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POLA USAHATANI KOMODITAS TANAMAN PANGAN PADA LAHAN KERING DI KABUPATEN MOROWALI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH

Jurnal FAPERTA : CEFARS Vol 2, No 2 (2011): C E F A R S : JURNAL AGRIBISNIS DAN PENGEMBANGAN WILAYAH ISSN No. : 2086-1508
Publisher : Jurnal FAPERTA : CEFARS

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Abstract

The study was conducted to determine the pattern of crop farming cultivation on dry land, that the cropping pattern and crop rotation on crop farming in Central Sulawesi province Morowali. The method used is a survey method. The research location in Central Sulawesi province Morowali. The sampling technique used random sampling. The research sample amounted to 76 respondents are spread across three districts namely North Bungku District, District and Sub Mori Petasia Top Morowali Central Sulawesi province. Data collection through interviews using questionnaires and literature. The results of the analysis of the utilization patterns of farming will be described descriptively. The results of this research, two cropping patterns by farmers. I was cropping farmers cropping pattern similar, namely rice-paddy, corn-corn-soybean and soy nuts. Cropping Patterns II farmers cropping upland rice-Crops (corn) and upland rice-or soy. Farmers in implementing crop rotation patterns adjust to the conditions and rainfall in accordance with the experience and knowledge of farmers on climate conditionsKeyword: The pattern of exploitation, farm, crops, dryland

OPTIMALISASI PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA AIR MELALUI PERBAIKAN POLA TANAM DAN PERBAIKAN TEKNIK BUDIDAYA PADA SISTEM USAHATANI

IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia ) Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : IJAE ( Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia )

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Abstract

Agricultural sector is the main water user, so it is important to manage water use toimprove its utilization and efficiency. In utilizing water resources there are a lot ofperceived problems among users of water. Based on many previous studies, some possibleefforts to optimize water utilization are by improving the cropping pattern and cultivationtechniques. Regarding this matter, the first aspect to note is the characteristic of the region.For the agricultural sector, regional characteristics and rainfall pattern are importantreferences to be considered in setting up water management strategy so the use of watereither from rain or irrigation causes no damage to the environment and can provide optimalresults. This strategy can be applied in determining the type of commodity, time of plantingand cropping patterns related to rainfall patterns to avoid harvest failure. Rotation ofcommodities and use of mulch are also some strategies to use water optimally andefficiently. Rotation of commodities is well-developed among farmers. The use of strawmulch to improve the soil has also been developed in cropping systems on rice-palawijafarming.Key words: water resources, utilization, optimalization, efficiency

POLA PENGUSAHAAN KOMODITAS TANAMAN PANGAN PADA LAHAN KERING DITINJAU DARI PENERAPAN POLA TANAM DI KABUPATEN MOROWALI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH

Indonesian Journal of Applied Sciences Vol 3, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pola pengusahaan komoditas tanaman pangan pada lahan kering ditinjau dari penerapan pola tanam di Kabupaten Morowali Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey. Lokasi penelitian adalah di Kabupaten Morowali Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Teknik penarikan sampel digunakan random sampling. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 120 responden yang tersebar di 3 kecamatan yakni Kecamatan Bungku Utara, Kecamatan Petasia dan Kecamatan Mori Atas Kabupaten Morowali Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner dan observasi. Hasil dari analisis pola pengusahaan komoditas tanaman pangan pada lahan kering ditinjau dari pola tanam di Kabupaten Morowali Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah.akan diuraikan secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan pola pengusahaan komoditas tanaman pangan pada lahan kering ditinjau dari pola tanam adalah petani melakukan pola pertanaman sejenis, yaitu padi-padi-palawija, jagung-jagung-palawija, kedele-kedele-sayuran dan kacang-kacang-bera. Pola Tanam II petani melakukan pola tanam padi gogo-jagung-sayuran dan Pola Tanam III padi gogo-kedele-bera.Kata kunci : Tanaman pangan, lahan kering, pola tanamAbstractThe study was conducted to determine the pattern of utilization of food crops on dry land cropping patterns in terms of the application of Morowali district of Central Sulawesi  province. The method used is a survey method. The research location is in Central Sulawesi province Morowali. The sampling technique used random sampling. Study sample were 120 respondents spread across three districts namely North Bungku District, District and Sub Mori Petasia Top Morowali Central Sulawesi province. Data collection through interviews using questionnaires and observation. The results of the analysis of patterns of food crops cultivation in dryland cropping pattern in terms of Sulawesi  Morowali Tengah.akan described descriptively. The results of this research, the pattern of utilization of food crops in terms of dryland cropping farmers cropping patterns are similar, the ricepaddy-pulses, corn-crops-corn, soy and vegetable-soy-bean-bean-fallow. Cropping Patterns II farmers cropping upland ricemaize-vegetables and planting pattern III upland rice-soybean-fallow.Keywords: food crops, dryland cropping

PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH DI DESA BULUPOUNTU JAYA KECAMATAN SIGI BIROMARU DI TINJAU DARI FAKTOR FAKTOR PRODUKSI

Jurnal Agrotech Vol 8 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FAKULTAS PERTANIAN UNIVERSITAS ALKHAIRAAT

