A study on the development map of hadiths study of Banjar Islamic scholar becomes important to see the extent to which typology of hadiths study that have been developed, either the pattern or its tendency. Using descriptive method and historical approach, it is identified that the hadiths study of Banjar Islamic scholars is plotted in two formsâal-riwayah and al-dirayah. Such typology of hadith study seems to refer to the major classification of the science of hadiths which has been pioneered by the classical scholarsââilm al-hadiths riwayah and âilm al-hadiths dirayah. The hadiths study of Banjar scholars in the form of al-riwayah dominates almost all their works of hadiths and is classified into some tendency, such as: syarh study, taâliq and takhrij study, arbaâin hadiths study, thematic study of hadiths with fiqh fragments, the primacy of the noble, and faith, and hadiths study of encyclopedic-referents. Moreover, in the form of al-dirayah, the works of Banjar scholars is tracked relatively fewer, and which can be classifiedÂ into two tendency, ie: mushthalah study of general hadiths formatted in the form of dialogue and special mushthalah study (thematic) which specifically highlights the musalsal hadiths theoretically and practically. Â Key words: Study map, Hadiths works, Banjar Islamic scholars. Â Penelitian terhadap peta perkembangan kajian hadis ulama Banjar, menjadi penting dilakukan, untuk melihat sejauh mana tipologi kajian hadis yang telah dikembangkan, baik bentuk [pola] ataupun kecenderungannya. Dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif dan pendekatan sejarah, diperoleh temuan bahwa kajian hadis ulama Banjar terpola dalam dua bentuk; al-riwÄyah dan al-dirÄyah. Tipologi studi hadis ini nampaknya memang mengacu klasifikasi mayor ilmu hadis yang dicetuskan oleh para ulama klasik; âilm al-hadÄ«ts riwÄyah dan âilm al-hadÄ«ts dirÄyah. Untuk kajian hadis ulama Banjar dalam bentuk al-riwÄyah, yang mendominasi hampir seluruh karya-karya hadis mereka, diklasifikasikan dalam beberapa kecenderungan yaitu; kajian syarh, kajian taâlÄ«q dan takhrÄ«j, kajian hadis arbaâÄ«n, kajian hadis tematis dengan fragmen fikih, keutamaan orang-orang yang mulia, dan keimanan, dan kajian hadis ensiklopedis-referen . Kemudian untuk bentuk al-dirÄyah ini, karya-karya ulama Banjar yang terlacak relatif sangat minim, yang dapat diklasifikasikan dalam dua kecenderungan, yaitu; kajian mushthalah hadis umum, yang diformat dalam bentuk dialogis [tanya-jawab]dan kajian mushthalah khusus [tematis], yang secara khusus menyoroti tentang hadis-hadis musalsal secara teoritis dan praktis.Â Kata kunci; Peta Kajian, Karya Hadis, Ulama Banjar
Islamic education aims to harmonize and optimalize human duofunctions,as hambaand khalifahof God that becomes the main purpose ofhumancreation. From this concept, human is urgent to be discussed based onQurâanperspective due to his duo-functions, so that he has dynamic living andcreativityand amaliyah in truth values. The human existence as khalÃ®fah,isextremelyrelated to God (âabd).He has laws and wills in the Holy Book that Hehasbeen revealed through His prophet. On the contrary, his wills appear in theformof an effort of peradaban and prosperity. These aspects are able to be seenfromtwo sides; human and nature (earth) relationship, human as âamÃ®rah;howeverin the existence of human as khalÃ®fah,it is âibÃ¢dah to God. Thus,hambaand khalifah concepts are being a harmony between responsibilityand duty, because kekhalifahan is the realization of human sacriï¬ ce to God,his Creator. Key words: human, khalÃ®fah, âamÃ®rah
The QurâÃ¢nic Studies have long recognized the conceptual dichotomy of MakkÃ®yah and Madaniyah where verses are classified as either belonging to the period of Makkah or Madinah. This paper suggests that this conceptual dichotomy may also be applied in the study of the science of the prophetic saying (hadÃ®th). We propose that paradigm of the QurâÃ¢nic Studies concerning the periodical distinction may be borrowed to understand and classify the prophetic sayings along the line of MakkÃ®yah and MadanÃ®yah. The paper however acknowledges this effort is not without methodological difficulties. There are hadÃ®th that may âin terms of their characteristics and substance- be regarded as MakkÃ®, but may also be considered as Madani because they are narrated by the people of Madinah (the AnsÃ¢r). To tackle this problem, we propose double-way strategy. We will first find out which hadÃ®ths are regarded as MakkÃ® in terms of their characteristics and substance, and then examine the idea of what many have called the âargumentation of the prophetic termâ. The first is about the thematic study, while the second is about the analysis of the term of a hadÃ®th. The first will involve the consultation of mainly the hadÃ®th authoritative book called MiftÃ¢h KunÃ»z al-Sunnah, while the second will consult those books that employ the personal-encyclopedic approach including books of hadÃ®th, the sciences of the QurâÃ¢n (tafsÃ®r), the reason of revelation (asbÃ¢b al-nuzÃ»l), the reason of decreeing (asbÃ¢b al-wurÃ»d), and the autobiography of the prophet (sÃ®rah). The meaning of a hadÃ®th and its appropriation in these books will be analyzed in the light of the science of hadÃ®th. The paper will examine how different scientists of tafsir, hadÃ®th and so on would understand and interpret the same hadÃ®th.
