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Functional Response of the Parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus (Cameron) to Crocidolomia pavonana (Fabricius) under Different Temperature

HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 12, No 1 (2005): March 2005
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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Abstract

The functional response of the parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) were studied using Crocidolomia pavonana (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae as host at different densities. All larvae were exposed to one E. argenteopilosus female for three hours at three different temperatures, i.e 20 oC, 25 oC, and 30 oC. Data were analyzed using logistic regression to determine the type of functional response. At 20 oC E. argenteopilosus showed type II functional response, while at 25 oC and 30 oC the functional response is type III. Based on surface analysis, the optimal parasitism rate occurred at 22.24 oC with 10.12 larvae parasitized/hour. The larvae density to achieve optimal parasitism rate was 69.38 larvae. The optimal oviposition rate was 12.59 eggs/hour which occurred at 24.41 oC, using a density of 94.54 larvae.

Kajian Parasitoid: Eriborus Argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera : Ichneumonidae) pada Spodoptera. Litura fabricius (lepidoptera : Noctuidae)

Sainstek Vol 11, No 1 (2008): Vol. XI No. 1, September 2008
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

Study of parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera : Ichneumonidae) on S. litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was conducted in laboratorium Entomology Departement Plant pest and desease Faculty of agriculture, Andalas University in January to March 2006. The study was used biological assay methode to known parasititation and potential fecundity of  parental parasitoid. The result showed that fluctuation parasititation (63 - 17,99 %) and superparasitisme (36,67 - 3,33%) E. argenteopilosus on S. litura Potential fecundity of E. argenteopilosus 182,3±72 and potential release  73,7±49 eggs. The survival of parental adult  E. argenteopilosus only 6 days in laboratorium. Key words : E. argenteopilosus, Parasititation,  S. litura

Tanggap fungsional Menochilus sexmaculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) terhadap Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Homoptera: Aphididae) pada umur tanaman cabai berbeda

Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

The lady beetle, Menochilus sexmaculatus is one of the biological control agents that can be used to control aphids. Presently, there is a lack of information about the effectiveness of this beetle to control aphids. The objective of this research was to study the functional response of M. sexmaculatus on Aphis gossypii at different ages of plants. All preys were exposed to one M. sexmaculatus adult for an hour at five different densities of aphids (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 individuals) is four different ages of chilli plants (2,4,6, and 8 weeks). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and logistic regression to determine the type of functional response. The results showed that the ability of M. sexmaculatus to prey was not significant at 2 to 4 and 6 to 8 weeks old chilli plants. At 2 week old chilli plants M. sexmaculatus showed type I of functional response, while at 4, 6 and 8 weeks the functional response were type III.

Pengaruh pakan terhadap lama hidup dan kebugaran imago Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2008): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Research of the effect of adult feeding to longevity and fecundity of parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) was conducted under laboratory conditions. Fitness was studied by feeding adults Eriborus with different types of food ( 10% honey, 10% yeast, aquadest). Results of the research indicated that fitness and longevity were highest when Eriborus was fed with 10% honey. There is a positive correlation between size and fecundity, suggesting certain measures of body length can be used as indicators of fitness.

Pengaruh Instar Larva Inang Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) terhadap Keberhasilan Hidup Parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2011): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Research on the effect of host larval stage on survivorship of the parasitoid E. argenteopilosus was conducted under laboratory conditions. Survivorship was studied by using S. litura larval with different stage (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instars). Result of the research indicated that development rate of the parasitoid E. argenteopilosus is faster when reared on 3rd instar larvae. The higher the level of host-instar larvae, shorter time was needed to complete the parasitoid’s life cycle. Only 4.67% of the larvae completed its development to pupal stage, and only 1% reached adulthood, with males being the dominant of the emerging adults.

Biologi dan Statistik Demografi Coccinella transversalis Thunberg (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Predator Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Biology and demographic statistics of lady beetle Coccinella  transversalis Thunberg (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) using Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) as prey was studied in laboratory. Development of  C. transversalis from egg to adult was 31.02±4.73 days. The egg stage lasted for 2.33±0.58 days. Larva stage has four instars, which lasted for 2.43±0.19 days (instar I); 2.53 days±0.19 (instar II); 2.64±0.04 days (instar III), and 2.77±0.21 days (instar IV). A female laid 90.44±14.38 eggs. Meanwhile, gross reproduction rate (GRR) of C. transversalis was 74.80 individuals per generation, the net reproduction rate (R0) was 18.22 individual per female per generation, the innate capacity for increase (rm) was 0.46 individual female per day, the mean generation time (T) 12.40 days, and the double population value (DT) was 1.51 days. IntisariMasa perkembangan pradewasa dan imago serta keperidian Coccinella  transversalis (Thunberg) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) telah diteliti di laboratorium dengan menggunakan Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Homoptera: Aphididae) sebagai mangsa. Masa perkembangan C. transversalis sejak stadium telur hingga menjadi imago adalah 31,02±4,73 hari. Perkembangan larva terdiri dari empat instar, masa perkembangan instar I sampai IV berturut-turut adalah 2,43±0,19 hari; 2,53±0,19 hari; 2,64±0,04 hari, dan 2,77±0,21 hari, dengan masa pupa 3,18±0,77 hari. Umur imago betina C. transversalis lebih panjang jika dibandingkan dengan imago jantan yakni 15,14±1,90 dan 13,63±1,00 hari. Imago betina meletakkan telur setelah melewati masa pra oviposisi selama 2,67±0,58 hari. Masa oviposisi C. transversalis yakni 8,97±0,89 hari dengan jumlah telur yang diletakkan yakni 90,44±14,38 butir. Parameter demografi C. transversalis adalah laju reproduksi kotor (GRR) adalah 74,80 individu per generasi; laju reproduksi bersih (Ro) 18,22 individu per induk per generasi; laju pertumbuhan intrinsik (rm) sebesar 0,46 individu per induk per hari; masa rata-rata generasi (T) selama 12,40 hari; dan nilai pelipatgandaan populasi (DT) adalah 1,51 hari. 

