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CARBOHYDRATES OF CHANGES DURING THE FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT IN THE OVARY OF THE MOUSE DEER, TRAGULUS JAVANICUS -, Hamny; Agungpriyono, Srihadi; Djuwita, Ita; Nisa, Chairun; Esthi Prasetyaningtyas, Wahono; Rahmi, Erdiansyah
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 9, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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The data available on the female reproductive organ of mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus) is still very limited. A study was therefore conducted to investigate the distribution and the concentration of carbohydrate residues during the development of ovary follicles. An ovary at luteal phase was used in this study. Thin sections of the ovary were prepared occording to the standard methods and they were then histochemically stained with flourecnece-labelled lectins such as peanut agglutinin (PNA), Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA), Concanavalin A (Con A), Winged bean agglutinin (WGA) and Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA). The result showed that changes in the distribution and the concentration of carbohydrate occured during the development of the follicle. During the preantral stage, the cytoplasm of oosit contained carbohydrate with the residues of glucosa dan mannosa. Zona pelusida contained carbohydrates with residues of glucosa, mannosa, galactosa dan N-asetylgalactosamine, whereas extracellular matrix contained carbohydrate with the residues of glucosa dan mannosa. In the antral follicle, the cyitoplasm of oocytes contained carbohydarte with the residues of galactosa dan N-asetylgalactosamine, whereas its zona pelusida, extracellular matrix and follicular fluid contained carbohydarte with the residues of fucosa, N-asetylglucosamin and cyalic acid. Diffrences in the types and the distribution pattern of carbohydrates were observed in this study, both in preantral and antral follicles.
Study on the Biological Characteristics of Pegagan Duck Sari, Meisji L.; Noor, R.R.; Hardjosworo, Peni S.; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Sari et al. 2012. Study on the Biological Characteristics of Pegagan Duck. JLSO 1(2):170-176. Pegagan duck is one of the local genetic  and biodiversity resources in South Sumatera which needs to be conserved and developed. So far, scientific data of Pegagan duck as a biodiversity resource were relatively limited compared to other local ducks. The aim of this experiment was to investigate and identify egg variability of Pegagan duck. This experiment started by collecting 500 Pegagan’s egg from three districts, namely Tanjung Raja, Inderalaya and Pemulutan, Ogan Ilir Regency, Sumatera Selatan. Collected eggs were cleaned with lysol 2.5% prior to putting into the hatching machine. During hatching process, the eggs were rolled up and down from the 3th d until the 25th d. Egg candling was done three times: day 5, day 13 and day 25. The results showed that initial weight of parent (G0) male and female Pegagan duck was 36.87 g and 36.73 g, respectively. Meanwhile,  F1 generation was 36.90 g for male and 37.09 g for female. The growth pattern between male and female duck was relatively the same. Growth curve which showed the relationship between body weight and age of duck formed a sigmoid curve. The growth differences between male and female duck occured at the 5th week. Body weight of male duck was  higher than female duck. The highest body weight found at the  inflexion point for both male and female duck for parent (G0) was at the 4th week and for F1 was at the 5th week.  At the first laying, the body weight of Pegagan duck for parent (G0) reached 1541.17±132.19 g, whereas for F1 reached 1605.34±167.19 g. Parent (G0) and F1 of Pegagan duck layed at the average age of 153 and 154 d, wherein 30% layed at the age of < 151 d and 60% at the age of 151-170 d.These results were expectedly become database and guidance for the conservation and sustainable development of pegagan duck.
Aktifitas dan pola makan, minum dan memamah biak kancil (Tragulus javanicus) di kebun binatang Ragunan Jakarta dan Surabaya Said, Nurhidayat; Winarto, Adi; Boediono, Arief; Djuwita, Ita; Nisa, Chairun; Wrediati, Tutik; Setijanto, Heru; Fakhrudin, Mohamad
Hemera Zoa Vol 77, No 1 (1995): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Telah dilakukan penelitian pada kancil (Tmgulus javanicus) di Kebun Binatang Ragunan - Jakarta dan Kebun Binatang Wonocolo - Surabaya untuk mendapatkan jenis makanan yang disukai, dan aktifitas makan, minum dan ruminasi dari kancil yang dikandangkan.Pada penelitian ini, disediakan 10 jenis makanan dan empat jenis diantaranya yaitu pisang, kacang panjang, kangkung dan pepaya lebih disukai. Aktifitas makan dilakukan pada siang dan malam hari, dan pada saat istirahat kancil melakukan aktifitas ruminasi. Perilaku makan dan ruminasi ini berbeda dengan perilakunya di habitas asalnya. Sedangkan aktifitas minum, jarang dilakukan, hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh tingginya kadar air di dalam makanan yang disediakan. Aktifitas makan dari kancil yang dikandangkan telah berubah menjadi diurnal dan nokturnal.
