Yusran Nasution
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia

Published : 5 Documents
Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search

Peningkatan Pengetahuan dan Keterampilan Kader Posbindu dalam Pengukuran Tinggi Badan Prediksi Lansia, Penyuluhan Gizi Seimbang dan Hipertensi Studi di Kecamatan Grogol Petamburan, Jakarta Barat Fatmah, Fatmah; Nasution, Yusran
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2012:MMI VOLUME 46 ISSUE 1 YEAR 2012
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.345 KB)

Abstract

Increased Posbindu cadres knowledge and skills on elderly predicted height measurement, balanced nutrition and hypertension education among elderly in Grogol Petamburan Subdistrict, West JakartaBackground: One strategy to increase the coverage of the elders’ visit to elders integrated service post (Posbindu) by conducting a training on improving the skills of cadres. They have tasks to measure height, weight and provide nutritional counseling for elderly. Many elderly can not be measured in standing height due to paralysis, disability and stooped due to kyphosis and osteoporosis. The results of the nutritional status assessment of elderly should be followed up by balanced nutrition and hypertension education. Theaim of study was to test the effect of training on the knowledge and skills of Posbindu cadres in predicted height and balanced nutrition counseling of elderly.Method: Study design was quasi-experimental one group pretest posttest towards 41 respondents (36 Posbindu cadres and 5 staffs of community health center) at Grogol Petamburan Subdictrict who have been trained previously. Knowledge were measured with a pre-post test questionnaire and the skills of cadres were observed for 3 months post-training using the checklist form.Result: Mean score of knowledge had significant difference between before and after training (p=0.000) and its increased by 22 points. There was significant difference between cadres skills before and after training in predicted height and balanced nutrition education (p=0.000). The level of cadres’ skills on moderate and high had significant difference after training.Conclusion: Cadres training improves performance of Posbindu cadres.Keywords: Training, posbindu cadres, knowledge, antropometric skills, balanced nutrition educationABSTRAKLatar belakang: Salah satu strategi upaya peningkatan cakupan kunjungan lanjut usia (lansia) ke posyandu lansia (Posbindu) adalah membekali keterampilan kader melalui pelatihan. Tugas kader antara lain melakukan pengukuran tinggi badan dan berat badan serta memberikan penyuluhan gizi bagi lansia. Namun kegiatan pengukuran antropometri dan penyuluhan gizi belum dilakukan secara tepat di Posbindu. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan kader Posbindumelalui pelatihan keterampilan antropometri tinggi badan prediksi (TB) dan penyuluhan gizi seimbang serta hipertensi lansia.Metode: Disain penelitian menggunakan metode quasi eksperimental dengan rancangan one group pretest-posttest design pada 41 responden (36 kader Posbindu dan 5 petugas puskesmas) di Kecamatan Grogol Petamburan. Peningkatan pengetahuan diukur dengan angket pre-post test dan keterampilan kader diamati selama 3 bulan pasca pelatihan menggunakan form checklist.Hasil: Rerata skor pre dan post-test pengetahuan pengukuran antropometri lansia berbeda makna dan meningkat sebesar 22 butir. Perbedaan rerata keterampilan kader sebelum dan setelah pelatihan pada antropometri tinggi badan prediksi dan penyuluhan gizi seimbang lansia. Ada perbedaan keterampilan responden dengan tingkat cukup dan baik bila dibandingkan sebelum dan setelah pelatihan.Simpulan: Pelatihan kader meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kinerja kader Posbindu.
Mitigasi Kebakaran melalui Masyarakat Nasution, Yusran
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 6 No. 4 Februari 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.748 KB)

