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Emping Garut (Maranta arundinacea Linn) sebagai Makanan Ringan dan Kadar Glukosa Darah, Angiotensin II Plasma serta Tekanan Darah pada Penderita Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 (DMT2) Novitasari, Dwi; Sunarti, Sunarti; Farmawati, Arta
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2011:MMI Volume 45 Issue 1 Year 2011
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

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ABSTRACTConsumption of crispy arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea Linn), blood glucose and angiotensin II level, and blood pressure in type 2 diabetesBackground: The mortality of DM caused by cardiovascular complication is about 75% can be reduce by using food with lowglycemic index. The level of fiber consumption on DM sufferers is low (12.08±3.80 gr/day). Crispy arrowroot has 14 glycemic index. The purpose of this study is to know the influence of crispy arrowroot giving to the fasting plasma glucose, angiotensin II rate and blood pressure and also to study the correlation between angiotensin II and blood pressure before and after the giving of crispy arrowroot.Method: This research used quasi-experimental design of pre and post test one group design, the subjects were 14 DMT2 female sufferers (35 to 60 years old), the length of suffering from DM was 1 year, and used insulin therapy. The giving of crispy arrowroot was 20 gr/day for four weeks. The determination of fasting blood glucose rate used colorimetry, angiotensin II rate used ELISA sandwich method and blood pressure used spignomanometer. The data analysis used paired t test and regression test.Results: Consumption of crispy arrowroot does not increase fasting blood sugar (p=0.551), or decrease angiotensin II (p=0.550), and systolic-diastolic blood pressure (psystolic=0.518; pdiastolic=0.216). Conclusion: Crispy arrowroot of 20 g/day for 4 weeks does not give any benefit to DM type 2 patients.Keywords: Crispy arrowroot, blood glucose, angiotensin II, hypertensionABSTRAKLatar belakang: Angka kematian penderita DM karena komplikasi kardiovaskular sekitar 75%. Upaya mengurangi komplikasi tersebut dapat menggunakan makanan dengan indeks glikemik rendah. Tingkat konsumsi serat penderita DM relatif rendah yaitu sekitar 12,08±3,80 gr/hari. Umbi garut mempunyai indeks glikemik 14 sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai makanan fungsional penderita DM. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengkaji pengaruh pemberian makanan ringan emping garut terhadap kadar glukosa darah puasa (GDP), angiotensin II dan tekanan darah serta mengkaji hubungan antara angiotensin II dan tekanan darah sebelum dan setelah pemberian emping garut pada penderita DMT2.Metode: Penelitian menggunakan desain kuasi eksperimental pre and post test one group design, subyek penelitian 14 wanita (35-60 tahun) penderita DMT2, lama DM 1 tahun dan menggunakan insulin. Emping garut sangrai 20 gr/hari diberikan pagi dan sore hari selama 4 minggu. Pengukuran GDP menggunakan metode kolorimetri, angiotensin II ditentukan menggunakan metode ELISA sandwich dan tekanan darah menggunakan spignomanometer. Analisis data menggunakan uji paired t test dan uji regresi.Hasil: Pemberian emping garut tidak meningkatkan GDP (p=0,551) dan tidak menurunkan kadar angiotensin II (p=0,550), serta tekanan sistolik dan diastolik (psistolik=0,518; pdiastolik=0,216).Simpulan: Pemberian emping garut sangrai 20 gr/hari selama 4 minggu pada penderita DM tidak menunjukkan manfaat.
