Articles

Penampilan Produksi Sapi Brahman Cross Jantan Kastrasi pada Berbagai Lama Waktu Penggemukan yang Berbeda Ngadiyono, Nono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 24, No 2 (2000): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 24 (2) Mei 2000
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1408

Abstract

Artikel dalam bentuk PDF
KINERJA KAMBING BLIGON YANG DIPELIHARA PETERNAK DI DESA GIRI SEKAR, PANGGANG, GUNUNGKIDUL Murdjito, Gatot; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; (Panjono), Panjono; Ngadiyono, Nono; Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 2 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (2) Juni 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/595

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate performances of Bligon goats kept by farmers at Giri Sekar village, Panggang sub-district, Gunungkidul as basic information for establising the village breeding centre program. The research was conducted for three months, starting from October to December 2010, located at Purwo Manunggal farmers’ group, Jerukan, Giri Sekar village, Panggang, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Twenty farmers were involved during the study to be interviewed, while their goats were measured regularly. The parameter of goat meausred in this research were pre weaning, weaning, does and buck. Interviewing the farmers was done using questionnaire. Interview, direct measurement were applied to collect all required informations. The data consisted of farmer’s background, possesion of goats and land, goats’ daily management, service per conception, litter size, post partum estrus, post partum mating, kidding intervals, and average daily gain. Qualitative data were analysed descriptively and presented as percentage, while quantitative data were analysed using Independent Sample T-test, presented as mean and its standard error. The results showed that majority of the farmers (37.9%) kept goat as main sources of income, while others were to saving (34.5%) and produce manure (27.6%). On average, the numbers of goat owned by the farmers was four heads, ranging from 1 to 7 heads. The average of service per conception (S/C), gestation period, litter size, post partum estrus, post partum mating and kidding intervals of Bligon were 1.23; 5.5 months; 1.74 head; 63.2 days; 95 days and 8.53 months, respectively. The average daily gain of male kid, young and adult Bligon goats were 0.15; 0.29and 0.27 kg/head/day, while for female Bligon gotas were 0.16; 0.26 and 0.15 kg/head/day, respectively. It is concluded that performances of Bligon goats was high in terms of litter size, post partum estrus, post partum mating, gestationperiod, kidding intervals and average daily gain.(Keywords: Performance, Bligon goats, Gunungkidul)
Estimasi Dinamika Populasi dan Produktivitas Sapi Bali di Kabupaten Kepulauan Yapen, Propinsi Papua (Estimation of the Dynamics of Population and Productivity of Bali Cattle in Kepulauan Yapen Regency, Papua Province) Samberi, Karel Yohanis; Ngadiyono, Nono; (Sumadi), Sumadi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 34, No 3 (2010): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 34 (3) Oktober 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/87

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the dynamics of population, productivity, and output of Bali cattle in region of Kepulauan Yapen Regency, Papua Province. The research was carried out for 3 months, started inJuly until September 2009. The materials included 103 farmers as the respondent and 211 heads of Bali cattle. The result showed that reproductive efficiency (RE) was 88.38%, natural increase (NI) 18.18% and net replacement ratevalue (NRR) of Bali cattle male and female were 234.28% and 189.59% each. The potency and compotition of Bali cattle being exported every year without disturbing the existing population was about 13.11% equal to 354 cattle,consist of the remains of replacement stock (male cattle) about 4.27% equal to 115 cattle, culled not productive cattle of 3.18% male equal to 86 cattle and 5.67% for female equal to 153 cattle. Dynamic population of Bali cattle from 2004 until 2008 increased 6.6% per year in average and in 2013 population is estimated to be 3,028 cattle with the potency of about 2,153 cattle.(Keywords: Male Bali cattle, Population dynamics, Productivity)
Performan Produksi Sapi Peranakan Fries Holland Jantan yang Dipelihara pada Macam Pakan Penggemukan yang Berbeda Ngadiyono, Nono; Murdjito, Gatot
Buletin Peternakan Vol 17, No 1 (1993): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 17 (1) Juni 1993
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1735

Abstract

Artikel dalam bentuk PDF
PENGARUH SUBSTITUSI SILASE ISI RUMEN SAPI PADA PAKAN BASAL RUMPUT DAN KONSENTRAT TERHADAP KINERJA SAPI POTONG Yakin, Engkus Ainul; Ngadiyono, Nono; Utomo, Ristanto
Buletin Peternakan Vol 36, No 3 (2012): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 36 (3) Oktober 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1626

