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Journal : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

Degree of Problems Related to Drug Abuse and Risk Factors among Senior High School Students Afandi, Dedi; Chandra, Fifia; Novitasari, Dwi; Widjaja, Ivan Riyanto; Kurniawan, Lilik
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 59 No. 6 June 2009
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Adolescent is clearly a high risk group for drug abuse, and could threaten to the comunity. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate degree of problem to drug abuse and risk factors among senior high school students. Two hundred and ten students were included from 7 senior high school at Pekanbaru city. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors. The degree of drug abuse was measured using Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10) and self-reported questionnaires were administered to identify risk factors. This study showed that 67% of respondent did not have a problem related to drug abuse. There were significant association of sex, living with parents, smoking habit, friend smokes, and attending extracurricular activity (p<0.005) with drug abuse while parent’s marital status, academic performance and member of peer group were not (p=0.920, p=0.236, p=0.937, respectively). Regression analysis showed risk factors related degree of drug abuse were living of respondents (OR=3.969, p=0.002), active in extracurricular activity (OR=0.316, p=0.001) and smoking habit (OR=0.227, p=0.001).Keywords: adolescent, drug abuse, DAST-10, risk factors, senior high school students
Association Between Cognitive of Principles Based of Bioethics With Ability of Moral Judgments Among Medical Student at Faculty of Medicine University of Riau Afandi, Dedi; Mursa, Laode Burhanuddin; Novitasari, Dwi; Faulina, Metalita Roza
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 60 No. 1 January 2010
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Understanding of Principle based of bioethics, its can increase reaching higher degree of ability moral judgments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between Cognitive of Principles Based of Bioethics With Ability of Moral Judgments among Medical Student at Faculty of Medicine University of Riau. This cross-sectional study was conducted into two groups of medical student at Faculty of Medicine University of Riau that have had or have not had the knowledge of principle based ethics. Total respondents were 40 for each group, respectively. Score of cognitive of principles based of bioethics as a parameter was measured using Kaidah Dasar Bioetika (KDB) test and ability level was measure using Moral Judgment Test (MJT). This study showed that cognitive of principles based of bioethics were significantly associated with ability level of Moral Judgments (p=0.001). There were significant association of had got principles based of bioethics material in formal education to cognitive of principles based of bioethics and ability level of Moral Judgments (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). There was no correlation between academic achievement level with knowledge level of principles based bioethics (p=1.170) and ability level of moral judgments (p=0.611). This study suggests principles based bioethics must be place in across the medical curriculumKeywords: principles based bioethics, KDB Test, ability of moral judgments, Moral judgments test