Articles

The growth performance of Osphronemus goramy reared in saline water with electrical field exposure

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to know the optimal salinity level on growth rates of giant gouramy Osphronemus goramy  reared in different salinity with electrical field exposure. Four different salinities tested were 0; 3; 6 and 9‰ with the electrical field exposure of 10 Volt. The experiment design was arranged in completely randoumizes design with four treatments and three replications. Stock density was 3 fish/l with mean initial total body length of 7.18±0.30 cm and initial body weight of 5.68±0.67 g. Result of study showed that the treatment of 3‰ shows the best growth performance with specific growth rates of 1.02±0.10% and growth of absolute length of 0.56±0.18 cm. Key words: Salinity, electrical field, growth rate, Osphronemus goramy   ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui salinitas optimal untuk pertumbuhan ikan gurame Osphronemus goramy yang dipelihara pada media bersalinitas berbeda dengan paparan medan listrik. Perlakuan meliputi empat salinitas media yang berbeda: 0, 3, 6, dan 9‰ dengan paparan medan listrik 10 Volt. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Padat penebaran ikan adalah 3 ekor/l dengan rata-rata panjang total 7,18±0,30 cm dan bobot rata-rata awal 5,68±0,67 g. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan ikan gurame terbaik pada penelitian ini dicapai pada salinitas 3‰ dengan pertumbuhan bobot 1,02±0,10% dan pertumbuhan panjang mutlak 0,56±0,18 cm.   Kata-kata kunci: Salinitas, medan listrik, laju pertumbuhan, Osphronemus goramy

Effect of Hardness in 3 ppt of Water Salinity on growth and survival rates of Barb Fish (Barbus conhonius Hamilton-Buchanan)

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of hardness on growth and survival rate of barb fish (Barbus conchonius Hamilton-Buchanan) reared in the 3 ppt of water salinity.  Fish were reared in three different hardnesses, i.e., 54, 72, and 90 mg/L CaCO3 for 30 days.  The results of study showed that fish reared in water hardness of 72 mg/L CaCO3 had higher daily growth rate (1.15%) compared with other treatments.  Daily growth rate of fish reared in water hardness of 54 and 90 mg/L CaCO3 were 0.76 and 0.37%, respectively.  There was no effect of hardness on survival rate of barb fish. Keywords: barb fish, Barbus conchonius,  hardness, salinity   ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kesadahan yang berbeda terhadap laju pertumbuhan dan tingkat kelangsungan hidup ikan barbir (Barbus conchonius Hamilton-Buchanan) yang dipelihara pada air bersalinitas 3 ppt.  Ikan dipelihara dalam 3 tingkat kesadahan yang berbeda, yaitu 54 mg/L CaCO3, 72 mg/L CaCO3, dan 90 mg/L CaCO3 selama 30 hari.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa laju perumbuhan harian tertinggi diperoleh pada ikan yang dipelihara pada kesadahan 72 mg/L CaCO3 (1,15%) dibandingkan dengan perlakuan lainnya. Laju pertumbuhan harian ikan yang dipelihara pada kesadahan 54 dan  90 mg/L CaCO3 masing-masing mencapai 0,76% dan 0,37%.  Kelangsungan hidup ikan barb tidak dipengaruhi oleh kesadahan. Kata kunci: ikan barbir, Barbus conchonius, kesadahan, salinitas

Productivity and Chemical Parameters in the Bottom Soil of 1 and 3 years operated pond of Black Tiger Prawn Penaeus monodon Fab. Culture

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

This study was carried out to observe the productivity and bottom soil chemical aspects of 1 year  and 3 years operated pond of black tiger prawn Penaeus monodon Fab. culture. The results of study depicted that pond operated for 3 years contained higher (P

The Role of Bakau Snail, Telescopium telescopium L., as Biofilter in Waste Water Management of Intensive Shrimp Culture

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2002): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

The objective the experiment is to know the role of bakau snail, Telescopium telescopium L., as biofilter for improving waste water quality in shrimp culture.  The experiment was carried out at laboratory scale.  The parameters that observed in this experiment are physical, chemical and biological of waste water.  Growth and survival rate of snail were also observed. Waste water quality measurement was carried out during a week, while the growth and survival rate were measured during two months.  The aquarium of 30x40x40 cm were filled with 30 l of waste water from intensive shrimp culture.  Bakau snail were stocked to the aquarium with density of 0 (control), 6, 9 and 12 snail/aquarium, and these treatment were replicated 3 times.  The result shown that total organic matter (TOM), total ammonia, dissolved oxygen (DO) of waste water, and growth and survival rate of snail were not different between treatment of stocking density, while the biological oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solid (TSS), nitrite and nitrate were significantly different (p