Abstract

Upaya dini pencegahan kebakaran telah mampu menurunkan risiko kecelakaan di lingkungan permukiman padat perkotaan. Penelitian ini bertujuanuntuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan masyarakat dalam mitigasi kebakaran, menilai bentuk-bentuk penanggulangan kebakaran di masyarakat danmengembangkan model berbasis masyarakat dalam mitigasi kebakaran. Kelompok diskusi terarah dilakukan pada 130 informan yang terdiri dariunsur-unsur rukun tetangga, rukun warga, pembinaan kesejahteraan keluarga, perlindungan masyarakat atau pertahanan sipil, tokoh masyarakat, dewan kelurahan, karang taruna, dan anggota barisan sukarelawan kebakaran (Balakar). Seluruh informan menilai bahwa masyarakat perlu memiliki tujuan bersama dan motivasi yang kuat untuk mencegah kebakaran guna menurunkan risiko kebakaran serta mencegah dan meminimalkan korban. Bentuk-bentuk partisipasi masyarakat yang telah dilakukan dalam mencegah kebakaran adalah saling mengingatkan warga lain tentang bahaya kebakaran, remaja dan hansip mengikuti pelatihan Balakar di kelurahan dan setelah pelatihan mempersiapkan kelompok remaja sebagai pelopor yang bergerak memadamkan api saat terjadi kebakaran, serta mempraktekkan perilaku aman saat menggunakan peralatan listrik dan kompor di rumah. Namun demikina, informan belum memiliki suatu model berbasis masyarakat yang khusus menangani kebakaran, kecuali Balakar.Melalui pengembangan model berbasis komunitas ini diharapkan kejadian kebakaran dapat diminimalisir sehingga kejadian kebakaran tidak meningkat pada masa mendatang.Kata kunci: Mitigasi kebakaran, masyarakat, pengendalian kebakaran, anggota balakarAbstractThe efforts on fire prevention and early fire fighting can reduce fire risk mainly in urban slum area. The research objectives were to identify needs community on fire mitigation, to assess types of fire controlling in community, and to develop community-based model in fire mitigation. Focus group discussions were conducted in 130 informants consisted of RT, RW, PKK, linmas/hansip, community leaders, dewan kelurahan, youth organization, and balakar members. All informants considered that community shouldhave the similar objective and strong motivation on fire prevention to reduce fire cases, and also to minimize the number of victims. There were a lot oftypes of preventive efforts on fire cases i.e. reminding other people on fire dangers, youth people and security staffs involved in balakar training at villageoffice, and practicing safe behavior when using electrical tools/kits and stove at home. However, some informants said that they had no specific othercommunity based model on fire prevention, except balakar. By developing community based model, it can reduce fire cases in order not to increase anymore in future.Key words: Fire mitigation, community, fire controlling, balakar member
Light physical activity increased body fat percentage in elderly Javanese Fatmah, Fatmah; Nasution, Yusran
Universa Medicina Vol 30, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The prevalence of obesity in Indonesia is rapidly increasing, particularly in older people. Obesity is characterized by increased percentage of body fat in the form of visceral fat and non-visceral or subcutaneous fat. The aim of this study was to analyze body fat percentage (BFP) and associated risk factors, i.e. type of residence (rural or urban), physical activity, gender, age, intakes of energy and fat, and socio-economic background (educational level and occupational status). This cross-sectional study was conducted on 812 older persons (517 females and 295 males) from December 2007- February 2008 in the cities of Surabaya, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Wonogiri, Gunung Kidul, and Magetan subdistricts. BFP was assessed using an Omron Fat Analyzer. Nutritional intakes were collected through interviews using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). To obtain overall total energy expenditure for physical activity (PA), the energy expenditures for exercise (sports) PA, daily activities, and leisure time PA were added together. The study results indicated that urban residence and light PA at age 55 years constituted risk factors for high BFP. Light PA at 55 years of age was the most influential risk factor, since it was 4.3 times greater than vigorous PA at the same age (OR=4.3; 95% Confidence interval 2.6-7.1) It is recommended to implement nutritional counseling about adequate intakes for increased PA in all age groups (adolescents, adults, older persons), particularly in urban areas with their greater risk of high BFP.
Mitigasi Kebakaran melalui Masyarakat Nasution, Yusran
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 6 No. 4 Februari 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.748 KB)

