Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo
Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281

Published : 53 Documents
Articles

Contribution of Agricultural Sector and Sub Sectors on Indonesian Economy

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 18, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.246 KB)

Abstract

This research aimed to analyze trend of agricultural GDP and agricultural contribution in Indonesia, and identify the role of agricultural sector and sub sectors in provinces of Indonesia. Source of data this research use linear trend analysis to analyze trend agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and agricultural contribution. Location Quotient (LQ), Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ), and combination LQ and DLQ is used to identify the role of agricultural sector and sub sectors. The analysis found that agricultural GDP in Indonesia has increasing trend while agricultural contribution has decreasing trend. Agricultural sector is basic sector in 29 provinces in Indonesia. Farm food crop is leading sub sector in 6 provinces, farm non food crops is leading sub sector in 14 provinces, livestock is leading sub sector in 3 provinces, forestry is leading sub sector in 1 provinces, fishery is leading sub sector in 5 provinces.

The Influence of Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioural Control Toward Snack Consumer Behaviour in Halal Labeling in Yogyakarta

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2017): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1608.623 KB)

Abstract

Halal label was not only related to substances forbidden for a particular religion, but was also associated with many other important things. The talk about halal label issue also meant a talk about health and hygiene. This research aimed to determine the learning level of consumer of the concept of halal-labeled snack; to know how to influence learning, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, and the prices on consumer behaviour of packaged halal-labeled snack, either partially or simultaneously. The effect was determined using a multiple linear regression analysis. Data were collected through compiled structured questionnaires based on certain indicators addressed to 100 respondents. The sampling technique used in this study was a convenience sampling technique, where the sample was selected from members of the population willing to become respondents. The choice of location was determined intentionally (purposive). Attitude scale used was Likert scale, and scale variable used was interval scale. The results showed that the consumer learning level on a basic concept of halal contained in a halal label was very high. This was proven with the results of the interpretation of a score interval, i.e. 88.12%. Consumer behaviour towards snacks in packaging labeled halal simultaneously was influenced by learning, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, and price, while attitude and price influenced partially.

EFISIENSI PRODUKSI PETANI JAGUNG MADURA DALAM MEMPERTAHANKAN KEBERADAAN JAGUNG LOKAL

Agriekonomika Vol 3, No 1: April 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura.

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis tingkat efisiensi produksi, alokatif dan ekonomis petani jagung terhadap usaha tani jagung lokal, menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi efisiensi produksi. Analisis data yang digunakan berupa analisis fungsi produksi stochastic frontier yang diestimasi  dengan metoda maximum likelihood (MLE) dengan memakai program komputasi frontier versi 4.1 yang dikembangkan oleh Coelli (1996). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat efisiensi ekonomi komoditi jagung lokal di kecamatan Guluk-Guluk Kabupaten Sumenep sebesar 0,676. Efisiensi teknis sebesar 0,29 (belum efisien), sedangkan efisiensi alokatif/harga sebesar 3,108 (sudah efisien). Faktor yang secara nyata mempengaruhi efisiensi ekonomi adalah pengalaman usahatani dan pendidikan formal petani. Faktor yang secara nyata mempengaruhi efisiensi teknis usahatani adalah pengalaman usahatani.Kata kunci : Jagung, Efisiensi Teknis, Efisiensi Alokatif, Efisiensi EkonomiABSTRACTThe purpose of the research is to analyze the level of production efficiency, alokatif and economical corn farmers on local corn farmer, analyzes the factors that affect the level of production efficiency. The analysis of the data used in the analysis of stochastic frontier production function which is being estimated by the method of maximum likelihood (MLE) using the computing frontier version 4.1 program developed by Coelli (1996). The result showed that the level of economic efficiency comodities Fakultas Pertanian localized in sub-district sumenep guluk-guluk district of 0,676. Technical efficiency of 0,29 ( not efficient ), while efficiency alokatif / price of 3,108 ( efficient ). Factor that significantly affect economic efficiency is an experience and formal education of farmers.Keywords : corn, Technical efficiency, alokatif Fakultas Pertanian efficiency  

Additional Value and Business Efficiency of Various Processing Bananas Product in The Border Area of Sebatik Island

Agro Ekonomi Vol 29, No 1 (2018): JUNI 2018
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

People who are living in banana production centers such as Sebatik Island have the opportunity to develop the products. Therefore, the purpose of this research are: (1) to know the added value from banana processing business in the border area of Sebatik Island and (2) to know the relative efficiency level of each banana processing business in the border area of Sebatik Island. The method used in this research was the added value of Hayami method which is to know the added value and the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method of CCR with input orientation which is to know the relative efficiency level of banana processing business. The study of the added value of various proceed banana in the border area of Sebatik Island showed that the banana processing commodities provided an average added value of  IDR 16,375.28 /kg. The relative efficiency analysis of 15 DMU of banana processing agroindustry showed that most of the banana processing agroindustry in the border area of Sebatik Island is not efficient yet. 40% of banana processing agroindustry is efficient and other 60% is inefficient. The average relative efficiency value of banana processing agroindustry is 0.737.

