Annisa Novarina
Cancer Chemoprevention Research Center Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Published : 6 Documents
Articles

Found 6 Documents
Search

Elettaria cardamomum Distillate Increases Cellular Immunity in Doxorubicin Treated Rats Raksamiharja, Rikat; Sy, Khairunnisa; S, Meirizky Zulharini; Novarina, Annisa; Sasmito, Ediati
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 3, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4.399 KB)

Abstract

Doxorubicin is one of chemotherapeutic agent used for cancer therapy. However, doxorubicin usage causes some adverse effects, such as lymphocyte, CD4+ and CD8+ cells number.  Therefore,  the  co-chemotherapeutic  agent  is  required  to  reduce  the imunosuppression  effect.  Cardamom  (Elettaria  cardamomum)  contains  terpenoid  1,8  cineol. This  research  aimed  to  know  the  effect  of  Elettaria  cardamomum  distillate  (ECD)  in combination with doxorubicin on Sprague Dawley rat’s hematology profile and the amount of CD4+  and  CD8+  cells.  The  experiment  was  done  for  13  days  using  6  groups  of  rats:  I doxorubicin (dox) 15 mg/kg BW; II dox + ECD5 mg/kg BW; III dox + ECD 50 mg/kg BW; IV dox  +  ECD  100  mg/kg  BW;  V  ECD  100  mg/kg  BW;  VI  control  without  treatment.  The hematology  profile  and  the  amount  of  CD4+  and  CD8+  were  counted  before  and  after treatment  using  flowcytometer.  The  results  show  that  ECD  increases  the  amount  of lymphocyte, white blood, CD4+ and CD8+ cells in dose dependent manner in doxorubicin treated rats. Based on the data, it can be concluded that ECD is potential to be developed as immunostimulant agent for chemotherapy.Keywords: Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), immunostimulant, hematology, CD4+, CD8+
Cytotoxic and Apoptotic-inducing Effect of Fraction Containing Brazilein from Caesalpinia sappan L. and Cisplatin on T47D Cell Lines Tirtanirmala, Prisnu; Novarina, Annisa; Utomo, Rohmad Yudi; Sugiyanto, Raisatun Nisa; Jenie, Riris Istighfari; Meiyanto, Edy
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 6, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev6iss3pp89-96

Abstract

Anticancer activity of secang’s heartwood (Caesalpinia sappan L.) is based on its main compound: brazilin and brazilein. Brazilin, brazilein, and other compounds such as caesalpiniaphenol can affect proteins that have a role in apoptosis. In this study, we observed cytotoxic activity of fraction containing brazilein (FCB) alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic agent, cisplatin and the ability of the combination to induce apoptosis in T47D breast cancer cell lines. Cytotoxicity assay was determined using MTT assay, whereas the detection apoptosis induction was conducted using flow cytometry using Annexin-V and propidium iodide. FCB and cisplatin showed cytotoxic effect on T47D cells with IC50 value of 68 µg/mL and 16 µM, respectively. Combination of FCB and cisplatin result synergistic combination at the concentration ratio of 1/2 IC50 with CI value of 0.66. Its combination also able to induce apoptosis on T47D cell population 13% larger than the single treatment. Based on this study, we conclude that FCB is able to enhance the cytotoxic effects of cisplatin by inducing apoptosis.Keywords:  Caesalpinia sappan L., cisplatin, apoptosis, breast cancer
The Combination of High Calcium Milk with Citrus maxima Peels Ethanolic Extract Increased Bone Density of Ovariectomized Rats Dianingati, Ragil S.; Novarina, Annisa; Hana, Amanita K.; Muntafi'ah, Laeli; Lukitaningsih, Endang
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev6iss2pp42-48

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a common problem in menopause woman. The main cause is lack of estrogen hormone. Commonly, prevention therapy is by consuming high calcium milk, but it is not effective. Bali orange’s peel (Citrus maxima Merr.) is a waste material but known contains phytoestrogen according to previous study. Considering of this result, fortification of high calcium milk and Bali orange’s peel is expected to be an effective solution for osteoporosis in menopause woman. This research began with extraction of Bali orange’s peel (BPE) using ethanol 70% by maceration method. Ovariectomized Sprague Dawley female rats as the model of post menopausal woman were treated by BPE for 28 days. The doses of BPE was given to rats is 500 and 1000 mg/KgBW combined with high calcium milk. Bone density was determined using digital microradiography, the profile showed the increase of bone density in group that treated with combination of BPE 1000 mg/Kg BW and high calcium milk compare to control and given only milk groups. Docking molecular showed that BPE’s active compound which are hesperidin and naringin have interaction with estrogen receptor α and β. Docking score of naringin with ER α and β are -19,97; -18,99 respectively. Meanwhile the docking score of hesperidin with ER α and β are -19,98; +49,92 respectively. Overall, the result of this research showed that fortification of BPE with high calcium milk has good prospect to develop as effective therapy of osteoporosis.Keywords : Citrus maxima Merr., phytoestrogen, osteoporosis, high calcium milk, estrogen receptor 
Elettaria cardamomum Distillate Increases Cellular Immunity in Doxorubicin Treated Rats Raksamiharja, Rikat; Sy, Khairunnisa; S., Meirizky Zulharini; Novarina, Annisa; Sasmito, Ediati
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 3, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev3iss3pp437-443

