Articles
10
Documents
Free Radicals Scavenger Potency of Betel Leaves (Piper betel L.) Extract and Various Fractions

Jurnal Kedokteran Maranatha Vol 10, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in the biology system can cause various diseases. Betel leaves (Piper betel L.), parts of a medicinal plant, are popularly used as a herbal remedy for diseases, but the scientific basis especially of their antioxidant properties remains unknown. To evaluate free radicals scavenger activity of ethanol extract and various fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water fraction), 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroperoxide (H2O2) scavenging activity were determined. To determine the DPPH and H2O2 scavenging activity, betel leaves extract and fractions were prepared in 10 concentrations. The result of this research showed that betel leaves extract and fractions had higher H2O2 scavenger and lower DPPH scavenger activities than gallic acid. The highest DPPH scavenging activity with Inhibitory Concentration (IC50) was found in gallic acid 0.732 μg/mL, ethyl acetate fraction 3.156 μg/mL, and ethanol extract 5.489 μg/mL. The highest H2O2 scavenging activity with IC50 was found in butanol fraction 0.223 μg/mL, gallic acid 0.597 μg/mL, and ethyl acetate fraction 0.783 μg/mL. In conclusion, betel leaves extract and fractions were potential free radicals scavenger; they could be potential candidates to inhibit oxidative stress. Gallic acid and ethyl acetate fraction were the highest free radicals scavenger both in DPPH and H2O2 free radical scavenging activity.Keywords: free radical, betel leaves, DPPH, H2O2, antioxidant

Apoptosis and Antioxidant Activities of Catharanthus rosues [L] G.Don Extract on Breast Cancer Cell Line

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 1, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tapak dara or Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus [L] G.Don), a natural plant, is empirically reported to have promising anticancer activity. To elucidate its mechanism, a research was conducted to investigate the possible ethanol extract of  C.  roseus in inducing apoptosis on breast cancer cell line (T47D). Antioxidant activity of C. roseus was investigated as well. Sub-G1 flowcytometric apoptotic analysis result showed that extract of C. roseus at 6.25 μg/mL induced apoptosis for 26.365%. Increasing extract concentration resulted an increasing apoptotic level as well, extract at concentration of 12.5 μg/mL induced apoptosis for 22.235%.  Meanwhile doxorubicin at concentration of 10  μg/mL induced apoptosis for 36.055%. The antioxidant activity was determined by using  in vitro assay: inhibition of  2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging  activity. Antioxidant activity of  C. roseus extract were compared to quercetin and butylated hydroxyanisol (BHA), as positive controls.  The results showed that DPPH IC50 of C. roseus extract, quercetin and BHA were 358.411 μg/mL, 19.200 μg/mL  and  94.178  μg/mL, respectively. We suggest that  C. roseus extract had a potential anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis.

Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Ethanolic Leaves Extract and Its Different Solvent Fractions of Piper betle L. In Vitro

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 2, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Various diseases including cancer and cardiovascular diseasesare induced by free radicals via lipid peroxidation, protein peroxidation, DNA damage, and cellular degeneration in thecells.Piper betle L.,commonly called betel,belongs to thePiperaceae family.It originated from South and South Eas tAsia,and has been used as a traditional medicine by people theredue to its medicinal properties.In the present study, free radicalscavenging activity of ethanolic leaves extract of Piper betle L.together with its different solvent fractions(hexane,ethylacetate,butanol,and water)were evaluated by DPPH freeradical scavenging assay.The ethanolic extract and the ethylacetate fraction had shown very significant DPPH (1,1)diphenyl)2)picryl)hydrazyl) radical scavenging activitycompared to the other fractions.In DPPH free radical scavengingassay,the IC50 value of the ethanolic extract and the ethyl acetate fraction were found to be 17.431g/mL and 11.53 1g/mL, respectively. The free radical scavenging activity was assumed due to the total phenolic content.The total phenoliccontent was found to be highest in the ethanol extract(277.68µgEGCG/mg)and the ethyl acetate fraction(559.38µgEGCG/mg).The results concluded that the ethanolic leaves extract of Piper  betle L. and its ethyl acetate fraction have a consider ably freeradical scavenging activity.

