Muryani Muryani
Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Airlangga

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DEFORESTATION, ECONOMIC GROWTH, POPULATION, POVERTY, INCOME AND NATIONAL DEBT: A CROSS COUNTRY ANALYSIS Muryani, Muryani
Majalah Ekonomi Vol 18, No 1 (2008): MAJALAH EKONOMI
Publisher : Majalah Ekonomi

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Abstract

This study will examine a multiple regression analysis of the relationship between therate of deforestation, economic, institutional and social variables in a cross-section ofcountries. This study will use OLS (Ordinary Least Square) regression and correlationanalysis to develop strong model of how the variation of independent variable explainthe dependent variable (deforestation). The suggested independent variable in this studyare rural population growth, human poverty index, corruption perception index, externalnational debt, growth of GDP and  GDP per capita.  Based on the result of multipleregression analysis, a conclusion can be drawn, that the model is very weak to explainthe rate of deforestation. One of  the answer for this problem is the p- value of  ovtest islow which is 0,034, it is lower than 5%, meaning that there are some important variablesare not included in this model. Another reason is because of hettest value is low as wellwhich is 0.023, it is lower than 5%, indicate that the heteroskedasticity is present.Key words: rural population growth, human poverty index, corruption perception index,external national debt, growth of GDP and GDP per capita.
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF HERITAGE TOURISM AT OLD TOWN AREA SURABAYA Muryani, Muryani
Journal of Developing Economies Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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AbstractThis study is an application of cultural heritage valuation using non-market methods. Contingent Valuation Method used to measure the amount of economic value by estimating willingness to pay from Surabaya residents. The economic value of the Old Town Area of Surabaya if there were improvementanddevelopment of heritage tourism is Rp. 1.471.764 billion.This value is greater than before improvement and development that is only Rp. 3.914.892.240. Multinomial logit regression was used to identify factors that affect the interest to visit and willingness to pay for the respondent. Results indicates that age, education, income, and knowledge significantly influence the interest to visit and willingness to pay. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage the development of heritage tourism, having regard to the determination of stakeholder and policy priorities.The method used in the determination of stakeholder and policy priorities is the Analytic Hierarchy Process.Overall, the use of three methods provide complete results so it can be a reference in the field of cultural heritage research and advice in the development of heritage tourism, especially in the old city area of Surabaya.Keywords: economic valuation, multinomial logistic regression, contingent valuation method, analythical hierarchy process.
PENERAPAN PROSES HIRARKI ANALITIK DAN VALUASI EKONOMI DALAM PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA ALAM (studi kasus : Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon, Banten) Muryani, Muryani
Majalah Ekonomi Vol 23, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Airlangga
Publisher : Majalah Ekonomi

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Economic valuation approach CVM (contingent valuation method) can be used to determine the preferences of the respondents (the people) for  natural resources by promoting the ability to pay (Wilingness to Pay) are expressed in terms of value for money, which directly asked to respondents by reviewer or researcher. It can be concluded that the three variables: age, education level and income level positively effect on the determination of WTP.The conclusion is reinforced by figures of determinant coefficient (R adj) of 64.7%. Which means that the  models  regression  equation  is  quite  appropriate  for  the  independent  variable  and  it  can  explain the dependent variable is at 64.7%, While the dependent variable explained by other variables that have not been covered in this equation is about 35,3%.The results obtained (the value of WTP=Rp 15.000) can be calculated by summing all of the 20 respondents were then divided by the number of respondents) .While the total benefit / revenue expected can be obtained by multipliying of the average WTP with the population in this a national park area. The location is in Serang city, Banten province. Banten province has population it is about 9.2 million, then the magnitude of potential benefit which can be obtained is about Rp 135.000 million. If the visitors expand then the potential benefit is greater. By using the Analysis of Hierarchy Process (AHP) can be obtained some priorities of sustainable tourism management as follows: first, the park should be managed by the government, secondly,it can be managed collaboratively between government and the private sector , thirdly, it can be managed by the private sector. Priority goal is focus on the achievement of environmental sustainability factors. Secondly, focus on providing economic benefits to local communities and the third is the park management cost as a last priorKeywords :analysis of hierarchy process, national park, economic valuation approach, government, privat
USAHA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIFITAS KERJA DAN DISIPLIN GURU DALAM MENGAJAR MELALUI PENERAPAN SUPERVISI AKADEMIK Muryani, Muryani
JURNAL MITRA SWARA GANESHA Vol 4, No 2 (2017): JURNAL MITRA SWARA GANESHA
Publisher : JURNAL MITRA SWARA GANESHA