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian silase isi rumen sapi sebagai pakan pengganti rumput terhadap kinerja sapi potong. Sapi persilangan Simmental-Peranakan Ongole (SimPO) jantan sebanyak 12 ekor, umur 1,5-2 tahun, digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian dilakukan selama 8 minggu (2 bulan) dengan pemberian pakan sebesar 3% dari bobot badan berdasarkan bahan kering dan air minum diberikan secara ad libitum. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola searah dilanjutkan Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Perlakuan yang diberikan yaitu mengganti sebagian rumput dengan silase isi rumen sapi, yaitu P0 = pemberian pakan 100% rumput , P1= pemberian pakan 25% silase isi rumen sapi dan 75% rumput, dan P2 = pemberian pakan 50% silase isi rumen sapi dan 50% rumput. Imbangan pakan antara rumput dan konsentrat adalah 20% : 80%. Variabel yang diamati adalah konsumsi pakan, pertambahan bobot badan harian (PBBH), dan konversi pakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap konsumsi bahan kering (BK) (13,23±0,63 kg/ekor/hari), konsumsi bahan organik (BO) (10,41±0,50 kg/ekor/hari), konsumsi total digestible nutrients (TDN) (7,38±0,37 kg/ekor/hari), PBBH (0,95±0,04 kg/ekor/hari), dan konversi pakan (7,38±0,37). Perlakuan berpengaruh (P<0,05) terhadap konsumsi protein kasar (PK) (P0 = 0,94±0,03, P1 = 1,00±0,06 dan P2 = 0,98±0,01), dan serat kasar (SK) (P0 = 3,26±0,10, P1 = 3,44±0,22 dan P2 = 3,27±0,04). Disimpulkan bahwa penggantian sebagian rumput dengan silase isi rumen sampai 50% tidak mempengaruhi kinerja sapi potong.(Kata kunci: Isi rumen sapi, Sapi potong, Silase)
PRODUKSI TANAMAN SORGUM (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) VARIETAS LOKAL ROTE SEBAGAI HIJAUAN PAKAN RUMINANSIA PADA UMUR PANEN DAN DOSIS PUPUK UREA YANG BERBEDA Koten, Bernadete Barek; Soetrisno, R. Djoko; Ngadiyono, Nono; Suwignyo, Bambang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 36, No 3 (2012): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 36 (3) Oktober 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1622

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kemampuan produksi tanaman sorgum varietas lokal Rote sebagai pakan ternak ruminansia pada umur panen dan dosis urea yang berbeda. Penelitian dilaksanakan di rumah kaca Laboratorium Hijauan Makanan Ternak dan Pastura Fakultas Peternakan UGM selama 4 bulan dari tanggal 11 November 2011 hingga 27 Februari 2012. Penelitian ini dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola faktorial dengan 2 faktor perlakuan yaitu umur panen (UP) sebagai faktor pertama (UP1= 50 hari, UP2 = 70 hari, dan UP3 = 90 hari) dan dosis pupuk urea (P0 = tanpa urea sebagai kontrol, P1 = 50 kg/ha, dan P2 = 100 kg/ha) sebagai faktor kedua. Kombinasi perlakuan ini diulang 4 kali. Variabel yang diamati adalah produksi bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), dan protein kasar (PK) (g/polibag). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi BK tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan UP3P2 (107,27 g/polibag) dan berbeda sangat nyata (P<0,01) dengan UP3P1, UP3P0, UP2P2, UP2P1, UP2P0, UP1P2, UP1P1, dan UP1P0. Perlakuan UP3P2 dan UP3P1 menghasilkan produksi BO yang lebih tinggi yaitu 108,07 dan 84,70 g/polibag, dibandingkan dengan UP3P0, UP2P2, UP2P1, dan UP2P0. Produksi BO terendah terdapat pada kombinasi perlakuan UP1P0 (25,60 g/polibag) dan tidak berbeda nyata dengan UP1P2 (32,88 g/polibag) dan UP1P1 (28,70 g/polibag). Produksi PK tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan UP2P2 (5,57 g/polibag) dan tidak berbeda nyata dengan UP3P2 (5,14 g/polibag) dan UP1P2 (5,03 g/polibag). Produksi PK berbeda dengan UP3P1, UP2P1 dan UP1P1. Produksi PK juga berbeda dengan UP1P0 dan UP2P0. Perlakuan UP3P0 merupakan kombinasi perlakuan yang menghasilkan produksi PK terendah yaitu 2,22 g/polibag. Disimpulkan bahwa tanaman sorgum yang dipanen pada umur 90 hari dengan dosis pupuk urea 100 kg/ha, menghasilkan hijauan terbaik sebagai pakan ruminansia.(Kata kunci: Sorgum, Umur panen, Dosis urea, Produksi bahan kering, Produksi protein kasar)
Penampilan Produksi Sapi Sumba Ongole, Brahman Cross dan Australian Commercial Cross yang Dipelihara Secara Intensif Ngadiyono, Nono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 20, No 1 (1996): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 20 (1) Juni 1996
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1686

Abstract

Artikel dalam bentuk PDF
Produksi Karkas dan Daging Sapi Peranakan Ongole, Brahman Cross dan Shorthorn Cross yang Diberi Pakan Konsentrat Tinggi Ngadiyono, Nono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 19, No 2 (1995): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 19 (2) Desember 1995
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1700