POTENCY OF ANTIOXIDANT, ANTICHOLESTEROL AND PLATELET ANTIAGGREGATION OF BLACK TEA (Camelia sinensis )

Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 22, No 1 (2011): BULETIN PENELITIAN TANAMAN REMPAH DAN OBAT
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.208 KB)

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown an in-verse correlation betweendiets rich in po-lyphenols, flavonoids and reduced risk of cardiovasculardisease. These associationswere mainly ascribed to the antioxidant, antiaggregation and anticholesterol capa-city of polyphenols. This association has been explained that atherogenesis is ini-tiated by hypercholesterol, lipid peroxida-tion and hyper aggregation platelet. The research was carried out to evaluate anti-oxidant, anticholesterol and antiaggrega-tion activities of methanol extract and frac-tions of black tea (Camelia sinensis). To evaluate antioxidant activity of methanol extract and fractions were compared  with (-)-Epigallocatechine 3-gallate (EGCG), an-ticholesterol activity were compared with simvastatin and antiaggregation activity were compared with aspirin. Antioxidant activity using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hy-drazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging acti-vity at two concentrations 100 µg/mL, 50 µg/mL and anticholesterol was cholesterol oxidase activity at two concentrations 0.005 µg/mL, 0.0025 µg/mL, the antiag-gregation  activity  used epinephrine (EPN)agonist at two concentrations 300 μM, 75 μM and one concentration 37.1 µg/mL of methanol extract and fractions of black tea. To know the difference of treatment, the data were analysed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and be continued Dun-can’s new multiple range test. The results showed that DPPH scavenging activity were high (88.59-93.556%), the anticho-lesterol showed high activity (93.663-97.434%) and the antiaggregation sho-wed low up to high activity (79.967-4.31%). Using Duncan’s new multiple ra-nge test showed that anti-oxidant activity were not different among extract and fractions of black tea,the highest anti-cholesterol activity was black tea extract 0.005 µg/mL (97.434%) and the highest antiaggregation activity was ethyl acetate fraction on 75 μM EPN agonist (4.310 %), water fraction 37.1 µg/mL with 300 μM EPN agonist (21.833%).

ISOLASI SIKLOKOMUNOL DARI DAUN SUKUN Artocarpus altilis (PARKINSON) FOSBERG SERTA AKTIVITASNYA SEBAGAI ANTIKANKER

Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2599.658 KB)

Abstract

Daun sukun (Artocarpus altilis) sudah lama dijadikan sebagai obat tradisional untuk mengatasi berbagai penyakit seperti liver cirrhosis, hipertensi, dan diabetes. Ekstrak etil asetat dari daun sukun juga berpotensi menghambat pertumbuhan sel kanker. Beberapa senyawa yang telah diketahui sebagai agen antikanker di dalam ekstrak etil asetat daun sukun adalah golongan geranil flavonoid. Akan tetapi, senyawa pyranoflavoid belum dilaporkan dapat ditemukan pada daun sukun. Untuk itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengisolasi senyawa pyranoflavonoid dari ekstrak etil asetat daun sukun dan menguji aktivitasnya sebagai antikanker. Daun sukun diekstraksi dengan etanol 70% kemudian dilakukan partisi dengan petroleum eter dan etil asetat. Ekstrak etil asetat yang diperoleh difraksinasi dengan kromatografi kolom silica gel dengan gradient elusi heksan-etil asetat sehingga diperoleh senyawa kristal berwarna kuning, AA3. Senyawa AA3 kemudian diidentifikasi dengan spektrofotometer UV-Vis, LC-MS, 1H-NMR dan 13C-NMR dan diperoleh hasil bahwa senyawa AA3 tersebut adalah siklokomunol yang merupakan golongan pyranoflavonoid. Uji antikanker siklokomunol dengan MCF-7 dan T47D menunjukkan adanya aktivitas antikanker dengan nilai IC50 masing-masing adalah 75.46 µM dan 36.20 µM selama 48 jam.Kata kunci:Artocarpus altilis, siklokomunol, antikanker, MCF-7, T47D. Leaves of breadfruit Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg has long been used as traditional medicine to overcome a variety of diseases such as liver cirrhosis, hypertension, and diabetes. Ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of breadfruit also potentially inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Several compounds have been known as an anticancer agent in the ethyl acetate extract of leaves of breadfruit is belong to geranyl flavonoid group. However, the compound belong to pyranoflavoid group has not been reported can be found on the leaves of breadfruit. Therefore, this study aims to isolate the pyranoflavonoid compound from ethyl acetate extract of leaves of breadfruit and tested as an anticancer agent. Breadfruit leaves were extracted with 70% ethanol and then made a partition with petroleum ether and ethyl acetate. Ethyl acetate extract obtained was fractionated by silica gel column chromatography with gradient elution of hexane-ethyl acetate to obtain a yellow crystalline compound, AA3. AA3 compound was identified by UV-Vis spectrophotometer, LC-MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR and obtained results that AA3 compound is siklokomunol which is belong to pyranoflavonoid group. Anticancer test of siklokomunol with MCF-7 and T47D showed anticancer activity with IC50 values of each are 75.46 µM and 36.20 µM, respectively, for 48 hours.Keywords: Artocarpus altilis, siklokomunol, anticancer, MCF-7, T47D.