Three Dimentional Architecture of The Subepithelial Connective Tissue in The Forestomach of The Lesser Mouse Deer (Tragulus javanicus) Novelina, Savitri; Agungpriyono, Srihadi; Yamamoto, Yoshio; Nisa, Chairun; Kitamura, Nabuo; Yamada, Junzo
Media Veteriner Vol 6, No 4 (1999): Media Veteriner
Publisher : Media Veteriner

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Three dimensional architecture of the sub epithelial connective tissue in the forestomach of the lesser mouse deer was studied by scanning electron microscopy after macerated with 10% NaOH. In general, the architecture of the connective tissue in the rumen and reticulum showed similar pattern, which was honeycomb like pattern. This pattern was observed in all portions of the forestomach. Primary wall bordered each cell of the honeycomb. Inside the cells there were some secondary or tertiary wall that connect to the primary ones. The primary wall in the rumen were leaflike shaped with narrow and irregular surface while those of the reticulum were low columnar shaped with convex surface. The honeycomb in the ruminal papillae showed similar pattern from the apical to the basal portion. On the contrary, cone-like primary wall without secondary or tertiary ones dominated the apical portion of the reticulum papillae. The sub epithelial connective tissue consisted of collagen fibers which were arranged and formed a network. The collagen fibers in the rumen were more densely distributed as compared to those of the reticulum. The differences observed may indicate a difference in function between the rumen and the reticulum in the digestive function of the lesser mouse deer.
Polimorfisme Protein Darah Itik Pegagan dengan Metode PAGE Sari, Meisji Liana; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Hardjosworo, Peni S.; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Agripet Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Volume 11, No. 2, Oktober 2011
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

polymorphism of blood protein pegagan duck by PAGE methodABSTRACT. Pegagan duck is one of local duck species which comes from Ogan Ilir (OI) Regency, South Sumatera. This species is not popular, yet. But, it has spread out along Ogan river which comprises of three districts e.g Tanjung Raja, Inderalaya and Pemulutan. The ecosystem in this three districts is dominated by swampy area. As far, there is relatively limited information of Pegagan duck compared to another local duck. So, for the first step was done a reseach to identify genetic characteristic from blood protein analyses by electrophoresis method. It is expected that this information will become the bases in determining of the policy of Pegagan duck development. Polymorphism analyses of blood protein was done with 9 duck samples which taken randomly from 400 pegagan ducks. Protein locus observed were albumin (Alb), post albumin (Pa), transferrine (Tf), post transferrine-1 (Ptf-1), and post transferrine-2 (Ptf-2). Polymorphism analyses of blood protein of pegagan duck was characterized by allele A in locus Transferrine (TfA), Post transferrine-1 (Ptf-1A) and Post transferrine-2 (Ptf-2A) . Genetic diversity based on blood protein of Pegagan duck showed that gen frequency value in a range of 0,11 – 0,94 and high heterozygosis value that was 0,62 %.
Keragaan Telur Tetas Itik Pegagan Sari, Meisji L.; Noor, Ronny R.; Hardjosworo, Peni S.; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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ABSTRAKItik Pegagan sebagai itik lokal Sumatera Selatan merupakan salah satu sumber genetik ternak atau kekayaan hayati lokal Indonesia, yang perlu dilestarikan dan dikembangkan. Sejauh ini data ilmiah mengenai itik Pegagan sebagai sumber plasma nutfah relatif masih sedikit dibandingkan ternak itik lokal lainnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari dan mengidentifikasi keragaan telur tetas itik Pegagan. Penelitian inidiawali dengan mengumpulkan telur tetas itik Pegagan sebanyak 500 butir yang didapat dari tiga kecamatan yaitu kecamatan Tanjung Raja, Inderalaya dan Pemulutan Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan. Telur itik yang dikumpulkan kemudian ditimbang dengan timbangan telur untuk mengetahui bobot telur (g), kemudian diukur panjang (mm) dan lebar telur (mm) untuk mengetahui indeks telur. Selanjutnya telur ditetaskan dengan mesin tetas yang sebelumnya dibersihkan dengan lisol 2.5%. Selama proses penetasan dilakukan pemutaran telur mulai hari ketiga sampai hari ke-25. Pemeriksaan telur (candling) dilakukan tiga kali yaitu pada hari kelima, ke-13 dan ke-25. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rataan bobot telur tetas yang digunakan 65 g, warna kerabang telur itik Pegagan adalah hijau kebiruan, rataan indeks telur itik Pegagan 75±0,03%. Fertilitas telur itik Pegagan yang dikumpulkan dari peternak itik rendah yaitu sebesar  60%, dengan daya tetas 53% dan bobot tetas sebesar 36,37 ± 3,39 g.Kata Kunci: telur tetas, penetasan, Itik Pegagan, fertilitas
ANALISIS KELAYAKAN INVESTASI PENGGEMUKAN SAPI POTONG (KASUS: PT CATUR MITRA TARUMA, KABUPATEN BOGOR) Nisa, Chairun; Winandi, Ratna; Tinaprilla, Netti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 4, No 1 (2014): FA Vol 4 No 1 Maret 2014
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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A gap between national beef consumption and beef production becomes an opportunity for beef cattle fattening business. The purpose of this research is to analyze the feasibility of beef cattle fattening. The research was conducted at the main office of PT Catur Mitra Taruma at South Jakarta and its feedlot stall at Desa Cariu, Kabupaten Bogor. Aqualitative analysis method was used to analyze the non-financial feasibility, that covered market aspects, technical aspects, management and law aspects, and also social, economic, and environmental aspects. The financial feasibility was analyzed quantitatively by  investment criteria and switching value analysis. The result shows that beef cattle fattening in PT Catur Mitra Taruma is feasibleand it is more sensitive to the decreasing sales of beef cattle than to the increasing price of feed.
