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Journal : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

Status and Constrains of Carp Aquaculture Industry Development in Indonesia Hartono, Tjahjo Tri; Nasution, Zahri
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 6, No 2 (2006): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Abstract

Produksi perikanan di dunia sebesar 50% berasal dari perikanan budidaya dan kira-kira 98% diantaranya dihasilkan di Asia termasuk Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk rnelihat gambaran umum dari budidaya ikan mas dan pennasalahannya di Indonesia. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey dan menggunakan data statistik tahunan dan data primer. Budidaya ikan mas di Indonesia biasanya dilakukan di kolam, keramba dan sawah. Jenis ikan mas lokal di Indonesia adalah Sinyonya, Cumpai, Ksnaadomss, Punten, dan MSjslsya, sedangkan ikan mas yang berasal dari hasil silangan yaitu Kuningan, Sutisna,Rsjsdanu. Kedua jenis hasil silangan ini diintroduksi di Jawa Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Barat.Masalah utama yang dialami dalam budidaya ikan mas di Indonesia adalah tingkat produksi yang masih rendah. yang disebabkan oleh input teknologi pakan. dan kualitas yang rendah sebagai akibat penurunan kualitas lingkungan. Masalah yang lain adalsh halga berfluktuasi harga yang diterima oleh pembudidaya yang rendah. keterbatasa infrastruktur pasar dan kurangnya dukungan dari lembaga keuangan.  
Institutional Analysis on Managing of Reservoir Environment (A Case Study at Jatiluhur Reservoir - West Java) Nasution, Zahri
Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan Vol 6, No 1 (2005): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
Publisher : Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan

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Abstract

An investigation of institutional analysis on managing reservoir environment was carried out at Jatiluhur reservoir, West Java. Data were collected from several institution which relates to reservoir environment management in relation to the floating fish cage culture practises. Descriptive method was used to analyze the institutional aspects on manging reservoir environment which relates to the floating cage culture practises. The results of the research showed that the institution roles are good enough in managing reservoir environment in relation to the floating fish cage culture. Each of institution was funtioning it´s tasks and authorities based on their yurisdiction respectively. The right and obligation of the institutions had been function based on their task and authority except the informatin of the water changes for fish farmers are not available yet. In addition, the fish farmers representation were not included as a member of the fisheries advise: team of Director of the POJ on Fisheries Section. All of institution have the same perception on reservoir environment management in relation to fish farmer cage culture practises.