Abstract

Artikel dalam bentuk PDF
Estimasi Potensi dan Kinerja Sapi Bali di Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara, Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur (The Potency Estimation and Performance of Bali Cattle in Timor Tengah Utara Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province) Tonbesi, Trimeldus Tulak; Ngadiyono, Nono; (Sumadi), Sumadi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 33, No 1 (2009): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 33 (1) Februari 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/132

Abstract

The objective of the reseaech was to recognize the output and population  dynamics, correlation between body weight and body size, and also correlation between body weight and carcass weight and the most accurate body weightestimation on Bali cattle in Timor Tengah Utara Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province. This research was done in 6 districts in 20 villages. The research material included 289 breeders as respondent, 530 Bali cattles and secondary datafrom local Department of Animal Husbandry. The results showed that reproduction efficiency 83.60%, 21.72% natural increase, 21.47% potency of the population or 16,204 animals. There was annual increased with average 8.16% followsregression equation Y = 63,151+5,376 X and by year of 2011 the population could be estimated as many as 100,783 animals with potency 21,638 animals. Correlation between body weight with body size in male Bali cow age >1 to 2years old followed equation Y = -286.13+2.11 X1+1.59X4 with r = 0.92 and R2 = 0.85. Male with age >2 to 3 years old, Y = -441.16+2.23X1+2.96X3 with r = 0.95 and R2 = 0.90. Female age >2 to 3 years old, Y = -153.27+2.19X1 with r =0.78 and R2 = 0.60. Male with age >3 to 4 years old, Y = -385.10+4.13X1 with r = 0.96 and R2 = 0.91. Female age >3 to 4 years old, Y = 89.72+0.96X2 with r = 0.34 and R2 = 0.12. Correlation between body weight and carcass weight infemale age >2 to 3 years old, Y = -3.84+0.56X with r = 0.97 and R2 = 0.94, female age >3 to 4 years old, Y = 4.0+1.50X with r = 0.87 and R2 = 0.76, and female age >4 years old, Y = 3.16+0.52X with r = 0.96 and R2 = 0.92.Djagra Formula could be used to estimate male and female Bali cattle body weight in regency north middle Timor with correction factor each -0.34% and -16.71%.(Key words: Bali Cattle, Performance, Potency, Population dynamics)
Estimasi Parameter Genetik Sifat Produksi Sapi Simmental di Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul Sapi Potong Padang Mengatas, Sumatera Barat (Estimation of Genetic Parameters of Production Characteristics on Simmental Cattle at Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggulan Suhada, Hary; (Sumadi), Sumadi; Ngadiyono, Nono
Buletin Peternakan Vol 33, No 1 (2009): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 33 (1) Februari 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/127

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to estimate the genetic parameters of production characteristics, breeding value (BV), weaning weight ratio (WWR) correlation with BV and most probable producing ability (MPPA) of Simmental cattle reared at Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul Sapi Potong Padang Mengatas. Research was based on records of birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), post weaning average daily gain (ADG) and yearling weight (YW) from 2002 to 2007. Heritability value (h2) was estimated for BV, WW, ADG and YW using paternal-half sib correlation and repeatability value (r) of characteristics of both using intra class correlation. The genetic correlation (rG) of BW-WW, WW-YW, WW-ADG, WW-YW, WW-ADG and YW-ADG were analyzed by variance and covariance. BV and MPPA estimation was base on record of weaning weight. The h2 value of BW, WW, YW and ADG were 0.11±0.09; 0.39±0.16; 0.43±0.19; and 0.46±0.20, respectively. The r of BW, WW, YW and ADG, were 0.25±0.16; 0.32±0.18; 0.25±0.22; and 0.34±0.16, respectively. The genetic correlation value of BW-WW, WW-YW, WW-ADG, WW-YW, WW-ADG and YW-ADG were 0.29±0.37; 0.46±0.33; 0.2 ±0.39; 0.68±0.16; 0.006±0.30 and 0.57±0.21, respectively. From 18 Bulls, 10 bulls (55.56%) had the BV higher then average population value, 142.21 kg and the remaining 8 bulls (44.44%) was lower then average population value. Frequency of the BV of prospective male and female with WW higher than WW average was 210 calves (44.68%); whereas, 260 calves (55.32%) had WW lower than average population corrected with parent age (130.21 kg). Range of absolute BV was from 112.77 kg to 155.91 kg. The BV of male had average frequency higher than that of female, i.e. 149 males (66.22%) compared to 61 female (24.90%). The MPPA with above the average WW of the population was 150 cows (41.67%) and the rest of cows (210 head or 58.33%) were under theaverage. The WWR had positive and significant correlation (1.00**) with the NP. It means that, if the cattle have a high WWR, they will also have a high NP, so that they can be used as the criteria of selection.(Key words: Simmental cattle, Genetic parameters, Breeding value, Most probable producing ability, Weaning weight ratio)