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25
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The Synthesis Study of Sulfanilamide Analogue from Natural Substances Papaverine Alkaloid

Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA Universitas Jember

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to synthesize sulfanilamide analogue from natural products papaverine alkaloid. Sulfanilamide is known as an antibiotic which has been used for treatment of infection. Theoretically papaverine could be converted to be sulfanilamide analogue by two steps reactions, first sulfonation of papaverine by sulfonic acid to produce sulfonyl chloride and second reaction of with ammoniac to produce. The formation of this product was analyzed by analytical thin layer chromatography and FT-IR. This analysis showed the formation of product quite difficult since the compound was easily reacted with water to form compound. Infrared spectra supported the formation of which showed vibrations at 1153.4 and 1265.2 Cm-1 due to absorption of sulfonyl group and at 3433.1 Cm-1 due to absorption of –OH group.Keyword : Sulfanilamide, papaverine alkaloid

REFORMULASI PENGUATAN MAJELIS PERMUSYAWARATAN (MPR) DALAM PROSES IMPEACHMENT PRESIDEN Dl INDONESIA

YUSTISIA Vol 82 (2011)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to arrange the model of Peoples Consultative Assemblys rolestrengthening formulation in the impeachmentprocess ofPresidentA/ice-president in the Indonesian StateStructure System. The model is based on the findings of a comprehensive comparative-study with anevaluative prescriptive approach.The research used an empirical research method with a qualitative approach. The research wasconducted for one year. The data consist ofprimary and secondary. The data is collected by in-depthinterview, questionnaire, focus discussion group, and library research.The results ofthe research show that the mechanisms ofthe impeachment of president/vice-presidentin the history of Indonesias formerly prevailing constitutions have differences. The model of PeoplesConsultative Assemblys role strengthening formulation in the impeachment process ofPresidentA/ice-president is manifested in the reformulation of the impeachment substances by improving theconceptualization ofPeoples Consultative Assembly as an administrative continuation institution. In addition,in term ofimpeachment procedure, the minimum quorum limit should be changed so that to conduct animpeachment of PresidentA/ice-president is not more difficult than to conduct an amendment ofthe 1945 Constitution.

MODEL PENGUATAN PERAN PEREMPUAN ANGGOTA DEWAN PERWAKILAN RAKYAT DAERAH (DPRD) DALAM RANGKA MENGHASILKAN PERATURAN DAERAH RESPONSIF GENDER

YUSTISIA Vol 78 (2009)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

The purposeof this research is tofind outtheconstraint andthearrangement of theempowerment model of womenrole inDPRDinproducing thegender responsive regionsregulation.As a gender perspective research, this research used sociological/empirical approach using nonpositivistic approach. Thecharacteristic is developmental descriptive. This researchlocatedinSurakarta andKaranganyar (province ofcentralJava), Madiun andNgawi(province ofeastJava). This researchused primary data and secondarydata. The instruments of data collector are literature study, interview, and questionnaire. Sharpeningandformulating model which is conductedbyfocus group discussion (FGD) by involving the stakeholders. Thetechnique of qualitative dataanalysisbased in theoretical intepretation, and the generalization is taken as idealabbreviation (iusconstitutum). Theresult of thisresearch can be concludedthatresponsive regionsregulationsare stillblocked with some internal barriers, i.e. 1) limitednumberof womenidDPRD; 2) unexistence regulation thatregulates womeninvolvementin discusing of regionregulation containinggender matters; 3) limitedcomprehension and capability concernon legal drafting andgender; 4) the women ofDPRDmembersonlyentrancethe commission of welfare society. External barriers are: 1) thestrength of patriarchy culture; 2) unexistence regions regulationon genderpriority. Theemployment model of women politician roleinDPRD as efforts toproducegender responsive regions regulations contains: 1)theenhancementofgendersensitivityandabilityonlegaldrafting referto Act Number 10 of 2004 concerning the establishment of legislation regulation; 2) the arrangement of fraction across women alliance/commission; 3) the revision of DPRD regulation which is possibly the involvement ofAPLF/Kon the third level discussion on genderresponsive regions regulationprogram.