The Development Strategy of Soybean Agribusiness in PT Lentera Panen Mandiri

Agro Ekonomi Vol 29, No 1 (2018): JUNI 2018
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aims of this study are to identify both internal and external factors of agribusiness in PT Lentera Panen Mandiri (PT LPM), map the company’s position, and determine its development strategy. Main data used in this study is primary data obtained from stakeholders of PT LPM by direct interview. Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat (SWOT) of soybean agribusiness in PT LPM were identified in this study and followed by determining the company’s position using SWOT diagram. Alternative srategies were derived from the SWOT matrix and prioritized using Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrix (QSPM) analysis. The results of this study identified 5 strengths, 7 weaknesses, 9 opportunities, and 6 threaths with the highest factors consisted as "companys commitment to supervise and foster farmers and suppliers", "is time-consuming sorting process and potency of mixed between rice and soybean", "opportunity to increase the  productivity of soybean at farmer level ", and "uncommit suppliers to supply only from areas that have been approved by the company" respectively. Based on the  SWOT diagram, soybean agribussiness in PT LPM positioned in Quadrant I, which mean that the company should apply Agressive Strategy or Strength – Opportunity (S-O) strategy. Based on the SWOT Matrix, 5 alternative of S-O strategies were derived. Based on the QSPM analysis, strategy for guarding and coaching farmers through patnership scheme is the first priority with Total Attarctive Score (TAS) is 12.9.

POLA PENGELUARAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA MENURUT TINGKAT KETAHANAN PANGAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 11, No 2 (2010): JEP Desember 2010
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1619.595 KB)

Abstract

This research analyzes the system of food expenditure based on the household food security level in Central Java. The household food security levels are classified into four levels, consisting of food-secure, food-less secure, food-vulnerable and food-insecure. The data used are the Susenas data in the form of raw data. The results show that there are significant differences in the proportion of food expenditure among the households of food-secure and food-less secure to the households of food-vulnerable and food-insecure. In each level of household food-secure, household expenditure on instant foods and drinks shows the highest proportion compared to other food groups. The more insecure foods in a household, the higher expenditure proportion for tobacco. In each household group based on the level of food-secure, the households in urban areas have a smaller proportion of rice expenditure compared to the households in rural areas. Based on these results, hopefully the handling priority for the foodsecure problem should be better given to the household groups of food-vulnerable and foodinsecure.

Analisis Permintaan Pangan Rumah Tangga Menurut Tingkat Ketahanan Pangan di Propinsi Jawa Tengah (Analisis Data Susenas 2008)

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 5, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.509 KB)

Abstract

The phenomenon of rising food’s prices trend lead to lower of the purchasing power of society and so on have an impact on decreasing household’s demand for food. On the other hand, increase of food prices also have an impact toward household’s food accessibility, that household difficult to access food and the subsequent impact at household’s food security. Based on this phenomenon, hence this research estimates the demand of household’s food related to the level of food security in Central Java province. The source of data is the Panel of SUSENAS Consumption Module in March 2008 of the Central Bureau of Statistics, in the form of raw data. A systemic approach to the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) in the form of linear approximation (LA/AIDS) was applied to analysis the data. The results of analysis show that all of the food commodities are non giffen goods, and is inelastic, except tobacco which is elastic as well as noodles for food-insecure households are unitary. Instant foods and beverages are the substitution food of rice for the food-secure, food-insecure, and food-vulnerable household, while at food-insecure households; noodles become the substitution food of rice. Most of the food commodities are the goods of daily needs, and tobacco is a luxury item. The recommended suggestions are the need of efforts to chase the total consume of tobacco, otherwise to reduce the total number of smokers, to control the quality and security of food in the food industry and to make innovation on producing noodles using local raw material (other than flour).                           Key words: household’s demand for food, Panel of SUSENAS, Almost Ideal Demand System

The Efficiency of Farmers Group Association on Strengthening The Institutions of Community Food Distribution Program Stage in Yogyakarta Special Region 2014

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

In protecting and empowering the farmers, farmers group, and farmers group association (Gapoktan) from falling prices of grain and rice at harvest time and food accessibility problems, the government through the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security Agency implemented the Strengthening the Institutions of Community Food Distribution Program (Strengthening-LDPM). This research was aimed to analyse the level of efficiency and to identify factors influencing the efficiency of Gapoktan in implementing the Strengthening-LDPM by involving 40 Gapoktan post-independence. The data used in this research were primary and secondary data, drawn from stockopname reports in 2014. This research used DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) analysis, assuming that CRS (Constant Return to Scale) and VRS (Variable Return to Scale) using output-oriented assumptions. In addition, factors affecting the efficiency were analysed using multiple regression OLS (Ordinary Least Square). Based on DEA-CRS approach, as much as 37.5% Gapoktan were efficient and 62.5% Gapoktan were inefficient. Whereas with the approach of the DEA-VRS, 50% Gapoktan were efficient and 50% Gapoktan were inefficient. The average age of Gapoktan board, total volume of grain or rice sales, total volume of food reserve, and total loan interest affect significantly in increasing the efficiency of Gapoktan in running the strengthening-LDPM Program.

