Anita Novianty
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Literasi Kesehatan Mental dan Sikap Komunitas sebagai Prediktor Pencarian Pertolongan Formal

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 44, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Abstract. Mental illness had contributed 23% of global mental health burden. The high number of mental illness prevalence had impact on social and economic burden, yet only 10% was treated by professional treatment. This study aimed to find out the significance of mental health literacy and community attitude toward mental illness toward formal help seeking. The hypothesis was mental health literacy and community attitude toward mental illness predicted formal help-seeking. The method was quantitative approach, in which data were collected by paper-pen survey. Total respondent was 168 people living in urban area. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the data. The result showed mental health literacy and community attitude toward mental illness significantly predicted the formal help seeking simultaneously (F=3,466; p<0,05). This study implied that people who well literate in mental health issues and having positive community attitude in their environment can affect their help seeking to professional treatment. Keywords: community attitude, formal help seeking, mental health literacy Abstrak. Gangguan mental berkontribusi sebesar 23% terhadap beban kesehatan mental dunia. Tingginya angka prevalensi gangguan mental berdampak pada beban sosial dan ekonomi, namun hanya 10% yang menerima penanganan profesional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan signifikansi literasi kesehatan mental dan sikap komunitas terhadap gangguan mental terhadap pencarian pertolongan formal. Hipotesisnya adalah literasi kesehatan mental dan sikap komunitas terhadap gangguan mental memprediksi pencarian pertolongan formal. Metode yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kuantitatif. Data dikumpulkan dengan survei kertas-pulpen. Jumlah responcen 168 orang yang tinggal di area perkotaan. Analisis regresi ganda digunakan untuk analisa data. Hasil menunjukkan literasi kesehatan mental dan sikap komunitas terhadap gangguan mental secara bersama-sama signifikan memprediksi pencarian pertolongan formal (F=3,466; p<0,05). Implikasi dari penelitian ini bahwa orang yang memiliki literasi kesehatan mental yang tinggi dan sikap komunitas yang positif memengaruhi pencarian pertolongan ke penanganan profesional.Kata kunci: literasi kesehatan mental, pencarian pertolongan formal, sikap komunitas

Penyesuaian Dusun Jangka Panjang Ditinjau dari Resiliensi Komunitas Pasca Gempa

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 38, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Disasters always occur without can be predicted precisely. The need to use communitys strengths are very important component in new disaster-risk reduction effort. This study aims to find out the correlation between community resilience on long-termed community coping post-earthquake of May 26, 2006. Predictor variable in this study is community resilience, andthe criterium variable is long-termed community coping. The instruments used in this study consisted of Community Coping Scale is modification of the Community Well-Being Scaledeveloped by (Prawitasari et al., 2009; Prawitasari, 2011), and Community Resilience Scale developed by Researcher. This research was held in the earthquake affected areas in Klaten.Data were collected from 60 respondents (34 males and 26 females); age ranges from15-78 years old. Reliability test with Alpha Cronbach indicates both instruments were reliable(αCCS=0.930; αCRS=0.925). This study hypothesized that there is a correlation between community resilience and long-termed community coping post-earthquake. Pearson-ProductMoment Correlation Analysis was used to analyze the data. Result shows that there is a positive correlation between community resilience and long-termed community coping post-earthquake (r = 0.571, p < 0.05).

Intervensi Psikologi di Layanan Kesehatan Primer

Buletin Psikologi Vol 24, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The prevalence of mental disorder is growing up every year and highly contributed on global mental health burden. Yet the people who got professional treatment was below average. There was a gap between the high prevalence of mental disorder cases and the number of people who got the proper treatment. Some literature reviews showed that patients with psychiatric symptom were found out in primary health care, but mostly the case was not recognized by health workers due to lack of knowledge and skills on mental health issues, as well as the fear of stigma by the patients. The delay on detection of mental disorder onset will affect the prognosis of patient’s mental health. It is indicated the real emergency on detecting mental disorder symptoms and delivering the initial psychological intervention at primary health care level. This paper highlighted the high pre valence of mental disorder cases in primary health care, evidence based psychological interventions that have been used to treat the mental disorder cases in primary health care, as well as the challenges and the opportunities of psychological intervention in primary health care from some literature reviews

Penyesuaian Dusun Jangka Panjang Ditinjau dari Resiliensi Komunitas Pasca Gempa

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 38, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Disasters always occur without can be predicted precisely. The need to use communitys strengths are very important component in new disaster-risk reduction effort. This study aims to find out the correlation between community resilience on long-termed community coping post-earthquake of May 26, 2006. Predictor variable in this study is community resilience, andthe criterium variable is long-termed community coping. The instruments used in this study consisted of Community Coping Scale is modification of the Community Well-Being Scaledeveloped by (Prawitasari et al., 2009; Prawitasari, 2011), and Community Resilience Scale developed by Researcher. This research was held in the earthquake affected areas in Klaten.Data were collected from 60 respondents (34 males and 26 females); age ranges from15-78 years old. Reliability test with Alpha Cronbach indicates both instruments were reliable(αCCS=0.930; αCRS=0.925). This study hypothesized that there is a correlation between community resilience and long-termed community coping post-earthquake. Pearson-ProductMoment Correlation Analysis was used to analyze the data. Result shows that there is a positive correlation between community resilience and long-termed community coping post-earthquake (r = 0.571, p < 0.05).