Degree of Problems Related to Drug Abuse and Risk Factors among Senior High School Students Afandi, Dedi; Chandra, Fifia; Novitasari, Dwi; Widjaja, Ivan Riyanto; Kurniawan, Lilik
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 59 No. 6 June 2009
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Adolescent is clearly a high risk group for drug abuse, and could threaten to the comunity. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate degree of problem to drug abuse and risk factors among senior high school students. Two hundred and ten students were included from 7 senior high school at Pekanbaru city. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors. The degree of drug abuse was measured using Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10) and self-reported questionnaires were administered to identify risk factors. This study showed that 67% of respondent did not have a problem related to drug abuse. There were significant association of sex, living with parents, smoking habit, friend smokes, and attending extracurricular activity (p<0.005) with drug abuse while parent’s marital status, academic performance and member of peer group were not (p=0.920, p=0.236, p=0.937, respectively). Regression analysis showed risk factors related degree of drug abuse were living of respondents (OR=3.969, p=0.002), active in extracurricular activity (OR=0.316, p=0.001) and smoking habit (OR=0.227, p=0.001).Keywords: adolescent, drug abuse, DAST-10, risk factors, senior high school students
Association Between Cognitive of Principles Based of Bioethics With Ability of Moral Judgments Among Medical Student at Faculty of Medicine University of Riau Afandi, Dedi; Mursa, Laode Burhanuddin; Novitasari, Dwi; Faulina, Metalita Roza
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 60 No. 1 January 2010
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Understanding of Principle based of bioethics, its can increase reaching higher degree of ability moral judgments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between Cognitive of Principles Based of Bioethics With Ability of Moral Judgments among Medical Student at Faculty of Medicine University of Riau. This cross-sectional study was conducted into two groups of medical student at Faculty of Medicine University of Riau that have had or have not had the knowledge of principle based ethics. Total respondents were 40 for each group, respectively. Score of cognitive of principles based of bioethics as a parameter was measured using Kaidah Dasar Bioetika (KDB) test and ability level was measure using Moral Judgment Test (MJT). This study showed that cognitive of principles based of bioethics were significantly associated with ability level of Moral Judgments (p=0.001). There were significant association of had got principles based of bioethics material in formal education to cognitive of principles based of bioethics and ability level of Moral Judgments (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). There was no correlation between academic achievement level with knowledge level of principles based bioethics (p=1.170) and ability level of moral judgments (p=0.611). This study suggests principles based bioethics must be place in across the medical curriculumKeywords: principles based bioethics, KDB Test, ability of moral judgments, Moral judgments test
HUBUNGAN ANTARA SUPERVISI KEPALA RUANG DENGAN PENDOKUMENTASIAN ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH AMBARAWA Wirawan, Emanuel Agung; Novitasari, Dwi; Wijayanti, Fiki
Jurnal Manajemen Keperawatan Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Manajemen Keperawatan
Publisher : Jurnal Manajemen Keperawatan

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Pengawasan pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan merupakan kegiatan yang penting dalam rangka mencapai hasil yang optimal. Pengawasan diperlukan sebagai sarana pembelajaran bagi orang yang diawasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara supervisi kepala ruang dengan pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan di RSUD Ambarawa. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode korelatif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi pada penelitian ini sejumlah 81 responden perawat. Sampel perawat dengan menggunakan total populasi terhadap 81 responden. Analisis data dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian didapatkan supervisi kepala ruang paling banyak adalah kurang baik yaitu 37 responden (45,7%). Pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan diketahui paling banyak adalah baik sebanyak 56 responden(69,1%). Terdapat hubungan antara supervisi kepala ruang dengan pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Ambarawa (p value 0,000). Saran bagi rumah sakit perlunya supervisi secara periodik terhadap pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan karena dokumentasi merupakan aspek legal yang penting untuk mengetahui tindakan terhadap pasien dan perkembangan pada pasien yang dirawat.Kata kunci: Supervisi, pendokumentasian asuhan keperawatan
