Firman Noor
Centre for Political Studies, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Published : 12 Documents
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Leadership and Ideological Bond: PPP and Internal Fragmentation in Indonesia Noor, Firman
Studia Islamika Vol 23, No 1 (2016): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i1.2808

Abstract

During 2014-2016, the United Development Party (PPP) experienced the most severe and prolonged internal fragmentation in its history. Since the beginning of 2014, the emergence of the twin Board of the Central Committee cemented the fragmentation that had occurred. Some people relate this phenomenon to the interests of the elites. However, the interest of the elites itself is something inevitable and in many cases is not necessarily the cause for prolonged fragmentation. The aim of this article, therefore, is to explain the factors that lead to the internal fragmentation. This article regards three main root-causes of the problem, namely (1) weak leadership, in particular the absence of a strong patron, which facilitates cadres’ unrestricted freedom of action and makes them unable to maintain the Party unity, (2) the lack of an ideological bond that leads to the growth of exclusive-pragmatism, and (3) external factors, namely the government and coalition partners that are eager to preserve each conflicting group’s position.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i1.2808
PERILAKU POLITIK PRAGMATIS DALAM KEHIDUPAN POLITIK KONTEMPORER: KAJIAN ATAS MENYURUTNYA PERAN IDEOLOGI POLITIK DI ERA REFORMASI Noor, Firman
Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 40, No 1 (2014): Majalah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Indonesia
Publisher : Masyarakat Indonesia

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Abstract

Tulisan ini membahas tentang menurunnya peran ideologi politik sebagai landasan yang sepatutnya dirujuk oleh masyarakat dan partai politik dalam kehidupan berpolitik, baik dalam soal menyusun strategi maupun berperilaku. Beberapa momen politik penting, seperti pemilihan legislatif, pemilihan presiden, pembentukan koalisi, perilaku pemerintah maupun pilkada saat ini semakin menunjukkan geliat pengaruh pragmatisme, yang semakin meminggirkan ideologi politik. Fenomena semakin tidak relevannya kacamata ideologis dalam melihat dan memaknai keberadaan partai politik, berikut perilakunya juga mengindikasikan ketersingkiran itu. Kenyataan menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas di kebanyakan partai politik dewasa ini lebih ditentukan oleh kepentingan pragmatis semata. Kata kunci: Ideologi, pragmatisme, budaya, politik, perilaku
The Fragmentation of United Development Party: The Study of the Causes of Internal Fragmentation (2014-2016) Noor, Firman
Studia Islamika Vol 23, No 1 (2016): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i1.3170

Abstract

During 2014-2016 PPP experienced the most severe and prolonged internal fragmentation in its history. The emergence of the twin Board of the Central Committee since October 2014 cemented the fragmentation that had actually occurred since the beginning of 2014. Some people relate this phenomenon to the interests of the elites. However, the interest of the elites itself is something inevitable and in many cases is not necessarily the cause for prolonged fragmentation. The aim of this article, hence, is to explain the factors that lead to the internal fragmentation. This article regards three main root-cause of the problem namely, (1) the weak leadership, in particular the absence of a strong patron, which facilitated cadres’ unrestricted freedom of action and their inability to maintain the party unity, (2) the lack of ideological bond, that leads to the growth of exclusive-pragmatism, and (3) external factors, namely the government and coalition partner that are eager to preserve each conflicting group position.
Moderate Islamic Fundamentalism: Understanding the Political Thinking of the Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS) Noor, Firman
Studia Islamika Vol 14, No 3 (2007): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i3.546

Abstract

This article proposed the term moderate fundamentalism, as a tool in understanding the defining characteristic of the PKS. In short, the term refers to fundamentalism in a moderate perspective, enabling moderate fundamentalists to be involved in political activities adaptively and without resorting to the use of radical means. Using this term, I argue that the PKS is a part of the fundamentalist faction, differentiating it in principle from other modernist groups or parties in Indonesia. Its moderate nature, however, also differentiates it from the radical camps within the fundamentalist faction. The use of the term moderate fundamentalism allows for the observation of diversity within the fundamentalist faction and contributes to new insights into present-day Indonesian Islamic political parties.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i3.546
Comparison of The Political Perceptions Between Radical Islam and Moderate Islam in Indonesia in The Reform Era Noor, Firman
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Politik Pemerintahan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Era reformasi telah menjadi saksi bagi munculnya beragam bentuk pemikiran dan aksi politik yang dilakukan oleh umat Islam di Indonesia. Secara umum aksi dan pemikiran itu diwakili oleh dua model pandangan, yakni pandangan radikal dan moderat. Kalangan radikal, yang dalam tulisan ini diwakili oleh beberapa ormas Islam kontemporer berpandangan bahwa agama Islam memiliki sebuah alternatif yang kongkrit bagi bangsa Indonesia untuk menuju sebuah perubahan, sehingga sudah sepantasnya jika ajaran Islam diaplikasikan secara kaffah (menyeluruh). Sementara kalangan moderat, yang diwakili oleh partai politik Islam, meski secara umum menyetujui bahwa Islam memiliki konsep didalam kehidupan politik, berpandangan bahwa aplikasi yang hendaknya dilakukan harus bersifat kontekstual dengan melihat kenyataan sejarah dan keragaman sosial dan budaya bangsa. Tulisan ini berupaya untuk membedah pemikiran politik kedua kelompok ini dengan mengetengahkan persepsi keduanya seputar masalah peran Islam dalam politik, hubungan syariah dan negara, keberadaan Pancasila dan demokrasi.
Mencermati Kampanye Pileg 2009: Gradasi Peran Partai dan Gej ala Pragmatisme Noor, Firman
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 6, No 1 (2009): Kisruh Pemilu 2009
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The 2009 election campaign for legislative bodies provides many lessons for Indonesian The phenomena occurred in this occasion are the gradation of theparties role and the rise ofpragmatism This paper discusses factors behind those phenomena in which the existence of the new regulation internal condition ofpolitical parties and the quality of the member ofpolitical parties are believed to play a salient role.
KEGAGALAN PARTAI POLITIK MENARIK SIMPATI RAKYAT: Urgensi Sebuah Paradigma Baru Partai Politik Noor, Firman
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 4, No 1 (2007): Demokrasi Mati Suri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