In Vitro Antidiabetic Activities of Extract and Isolated Flavonoid Compounds from Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg

Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 14, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The antidiabetic activity test through a mechanism of inhibition of α-glucosidase enzyme was studied against ethanol, n-hexane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions of ethanol extract of Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg (Moraceae) leaves and four flavonoid compounds isolated from ethyl acetate extracts of A. altilis. Ethyl acetate fraction has strongest antidiabetic activity compared to ethanol, n-hexane, and n-butanol fractions with IC50values5.98,6.79, 440.18and14.42μg/mL, respectively. Four flavonoid compounds (1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-[8-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-5-yl]-1-propanone (AC-31), 2-geranyl-2,3,4,4-tetrahydroxy dihydrochalcone (AC-51), 8-geranyl-4,5,7-trihydroxyflavone (AC-33) andcyclocommunol (AA-3), have been isolated from ethylacetate fraction. AC-31 was the strongest antidiabetic compound compared to AC-51, AC-33 and cyclocommunolwithIC50values are 15.73, 24.41,49.49,and72.20μg/mL. Kineticstudies of AC-31 using Lineweaver-Burk method showed that inhibition mechanism of enzymeα-glucosidase was anon-competitivetype.

STANDARDISASI EKSTRAK PEGAGAN, CENTELLA ASIATICA SEBAGAI OBAT HERBAL TERSTANDAR HEPATOPROTEKTOR

Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia Vol 17, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.939 KB)

Abstract

Herbal medicinal products would be affected by the quality of raw materials. In turn, the quality of raw material will also be influenced by various factors such as soil conditions, cultivation, post-harvest processing, and the processing of raw materials into crude drug or extract. Therefore, in order to make good herbal medicines, it is necessary to make standardization of herbal extracts that produced herbal medicines that have the same quality and functions of effectiveness in each process. From preliminary studies that have been done, Centella asiatica is one of the potential plants as a source of hepatoprotective compounds. Test in vivo and in vitro against Centella asiatica extracts have shown very good results. Ethyl acetate extract with 17.5 mg/kg of doses body weight and butanol 228.8 mg/kgof doses body weight has been applied for in vivo test using mice induced by CCl4; theydemonstrated hepatoprotective effects. Ethyl acetate extracts were able to reduce levels of the enzyme alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) by 56 % and 44 % respectively while butanol extract can reduce the enzymes AST levels by 3%. Standardizationof Centella asiatica extract performed in this study was the characterization of the extract in the form of non-specific and specific parameters corresponding to the reference of PPOMN (Ministry of health Republic of Indonesia, 2000) such as levels of drying shrinkage, ash content, total plate count microbial contamination, levels of water-soluble compounds, levels of compounds that are soluble in ethanol, phytochemical test, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content and the determination of Pb and Cd weight.The results showed that non-specific parameters for the ethanol extract of Centella asiatica were requirements based on Herbal Pharmacopoeia in 2008 which includes parameters such as determination of shrinkage on drying ≤ 10%, ash content ≤ 16.6% and negative microbial contamination. Specific parameters for the ethanol extract of Centella asiatica have met the requirements of Herbal pharmacopeia in 2008.Keywords: Centellaasiatica, hepatoprotective, standardized herbal medicine, specificparameters, and non-specific parameters