PROBLEMATIKA PENGUJIAN PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN (JUDICIAL REVIEW) PADA MAHKAMAH AGUNG DAN MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI

YUSTISIA Vol 85 (2013)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui problematika pengujian peraturan perundang-undangan oleh Mahkamah Agung dan Mahkamah Konstitusi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan normatif sekaligus empiris. Pengumpulan data melalui Studi kepustakaan, Wawancara, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) dan Observasi.Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode hermeneutik (interpretasi) di samping deduktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Pengaturan judicial review oleh Mahkamah Agung dan Mahkamah Konstitusi diatur dalam ketentuan Pasal 24 A ayat (1) dan Pasal 24 C ayat (1) UUD NRI 1945. Pelaksanaannya oleh MK ditindak lanjuti melalui PMK No 06/PMK/2005 tentang Pedoman Beracara dalam Perkara Pengujian Undang-Undang sedangkan oleh MA ditindaklanjuti melalui Peraturan Mahkamah Agung No. 1 Tahun 2011. Problematika judicial review melalui Mahkamah Agung dan Mahkamah Konstitusi, Pertama, secara konseptual pelaksanaan pengujian peraturan perundang-undangan ditangan MA dan MK akan menyulitkan integrasi pengawalan hirarki norma mulai dari perda sampai UUD dalam rangka penegakkan konstitusi. Kedua, secara operasional pelaksanaan judicial review antara MA dan MK akan menimbulkan konflik antar lembaga diakibatkan dari perbedaan putusan atau penafsiran peraturan perundang-undangan yang ditangani.

GAGASAN SEKOLAH BERTARAF INTERNASIONAL YANG RESPONSIF HAK KONSTITUSIONAL PENDIDIKAN

PARENTAL Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

The research aims to create a model for the implementation of Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional (RSBI) that is responsive to the constitutional right to education. This study uses empirical descriptive qualitative research approach. Surakarta school research location. The results showed that: the First, Discrimination to get a quality education. RSBI School Students who dominated a wealthy family. The majority of schools are not able to meet the obligations RSBI 20% quota of poor students as well as the provisions of Article 16 paragraph (2) Permendiknas Number 78 of 2009. Second, the idea of ​​organizing models that are responsive RSBI constitutional rights education by: (1) Remove RSBI labeling for labeling lead to discrimination and discrimination is a violation of human rights, (2) Design of free primary education primary education as the mandate of Article 31 paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution and Article 26 paragraph (1) UDHR, and (3) Improving the quality of education for all schools without exception in particular improving the competence of teachers and educational facilities.

SISTEM PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH TERPADU (SIPENGESTU) KELURAHAN SERENGAN DALAM KAJIAN SOSIOLOGI HUKUM

PARENTAL Vol 1, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Implementation activities have been carried out by stages Sipengestu First, Waste Management Management Training with experts presenting organization. Second, training of Organic Waste Composting by presenting officials Ngudi Neat Governmental Group of Gergunung, North Klaten, Klaten ; Third, Waste Management Comparative Study on Self-Help Groups Neat community Ngudi Klaten in order to see first hand the waste management process integrated with the production process and potinisasi fertilizers that run for this , and the fourth , Facilitation Assistance in order training materials and knowledge that has been given can be applied to both . The results of the evaluation activities have been conducted through a questionnaire in training Sipengestu interesting data obtained as follows. First, calculate the percentage of the majority of participants expressed satisfaction tehadapa IBM program by 90 %, consisting of 66 % strongly agreed, while 24 % agree and 10 % disagree rest . Second , from the aspects of training management benefits that the management of garbage through the Sipengestu provide real benefits for the community Serengan by referring the results of the evaluation sheet by 66 % .

URGENSI IINTEGRASI NILAI LOCAL WISDOM DALAM KONFLIK SUPORTER SEPAKBOLA

YUSTISIA Vol 88 (2014)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menjelaskan faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan konflik antar suporter sepakbola. Ada temuan terdapat 2 (dua) faktor penyebab konflik supporter sepak bola yakni faktor internal yang berasal dari dalam diri supporter dan faktor eksternal yang berasal dari luar diri supporter seperti Wasit yang tidak adil; Kondisi pemain; dan Kondisi di lapangan seperti dendam masa lalu, gerakan spontan, saling hujat dan provokator. Dalam perspektif akademis, perlu dikembangkan pengintegrasian nilai-nilai local wisdom dalam mencegah konflik antar suporter sepakbola, diantaranya pepatah “menang tanpa ngasorake”. Apabila suporter menjunjung tinggi nilai tersebut, konflik suporter sepakbola berkurang dan semakin sadar pentingnya menjaga fair play.

