Eddy S. Mudjajanto
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High protein and iron-folate crackers supplementation on the iron status of pregnant women Anwar, Faisal; Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Martianto, Drajat; Hakimi, Hakimi
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2003): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.184 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v12i4.118

Abstract

Previous studies have revealed that several factors influenced the relatively low success of iron supplementation for pregnant women. The factors included poor distribution, low coverage and compliance, as well as low absorption. The aim of this study is to measure the iron status of pregnant women after consuming crackers containing fish powder and iron-folate. This study was carried out in the Purworejo district (Central Java) from February through October 2002. Using a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, 70 pregnant women in their second-third month of pregnancy were recruited, and divided into two groups. Ten women dropped out during the study. The first group consisted of 28 women were given protein – iron enriched crackers (PIEC group), while the second group of 32 women were given iron–enriched crackers (IEC group) for a total of 12 weeks. The results showed that the hemoglobin (Hb) levels and serum transferrin receptors (sTfR) of both groups were increased. Serum ferritins (SF) of both groups were decreased. At the end of the study, the increase in Hb and sTfR levels between the two groups were significantly different, while the decrease in SF was not significantly different. Animal protein from fish powder tended to improve absorption of non-heme iron among pregnant women, resulting in improved Hb and sTfR levels. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 243-6)Keywords: pregnant women, anemia, iron deficiency, high protein crackers
STUDY ON BREAST-FEEDING PRACTICESOF POOR AND NONPOOR HOUSEHOLD Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 29, No 2 (2006): September 2006
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

Breast-feeding is a natural way to feed babies. A good breastfeeding practice is important for a continued growth, health, and nutrients for babies and young children. Therefore, the period of exclusive breast-feeding is one of important health problems in the community. This research used a control group design. The control group is nonpoor household. The collected data from the two groups (poor and nonpoor) and from the two locations, Bogor and Indramayu, (highland and coastal) were compared. Sample was drawn as random. Sample size of poor households are 513 in both location, while nonpoor households are 238. Total sample size are 751 households. The data collected through questionnaires. The results of the studies conducted in Bogor and Indramayu show that most mothers either from poor or nonpoor households do not breastfeed their babies, and they have problems with their excessive breast milk and continuously dripping breast milk. The results of the study reveal that almost all mothers have got the experience of breast-feeding their last babies, either those of poor households or those of nonpoor ones in both Bogor and Indramayu. Most mothers of poor households both in Bogor and Indramayu do not generally understand about exclusive breast-feeding, with the figures reaching 95.6% and 97.7% respectively. The figures for the breast-feeding period of between 12 and 23 months were 27.4% in Bogor, and 30% in Indramayu.Key words: breast-feeding, households, breast milk, mothers, babies
STUDY ON BREAST-FEEDING PRACTICESOF POOR AND NONPOOR HOUSEHOLD Mudjajanto, Eddy S.; Khomsan, Ali; Sukandar, Dadang; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 29, No 2 (2006): September 2006
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.795 KB)

Abstract

Breast-feeding is a natural way to feed babies. A good breastfeeding practice is important for a continued growth, health, and nutrients for babies and young children. Therefore, the period of exclusive breast-feeding is one of important health problems in the community. This research used a control group design. The control group is nonpoor household. The collected data from the two groups (poor and nonpoor) and from the two locations, Bogor and Indramayu, (highland and coastal) were compared. Sample was drawn as random. Sample size of poor households are 513 in both location, while nonpoor households are 238. Total sample size are 751 households. The data collected through questionnaires. The results of the studies conducted in Bogor and Indramayu show that most mothers either from poor or nonpoor households do not breastfeed their babies, and they have problems with their excessive breast milk and continuously dripping breast milk. The results of the study reveal that almost all mothers have got the experience of breast-feeding their last babies, either those of poor households or those of nonpoor ones in both Bogor and Indramayu. Most mothers of poor households both in Bogor and Indramayu do not generally understand about exclusive breast-feeding, with the figures reaching 95.6% and 97.7% respectively. The figures for the breast-feeding period of between 12 and 23 months were 27.4% in Bogor, and 30% in Indramayu.Key words: breast-feeding, households, breast milk, mothers, babies