Abstract

Upaya dini pencegahan kebakaran telah mampu menurunkan risiko kecelakaan di lingkungan permukiman padat perkotaan. Penelitian ini bertujuanuntuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan masyarakat dalam mitigasi kebakaran, menilai bentuk-bentuk penanggulangan kebakaran di masyarakat danmengembangkan model berbasis masyarakat dalam mitigasi kebakaran. Kelompok diskusi terarah dilakukan pada 130 informan yang terdiri dariunsur-unsur rukun tetangga, rukun warga, pembinaan kesejahteraan keluarga, perlindungan masyarakat atau pertahanan sipil, tokoh masyarakat, dewan kelurahan, karang taruna, dan anggota barisan sukarelawan kebakaran (Balakar). Seluruh informan menilai bahwa masyarakat perlu memiliki tujuan bersama dan motivasi yang kuat untuk mencegah kebakaran guna menurunkan risiko kebakaran serta mencegah dan meminimalkan korban. Bentuk-bentuk partisipasi masyarakat yang telah dilakukan dalam mencegah kebakaran adalah saling mengingatkan warga lain tentang bahaya kebakaran, remaja dan hansip mengikuti pelatihan Balakar di kelurahan dan setelah pelatihan mempersiapkan kelompok remaja sebagai pelopor yang bergerak memadamkan api saat terjadi kebakaran, serta mempraktekkan perilaku aman saat menggunakan peralatan listrik dan kompor di rumah. Namun demikina, informan belum memiliki suatu model berbasis masyarakat yang khusus menangani kebakaran, kecuali Balakar.Melalui pengembangan model berbasis komunitas ini diharapkan kejadian kebakaran dapat diminimalisir sehingga kejadian kebakaran tidak meningkat pada masa mendatang.Kata kunci: Mitigasi kebakaran, masyarakat, pengendalian kebakaran, anggota balakarAbstractThe efforts on fire prevention and early fire fighting can reduce fire risk mainly in urban slum area. The research objectives were to identify needs community on fire mitigation, to assess types of fire controlling in community, and to develop community-based model in fire mitigation. Focus group discussions were conducted in 130 informants consisted of RT, RW, PKK, linmas/hansip, community leaders, dewan kelurahan, youth organization, and balakar members. All informants considered that community shouldhave the similar objective and strong motivation on fire prevention to reduce fire cases, and also to minimize the number of victims. There were a lot oftypes of preventive efforts on fire cases i.e. reminding other people on fire dangers, youth people and security staffs involved in balakar training at villageoffice, and practicing safe behavior when using electrical tools/kits and stove at home. However, some informants said that they had no specific othercommunity based model on fire prevention, except balakar. By developing community based model, it can reduce fire cases in order not to increase anymore in future.Key words: Fire mitigation, community, fire controlling, balakar member
Perilaku Kadarzi Ibu Balita Ditinjau dari Sudut Pengetahuan dan Prakteknya: Studi Kuantitatif di Suatu Wilayah Urban Fatma, Fatma; Nasution, Yusran
MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA 2010:MMI VOLUME 44 ISSUE 2 YEAR 2010
Publisher : MEDIA MEDIKA INDONESIANA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.498 KB)

Abstract

The behavior of underfives mothers on kadarzi from their knowledge and practice: a quantitative study in an urban area Background: Poor families at urban area have a high risk to get undernutrition due to low purchasing power for buying nutritious foods. To overcome it, The Indonesian government have been declared Kadarzi (Nutrition Awareness Family) movement since 1998 which aimed to establish nutrition awareness family for achievement an optimal nutritional status of family. However, until now the behavior’s of underfives mothers on Kadarzi at Jakarta City almost unknown because of the limited study on Kadarzi. Actually, role of mothers in family is very important as primary target to determine nutritional status quality of their underfives. Objective: The study aimed to identify the behavior of underfives mothers on Kadarzi from knowledge and practice sites at Penjaringan Village, Penjaringan Sub-district, North Jakarta. Methods: The study design was cross sectional using structured interview to 105 of mothers aged 18-45 years who are still have underfives children. Results: The study revealed that the majority of mothers had low knowledge and practice of Kadarzi due to lack of socialization from local community health centers. They were unfamiliar with the terminology of Kadarzi and considered that Kadarzi was identical with the terms of four healthy and five perfect for toddlers and pregnant women to improve their nutrition and health status. Conclusion: Lack of knowledge and practice on Kadarzi had role on the poor of mothers’ behavior on Kadarzi. Key words: Kadarzi behavior, knowledge, practiceABSTRAKLatar belakang: Keluarga miskin di wilayah perkotaan adalah kelompok paling berisiko terpapar masalah gizi kurang akibat rendahnya daya beli makanan bergizi. Untuk mengatasinya, pemerintah telah meluncurkan Gerakan Kadarzi (Keluarga Sadar Gizi) sejak tahun 1998 dengan tujuan untuk mewujudkan keluarga mandiri sadar gizi guna mencapai status gizi keluarga yang optimal. Namun hingga sekarang, perilaku Kadarzi ibu balita di wilayah miskin (kumuh) di Kota Jakarta hampir tidak diketahui akibat terbatasnya studi. Padahal peran ibu dalam keluarga sangat penting sebagai sasaran primer dalam menentukan kualitas gizi balitanya. Studi ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk melakukan identifikasi perilaku Kadarzi dari sudut pengetahuan dan praktek ibu balita di Kelurahan Penjaringan, Kecamatan Penjaringan, Jakarta Utara. Metode: Desain studi adalah cross sectional dengan metode wawancara terstruktur pada 105 ibu usia 19-45 tahun yang masih memiliki anak balita. Hasil: Mayoritas ibu balita memiliki pengetahuan dan praktek Kadarzi yang rendah karena kurangnya sosialisasi dari puskesmas setempat. Mereka kurang mengenal istilah Kadarzi dan menganggapnya identik dengan terminologi empat sehat lima sempurna bagi anak balita dan ibu hamil untuk meningkatkan status gizi dan kesehatan. Simpulan: Rendahnya pengetahuan dan praktek ibu balita terhadap Kadarzi berperan terhadap minimnya perilaku Kadarzi ibu balita.