farm, Darmaga, Bogor from January to April 2014. The genetic material were F4 population derived from SSD. The results showed that based on the skewness and kurtosis values, all of the agronomy characters observed in this study were poligenic controlled and influenced by additive gene action. The genetic coefficient of variability values for all parameters varied from intermediate to high in F4 population. Agronomic characters in F4 responded positively to selection because of high broad sense heritability estimates. Correlation analysis showed that plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, panicle length, panicle weight and 100 seed weight have significant and positive correlation to grain yield/plant. Differential value with selection intensity 10 % based on grain yield/plant will increase grain yield/plant 83.89 % and plant height 8.91 % in the next generation, whereas differensial value based on grain yield/plant and plant height will increase grain yield/plants 68.33 % and plant height 0.26 % in the next generation. It means that selected plant were expected increasing yield 83.89 % or 68.33 % in next generation.Keywords: heritability, cefficient genetic variability, correlation analysis, selection differential
IDENTIFIKASI GALUR-GALUR PADI MUTANINSERSI TOLERAN DAN RENTAN CEKAMAN SALINITAS BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MULTIVARIAT PERTUMBUHAN DAN BIOKIMIA PADA FASE VEGETATIF Situmorang, Apriadi; Zannati, Anky; Widyajayantie, Dwi; Nugroho, Satya
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 10, No 4 (2011)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

Growth and biochemical characters of thirty-three Nipponbare-based rice mutant lines independently harboring activation-tag in salt stress condition were investigated. Rice cv Nipponbare wild type, IR29 and Pokkali were used as isogenic, susceptible, and tolerant cultivars, respectively. Plants were grown in Yoshida nutrient solution containing NaCI (6 g/1) as the stress treatment and in Yoshida nutrient solution without NaCI as the control. Evaluation of salt tolerance was conducted at 21 days after salinization.The results showed that there was a significant difference in growth characters among genotypes in reduction of the plant height,root length, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight, as well as in the root dry weight. Biochemical characters of the genotypes also showed significant difference in their reduction of chlorophyll-a and chlorophyll-b concentrations,total carotenoids and proline accumulation. Based on multivariate growth and biochemical characters,T3.PMO.VI.63.5a.30.9,T3.PMO.VI.30.1a.21.1, T3.PMO.V1.63.5a.33.7F3.PUR.IX.49.1d.l.6.5,T3.PMO.VI.81.3a.4.4, F3.PUR.IX.49.1d.l.6.5,and F3.PUR.VIII.5.1f.l.4.8 were assumed as potential salt-tolerant lines, respectively, while mutant lines T3.PMO.VI.30.1a.l07.7,T3.PMO.VI.63.5a.20.6,T3.PMO.III.4.4c.7.2,andT3.PMO.VI.30.1a.51.1 were assumed as salt-susceptible lines respectively.
Seleksi Genotipe Padi Mutan Insersi Toleran Cekaman Salinitas Berdasarkan Karakter Pertumbuhan dan Biokimia Situmorang, Apriadi; Zannati, Anky; Widyajayantie, Dwi; Nugroho, Satya
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 38, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (590.044 KB)

Abstract

Eleven genotypes of insertional mutant Nipponbare rice carrying randomly inserted activation tag were tested to investigate the growth and biochemical responses to salt stress. Pokkali, IR 29, and non-transgenic Nipponbare were used as tolerant, susceptible, and isogenic control, respectively. Plants were grown in plastic trays filled with 0? g L-1 NaCl? Yoshida nutrient solution as control and grown in 6 g L-1 NaCl as treatment. Salt injury was scored on 10, 16, and 21 days after salinization. Observation at 21 days after salinization showed that there was significant? difference? among genotypes in growth and biochemical characters. Classification? using hierarchical cluster analysis based on growth and biochemical responses showed that there were three clusters. Cluster I consisted of wild-type Nipponbare, T2.pMO.V.3.13.c.22, T2.pMO. V.1.7.a.15, T2.pMO.III.98.b.7, T2.pMO.II.231.c15, T2.pMO.III.98.b.8, T2.pMO.III.98.b.17, T2.pMO.III.98.b.3, and T2.pMO.VI.81.3.a.4. Cluster II consisted of IR 29, T2.pMO.V.3.13.c.14, T2.pMO.VI.30.1a.125, and T2.pMO.VI.30.1.a.65. However no mutant genotype was clustered with Pokkali in cluster III, which may indicate that there was no salt tolerant mutant genotype found in this research. ? Keywords: salt tolerance mutant rice, growth characters, biochemical characters