PENGARUH TEHNIK RELAKSASI BENSON TERHADAP PENURUNAN TINGKAT STRES LANSIA DI UNIT REHABILITAS SOSIAL WENING WARDOYO UNGARAN Aryana, Kadek Oka; Novitasari, Dwi
Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa
Publisher : Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa

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Elderly stress is caused by physically, biologically, psychologically, and socially change. Beside of them, it is also affected by the condition of elders circumstance who lived in parlor. One of the ways to overcome the stress by non-pharmcologically is with Benson relaxation technique which is able to balance O2 in the brain. This research aims to know the influence of Benson relaxation technique to reduce stress level on elderly in Social rehabilitation Unit Wening Wardoyo Ungaran.The research design is quasi experimental design. The number of population in this research is 90 elders.While, the quantity of research sample is 30 respondents which are divided into 2 groups. Datas of elder’s stress level were collected by the usage of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale questionnaire. The  univariate analysis was executed by monitoring the distribution of stress level frequencyat before and after the treatment and bivariate analysis was executed by the usage of paired t-test and unpaired t-test. The result shows that before Benson relaxation technique is applied towards intervened group, it is obtained that the average of respondents stress level is 22,93 (mid-level) SD (3,353). After Benson relaxation technique was applied, it is obtained that the average of respondents stress level was reducing at 18,33 (low-stress) SD (2,820). Benson relaxation technique shows significantly influence to reducestress level at p-value of 0,002 (p < 0,05). Based on the result, the technique can be applied as the stress treatment on elders in Social Rehabilitation Unit Wening Wardoyo Ungaran
Effects of an additional small group discussion to cognitive achievement and retention in basic principles of bioethics teaching methods Afandi, Dedi; Budiningsih, Yuli; Safitry, Oktavinda; Purwadianto, Agus; Novitasari, Dwi; Widjaja, Ivan R.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2009): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Aim The place of ethics in undergraduate medical curricula is essential but the methods of teaching medical ethics did not show substantial changes. “Basic principles of bioethics” is the best knowledge to develop student’s reasoning analysis in medical ethics In this study, we investigate the effects of an additional small group discussion in basic principles of bioethics conventional lecture methods to cognitive achievement and retention. This study was a randomized controlled trial with parallel design. Cognitive scores of the basic principles of bioethics as a parameter was measured using basic principles of bioethics (Kaidah Dasar Bioetika, KDB) test. Both groups were attending conventional lectures, then the intervention group got an additional small group discussion.Result Conventional lectures with or without small group discussion significantly increased cognitive achievement of basic principles of bioethics (P= 0.001 and P= 0.000, respectively), and there were significant differences in cognitive achievement and retention between the 2 groups (P= 0.000 and P= 0.000, respectively).Conclusion Additional small group discussion method improved cognitive achievement and retention of basic principles of bioethics. (Med J Indones 2009; 18: 48-52)Keywords: lecture, specification checklist, multiple choice questions
Analisis Positioning Dan Brand Awareness Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Handphone Blackberry Pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi Ugm Zuraida, Lukia; Novitasari, Dwi
JURNAL RISET MANAJEMEN SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU EKONOMI WIDYA WIWAHA PROGRAM MAGISTER MANAJEMEN Vol 1 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Riset Manajemen Juli 2014
Publisher : Program Magister Manajemen STIE Widya Wiwaha Yogyakarta

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This research analyzed positioning and brand awareness on decision to purchase Blackberry handphone. The research done in 2013 using 100 students of economic faculties, UGM. The analytical method used was multiple regression. The results showed that a significant differences between positioning with purchasing decisions as indicated by the significance value below 0.005 and brand awareness with purchasing decisions have significance value below 0.000. This suggests that the higher positioning and brand awareness will be increased purchasing decisions.