KESENIAN REOG SEBAGAI SUMBER IDE PENGEMBANGAN DESAIN MOTIF BATIK PONOROGO

Dinamika Kerajinan dan Batik: Majalah Ilmiah Vol 35, No 1 (2018): Majalah Ilmiah : Dinamika Kerajinan dan Batik
Publisher : Balai Besar Kerajinan dan Batik

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Abstract

Reog merupakan kesenian khas wilayah Ponorogo. Untuk meningkatkan usaha kerajinan batik di Kabupaten Ponorogo, Provinsi Jawa Timur maka diperlukan pengembangan desain motif batik yang mengambil unsur-unsur kesenian reog. Tujuan riset ini adalah peningkatan keragaman dan kualitas desain motif batik bercorak ikon reog Ponorogo yang mudah dikerjakan oleh pengrajin. Kegiatan riset dilakukan di usaha kerajinan batik Lesoeng Ponorogo. Metode yang digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut meliputi metode kaji tindak partisipatif dan pengembangan kreativitas karyawan, yaitu objek reog dikaji untuk dibuat motif dengan melibatkan pengrajin secara aktif dan mengembangkan kreativitas pengrajin. Sasaran kegiatan yaitu pengusaha batik, pendesain motif batik, pembatik, dan tukang pewarna batik. Hasil riset ini sebanyak empat desain motif batik, yaitu motif bulu merak, motif kendang-ketipung-kuda kepang, motif cemeti-kendang, dan motif reog. Keempat motif yang dikembangkan tersebut mengambil dari tujuh unsur kesenian reog, yaitu bulu merak, dadung, kendang-ketipung, kenong, cemeti, kuda kepang, dan dadap merak. Aplikasi pengembangan motif pada proses batik tulis yaitu motif dibuat di atas kertas kemudian dipindahkan di kain untuk kemudian dibatik dan diwarna. Sedangkan untuk pengembangan motif pada proses tekstil motif batik, motif dibuat di kertas kemudian dipindah di atas screen untuk kemudian dicetakkan pada kain dan diberi warna. Proses pewarnaan dilakukan dengan warna tunggal dan perpaduan beberapa warna.

PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN UMKM KERAJINAN PERAK MELALUI PERLUASAN JARINGAN PEMASARAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN DESAIN

MIIPS Vol 8, No 2 (2008): Jurnal MIIPS
Publisher : MIIPS

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Abstract

Activity location " To Increase of Earnings of UMKM Silver Through Extension of Network Marketing and Development Desain" in Sub-Province Mount Kidul region , this matter pursuant to consideration that this region is including area hit by earthquake disaster on 27 May 2006. Congeniality of crafting of silver is crafting and made accessories with elementary materials of silver. UMKM face main problem, that is they only accept just making fare fee which its it him very determined by pemesan/ [both/ second] modal.Masalah owner that UMKM capital deficiency to produce [by] xself. While third problem, there is no UMKM owning trade merk / effort. So that [all] consumer more is recognizing [of] entrepreneur trade mark which in fact sell that UMKM product than recognizing UMKM which exactly its maker. Target of this activity that is improve earnings [of] UMKM [crafting/ diligence] [of] silver, passing extension [of] marketing network and product desain development. Result of this activity : UMKM more inovatif in yielding silver product , can make finance note and look for market alone without its irrespective [of] investor from Kotagede.

PERILAKU KONFORMITAS MASYARAKAT BADUY

Indigenous Vol. 8, No. 1, Mei 2006
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami dinamika perilaku konformitas masyarakat Baduy. Bagaimana bentuk-bentuk konformitasnya? Mengapa hal tersebut dianggap penting ditengah kondisi yang serba praktis sebagai ciri khas modernitas? Hasil penelitian ini mengemukakan bentuk-bentuk konformitas dalam masyarakat Baduy memiliki makna fungsional dan makna filosofis yang cukup dalam, baik dari bentuk perilaku, penampilan, maupun dalam bentuk pandangan. Masyarakat Baduy bahkan menganggap konformitas bukan suatu kekalahan individu oleh kelompok, melainkan ekspresi aktualisasi diri yang justru membuat individu menjadi lebih berharga karena telah berarti bagi banyak orang. Pada budaya Baduy, konformitas tidak hanya dipandang sebagai sesuatu yang baik, konformitas bahkan menjadi prasyarat keberhasilan fungsinya tatanan budaya, tatanan kelompok, dan hubungan interpersonal warga Baduy.