EFFECT OF DEXTRIN AND LACTOSE IN PREPARATION OF POWDERS DOSAGE FORM FROM Centella asiatica EXTRACT

Teknologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : LIPI Press

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objective of this research is to investigate the influence of dextrin and lactose in preparation of dosage form from Centella asiatica (CA) ethanol extract. Powders dosage form of CA ethanol extract was prepared by kneading method. Previously, it had been known that to create CA extract concentrate long time is needed, i.e. more than 7 days. Drying preparation of CA extract by thin layer film in oven blower at 50oC gave a shorter drying time, i.e. 6 hours but it gave sticky form at the end of process. Preparation process to produce powders dosage by using dextrin and lactose was succesfully investigated in our laboratory. It resulted that dextrin was appropriate filler for preparation of CA extract powder. Powder dosage form of CA extract could be obtained after 6 hours of drying and using 30% w/w of dextrin (based on the weigh of wet extract at density of 1,000 gr.mL-1). Difference on amount of dextrin in CA extract gave influence on water content, acidity (pH), compressibility index, haussner ratio, flow propert,y and angle of repose significantly.

Apoptosis and Antioxidant Activities of Catharanthus rosues [L] G.Don Extract on Breast Cancer Cell Line

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 1, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tapak dara or Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus [L] G.Don), a natural plant, is empirically reported to have promising anticancer activity. To elucidate its mechanism, a research was conducted to investigate the possible ethanol extract of  C. roseus in inducing apoptosis on breast cancer cell line (T47D). Antioxidant activity of C. roseus was investigated as well. Sub-G1 flowcytometric apoptotic analysis result showed that extract of C. roseus at 6.25 μg/mL induced apoptosis for 26.365%. Increasing extract concentration resulted an increasing apoptotic level as well, extract at concentration of 12.5 μg/mL induced apoptosis for 22.235%.  Meanwhile doxorubicin at concentration of 10 μg/mL induced apoptosis for 36.055%. The antioxidant activity was determined by using in vitro assay: inhibition of  2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity. Antioxidant activity of C. roseus extract were compared to quercetin and butylated hydroxyanisol (BHA), as positive controls.  The results showed that DPPH IC50 of C. roseus extract, quercetin and BHA were 358.411 μg/mL, 19.200 μg/mL  and  94.178 μg/mL, respectively. We suggest that C. roseus extract had a potential anticancer activity by inducing apoptosis.Key words : antioxidant, DPPH, Catharanthus roseus, apoptosis, breast cancer, T47D

Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Ethanolic Leaves Extract and Its Different Solvent Fractions of Piper betle L. In Vitro

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 2, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Various diseases including cancer and cardiovascular diseases are induced by free radicals via lipid peroxidation, protein peroxidation, DNA damage, and cellular degeneration in the cells. Piper betle L., commonly called betel, belongs to the Piperaceae family. It originated from South and South East Asia, and has been used as a traditional medicine by people there due to its medicinal properties. In the present study, free radical scavenging activity of ethanolic leaves extract of Piper betle L. together with its different solvent fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water) were evaluated by DPPH free radical scavenging assay. The ethanolic extract and the ethyl acetate fraction had shown very significant DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) radical scavenging activity compared to the other fractions. In DPPH free radical scavenging assay, the IC50 value of the ethanolic extract and the ethyl acetate fraction were found to be 17.43µg/mL and 11.53 µg/mL, respectively. The free radical scavenging activity was assumed due to the total phenolic content. The total phenolic content was found to be highest in the ethanol extract (277.68 μg EGCG/mg) and the ethyl acetate fraction (559.38μg EGCG/mg). The results concluded that the ethanolic leaves extract of Piper betle L. and its ethyl acetate fraction have a considerably free radical scavenging activity.Keywords: Piper betle L., Piperaceae, free radical scavenging, DPPH