Nitrogen and phosphorus absorption capability in environmental culture by Taiwan gravestone Anadonta woodiana Lea

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

Nitrogen and phosphorus in a water culture are derived from the metabolism of the farmed organism, feed residue and microbial activity in the water. One way of controlling water quality due to waste in the form of nitrogen and phosphorus from aquaculture is to utilize filter feeder organisms of Anadonta woodiana Lea. This study aimed to analysis the effectiveness of the absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus in waters by A. woodiana as filter feeder. A total of 0 (control), five, ten, and 15 gravestone were putted into a tank of 35 L of water derived from Cirata reservoir. Each treatment was given three times repetition. Measurement of total nitrogen and phosphorus in gravestones were performed at baseline and end of treatment. In addition, measurement of total nitrogen and phosphorus in the water tank was measured every ten days. Another measurement is the length and weight of gravestone. Direct observations made on gravestones barnacle survival, pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, and turbidity every day. Aeration was provided in each aquarium. Based on the results obtained, the survival of gravestone in the density of five gravestones was 93.33%, in ten gravestones density was 90%, while in 15 gravestones was 95%. The percentage reduction in total nitrogen in the water at the end of treatment was 57% for the five gravestones density, and for ten gravestones was 88.2%. The decrease of total phosphorus in water in ten gravestones density was 37.4%, whereas the increase in density of 15 gravestones and total phosphorus water percentage was 26.9%. On the density of ten gravestones, the body weight decreased until to 3.3%, while in the density of 15 gravestones decreased until to 2.5% on day 30. Results of water quality analysis showed that the DO values decreased from baseline to end of treatment (from 5.08 to 4.86 mg/L), the average water temperature from 26.5 to 27.4 °C, pH values 7‒8, and highest turbidity values was obtained in the density of five gravestone. Decrease in the percentage of total nitrogen in the water suggested nitrogen and phosphorus have been absorbted for barnacle growth. Keywords: total phosphorus, total nitrogen,waste,Anadonta woodiana Lea,cultivation

Toxicity of mercury (Hg) on survival and growth rate, hemato- and histopathological parameters ofOreochromis niloticus

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Abstract

Heavy metals are serious pollutants of the aquatic environment because of their environmental persistence and ability to be accumulated by aquatic organisms. Oreochromis niloticus exposed to 0, 0.16, 0.5, and 1.0 ppm Hg for 30 days. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of mercury in water on survival rate, growth rates, hematological, and histological parameters of Oreochromis niloticus. This study was conducted from Mei to June 2009. The experimental design was arranged in completely randomized design with four treatments and three replications. Stock density was 8 fish/aquarium with mean initial body weight was 15.70±1.13 g. Growth and survival rates of test fish were decreased with increasing the Hg concentration. Red blood cell (RBC) count, haematocrit content, and haemoglobin content decreased when compared to the control. The number of white blood cells (WBC) increased in mercuric treated fish. The results are statistically significant at p<0.05 level. Keywords:mercury, survival and growth rate, hematology, histopathology, Oreochromis niloticus

The effectiveness of Lemna perpusilla as phytoremediation agent in giant gourami culture media on 3 ppt