KELIMPAHAN POPULASI, PREFERENSI DAN KARAKTER KEBUGARAN MENOCHILUS SEXMACULATUS (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) PREDATOR KUTUDAUN PADA PERTANAMAN CABAI

JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Maret, Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

This predator is efective to control population of aphids, so the aim of research was to study the field population abundance, predator preference to this prey, and fitness character of M. sexmaculatus as predator. The population fluctuation was observed at conventional and organic farming. The preference test was conducted by choice and no choice test for some types of prey. Fitness test was performed by studying its prey, the number of eggs produced and number of eggs hatched. The results showed that M. sexmaculatus population abundance was fluctuated, the abundance higher in chili cultivated conventionaly than cultivated in organic farming.  But in conventional farming  decreased with increasing age of chili. Preference test showed that almost all species of  aphids preferred by M. sexmaculatus.  Some prey species  found were  aphids, thrips and Neotoxoptera. Predator  fitness levels showed by the longevity of females ranged  9-10 days. Oviposition period  was on average five days, while the post-oviposition was two days. The number of eggs produced ranged  100-200 eggs with an average of 135.3 eggs.

PENGARUH SUHU DAN KERAPATAN INANG TERHADAP SUPERPARASISTISME OLEH ERIBORUS ARGENTEOPILOSUS: IMPLIKASI BAGI PENGENDALIAN HAYATI

JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 16, No 1 (2016): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Effect of temperature and host density on superparasitisme by Eriborus argenteopilosus: Implication for biological control. Superparatism is a type of parasite in which the host is attacked by another parasitoid. Superparatism is influenced by several factors including temperature and host density. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of temperature and host density on superparatism E. argenteopilosus. Different number of larva C. pavonana (15, 30, 60, 90 and 120) was infested with a female parasitoidat various temperature (200, 250, and 300C) for three hours. The larva host was disectionto enable us to count the number of eggs. The study result reveals that superparatism E. argenteopilosus was influenced by temperature and host density. Superparatism occured randomly at different temperature reaching the highest at 200 with host density of 15 and 30.

JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Pengendalian Hayati dan Insektisida Nabati
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Unand

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari karakter fisiologi isolat B. bassiana yang berasal dari berbagai inang dan virulensinya terhadap Spodoptera litura. Lima isolat B. bassiana yang diuji diisolasi dari hama Leptocorisa oratorius (F.) dan Hypothenemus hampei (Ferr.), rizosfer tanaman bawang daun buah kakao dan batang gandum. Karakter fisiologi yang diamati adalah daya kecambah konidia, pertumbuhan koloni, dan sporulasi, Cendawan diperbanyak pada media SDAY dan uji virulensi dilakukan terhadap larva instar II S. litura. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa daya kecambah konidia, pertumbuhan koloni dan sporulasi bervariasi antar isolat. Isolat B. bassiana yang diisolasi dari L. oratorius dan buah kakao memiliki karakter fisiologi yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan isolat lain. Kedua isolat ini juga lebih virulen terhadap larva instar II S. litura dengan mortalitas sebesar 80 – 81,67%.

Pengaruh Suhu terhadap Perkembangan Pradewasa Parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)

Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 13, No 03 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

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Abstract

Temperature effect on development time of the preadult parasitoid Eriborus argenteopilosus Cameron(Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) were studied to know development time, degree days and survival rate.Crocidolomia pavonana (Fabricius)(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae was exposed to E. argenteopilosus female andreared at four different temperatures i.e 160C, 200C, 250C and 300C. Data were analyzed using anova and linearregression to calculate degree day. At 200C E. argenteopilosus showed the highest degree day and survival rate(18.67 %), while at 300C nothing adult parasitoid emergenced. Degree day to development time of parasitoid attemperature 200C i.e fase egg-adult: 300.05; egg-pupae 173.35; pupae-adult 171.