The Qur??nic Studies have long recognized the conceptual dichotomy of Makk?yah and Madaniyah where verses are classified as either belonging to the period of Makkah or Madinah. This paper suggests that this conceptual dichotomy may also be applied in the study of the science of the prophetic saying (had?th). We propose that paradigm of the Qur??nic Studies concerning the periodical distinction may be borrowed to understand and classify the prophetic sayings along the line of Makk?yah and Madan?yah. The paper however acknowledges this effort is not without methodological difficulties. There are had?th that may ?in terms of their characteristics and substance- be regarded as Makk?, but may also be considered as Madani because they are narrated by the people of Madinah (the Ans?r). To tackle this problem, we propose double-way strategy. We will first find out which had?ths are regarded as Makk? in terms of their characteristics and substance, and then examine the idea of what many have called the ?argumentation of the prophetic term?. The first is about the thematic study, while the second is about the analysis of the term of a had?th. The first will involve the consultation of mainly the had?th authoritative book called Mift?h Kun?z al-Sunnah, while the second will consult those books that employ the personal-encyclopedic approach including books of had?th, the sciences of the Qur??n (tafs?r), the reason of revelation (asb?b al-nuz?l), the reason of decreeing (asb?b al-wur?d), and the autobiography of the prophet (s?rah). The meaning of a had?th and its appropriation in these books will be analyzed in the light of the science of had?th. The paper will examine how different scientists of tafsir, had?th and so on would understand and interpret the same had?th.
Pengembangan studi Islam untuk masa sekarang memang masih menyisakan sejumlah persoalan yang sebenarnya berpangkal dari tiga hal, metodologi, materi, dan strategi pembelajaran. Terlebih ketika studi Islam tersebut berada dalam wilayah kajian tafsir dan hadis, maka permasalahan pun menjadi semakin kompleks. Maka sebagai institusi pendidikan tinggi Islam, IAIN dan STAIN sudah saatnya membenahi diri dan membekali para peserta didiknya dengan penguasaan dan pengembangan metodologi yang tepat guna. Hal ini dimulai dengan upaya-upaya dialogis TimurBarat (hiwÃ¢r al-masyriq wa al-maghrib), dalam pengertian perlunya sintesis antara pendekatan normatif konvensional seperti tafsir dan hadis yang akar kesejarahannya berasal dari Islam dan pendekatan-pendekatan ilmiah yang muncul di Barat, seperti sosiologi dan antropologi. Dengan pendekatan ganda tersebut, beberapa cacat metodologis dari masingmasing pendekatan, baik normatif maupun historisnya akan dapat dieleminir sekecil mungkin. Kemunculan para pemikir Islam kontemporer, baik dalam skala lokal maupun internasional, dengan gagasan-gagasan baru pengembangan studi Islam terutama kajian tafsir dan hadis, di satu sisi patut untuk diapresiasi sebagai dinamika yang akan memperkaya khazanah intelektual Islam meskipun di sisi lain gagasangagasan mereka juga perlu untuk dikritisi demi pengembangan kajian keislaman yang lebih komprehensif dan integral.
Understanding of hadith (fiqh al-hadith) is a process of understanding that comes from the hadith of Prophet Muhammad and studies which explores and comprehends the teachings contained in the hadith of the Prophet to be applied. One of the faithfulâ characteristics is to have an optimistic attitude. Without having an optimistic attitude, someone will destroy himself. For example, he is easily stress, sad, disappointed, depression, and even suicide. Therefore, an optimistic attitude is very important thing, because optimism is the belief of everything in terms of good and fun, it always has positive thinking and has high expectations.
The tradition of hijrah seek knowledge often referred to as the âilmiyyah rihlah travel or study that has beenÂ inherited by those earlier (the salaf al-shÃ¢lih) to the current generation. This paper specifically highlights theÂ rihlah âilmiyyah tradition among the scholars of Hadith in historical perspective. The presence technologicalÂ advances and information now that itâs been more advanced, as well as easily accessible online anytime and anyÂ where, does not mean rihlah â ilmiyyah by the time this becomes less relevant again. However, because a meetingÂ directly with the teachers remain necessary in order to keep the scientific ethics and objectivity of scholarshipÂ which in turn will generate sustainable goodness value, or in the language of religion is referred to as the âblessing â of science. This was the movitasi scholars of classical tradition to keep doing this to perlawatanÂ seeking other areas, despite having to go through the difficulties and obstacles.
In the Islamic discourse, the study of hadith is in demand today. This is because the function of hadith is as a source of Islamic teachings which is a necessity in human life in all circumstances and conditions. Therefore, the proper method of understanding hadith through comprehensive approach both textual and contextual is required. The study of hadith also needs methodology enlightenment and paradigm shift. In this case, modification and adaptation of information and methodology elements by a discipline from other disciplines is a natural thing. This integration of various diciplines is then known as interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach. Interdisciplinary approach in the study of hadith which use the traditional Islamic science is also done by a number of contemporary scholars of hadith