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The wasted from feed and feces containt nitrogen and phosphorus can decreased fertility and feability water quality. Lemna perpusilla (duckweed) is prospective to use as an agent of phytoremediation of organic waste and can used as animal feed because it has high protein content. Meanwhile water salinity could be accelerate the growth of giant gourami. The aim of this research was to analyze the ability of L. perpusilla in absorbing nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus in water salinity of 3 ppt. The research was conducted four treatments and three replications. The treatments were A (L. perpusilla and 3 ppt salinity), B (L. perpusilla, 3 ppt salinity and filter), C (L. perpusilla, 3 ppt salinity and aeration), and D (L. perpusilla, 3 ppt salinity, filter and aeration). Experiment were carried in aquaria 50×33×50 cm3 in size with density of gourami fish 150/49.5 L for one month. The results showed that the ability of L. perpusilla to absorb N and P decreased from the beginning of the study due to lack of nutrient source of N and P in the aquaculture media, but increased because the impact of the feeding and  metabolism of the gourami. There was no different treatment effect for decreased N and P (P> 0.05). The highest nitrite level was found in D treatment, it means that L. perpusilla not be able to absorb  N and P in the media 3 ppt salinity. However, the addition of 3 ppt salinity gives the best results for the survival rate and feed efficiency ratio. Keywords: phytoremediation, Lemna perpusilla, giant gourami fish, nitrogen and phosphorus  ABSTRAK Limbah pakan dan feses yang mengandung nitrogen dan fosfor dapat menyebabkan penurunan kesuburan dan kelayakan kualitas air. Lemna perpusilla (duckweed) baik digunakan sebagai agen fitoremediasi organik untuk limbah dan dapat digunakan sebagai pakan hewan karena mengandung protein yang tinggi, sementara media bersalinitas mampu mempercepat pertumbuhan ikan gurami. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis kemampuan L. perpusilla dalam mengabsorbsi nutrisi nitrogen dan fosfor pada air bersalinitas 3 ppt. Penelitian ini terdiri atas lima perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan yang diberikan adalah A (L. perpusilla dan salinitas 3 ppt), B (L. perpusilla, salinitas 3 ppt dan filter), C (L. perpusilla, salinitas 3 ppt dan aerasi), dan D (L. perpusilla, salinitas 3 ppt, aerasi dan filter). Akuarium yang digunakan berukuran 50×33×50 cm3 dengan kepadatan ikan gurami 150 ekor/49,5 L dan waktu pemeliharaan selama satu bulan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan L. perpusilla menyerap limbah N dan P berkurang dari awal penelitian karena kurangnya sumber nutrisi N dan P pada media pemeliharaan, namun beranjak meningkat yang berdampak dari adanya pemberian pakan dan sisa metabolisme dari ikan gurame. Tidak ada perlakuan yang berpengaruh terhadap pengurangan N dan P (P>0,05). Nilai nitrit tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan D, hal ini berarti bahwa L. perpusilla tidak mampu untuk menyerap limbah N dan P pada media bersalinitas 3 ppt. Namun penambahan salinitas 3 ppt memberikan hasil yang terbaik bagi derajat kelangsungan hidup ikan gurami dan efisiensi pakan. Kata kunci: fitoremediasi, Lemna perpusilla, ikan gurami, nitrogen dan fosfor 

Effect of electrical field on gonadal development of goldfish in saline media

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of electric field exposure duration at the voltage of 10 volt on goldfish Carassius auratus auratus gonadal development maintained in 3 ppt salinity media. The experiment consisted of four treatments in triplicates i.e. control, two, four, and six minutes of electrical-field exposure. The experiment design used was completely randomized design. Fish used was female goldfish at the density of 4 fish/aquarium with an average total length of 12.27±0.05 cm and average body weight of 22.29±0.54 g. Result of study showed that the electrical-field exposure at 10 volt for all duration treatments in 3 ppt of media salinity did not give significant effect on gonadosomatic index (GSI) and gonadal development of goldfish. Keywords: electrical field, Carassius auratus auratus, gonad, salinity  ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh lama waktu pemaparan medan listrik dengan voltase 10 volt terhadap perkembangan gonad ikan komet Carassius auratus auratus yang dipelihara pada media bersalinitas 3 ppt. Perlakuan pada penelitian ini terdiri atas empat perlakuan, yaitu: perlakuan kontrol, dua, empat, dan enam menit. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap dengan empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Ikan uji yang digunakan adalah ikan komet betina. Jumlah ikan yang digunakan adalah 4 ekor/akuarium dengan panjang total rata-rata 12,27±0,05 cm dan bobot tubuh rata-rata 22,29±0,54 g. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian medan listrik sebesar 10 volt dengan lama waktu pemaparan medan listrik pada semua perlakuan durasi di media pemeliharaan bersalinitas 3 ppt tidak memberikan pengaruh yang nyata terhadap parameter indeks gonadosomatik (GSI) dan perkembangan gonad ikan komet. Kata kunci: medan listrik, Carassius auratus auratus, gonad, salinitas

Growth of off-flavours-caused phytoplankton in milkfish culture fertilized with different N:P

