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Factors Associated with Sexual Behavior Premarital Adolescent Community Scavengers in Surabaya Setyo, Anisa Pratiwi; Notobroto, Hari Basuki
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
Publisher : Biometrika dan Kependudukan

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Abstract

Teenage scavengers who dropped out of school are more vulnerable to promiscuity. Due to the premarital sexualbehavior, teenage scavengers at risk for HIV-AIDS infections, sexually transmitted infections, and unintendedpregnancy. This study examined the association between characteristic, external factors, and adolescent premaritalsexual behavior of teenage scavengers. The study design was cross sectional. The sample of the research was29 unmarried teenage scavengers 13–19 years old in TPA Benowo, TPA Keputih, and Barata Jaya slum Surabaya.The result showed that there was a signifi cant correlation between living apart from parents, peer pressure tohave sex, and permissive attitude (Phi coeffi cient = 0.561, p = 0.003; Phi coeffi cient = 0.479, p = 0.010). Therewas a signifi cant correlation between living apart from parents, reproductive health information from parent,peer pressure to have sex, mass media access of pornography, permissive attitude, and adolescent premaritalsexual practice (Phi coeffi cient = 0.667, p = 0.000; Phi coeffi cient = 0.381, p = 0.040; Phi coeffi cient = 0.461,p = 0.013; Phi coeffi cient = 0.386, p = 0.037; Phi coeffi cient = 0.667, p = 0.000). There was a signifi cant correlationbetween adolescent premarital sexual practice and sexually transmitted infections symptom (coeffi cient Phi = 0.694,p = 0.000). Conclusion drawn from the research was the factor that related to the adolescent sexual behavior inteenage scavengers is the external factors. The counseling giving of the adolescent reproductive health in a shelterwas a necessity.Keywords: adolescent sexual behavior, sexually transmitted infections, scavengers
Application of General Linear Mixed Model (GLMM) on Data Longitudinal Thrombocytes Levels of Demam Dengue Nirmala, Fifi; Kuntoro, Kuntoro; Notobroto, Hari Basuki
Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
Publisher : Biometrika dan Kependudukan

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ABSTRACTThe use of longitudinal data of patients measured several periods of time with quantitative responses is common in medical research, such data are called repeated measurement ones. In those case, general linear mixed model (GLMM) is much more flexible to analyze those data. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is one of health problems in tropical countries, including Indonesia. The main aim of this research was to model longitudinal data from platelets counts of DHF patients. This research was nonreactive or unobtrusive study by using medical records of DHF patients in Sidoarjo General Hospital from January until April 2013. There were 76 patients from DHF which were classified into grades 1, 2, and 3. Variables to analyzed were platelet count, grading the severity of DHF, and sex. The parameters of the model were estimated by maximum likelihood (ML) and restricted maximum likelihood (REML). The results showed that the platelets counts were influenced by grade DHF (p = 0.023), interaction of grade DHF with time measurement (p = 0.023) and interaction of grade DHF with sex (p = 0.001). Based on result it can be concluded, first, the mean platelet count for grade 1 DHF was 50.46 thousands/μl greater than grade 3DHF. Second, the mean platelet count in 4th fever day was 18,75 thousands/μl for grade 1 and 29.31 thousands/μl for grade 3 DHF greater than 6th. The last, the mean platelet count for male in grade 1 DHF was 23.35 thousands/ μl greater than female. Further research is needed to applied this methode in longitudinal experimental study. Keywords: general linear mixed model (GLMM), dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), platelet count 
The Affecting Factors To Grade of Breast Cancer in Dr. Soetomo Hospital of Surabaya Aulia, Ulfa; Wibowo, Arief; Notobroto, Hari Basuki
Health Notions Vol 2 No 6 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

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Prognosis of cancer depends on variables, other factors, the stage of cancer, the biological warfare and general conditions when the cancer is diagnosed. Social status, economic status, and demographic issues choose in determining the stage of cancer when the patient first comes to the hospital. The purpose of this study to examine the role, nutritional status, and family history with breast cancer patients in Dr. Soetomo hospital. The study conducted in this study was a non-reactive or non-intrusive method. The sample in the analysis using simple random sampling with sample size of 95 patients. Does not contain the effect of variables associated with grade of breast cancer with p-value 0.795. While for variable of nutritional status and family history with cancer to breast cancer level with p-value 0.033 and 0.005. The p-value in the fitting information table was 0.003 model which contains not only the intercept that was not displayed. The value of Nagelkerke 0.157 or 15.7% means that variable cost, nutritional status and family history with cancer can be used only by 15.7%. From the existing variables was 2 significant variables, namely nutritional status with p-value 0.033 and family history with cancer with p-value 0.005. While time did not significantly influence breast cancer rate with p-value 0.795. Keywords: Grade of breast cancer, Age, Nutritional status, Family history
The Application of Artificial Neural Network Method in Forecasting the Number of Pregnant Woman Visits (K4) Izati, Ananda Riska Mita; Notobroto, Hari Basuki
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 8, No 1 (2019): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
Publisher : Univerversitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4402.28 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v8i1.2019.10-18