ANALISIS SISTEM PENGENDALIAN INTERN ATAS PERSEDIAAN BAHAN BAKU PEMBUATAN KERIPIK TELO PADA PERUSAHAAN KERIPIK TELO ARUM MANIS UD LUKITA KECAMATAN TRAWAS Nisa, Chairun; Sulistyo, Sulistyo; Mustikowati, Rita Indah
Jurnal Riset Mahasiswa Akuntansi Vol 3 No 1 (2015): April
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang

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Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana sistem pengendalian intern persediaan bahan baku dapat digunakan untuk memperlancar proses produksi pada Keripik Telo Arum Manis UD Lukita Kecamatan Trawas. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif yakni mendeskripsikan keadaan yang ditemui di lapangan dengan kata-kata. Teknik pengumpulan data yang dilakukan yaitu observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Manfaat yang diharapkan diperoleh dari penelitian ini yaitu menganalisis dan masukan yang dapat dijadikan tolak ukur dalam menentukan sistem pengendalian internal bahan baku sebagai sesuai dengan prosedur dan kebijakan-kebijakan manajemen agar nilai perusahaan dapat ditingkatkan. Teknik analisis data menggunakan reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan, serta menggunakan teknik analisis deskriptif untuk menilai sistem pengendalian internal. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sistem pengendalian internal yang berada pada perusahaan belum berjalan dengan baik dan efektif.
PENDEKATAN PERSAMAAN CHAPMAN-KOLMOGOROV UNTUK MENGUKUR RISIKO KREDIT Nisa, Chairun
JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 20, No 77 (2014)
Publisher : LPM Unimed

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Banyak permasalahan yang dapat dimodelkan dengan menggunakan program matematika yang bertujuan untuk menentukan nilai maksimum atau minimum.  Tujuan dalam pengembangan model matematika adalah untuk menggambarkan probabilitas kejadian yang akan terjadi. Model matematika dapat didefenisikan sebagai suatu variabel acak yang merupakan suatu fungsi yang menghubungkan setiap unsurdalam ruang sampel dengan bilangan real.Kebanyakan dari model yang ada didalam manajemen resiko kredit digunakan untuk menganalisis kualitas dari suatu kredit.Model-model ini didesain untuk menjelaskan tentang risiko dari kredit individu seperti halnya portofolio dari instrumen-instrumen kredit. Informasi masa lampau dari transisi kredit berkembang dari satu level kualitas atau laju ke level yang lain yang digunakan untuk mengestimasi model-model yang berbeda sehingga dapat menjelaskan evolusi probabilitas dari kualitas kredit.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan persamaan Chapman-Kolmogorov dalam manajemen risiko untuk risiko kredit guna meminimalisir risiko. Model ini diketahui dengan baik, dimana ini adalah suatu model sederhana yang digunakan sebagai deskripsi proses stokastik untuk risiko aset. Persamaan Chapman-Kolmogorov dapat digunakan untuk mengetahui perubahan jangka pendek dalam risiko kredit.
MIKROMORFOLOGI ALAT KELAMIN PRIMER BIAWAK AIR (Varanus salvator bivittatus) JANTAN (Micromorphological Structure of Primary Reproductive Organ of Male Water Monitor Lizard (Varanus salvator bivittatus)) M, Mahfud; Winarto, Adi; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 1 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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The study aims to determine the histological structure of the testes, ductus epididymidis and ductus deferens of Varanus salvator bivittatus. The tissue samples were obtained by the histological techniques preparation with thickness section is 3-4 µm then stained using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Massons Trichrome (MT). The result showed that testes are covered by tunica vaginalis and tunica albuginea (tunica fibrous and tunica vasculosa). Tubulus seminiferous as a parenchyma are found in lobules of testes which are formed by septum as extension of tunica albuginea. Tubulus seminiferous is composed by layers of germinal epithelium cells consist of spermatogenia, Sertoli cell, spermatocyte and spermatid which is developed further to be spermatozoa in the lumen of tubulus. Among the tubulus seminiferous, there are groups of epithelioid cells called Leydig cells. The end of tubulus seminiferous formed ductus epididymidis which then ended up and known as ductus deferens. Epididymis is covered by dense connective tissue. Ductus epididymidis is divided into three segments: cranial, medial and caudal. It is lined by pseudostratified columnar epithelium which is varied in its thickness, amount and diameter of lumen. Lumen of the ductus deferens was lined by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium and thin muscularis mucosal layer and thick circular smooth muscle were covered externally.Key words: Varanus salvator bivittatus, testes, ductus epididymidis, ductus deferens, micromorphology