Daniel R Monintja
Program Studi Teknologi Kelautan Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor Departemen Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, FPIK IPB

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Aspek Reproduksi dan Daerah Pemijahan Udang Jari (Metapenaeus elegans De Man, 1907) di Laguna Segara Anakan, Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Suradi, Suradi; Sukimin, Sutrisno; Boer, Menofatria; Affandi, Ridwan; Monintja, Daniel R
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 10, No 1 (2005): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Penelitian aspek reproduksi dan daerah pemijahan udang jari (Metapenaeus elegans) di perairan SegaraAnakan Cilacap, dilakukan sejak Maret sampai Desember 2004. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui beberapa aspek reproduksi dan pengkajian musim dan daerah pemijahan udang M. elegans di perairan Segara Anakan. Metode peneltian yang digunakan survei post facto. Daerah penelitian dibedakan menjadi 3 wilayah perairan. Penentuan zona berdasarkan dua aspek, yaitu aspek ekologis dan aspek daerah penangkapan (fishing ground) alat tangkap apong. Pada setiap zona ditentukan tiga lokasi sampling. Sampel udang pada setiap stasiun diambil 30 ekor udang betina terbesar, sehingga terkumpul 270 ekor udang sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa M. elegans memijah sepanjang tahun, dengan dua puncak musim pemijahanyaitu bulan April/Mei dan November/Desember. Daerah pemijahan udang jari (M. elegans) adalah perairan laguna bagian tengah. Meskipun pada lokasi pemijahan terjadi pendangkalan akibat laju sedimentasi yang tinggi dan menjadikan perairan keruh serta kondisi salinitas yang berfluktuasi tinggi, namun pemijahan tetap terjadi di perairan tersebut.Kata kunci : aspek reproduksi, daerah pemijahan, udang jari, laguna Segara Anakan.Study on the reproduction and spawning ground of Metapenaeus elegans in Segara Anakan Lagoon Cilacap  was conducted from March to December 2004. This study was aimed at investigating some reproductiveaspects and to discover the spawning ground M. elegans. The research was used survey post facto method. The researh area was divided into three waters zone. The zone was determinated based on two aspect, i.e. ecological aspect and fishing ground aspect. Three sampling station determined of each zone. The shrimp  sample was taken from three unit apong (set net) cathces. 30 biggest male shrimp were took off from in each, so 270 male shrimp collected. The result showed that M. elegans spawned along the year with two peaks of spawning season, i.e. April/May and November/December. Spawning ground of fine shrimp (M. elegans) was found in lagoon waters, despite high turbidity, high sedimentation rate and high salinityfluctuation in the water.Key words: reproduction aspect, spawning ground, M. elegans, Segara Anakan Lagoon.
Respon Tingkah Laku Makan Ikan Kerapu Macan (Ephinephelus fuscoguttatus) Terhadap Komposisi Kimia Umpan Dian, Aristi; Ari, Purbayanto; Santoso, Joko; Baskoro, Mulyono S; Monintja, Daniel R
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