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Forecasting is a systematic attempt to predict future events usingpast data, based on scientific and qualitative methods. For the maternal health program, forecasting is important as its process consists of planning, targetting and achievement. Based on data from the Ministry of Health, the quality of antenatal care in Indonesia was still low (87.48 percent) compared to that of the national target (95 percent). This study aims to apply the methods of artificial neural network in predicting the antenatalcare (K4). This applied research used a descriptive method with secondary data in the form of monthly antenatal care visits (K4) from the year of 2012 to2015 obtained from the Provincial Health Office of East Java, with a case study in Bondowoso. The forecasting result in 2016 based onthe 12-4-1 network architecture was 9533.5698, with the value of Mean Square Error (MSE) of 3091.84404. The average percentage of errord based on a comparison with the actual data is 0.1854 or reaching the accuracy of 99.81 percent. The conclusion of this study is that a neural network has a low error value and a high accuracy.Therefore, forecasting results can be used as an input in the planning program.
Socio-Demographic and Cultural Factors Associated with The Occurrence of Low Birth Weight in Kupang Anggrahini, Simplicia Maria; Notobroto, Hari Basuki; Triyoga, Rika Subarniati
Health Notions Vol 2, No 2 (2018): February
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (HNST)

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The prevalence and death due to low birth weight (LBW) is still high in Kupang. There are multifactorial causes of LBW which can be categorized into: physical and social environment, mother, fetus, placenta and umbilical cord, and health service. From maternal factors, there are sub-factors of maternal characteristic such as knowledge of pregnancy, maternal health status, and the behavior of pregnancy care. The behavior of pregnancy care can be in the form of a traditional pregnancy care, which may lead to LBW. Most researches on the risk factor of LBW are related to clinical medical factors. This research aimed to determine the socio-demographic and cultural factors which are related to the occurrence of LBW in Kupang. This research used analytic observational method with case-control design, on 50 mothers giving birth to LBW and 50 mothers who delivered normal babies, through interview and tracing of maternal and infant medical records. To eliminate the clinical factors of medical causes of LBW (anemia, hypertension, pre-eclampsia, and infection), inclusion criterion was applied, as follows: mothers who give birth to normal childbirth, single infants, and have received integrated Antenatal Care (ANC) service. Exclusion criteria were: mothers give birth to twisted umbilical cord, placental weight <500 grams, infant with congenital defect, and incomplete medical records. This research took place at Prof. DR. W.Z. Johannes Hospital, Dedari Hospital and 2 Public Health Center in Kupang. Data analysis used logistic regression. The final results of logistic regression model of this study founded 5 variables that affect the occurrence of LBW in Kupang, beside the medical clinical factors, such as: maternal age, maternal education, BMI, increase the body weight during pregnancy, and heavy work during pregnancy. Keywords: Socio-demographic factors, Cultural factors, Low birth weight
HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS GIZI IBU HAMIL DENGAN BERAT PLASENTA IBU YANG MELAHIRKAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH DI RSUD RUJUKAN PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN TAHUN 2015 Murliyanti, Murliyanti; Notobroto, Hari Basuki; Hidayati, Siti Nurul
Jurnal Skala Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2015): JURNAL SKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Politeknik Kementerian Kesehatan Banjarmasin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/jsk.v6i2.40

Abstract

Bayi berat lahir rendah (BBLR) adalah berat lahir kurang 2500 gram tanpa memandang umur kehamilan. Penyebab BBLR multifaktoral, faktor ibu yang berpengaruh secara dominan mengenai pemenuhan nutrisi/ asupan gizi. Faktor plasenta yang berguna untuk menyalurkan makanan dan pembentukan hormon.Tujuan penelitian menganalisis hubungan antara faktor-faktor yang berhubungan antara status gizi dengan berat plasenta pada ibu yang melahirkan BBLR. Status gizi ibu hamil meliputi penambahan berat badan, ukuran LiLA, kadar Hb awal dan kadar Hb inpartu. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional deskriftif dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Hasil penelitian nilai π = 0,097, nilai ρ = 0,360 ukuran LiLA, nilai ρ = 0,394 kadar Hb awal dan nilai ρ = 0,100 pada kadar Hb inpartu dengan berat plasenta pada ibu yang melahirkan BBLR. Dari hasil kekuatan hubungan, yang paling kuat adalah ukuran LiLA dan kadar Hb awal, artinya pentingnya status gizi di awal kehamilan, karena pada trimester pertama kehamilan adalah proses pembentukan organ vital janin dan plasenta. Petugas kesehatan melakukan pengukuran berat plasenta, nasehat makan makanan bergizi. Penelitian lebih lanjut tentang berat plasenta antara persalinan aterm dan preterm pada BBLR. Kata kunci : Status Gizi, Berat Plasenta, BBLR, Pertambahan Berat Badan, ukuran LiLA, Kadar Hb Awal dan Kadar hb Inpartu
Development of Predictive Index for Default Treatment At Multibacillary Leprosy in District Sampang Rukua, Muhammad Syarif; Martini, Santi; Notobroto, Hari Basuki
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.73 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v3i3.1693