This paper encourages political parry to take into account a new paradigm in conducting their activities in Indonesia today. By emphasizing the importance ofcareness and the commitment ofserving people, as the essence ofthe new paradigm for political parties, this paper believe that this paradigm is actually in line with the spirit of the national political history and a contemporary understanding of politics. This paper considers that this paradigm is important to enhance the relation between people and the political party also, to regain the trust of the people, which in the end will preserve the existence ofdemocracy in Indonesia.
PKB, KEGAGALAN PELEMBAGAAN SHARED VALUES DAN DAMPAKNYA Noor, Firman
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Politik dan Kebijakan Publik: Perspektif Teori dan Praktis
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

The failure of PKB to institutionalize shared values has provided deep impact of its existence. The presence of vague or indistinct values and party less commitment to establish shared values as working ideology and collective identity are factors behind such a failure. Moreover, the massive role of outsiders in assisting party to create and socialize shared values also becomes the thing that confuses the value infusion process. There are three impacts of the absent of shared values in PKB namely, the establishment of internal factions or grouping based on the spirit of pragmatism, the growth of loyalty dedicated to the figures rather than the party itself which over time overshadows cadres loyalty to the party and the appearance of different or gradation in understanding partys ideology. Those three impacts eventually have become reason behind catastrophic condition that ruins partys internal solidity.Keywords: PKB, political party, institutionalization.
Nasionalisme, Demokratisasi, dan Sentimen Primordialisme di Indonesia: Problematika Identitas Keetnisan Versus Keindonesiaan (Studi Kasus Aceh, Papua, Bali, dan Riau) Noor, Firman
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 5, No 1 (2008): Problematika Reformasi
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

This research explores theoretically the reasons behind the emergence ofprimordial sentiment in Indonesia in the era of democratization The research indicates six factors that determine this phenomenon namely the continuation of incorrect interpretation about the true meaning of Indonesia the existence offormalistic understanding on the role ofreligion in the state economical disparity political injustice and state domination in interpreting national symbols In this regards the research finds that mismanage in governing people and the repressive tendency ofprevious government as the trigger of the emergence ofprimordial sentiment in reformasi era.
Fenomena Post Democracy Party di Indonesia: Kajian Atas Latar Belakang, Karakteristik dan Dampaknya Noor, Firman
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Demokrasi, HAM dan Militer
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2476.043 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v14i2.724

Abstract

AbstrakDi era demokrasi saat ini beberapa partai di Indonesia nampak memiliki karakter unik dimana tidak tumbuh dari masyarakat dan bukan pula merupakan sebuah institusi yang awalnya adalah perantara antara anggota parlemen dengan masyarakat. Kehadiran partai berkarakter post-democracy itu sendiri ditengarai merupakan dampak dari kondisi kehidupan politik yang sudah bergeser dari bentuk demokrasi yang dianggap ideal. Dengan menggunakan pisau analisis dari Colin Crouch artikel ini membedah latar belakang dan karakter partai-partai di Indonesia saat ini, serta menguji sejauh mana partai-partai tersebut dapat disebut sebagai post-democracy. Pada bagian akhir artikel ini akan membahas berbagai potensi dampak yang ditimbulkan. Secara umum, tulisan ini memperlihatkanbahwa saat ini beberapa partai di Indonesia memang memiliki karakter partai post democracy. Namun, secara umum karakter itu bukan merupakan sesuatu hal yang permanen mengingat cenderung berpotensi semakin luntur seiring dengan makin lamanya partai-partai itu berkecimpung dalam kehidupan politik riil.Kata Kunci: Post-Democracy, Partai Politik, Oligarki, Regulasi.