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Abstract

This research aims to study and know the factors the production of red onion plant, has been implemented in Bulupountu Jaya, Sigi Biromaru, Sigi, Central Sulawesi. The results of this research is expected to be an information for the farmer about the factors that affect the production of red onion plant. The research was conducted from June to August 2016 in Bulupountu Jaya , Sigi Biromaru , Sigi , Central Sulawesi. Selection of the location of this research is based on that Bulupountu Jaya Village is the majority of red onion farmer. The method used is quantitative research method by survey and interviews to farmers red onion farming in Bulupountu.Location determination by purposive sampling and respondents by Multistage Random Sampling, through the stages : a.Specify the hamlet representing Bulupountu area, Specify farmer groups in each hamlet, c. Specify five respondents in each farmer groups, so there are 20 respondents. The results of this research indicate that the factors of land area, the amount of fertilizer, the number of seeds, the use of pesticides and pest control affect production in the development of onion farming in Bulupountu Jaya Village, Sigi Biromaru Subdistrict Sigi Regency Central Sulawesi Province

PKM PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK PETANI KAKAO MELALUI PENERAPAN METODE SLPHT DI DESA SIBALAGO KECAMATAN TORIBULU KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG

Jurnal Abditani Vol 1 (2018): Oktober
Publisher : FAKULTAS PERTANIAN UNIVERSITAS ALKHAIRAAT

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Abstract

Tujuan kegiatan PKM ini adalah 1. Meningkatkan produksi kakao melalui transformasi teknologi pemeliharaan kakao diantaranya melalui konservasi lahan dengan penggunaan pupuk organik, pengendalian busuk buah dan penanganan pasca panen dengan fermentasi.  2. Meningkatkan kualitas dan mutu kakao yang memiliki daya saing, dengan menerapkan bahan organik sehingga tidak terdapat residu bahan kimia, agar produk tersebut dapat bersaing dengan kualitas ekspor. 3. Melakukan pembinaan kepada anggota kelompok tani mitra agar dapat meningkatkan produksi dan kualitas pupuk organik padat dengan bahan dasar pemanfaatan kulit buah kakao yang ditambahkan dengan jamur Trichoderma sp dapat mempercepat proses dekomposisi, sehingga dapat  tersedia pada saat yang diharapkan. 4. Meningkatkan kemampuan petani dalam penguasaan asset produksi, modal, dan pasar agar dapat menerapkan paket teknologi inovatif terpadu. 5. Meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat petani agar masyarakat petani lebih sejahtera, serta merubah Mindset petani menjadi manusia yang produktif dan berkarya. Metode yang diterapkan dalam mencapai target dan penyelesaian masalah dari program PKM ini, adalah metode pendidikan masyarakat dengan pendekatan Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA/RRA). Penerapan metode pelatihan  (training) bertujuan untuk peningkatan kemampuan sumber daya manusia secara individu dan kelompok; Peningkatan kualitas kebun contoh melalui metode sekolah lapang, demonstrasi demplot percobaan dengan menerapkan Teknologi Pengendalian Hama Terpadu, Teknologi Perbanyakan Semut, Teknologi Bioinsektisida Berbahan Aktif  Beauveria bassiana dan Trichoderma sp dan Teknologi pupuk organik.  Hasil yang dicapai berupa 1. Peningkatan pemahaman  kepada kelompok Mitra untuk dapat mengetahui tentang rehabilitasi tanaman kakao, pengendalian OPT yang sesuai dengan prinsip-prinsip PHT, dengan keterampilan yang dimiliki dalam memperbanyak jamur trichoderma sp dan memperbanyak semut hitam di lapangan. 2. Peningkatan pengetahuan dan keterampilan dalam pembuatan pupuk organik dengan pemanfaatan limbah kakao dengan menambahkan dekomposer jamur trichoderma sp untuk mempercepat proses dekomposisi. 3.Meningkatnya produksi kakao karena adanya penguasaan teknologi pemeliharaan kakao secara terpadu. 4. Peningkatan pemahaman tentang dampak  penggunaan pestisida secara berlebihan, dan adanya solusi alternatif pengendalian OPT yang lebih ramah lingkungan.

PENGARUH FREKUENSI DAN APLIKASI INSEKTISIDA ABAMECTIN TERHADAP KELIMPAHAN POPULASI DAN PERSENTASE SERANGAN LALAT PENGOROK DAUN LIRIOMYZA SPP (DIPTERA: AGROMYSIDAE)

Jurnal Agrotech Vol 8 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FAKULTAS PERTANIAN UNIVERSITAS ALKHAIRAAT

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Abstract

Effect of Frequency and Application of Abamectin Insecticides on Population Abundance and Attack Level of Leafminer Liriomyza, spp. (Diptera: Agromysidae) is one of the main pests on the Lembah Palu red onion, where this pest is relatively new in the Palu Valley. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of frequency and application of insecticides on population abundance, and the attack rate of  L. chinensis (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on the Lembah Palu red onion plant under applied and unapplied insecticide. The treatment of abamectin insecticide was applied once a week with a concentration of 1 ml of formulation per liter of water, beginning at the age of 2 MST and ending at 7 MST. The results showed that there were 2 species of Liriomyza, spp associated with Palu valley red onion i.e. Liriomyza chinensis and Liriomyza sativae. This research found that the application of Abamectin insecticides significantly affected population development and the percentage of Liriomyza, spp. on the lembah Palu red onion.