Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto
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Published : 5 Documents
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FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF BRESTFEEDING MOTHERS AND INFANTS

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 2 (2007): Juli 2007
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kondisi sosial ekonomi, konsumsi ibu menyusui dan bayi, frekuensi konsumsi pangan ibu menyusui serta menganalisis status gizi ibu menyusui dan bayi. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional dengan sampel ibu menyusui. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 100 orang ibu menyusui. Pemilihan sampel dilaku­kan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua ke­camatan di Kabupaten Cianjur pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik sosial ekonomi keluarga ibu menyusui, konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi pangan ibu menyusui dan bayi, status gizi ibu menyusui serta data antropometri bayi yang digunakan untuk menentukan status gizi bayi. Data karakteristik sosial ekonomi keluarga ibu menyusui, konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi bayi diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Data antropometri bayi diperoleh melalui pengukuran yang dilakukan selama penelitian berlangsung. Data hasil wawancara dan pengukuran dientri menggunakan soft­ware excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System) dan menggunakan uji Regresi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi energi dan protein ibu menyusui secara rata-rata hanya memenuhi 60% dan 87% dari angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Konsumsi energi dan protein bayi secara rata-rata sudah memenuhi 100% dan 106% dari angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Prevalensi ibu menyusui pada kategori thin dan overweight masing-masing sebesar 10% dan 16%. Pada bayi, prevalensi dari underweight, stunted dan wasted yaitu sebesar 8.5%, 45.7% dan 9.6%. Keywords : konsumsi, frekuensi  makan, status gizi

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI IBU PESERTA POSYANDU

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Nutritional knowledge and attitude of mothers are required to improve children feeding patterns so that adequate nutrition for the children is reached, and in this way they can grow and develop well. The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess mother nutritional knowledge, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education to the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of mother. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga.  This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained.  A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups. Collected data included the data of posyandu, household, children and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while end-line data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). An experiment was made to determine the effect of nutrition education and home gardening on respond variables: mother’s nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice. The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening.  Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, the intervention in the forms of nutrition education as well as home gardening programs which were carried for five months had a significant effect on the response variables (nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among mothers. Keywords: nutritional knowledge, attitude, practice, posyandu

STUDI TENTANG PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DAN KEBIASAAN MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH DATARAN TINGGI DAN PANTAI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 1 (2006): Juli 2006
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

Eating habits refer to the behavior of a person or a group of people in satisfying the need for food, which involves attitude, beliefs, and choice of food. To understand eating habits, what ought to be considered are food consumption (quantity and quality), preference of certain food, beliefs, taboo, and attitude toward certain foods. This research aims to assess mother’s nutrition knowledge and food habits of the households. The study was conducted in a highland area of Bogor Regency and a coastal area of Indramayu Regency, West Java, Indonesia.  In Bogor, 375 samples and in Indramayu 376 samples were selected randomly, so the total samples are 751. The data was collected through questionnaires.  Mother’s nutrition knowledge is better in Indramayu than in Bogor. The eating frequency of 1-2 times daily is still dominant in the households of both locations of research. A food priority for the members (under five year old children) of households who are prone to nutritional problems is important to reduce the risk of malnutrition. The consumption of food from animal sources (meat and eggs) in both regions of research is generally still low, i.e. less than a piece of meat/week, and less than 1 egg/week, except for the consumption of fish in Indramayu, which is relatively high. The vegetable consumption in Bogor is relatively high, but fruit consumption is lower than that in Indramayu.  Keywords: nutritional knowledge, food habits, household

KEBIASAAN DAN KONSUMSI PANGAN SUKU BADUY

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objectives of the study were: (1) to analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) to understand food habits and food consumption of Baduy people. This research  is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of nutrition and food system. The data required to meet the research objectives (social, economy, ecology, food habits, food consumption, health and nutritional status) were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. The allocation of sample was 303 for Outer Baduy, 10 for Inner Baduy and 25 for Moslem Baduy. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The household energy and nutrient intake of Outer Baduy shows that the household energy and protein intake is 3,198 kcal and 95 g per capita. This energy and protein intake has surpassed the energy and protein sufficiency level (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA).  The energy and nutrient intake in Inner Baduy households shows that the household energy and protein daily intake per capita is 952 kcal and 17 g. This is far below the energy and protein sufficiency (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA). Keywords: sosio-cultural, nutrition, Baduy tribe, food consumption

HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN POSYANDU NUTRITION PROGRAM

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to analyze health, nutritional status of children under five years and its influential factors. This research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. As many as 16 posyandu nutrition program were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into control and intervention groups. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, it was found that intervention had significant impact on the nutritional status (WAZ) of children under five years. Intervention did not have significant effects on the nutritional status according to HAZ and WHZ. Key words: Health status, nutritional status, nutrition program, children under five years.