Abstract

ABSTRACTDefault relating to the regularity of treatment in the patients taking the drugs. If the leprosy patients taking medication irregularly, then the leprosy bacteria can become resistant or immune to Multy Drug Therapy, so the symptoms persist and even worsen. The purpose of this study was to determine the indicators and develop a predictive index formula default incidence of leprosy treatment. This type of research was a case control design. The sample size in this study was 62 respondents. The sampling technique in this study used simple random sampling technique. Data collection techniques done with interviews with the questionnaire. The results showed that a candidate indicator variables (p &lt;0.25) is income (p value = 0.013), access to health care (p value = 0.022), the role of health workers (p value = 0.032), knowledge (p value = 0.001), and family support (p value = 0.023), perception of the disease (p value = 0.098), leprosy reactions (p value = 0.198). Variables as indicators of default treatment of leprosy patients are the role of health workers, family support, knowledge, and income. The predictive index of default treatment at multibacillary leprosy patients are (-1666+ 1451 * Revenues (low) + 1989 * Role of Health Personnel (less instrumental) + 1.338 * Knowledge (less) + 1543 * Support Family (unfavorable). This index has a 79% accuracy rate. This index is expected to be used as a measuring tool in helping health workers to screen patients with leprosy who are undergoing treatment, so early can know where the potential patients defaulting treatment.Keywords: indicators, predictive index, default of treatment, leprosy, multibacillary
Indikator Karakteristik Fisik Rumah Dominan dalam Penentuan Status Kemiskinan untuk Program Rehab Rumah tidak Layak Huni di Kabupaten Sidoarjo Puteri, Anita Diyanti; Notobroto, Hari Basuki
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOMETRIKA DAN KEPENDUDUKAN
Publisher : Univerversitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (212.927 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbk.v5i2.2016.107-116

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Poverty is a problem in the construction of the Sidoarjo district. Sidoarjo regency government has conducted several policies in the poverty reduction process. Somethings that should be known by the government in poverty alleviation is the physical characteristics of homes in poor households in the Sidoarjo district. Physical characteristics of the house into one of the house into one of the measures in view of poverty and enable government in the process of poverty reduction policies. This study intended to determine dominant house physical characteristics indicator in poverty status for Unliveable House Rehabilitation Program located in Sidoarjo district. This study was observational with cross sectional design which cross sectional data was describing facts over a time period. The secondary data that being used was 99,492 household in Sidoarjo district from PPLS (2011). Data analyzed bivariabel, followed by multivariabel and logistic regression multinomial. The results showed that the significant variables poverty status is ownership status, roof type and quality, wall type and quality, and fl oor type. The dominant house physical characteristics indicator toward poverty status is fl oor type.
PENGEMBANGAN BASIS DATA IMUNISASI DASAR LENGKAP DAN BOOSTER BATITA (STUDI KASUS DI PUSKESMAS BLEGA KABUPATEN BANGKALAN) Rasyid, Muhammad Zainur; Notobroto, Hari Basuki; Hargono, Arief
Jurnal Wiyata Penelitian Sains dan Kesehatan Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Institut Ilmu Kesehatan Bhakti Wiyata Kediri

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Permasalahan imunisasi di Puskesmas Blega, selain rendahnya cakupan, terdapat permasalahan dalam sistem informasi program imunisasi mengakibatkan kualitas informasi yang dihasilkan tidak valid. Tujuan: Mengembangkan model basis data pencatatan dan pelaporan imunisasi dasar lengkap dan booster batita di Puskesmas Blega. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan rancang bangun penelitian tindakan. Tahapan penelitian meliputi analisis sistem yang berjalan, mengidentifikasi kebutuhan data dan informasi, merancang model basis data, dan menguji coba model basis data. Hasil: Hasil tahapan analisis sistem berjalan ditemukan permasalahan pada komponen input, proses, dan output. Identifikasi kebutuhan data dan informasi terdapat data dan informasi yang dibutuhkan sistem belum dapat dihasilkan. Perancangan basis data menggunakan Epi Info Version 7. Simpulan dan saran: Basis data yang dikembangkan sederhana, variabel memenuhi kebutuhan data dan informasi yang dibutuhkan, mudah dioperasikan serta kualitas informasi akurat.
Influence of prenatal class to the practice of P4K (Birth Planning and Prevention of Birth Complication) Faiza, Robitha; Notobroto, Hari Basuki; Trijanto, Bambang; Soedirham, Oedojo; Yusuf, Ah.; Halim, Kusuma
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 24, No 3 (2016): September - December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.881 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V24I32016.94-99

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Objective: This study aimed to analyze the influence of prenatal class to the practice of P4K (Birth Planning And Prevention Of Birth Complication).Materials and Methods: This study applied analytical survey with cross sectional approach. The number of samples taken was as many as 30 mothers, using simple random sampling. Analysis of data was carried out using ordinal wilcoxon sign rank test. Datas were obtained from interviews and questionnaire.Result: The influence of prenatal class to practice of P4K (Birth Planning and Prevention of Birth Complication) (p = 0,0000). Conclusion: Prental class can influence to practic of P4K.