Muhammad Murdjani
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EFEKTIVITAS VAKSIN POLIVALEN UNTUK PENGENDALIAN VIBRIOSIS PADA KERAPU TIKUS (Cromileptes altivelis) Nitimulyo, Kamiso Handoyo; Isnansetyo, Alim; Triyanto, Triyanto; Murdjani, Muhammad; Sholichah, Lili
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 7, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The objective of this research was to know the effectiveness of polyvalen  Vibrio vaccine to control vibriosis in humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis). The effectiveness of vaccine was evaluated by the survival rate (SR), relative percent survival (RPS), mean time to death (MTD) as well as growth rate of vaccinated fish. This research consisted of 4 treatments (control, injection, immersion, and oral vaccinations) in quadruplicates. Injection  vaccination was conducted by intraperitoneal injection of polyvalen vaccine at 107 cells/fish. Immersion vaccination was done by immersing the fishes at 107 cells/ml for 30 minutes. Oral administration of vaccine was also carried out  at 107 cells/fish. One week after the first vaccination, second vaccination (booster) was carried out at the same dosage and by the same administration. One week after the second vaccination, fishes were challenged with 3.16x104 cells/fish of Vibrio ordalii 3J by intraperitoneal injection, and reared for 20 days post infection. Results indicated that polyvalen Vibrio vaccine increased SR (P<0.01) up to 100%. Vaccination was also able to delay MTD of fishes. However, the vaccination was not influence the growth rate of fish.
Patogenisitas Vibrio Fluvialis 24SK terhadap Kerapu Tikus (Cromileptes altivelis) Istiqomah, Indah; Isnansetyo, Alim; Triyanto, Triyanto; Nitimulyo, Kamiso Handoyo; Murdjani, Muhammad
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 8, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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This research was aimed to investigate the pathogenicity of Vibrio fluvialis 24SK in humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis) based on its Lethal Dosage 50 (LD50). V. fluvialis 24SK was isolated from ren of humpback grouper cultured in floating net cage at Brackishwater Aquaculture Development Center (BADC) Situbondo, with vibriosis signs. The bacterium was cultured in Tryptone Soy Broth (TSB) medium dissolved in trisalt solution (KCl, 0.75 g/l; MgSO4.7H2O; 14.2 g/l; NaCl, 18.4 g/l), incubated at 300C for 24 h. Infection was carried out by interperitoneal injection to humpback grouper (8-9 cm of total length) at 102, 104, 106, and 108 cfu/fish. Control fishes were injected with 0.2 ml trisalt solution. Disease sign and mortality of fishes were observed every eight hour for 40 days. LD50 was calculated based on Dragstedt Behrens method (Hubert, 1980). Result indicated that infection of the bacteria at 106 and 108 cfu/fish caused sub-acute disease signs, such as haemorhagic on operculum, base of fins (pinnae pectorales, pinnae abdominales, pinna analis), and also head and abdomen, while infection at 102 and 104 cfu/fish caused chronic disease signs, such as haemorhagic on fins base which was followed by necrotic on fins and skin tissue in prolonged time. Histopathologically, infection of the bacteria caused atrophy on the gills, infiltrations of lymphocyte, heterofel and plasma cell on the gills and fins base, vacuolar degeneration on the liver, and also present the bacteria colony on the fins base and intestine tissues. V. fluvialis 24SK has LD50 at (1,1±0,5)x107 cfu/fish.