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ABSTARK Tujuan dari Penelitian Tindakan Sekolah ini adalah Untuk  Meningkatkan hasil kerja dan Disiplin Guru  Dalam Kehadiran Mengajar Melalui Penerapan Supervisi Akademik Pada Guru di SDN  03 Wonokeling  Kecamatan Jatiyoso  Kabupaten Karanganyar semester II Tahun Pelajaran  2016/2017. Penelitian Tindakan Sekolah ini dengan menggunakan strategi atau pendekatan siklus deengan langkah-langkah : perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh dalam penelitian tindakan sekolah ini adalah bahwa, meningkatkan produktifitas kerja dan disiplin guru  dalam kehadiran mengajar di kelas melalui penerapan supervisi akademik pada guru SDN  03 Wonokeling       Kecamatan Jatiyoso  Kabupaten Karanganyar semester II Tahun Pelajaran  2016/2017 cukup signifikan . Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa Usaha Untuk Meningkatkan Produktifitas kerja dan Disiplin Guru dalam Mengajar dapat dilakukan  Melalui Penerapan Supervisi Akademik di SD Negeri  03 Wonokeling   Kecamatan Jatiyoso Kabupaten Karanganyar semester II tahun pelajaran 2016/2017hal ini terjadi peningkatan produktifitas dan disiplin. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari hasil pengamatan bahwa tingkat keterlambatan guru kurang dari 5 menit siklus I 67%, siklus II 78% dan siklus III 100%, sedangkan keterlambatan antara 5-10 menit siklus I 22% siklus II 22 % dan siklus III 0%, dan keterlambatan guru lebih dari 10 menit pada siklus I 11%, siklus II 0% dan siklus III 0%. Dengan demikian maka terjadilah peningkatan produktipitas dan  kedisiplinan guru dalam mengajar dikelas   Kata Kunci: Produktipitas, disiplin kehadiran guru, Supervisi Akademik
Kebijakan Pemerintah Dalam Rangka Pemulihan Ekonomi Dan Keterkaitannya Dengan Merebaknya Flu Burung Muryani, Muryani
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan Vol. 8, No. 2, Agustus 2015 (pp. 113-216)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan

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The negative impact of the outbreak of bird flu on economic sectors in the sectoral and macro aspect is analized using Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models. Base on SNSE 2008 dataand some disagregation data sectors, two simulations are conducted. The result of the simulation studies indicate that there is the decrease in the production of poultry meat sector (traditional and medium-large) and egg sectors impact on the micro and macro aspects of the economy. This research is the second step of my research deal with Avian flu and the economy.The first step was the negative impact of avian flu on economy which was already published on Asian Social Economic Journal by last year. The result of this research are : On the micro level in domestic market there are decresed production and increased prices in the poultry sector, eggs, other farms, restaurants and services. While in the foreign market there are decresed exports as well as imports. Similarly, there is a decline in consumption by the entire group of household due to a decline in the acceptance by all groups of households and firms. Government revenue also declined due to a decrease in taxes from households and firms.At the macro level there are a decline in GDP and a decline in the investment. The last  simulation illustrate  the increase of production and the impact of government policy on the micro aspects and the overall economy.  On the micro level in domestic market there are increased production and falling prices in the sector of poultry, eggs, other farms, restaurants and services. While in foreign market there are  increased exports and  decreased imports in almost all sectors. Similarly, there are an increase in consumption by the entire group of households due to an increse in the acceptance by all groups of households and firms. Government revenue also increased due to an increse in taxes from household and firms.
Hubungan Pola Makan Dengan Aktivitas Olahraga Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Berbah Sleman Santoso, Rudy; Chasanah, Siti Uswatun; Muryani, Muryani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Voume 07/Nomor 01/2014
Publisher : STIKES Wira Husada Yogyakarta