Abstract

Doxorubicin is one of chemotherapeutic agent used for cancer therapy. However, doxorubicin usage causes some adverse effects, such as lymphocyte, CD4+ and CD8+ cells number. Therefore, the co-chemotherapeutic agent is required to reduce the imunosuppression effect. Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) contains terpenoid 1,8 cineol. This research aimed to know the effect of Elettaria cardamomum distillate (ECD) in combination with doxorubicin on Sprague Dawley rat’s hematology profile and the amount of CD4+ and CD8+ cells. The experiment was done for 13 days using 6 groups of rats: I doxorubicin (dox) 15 mg/kg BW; II dox + ECD5 mg/kg BW; III dox + ECD 50 mg/kg BW; IV dox + ECD 100 mg/kg BW; V ECD 100 mg/kg BW; VI control without treatment. The hematology profile and the amount of CD4+ and CD8+ were counted before and after treatment using flowcytometer. The results show that ECD increases the amount of lymphocyte, white blood, CD4+ and CD8+ cells in dose dependent manner in doxorubicin treated rats. Based on the data, it can be concluded that ECD is potential to be developed as immunostimulant agent for chemotherapy.Keywords: Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), immunostimulant, hematology, CD4+, CD8+
Enhancement of Cytotoxicity and Apoptosis Induction of Doxorubicin by Brazilein Containing Fraction of Secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.) on T47D Cells Utomo, Rohmad Yudi; Novarina, Annisa; Tirtanirmala, Prisnu; Kastian, Ria Fajarwati; Jenie, Riris Istighfari
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 9, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev9iss1pp32-40

Abstract

Combination chemotherapy (co-chemotherapy) is a recent strategy to reduce the toxicity effect and increase the effectivity of chemotherapeutic agent, such as Doxorubicin (Dox). Caesalpinia sappan L. are potential to be developed as co-chemoterapeutic agents due to its strong cytotoxicity toward several breast cancer cells. The purpose of this research is to observe the cytotoxicity of Brazilein containing fraction (BCF) in single and its combination with doxorubicin on T47D cells. BCF was obtained by fractionation using chloroform:ethyl acetate (40:60 v/v) as mobile phase. Molecular docking results showed that Brazilein and Brazilin interacted with Bcl-2 with different binding properties. Based on MTT assay, Dox and BCF performed potent cytotoxicity with IC50 value of 403 nM and 68 μg/mL, respectively. BCF increased the cytotoxicity of Dox and performed synergism with CI value <1 and decreased possible toxicity with DRI value>1. Under Annexin V PI staining Flowcytometry, BCF in single and its combination with doxorubicin induced apoptosis. In conclusion, single treatment of BCF and its combination with Dox performed cytotoxic effect and induced apoptosis on T47D cell lines.Keywords: Brazilein containing fraction, Doxorubicin, Co-chemoteraphy, Apoptosis, T47D cells
Ethanolic Extract of Hedyotis corymbosa and Its Combination with 5-FU Inhibit Cyclin D Expression on WiDr Colorectal Cancer Cell Meiftasari, Argandita; W.P., Januar Caesar; Novarina, Annisa; W., Julika Yovi; Jenie, Riris Istighfari
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 7, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev7iss1pp25-30

Abstract

Hedyotis corymbosa has been used for long time as an important component in several folklore medicine formula to clinically treat various types of cancer, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Previously, Hedyotis corymbosa ethanolic extract (HEE) which contain ursolic acid reported to inhibit CRC growth via induction of cancer cell apop­tosis and blocked the cell cycle, preventing G1 to S progression where cyclin D highly espressed in this phase. 5-fluorouracil (5FU), the first line chemotherapy of colorectal cancer have had resistence and possessed several side effects such as neutropenia, immunosuppression, diarrhea, and also constipation. Therefore, the aim of this research is to conduct the antiproliferative effect and molecular analysis of HEE and its combination with 5FU. Molecular docking study was also done to approach the specific protein target of the compound. Antiproliferative effect was conducted by MTT assay, while cyclin D expression  was examined by immunofluorescence. The proliferative effect showed that both HEE and 5-FU had cytotoxic effect with IC50 value of 65 µg/mL and 90 µM respectively, meanwhile the combination of HEE and 5FU have synergism effect with CI = 0.48 on dose HEE = 22 µg/mL and 5FU= 6.25 µM. Immunofluorescence assay showed HEE and its combination with 5FU suppressed the expression of cyclin D. From molecular docking simulation, ursolic acid performed stable interaction with cyclin D. Our findings suggest that HEE may be an effective treat­ment for co-chemotherapic for 5-FU through inhibition of cyclin D expression.Keywords : Hedyotis corymbosa, 5-fluorouracil, colorectal cancer,  WiDr, cyclin D