Terapi Humor untuk Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri Pada Pasien Pasca Bedah Invasive Awaludin, Sidik; Santoso, Agus; Novitasari, Dwi
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : STIKes Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung

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Surgery is a potential or actual threat to the integrity of the person both biopsychosocial and spiritual that can cause a response in the form of pain. Pain appears because the breakdown of network continuity. Unresolved pain may disrupt the healing process after surgery. Methods to overcome the pain to do the pharmacological and non-pharmacological. Non-pharmacological method that is often used to treat pain is distraksi.Distraction techniques can be done with humour therapy. Humour therapy done in several ways to see a funny movie, listen to the comic group, see cartoons, comics and caricatures are funny as well as reading a collection of funny stories. This study aims to determine the effect of humour therapy on pain intensity in patients with post-surgical minimally invasive second day. This study design is descriptives analysis. The number of samples in this study were 40 people. The sampling technique used is consecutive sampling. Analysis by viewing the presentation decrease in the frequency distribution table. The analysis shows the percentage difference in pain reduction in a larger scale in the treatment group. Humour therapy capable of reducing pain in patients with post-surgical minimally invasive second day.Keyword: invasive surgery, pain, humour therapy
FAKTOR- FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI WARGA DESA TIDAK MEMILIKI SERTIFIKAT HAK ATAS TANAH Novitasari, Dwi; Hasyim, Adelina; Nurmalisa, Yunisca
Jurnal Kultur Demokrasi Vol 4, No 7 (2016): JURNAL KULTUR DEMOKRASI
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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The purpose of this study to explain the factors that influence the villagers Tegalbinangun districts Sumberejo Tanggamus districts that do not have land certificates. The method used is quantitative descriptive. Subjects studied were youths aged 30 to 55 years. The number of samples set out in this study were 16 respondents. Data were analyzed using the inquiry as the principal engineering and documentation.Research shows that the internal indicator is the level of education, cost efficiency and readiness of citizens affect the ability to receive regulatory and financing capabilities in land title certificates, External indicators are socializing, Administration and the government policy of its effect on the people who do not have a certificate the ground who is influential on the development of the village.Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menjelaskan faktor faktor yang mempengaruhi warga desa Tegalbinangun kecamatan Sumberejo kabupaten Tanggamus yang tidak memiliki sertifikat hak atas tanah. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Subjek yang diteliti yaitu pemuda yang berusia 30 tahun sampai 55 tahun. Jumlah sampel yang ditetapkan dalam penelitian ini adalah 16 responden. Teknik analisis data menggunakan Angket sebagai teknik pokok dan dokumentasi sebagai penunjang.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa indikator internal yaitu tingkat pendidikan,efisiensi biaya dan kesiapan warga berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan menerima peraturan serta kemampuan dalam pembiyaan sertifikat hak atas tanah, Indikator eksternal yaitu sosialisasi, administrasi dan kebijakan pemerintah berpengaruh terhadap warga yang tidak memiliki sertifikat hak atas tanah.Kata Kunci: warga, biaya sertifikat tanah, dan sertifikat tanah.
PENURUNAN NYERI KEPALA PADA LANSIA DENGAN HIPERTENSI MENGGUNAKAN RELAKSASI AUTOGENIK DI KELURAHAN MERSI PURWOKERTO Novitasari, Dwi; Wirakhmi, Ikit Netra
Media Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 7 No 2: MIK Agustus 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat FKes Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

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Background: Headache in the occipital region is the most common symptom of hypertension, caused by enhanchement intra-cranial pressure and vasoconstriction resulting in decreased perfusion of cerebral tissue. This causes insomnia, decreased concentration and decreased ability of daily living activity. Autogenic relaxation causes vasodilation and a calm emotional response that increases the response of the parasympathetic system. This modulation stimulus can decrease perception of headache. Objective: The aims of this study was to find out how the reduction of headache on hypertension before and after autogenic relaxation. Methods: The design of this research was pre experimental with one group pretest-postest design approach. The sample are 38 patients with hypertension who complained of headache in Mersi Purwokerto. Selection has been using purposive sampling. Measurement of head pain using visual analog scale. Data analysis using Wilcoxon test. Results: The mean headache before the autogenic relaxation technique was 5.24, and the mean headache after autogenic relaxation technique was 3.47, including the range of moderate pain. There was a significant difference between headache before and after the autogenic relaxation technique with p value: 0,000. Conclusion: Autogenic relaxation can be used by the elderly with hypertension to reduce headache. Keywords: autogenic relaxation, headache, hypertension.