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Milkfish culture in ponds currently use inorganic fertilizers for growing phytoplankton. Giving of urea and SP (superphosphate) too much in the pond environment will cause eutrophication and often cause fish smell of mud (off-flavours). Off-flavours in fish is caused by two chemical compounds those are geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol (MIB). Research was performed to evaluate the growth of off-flavours-caused phytoplankton in milkfish culture fertilized by different N:P. This study used nine ponds. Ponds are used for fish rearing area of 600 m2. Fish reared in ponds at the density of 1 fish/m2 for 90 days. The study were showed that types of phytoplankton obtained were the phylum Chlorophyta, Cyanophyta, Bacillariophyta, Dinoflagellate, Glaocophyta, and Euglenophyta. Percentage abundance of phytoplankton that produced geosmin and MIB (Cyanophyta) in each treatment was less than 50% of the percentage of total phytoplankton. Organoleptic scores showed that the treatment pond G (N:P ratio 4) score of 7 (not fresh, no off-flavours). Organoleptic scores of treatments with N:P ratio 5, 15 and 30 in pond A (freshwater pond) and pond B (brackish water pond) were 8 (fresh, no off-flavours). Keywords: extensive pond-culture, phytoplankton, N:P ratio, organoleptic  ABSTRAK Budidaya bandeng di tambak saat ini menggunakan pupuk anorganik untuk menumbuhkan fitoplankton. Pemberian pupuk urea dan SP (superphosphate) yang berlebihan pada lingkungan budidaya akan menyebabkan kondisi perairan tersebut menjadi sangat subur dan sering menyebabkan ikan bau lumpur off-flavours. Bau lumpur di ikan disebabkan oleh dua senyawa kimia yaitu geosmin dan 2-methylisoborneol (MIB). Penelitian dilakukan untuk menguji pertumbuhan fitoplankton penyebab bau lumpur pada tambak ikan bandeng dipupuk dengan N:P berbeda. Penelitian ini menggunakan sembilan petak tambak. Tambak yang digunakan berukuran 600 m2. Ikan ditebar di tambak dengan kepadatan 1 ikan/m2 dan dipelihara selama 90 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan fitoplankton yang didapatkan antara lain berasal dari filum Chlorophyta, Cyanophyta, Bacillariophyta, Dinoflagellata, Glaocophyta, dan Euglenophyta. Kelimpahan fitoplankton Cyanophyta lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan fitoplankton bukan Cyanophyta yaitu di bawah 50%. Skor organoleptik perlakuan tambak G (rasio N:P 4) yaitu 7 (kurang segar, tidak bau lumpur). Skor organoleptik perlakuan rasio N:P 5, 15, dan 30 di tambak A (tambak air tawar) dan tambak B (tambak air payau) adalah 8 (segar, tidak bau lumpur). Kata kunci: budidaya kolam ekstensif, fitoplankton, rasio N:P, organoleptik

Site selection for seaweed culture at Gerupuk Bay - West Nusa Tenggara using remote sensing and GIS

Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Site selection for seaweed culture faces some problems that require more cost, time, and energy. Technology such as remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) were regarded as good solutions for site selection to increase seaweed culture. The aim of this study was to analyze suitable location for seaweed culture at Gerupuk Bay, West Nusa Tenggara. The site selection used Landsat 8 satellite with sea surface temperature (SST), total suspended matter (TSM), and protected location as the parameters. Each parameters were processed using Er Mapper 7.0 software and then Arcview GIS 3.2 software to create the thematic GIS map. Site selection for seaweed culture could be determined by maps overlay technique. The results of this study showed that the most suitable site for seaweed culture at Gerupuk Bay was 342.44 ha (25.22%), moderate suitable site was 190.78 ha (14.05%), and unsuitable site was 669.32 ha (49.3%). Keywords: GIS, remote sensing, location suitability, seaweed culture  ABSTRAK Penentuan lokasi budidaya rumput laut sering mengalami kendala yang membutuhkan banyak biaya, waktu, dan tenaga. Teknologi berupa penginderaan jauh (inderaja) dan sistem informasi geografis (SIG) menjadi solusi yang baik dalam penentuan lokasi yang sesuai untuk pengembangan budidaya rumput laut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kesesuaian lokasi budidaya rumput laut perairan Teluk Gerupuk, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Penentuan kesesuaian lokasi budidaya rumput laut menggunakan citra satelit Landsat 8 dengan parameter suhu permukaan laut (SPL), muatan padatan tersuspensi (MPT), dan keterlindungan. Parameter tersebut diolah menggunakan perangkat lunak Er Mapper 7.0 kemudian dilakukan pengolahan SIG menggunakan perangkat lunak Arcview GIS 3.2 sehingga dihasilkan peta tematik. Peta tematik tersebut ditumpang susun sehingga dihasilkan peta kesesuaian lokasi budidaya rumput laut. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa lokasi yang sesuai untuk budidaya rumput laut di Teluk Gerupuk adalah 342,44 ha (25,22%), luas lokasi cukup sesuai adalah 190,78 ha (14,05%), dan luas lokasi tidak sesuai adalah 669,32 ha (49,3%). Kata kunci: SIG, penginderaan jauh, kecocokan lokasi, budidaya rumput laut