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Background:. Diabetes is the fourth leading cause of death in the world. Every year there are 3.2 million deaths caused by diabetes. That means there is 1 person per ten seconds or 60 people per minute are dying from DM. In the United States that have been developed though, the death rate from diabetes could reach 200,000 people a year. Data from Sleman district health profile in 2010 patients with DM who were treated in the clinic as many as 21 867 cases and the results of preliminary studies in PHC Berbah in 2012 there were 968 cases and 704 of them suffering from type 2 diabetes milletus Objective: To know the relationship of diet and exercise activity in patients with type 2 DM in Puskesmas Berbah Sleman, Yogyakarta. Methods: Including observational analytic study using cross-sectional research design. The method used in the sampling in this study is the accidental sampling method. Data analysis was performed using the Spearman rank error level of 5% (0,05). Results: The correlation of test results using statistical test tekhik Spearman Rank Correlation Sig. (2-tailed) = 0.000, which indicates 0.000
INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS: A CASE STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION SECTOR IN INDONESIA muryani, muryani; Swastika, Rosario Bedi
Journal of Developing Economies Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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This study Aimed to analyze the transport linkages and multiplier effects of each subsector of transport when there is a change in the budget of the transport sector in the Indonesian economy. This study uses an analytical tool input - output models of Indonesia in 2010, with 185 sectors. Input - output models is used to analyze the relationship backwards and forwards in the transport sector of the Indonesian economy and the multiplier effect on the Indonesian economy as a whole. Results of the analysis Showed that the transport has a total backward linkage high while total forward linkage of transport is relatively low. This is an indication that transportation plays in attracting and developing the upstream sector, but less instrumental in developing the downstream sector. The results Obtained from the analysis of the output multiplier effect when a decline in the transport sector budget has a high value, while the income multiplier and labor multiplier when a decline in the transport sector budget has a low value. This shows a Decrease in the budget in the transport sector can reduce the production output of the Indonesian economy but less budget reduction effect on income and employment.
Intra-Industry Trading Factors and Patterns in ASEAN-5 Region Muryani, Muryani; Pratiwi, Anisa Dyan
Global Strategis Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

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The large expansion of trade in the form of Intra-Industry Trade (IIT) in ASEAN is driving large volumes and variety of traded goods and is changing patterns of trade across members. This paper examines the factors affecting the level of IIT for ASEAN-5 countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) in the period of 2004-2014. IIT is measured with Grubel-Lloyd index covering ten different one-digit SITC categories. The result indicates a large Intra-Industry Trade among ASEAN countries and across most manufacturing sectors. IIT Index is employed as a dependent variable, and four variables are used as independent variables: 1) different GDP per capita, 2) foreign direct investment (FDI), 3) trade openness, and 4) distance. Different GDP per capita and trade openness have a positive effect on IIT. FDI does not affect IIT, and distance has a negative effect on IIT across intra-ASEAN trade.  Keywords: International Trade, Intra-Industry Trade, Grubel-Lloyd, Panel Data Analysis
The Influence of Social, Economic, and Environmental Factors on Health Quality in ASEAN Muryani, Muryani; Indra, Fairidita Annisa
Global Strategis Vol 13, No 1 (2019): Global Strategis
Publisher : Departemen Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Unair

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There is a serious problem in term of health over the past 70 years in developing countries, one of them is the quality of life expectancy. Even it has continued to increase but still there is a gap between developed and developing countries. The gap in life expectancy is assumed to be rooted in the differences in socio-economic conditions of different social groups. Health matter, especially in the ASEAN region, is an important issue that must be addressed. Therefore, this research has an objective to explore the influence of social, economic and environmental factors on health quality in ASEAN. The variables in this research are the impacts of population, urbanization, food production, GDP, health spending, and CO2 emissions on health in 9 ASEAN countries in the period from 2001-2015. The analysis method is a panel of regression data. The findings of the research are that all the independent variables have a significant effect on Health quality in ASEAN.
IMPACT OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE, EDUCATION, HEALTH AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT TOWARDS INDONESIA’S ECONOMIC GROWTH: LEVEL OF 33 PROVINCES Muryani, Muryani; Amalia, Agna
AFEBI Economic and Finance Review Vol 3, No 02 (2018)
Publisher : AFEBI Economic and Finance Review

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Economic growth is the most important factor to gain successful long-term development. The economy growth factors are road infrastructure, education, health, and foreign direct investment. This study analyzes the influence of road infrastructure, education, health and foreign direct investment on economic growth of 33 provinces in Indonesia in 2010-2016. This study uses panel data regression method and uses STATA 14 software. The regression estimation results showed that simultaneously road infrastructure, education, health, and foreign direct investment had an effect on economic growth of 33 provinces in Indonesia, while partially (individually) foreign direct investment doesn’t have significant effect.JEL Classdification: H51, H52, H54Keywords: Economic Growth, Education, Foreign Direct Investment, Health, Road Infrastructure