ZAINAL ABIDIN MUCHLISIN
Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries of Syiah Kuala University

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Morphometric Variations of Rasbora Group (Pisces: Cyprinidae) in Lake Laut Tawar, Aceh Province, Indonesia, Based on Truss Character Analysis MUCHLISIN, ZAINAL ABIDIN
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol 20, No 3 (2013): September 2013
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.076 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.20.3.138

Abstract

The genetic variation of Rasbora group in Lake Laut Tawar has been reported previously, however information on morphometric variations of this Genus was not available. Hence, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the morphometric characters of Rasbora group in Lake Laut Tawar, in order to contribute useful information on the biology of this important fish. The truss morphometric method was utilized in this study. A total of 45 samples of Depik, 42 samples of Eas and 44 samples of Relo were used in this evaluation. Eight homologous landmarks were determined along the outline of the fish, and based on these landmarks, 14 characters or linear measurements were recognized. Discriminant function analysis was employed to distinguish the fish sample. The results showed that the truss morphological characters could highlight the high differentiation between Relo and the other two groups, and the closeness of Eas and Depik. The morphometric data strongly indicated that Eas and Depik should be regarded as a same species, Rasbora tawarensis, and Relo may be considered as a cryptic species. This finding is in agreement to the genetic data  which was published previously.
PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK BAWANG MERAH (Allium cepa) DALAM PAKAN SEBAGAI SUMBER PREBIOTIK UNTUK BENIH IKAN SEURUKAN (Osteochilus vittatus) Mayana, Mayana; Muchlisin, Zainal Abidin; Dewiyanti, Irma
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (482.446 KB)

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to determine the optimum dosage of onion extract (Allium cepa) in the diet of seurukan fish (Osteochilus vittatus). The research was conducted in Drieng Beurembang Hatchery, Kuala Batee District, in Aceh Barat Daya and the onion was extracted at Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Syiah Kuala University on September to November 2015. The Completely Randomized Design Methods was in this study. The tested dosage of onion were 0 (control), 1%, 2%, 3% and 4% in the formulated diet. The fish were fed three times a day at (08:00 AM, 12:00 AM and 16:00 PM) for 70 days. The results showed that weight gain ranged  from 2.32 g to 3.21 g, the Specific growth rate ranged from 1.24 % day-1 to 1.41 % day-1, feed conversion ratio were 3.57 – 3.03, feed efficiency  ranged  33.40% - 39.25%, and the survival rates were reached up to 100%. The highest values for all measured parameters were obtained at dosage 4% of onion extract in the formulated diet. The Anova test showed that the different dosage of onion extract (Allium cepa) in the formulated diet gave significant affect on weight gain of (P<0.05), but did not give a significant affect on the length gain, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, feed efficiency and survival rate of seurukan fish (O. vittatus) (P> 0.05). It is concluded that the optimum dosage of onion extract in the formulated diet is 4%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konsentrasi ekstrak bawang merah (Allium cepa) yang optimum untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan benih ikan seurukan (Osteochilus vittatus). Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Balai Benih Ikan (BBI) Desa Drieng Beurembang, Kecamatan Kuala Batee, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Daya dan pembuatan esktrak bawang merah dilaksanakan di jurusan Kimia FKIP Unsyiah,  pada bulan September hingga November 2015. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode eksperimen dengan model Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) faktor tunggal. Faktor yang diuji adalah perbedaan konsentrasi ekstrak bawang merah (Allium cepa) dalam pakan dengan 5 taraf perlakuan masing-masing 4 kali ulangan, yaitu; 0 (control), 1%, 2%, 3% dan 4% ekstrak bawang merah dalam pakan. Pakan diberikan 3 kali sehari pada pukul 08:00, 12:00 dan 14:00 WIB selama 70 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertambahan bobot berkisar antara 2,32 g – 3,21 g, laju pertumbuhan spesifik berkisar 1,24 % per hari – 1,41 % hari, pertambahan panjang berkisar antara 2,45 cm – 2,57 cm, rasio konversi pakan 2,57- 3,03, Efesiensi pakan berkisar antara 33,40 % – 39,25 %, dan tingkat kelangsungan hidup mencapai 100%. Nilai tertinggi untuk semua parameter yang diukur didapatkan pada perlakuan E (4%) ekstrak bawang merah dalam pakan. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak bawang merah (Allium cepa) dalam pakan berpengaruh nyata terhadap pertambahan bobot mutlak, (P<0.05), namun tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap pertambahan panjang mutlak, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, rasio konversi pakan, efesiensi pakan dan kelangsungan hidup benih ikan seurukan (O. vittatus) (P>0.05). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh dosis terbaik adalah 4%.  
The Effectiveness of Experimental Diet with Varying Levels of Papain on The Growth Performance, Survival Rate and Feed Utilization of Keureling Fish (Tor tambra) Muchlisin, Zainal Abidin; Afrido, Fardin; Murda, Tanzil; Fadli, Nur; Muhammadar, Abdullah A.; Jalil, Zulkarnain; Yulvizar, Cut
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 8, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v8i2.5777