Tinjauan Teoritis dan Empiris Efisiensi, Risiko, dan Perilaku Risiko Usaha Tani serta Implikasinya dalam Upaya Pencapaian Swasembada Pangan

Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi Vol 33, No 2 (2015): Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.402 KB)

Abstract

EnglishThis paper aims to describe various models and results of empirical analyses of efficiency, risk, and risk behavior of farming in the country and abroad. Efficiency analyses on food crops, horticulture, and processing industry scales show various technical efficiencies, and both economic and allocative inefficiencies. To support food self-efficiency, therefore it is necessary to improve farm business efficiency and to reduce risk farming. Government’s and non-government organizations’ aids are required to improve farm efficiencies, such as irrigation construction and maintenance, factor inputs distribution, credit access, agricultural insurance, and research results dissemination. To improve allocative and economic efficiencies, some efforts are necessary to take such as marketing infrastructure enhancement, acceleratin transport of agricultural inputs and products, and expanding farmers’ access for information. IndonesianTujuan dan ruang lingkup penulisan artikel ini adalah mendeskripsikan berbagai model dan hasil analisis empiris efisiensi, risiko, dan perilaku risiko usaha tani di dalam dan luar negeri. Metode yang digunakan adalah review hasil-hasil penelitian terkait. Analisis efisiensi pada komoditas tanaman pangan, hortikultura, dan skala usaha industri pengolahan memiliki nilai efisiensi teknis rendah hingga tinggi, dan seluruhnya kurang atau tidak efisien secara alokatif maupun ekonomi. Untuk mendukung tercapainya swasembada pangan perlu upaya dan kegiatan nyata membantu petani meningkatkan efisiensi dan mengurangi risiko usaha tani. Pemerintah maupun lembaga nonpemerintah agar lebih aktif dan intensif mendampingi serta secara terus menerus melakukan bimbingan teknis dan manajemen terkait penggunaan input, pembangunan dan perbaikan saluran irigasi, distribusi sarana produksi, pengadaan dan peningkatan akses kredit petani, serta sosialisasi hasil penelitian sampai ke tingkat petani, untuk mempertahankan efisiensi teknis yang tinggi dan meningkatkan efsiensi teknis yang rendah dan sedang. Untuk peningkatan efisiensi alokatif dan efisiensi ekonomi perlu strategi melalui pengadaan, renovasi maupun peningkatan infrastruktur penunjang pemasaran, memperlancar transportasi input dan produk dari dan ke pusat produksi maupun pasar, dan peningkatan akses informasi bagi petani serta perlunya sosialisasi kesadaran mencintai dan mengonsumsi produk pangan dan pertanian dalam negeri. Diperlukan pula sosialisasi asuransi pertanian yang telah ada secara lebih luas dan mengembangkan asuransi pertanian tidak terbatas hanya pada komoditas padi dan sapi. Memberikan bimbingan teknis dan manajemen aplikasi input juga diperlukan dalam upaya menurunkan risiko usaha tani.

Competitiveness and Export Similarity of Indonesian Horticulture in The Asean-Asean+3

Agro Ekonomi Vol 28, No 1 (2017): JUNI 2017
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

In the framework of ASEAN+3 integration, Indonesian horticultural trade is facing a dilemmatic position. Being in the middle of a fi erce competition with benchmark countries, it is important that Indonesia gain the highest profi t from its integration strategy. Evaluation is n of needed to investigate Indonesian’s position in ASEAN +3 horticultural markets and the sustainability of specifi c trading prospect on each member country. Therefore, this study aims to investigate competitiveness and similarity of Indonesian horticultural export structure in intra-ASEAN+3. Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) analysis shows that Indonesian horticulture does not have aggregate competitiveness in ASEAN+3 market. The average of Indonesian RCA decreased from 1,64 in ASEAN level during 1999-2014 to 0,45 in ASEAN+3 level. In addition, based on Export Similarity Index (ESI) analysis, Indonesia has the highest and the most consistent similarity of horticultural export structure with Singapore, both in ASEAN and ASEAN+3 level. Meanwhile, Thailand has the highest level of export structure similarity in ASEAN with ESI index of 93,77. Integration of ASEAN+3 has led to an alteration in trading scheme in which ESI with each member country generally decrease. The highest level of export structure similarity occurs with Singapore with ESI index of 85,95. Overall, the trade of horticultural commodity in the framework of ASEAN+3 integration is dominated by export structure similarity which may lead to a competition between the members of ASEAN+3.