Abstract

The objective of present study was to determine the optimum level of papain in the diet of keureling fish (Tor tambra). The complete random design was utilized in this study. Six levels of papain dosage were tested in triplicates, i.e. 0 (control); 17.5 mg kg-1, 20.0 mg kg-1, 22.5 mg kg-1, 25.0 mg kg-1 and 27.5 mg kg-1 of feed. The experimental fish were fed the experimental diet two times a day at 8 AM and 5 PM at feeding level of 5% body weight for 90 days. The Anova test result showed that papain enzyme gave a significant effect on the weight gain, daily growth rate, specific growth rate, survival rate, feed conversion ratio and feed efficiency (P<0.05). The Duncan multi-rage test result showed that the higher values for all measured parameters were obtained at the dosage of 27.5 mg kg-1. Therefore, it is concluded that the optimum dosage of papain enzyme for keureling fish was 27.5 mg kg-1 of feed.How to CiteMuchlisin, Z. A., Afrido, F., Murda, T., Fadli, N., Muhammadar, A. A., Jalil, Z., & Yulvizar, C. (2016). The Effectiveness of Experimental Diet with Varying Levels of Papain on The Growth Performance, Survival Rate and Feed Utilization of Keureling Fish (Tor tambra). Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(2), 172-177.
Effect of Temperature Shock on the Triploidization Success of Seurukan Fish (Osteochilus vittatus) Eriani, Kartini; Syahrin, Alfis; Muchlisin, Zainal Abidin
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 2 (2017): August 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i2.8680

Abstract

Seurukan fish (Osteochilus vittatus) has many advantages, besides the fish also has disadvantages which are the slow growth, so the temperature shock of triploidization technique was expected to solve the problem. The objective of the present study was to obtain an effective temperature to increase of triploidization success of seurukan fish (Osteochilus vittatus). The experimental method and completely randomized design model were used in this study. Five levels of temperature shocks at three replicates were tasted: 4? (cold), 6? (cold), 28? (normal), 35? (heat) and 37? (heat). The sperms and eggs were fertilized in the plastic jar then a total 100 of fertilized eggs (zygotes) were taken randomly 3 minutes after fertilization and soaked in respective temperature for 90 seconds, and then incubated in incubation jars at the water temperature of 28-29?. The results showed that the temperature shock gave the significant effect on the hatching and the success of triploidization success (P?0.05), but did not give the significant effect the fertility and survival rates (P>0.05). The triploid fish can be achieved using cold and heat shock, but the higher triploid fish was recorded at 37? was the best temperature recommended for triploidization of Seurukan fish.
Status mutu air dan kandungan logam berat pada air dan sedimen di muara Krueng Aceh, Kota Banda Aceh Hadi, Iqbalul; Suhendrayatna, Suhendrayatna; Muchlisin, Zainal Abidin
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (553.211 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/depik.7.2.8606

Abstract

The aim of this research was to examine the status of water qaility of the Krueng Aceh estuary and heavy metal content in water and sediment. Data were taken by direct measurement in the field (in situ) and in the laboratory (ex situ). Three sampling stations were determined by purposive sampling, namely; in the left bank (nearest location with TPA), right bank (nearest location to market) and middle river (middle river area often passed by fisherman boat). Heavy metal analysis was conducted using AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer) method and water quality status determined by STORET method. Based on the research result showed that that water quality parameters that have passed the standard of PP RI No. 82 Year 2001 Group III is TDS with an average value of 3332.78 mg / L, Pb with an average value of 0.052 mg / L, and Cd with an average value of 0.015 mg / L. The quality status of Krueng Aceh estuary water is classified into a moderate polluted or class C with a score of -23. The highest heavy metal content found in water sample is Pb with concentration of 0.106 mg / L. While, the average value of Pb was 0.052 mg / L and Cd was 0.015 mg /L, its have passed the quality standard specified in PP RI no. No. 82 of 2001. In addition, the highest heavy metal content found in sediment was Zn with the concentration of 29.633 mg /kg and its average value was still below the standard set by ANZECC ISQG-Low.Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui status mutu kualitas air muara Krueng Aceh dan kandungan logam berat yang terdapat pada air dan sedimen. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey. Data parameter yang diambil melalui pengukuran langsung di lapangan (in situ) dan di laboratorium (ex situ). Penentuan stasiun sampling secara purposive, yaitu pada muara Krueng Aceh dengan menetapkan tiga titik sampling yaitu pada tepi kiri (lokasi terdekat dengan TPA), tepi kanan (lokasi terdekat dengan pasar) dan tengah sungai (daerah tengah aliran sungai yang sering dilalui boat nelayan). Analisis logam berat dilakukan dengan metode SSA (Spektrofometri Serapan Atom) dan status mutu air ditentukan dengan metode STORET. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat diketahui parameter kualitas air yang telah melewati baku mutu PP RI No 82 Tahun 2001 Golongan III adalah TDS dengan dengan nilai rata-rata 3332,78 mg/L, Pb dengan nilai rata-rata 0,052 mg/L, dan Cd dengan nilai rata-rata 0,015 mg/L. Status mutu air muara Krueng Aceh diklasifikasikan ke dalam tercemar sedang atau kelas C dengan skor -23. Kandungan logam berat tertinggi yang ditemukan pada sampel air di muara Krueng Aceh adalah Pb dengan konsentrasi 0,106 mg/L. Nilai rata-rata Pb 0,052 mg/L dan Cd 0,015 mg/L telah melewati baku mutu yang ditetapkan dalam PP RI No. 82 Tahun 2001. Kandungan logam berat tertinggi yang ditemukan pada sampel sedimen di muara Krueng Aceh adalah Zn dengan konsentrasi 29,633 mg/Kg dan nilai rata-ratanya masih berada di bawah baku mutu yang ditetapkan oleh ANZECC ISQG-Low.