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Studi tingkah laku makan ikan merupakan bagian yang paling penting untuk mengetahui efektivitas penggunaan umpan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui respon dan pola tingkah laku makan ikan kerapu macan (Ephinephelus fuscoguttatus) dengan perbedaan komposisi kimia umpan. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode eksperimen laboratorium. E. fuscoguttatus yang digunakan memiliki panjang total rata-rata 200 mm. Umpan yang digunakan adalah udang krosok (Metapenaeus elegans) dan ikan rucah (Sardinella gibbosa). Data penelitian meliputi waktu respon dan pola tingkah laku makan E. fuscoguttatus terhadap umpan dengan lama perendaman 1, 7 dan 12 jam. Komposisi kimia masing-masing umpan dianalisis berdasarkan lama waktu perendaman. Data diuji dengan menggunakan analisis statistik t student (uji-t). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan waktu respon E. Fuscoguttatus terhadap umpan udang  krosok dan ikan rucah tidak berbeda nyata  (nilai t­­hitung 2,25). Respon makan E. fuscoguttatus dengan perbedaan waktu perendaman umpan udang krosok dan ikan rucah  selama 1 jam dan 7 jam berbeda sangat nyata (nilai t-hitung 3,85 dan 5,70). Lama waktu perendaman umpan 12 jam tidak berbeda nyata (nilai thitung 0,86). Semakin lama waktu perendaman umpan (hingga 12 jam) terjadi penurunan komposisi kimia sehingga berpengaruh pula terhadap menurunnya respon makan E. fuscoguttatus. Kata kunci: Komposisi kimia umpan, pola tingkah laku makan, ikan kerapu macan (Ephinephelus fuscoguttatus)    Fish behavior study is necessary to know the use of bait effectiveness. This research objective was to analyze response and feeding behavior of grouper (Ephinephelus fuscoguttatus) with difference of the bait chemical composition. The research was conducted by laboratory experimental method. The fish used was 200 mm total length in average. The baits used were shrimp (Metapenaeus elegans) and trash fish (Sardinella gibbosa). Data collection consist of response time and feeding behavior pattern of E. fuscoguttatus towards bait with soaking time of 1, 7, and 12 hours. Chemical composition of each baits  was analysis based on soaking time. Data was statistical analyzed using t- student test. The result showed that response time of E. fuscoguttatus to shrimp bait and fish was insignificantly difference (t-value was 2.25).  The feeding response of E. fuscoguttatus with soaking time difference of shrimp bait and trash fish during 1 and 7 hours was significantly difference (t-value was 3.85 and 5.70). The bait soaking time until 12 hours was insignificantly difference (t-value was 0.86). The longer bait soaking time (until 12 hours) would decrease the bait chemical composition that influenced to decrease feeding response of E. fuscoguttatus. Key words: Chemical composition of baits, feeding behavior, Ephinephelus fuscoguttatus
ANALISIS REGULASI SISTEM MANAJEMEN KEAMANAN PANGAN TUNA DI INDONESIA DAN NEGARA TUJUAN EKSPOR Trilaksani, Wini; Bintang, Maria; Monintja, Daniel R; Hubeis, M
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Tuna’s exporting activities nowdays is still facing problem related with the stringent regulation and the complexity of sanitation program implemented in importing countries which triggers scores of rejection. This article discusses the analysis of regulation associated with seafood safety management system and tuna’s technical regulation initiated by Codex Alimentarius Comission (CAC), importing countries and Indonesia. Study was accomplished with content analysis method for seafood safety management system regulation instigated in importing countries and Indonesia using CAC references. Scoring method was achieved in analyzing tuna end-product technical regulation covering various indicators explicitly histamine, heavy metal and microbiology. Result of content analysis which refer to elements of food quality and safety management system recomended by Codex namely determination of good food material criteria, implementation of risk analysis in identification and characterization of potential hazard, implementation of food safety control based on risk analysis outcomes and establishing guidelines for hygienic food handling show that United States dan European Union had already formularized and performed those recomendation, meanwhile Canada, Japan, China and Indonesia had yet entirely executed the regulation. In accordance with the criteria of organizational structure for National Food Control Systems, the European Union and Canada implement integrated agency system, Japan has single agency system, in the meantime Indonesia, United States and China possess multiple agency system. Scoring analysis on tunas technical regulation reveal that European Union has the strictest standard following by USA, Indonesia, Canada, Cina, Japan and Codex respectively.
Fisheries Infrastructure Needs Analysis in Order to Capture Fisheries Development Based on Commodities of South Sumatra Province Septifitri, Septifitri; Monintja, Daniel R; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari; Martasuganda1, Sulaeman
SAINTEK PERIKANAN Vol 5, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Saintek Perikanan
Publisher : SAINTEK PERIKANAN

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Development of capture fisheries in South Sumatra province in decline since the separation of Bangka Belitung province. This area of waters caused by the increasingly narrow. However, the development of fisheries sector still has a big opportunity, especially those based on competitive commodities. This study aimed to analyze the type of capture fisheries yield commodities, type, and allocation to take advantage of superior technology, excellent fish seumberdaya, and calculate the necessary facilities and infrastructure for the development of competitive commodities based fishery in South Sumatera province. Research conducted by survey with some analysis tools such as scoring methods, LGP and fishery facilities needs analysis. Flagship species of fish that can be developed such as prawn, swimming crab, fish and machete-cleaver manyung with superior fishing gear types trammel net, drift gill nets, gill nets and fishing equipment. Fisheries is needed is a means of fishery harbors as many as 10 pieces, as many as 20 fruit shipyards, factories nets one unit and processing 8 units. Addition of TPI as a necessary conclusion of the building where the sale of the landed catch of fishermen. Key Words : Capture Fisheries, Competitive Commodities, South Sumatera Province
DECISION MAKING LOGIT ANALYSIS ON ILLEGAL FISHING BEHAVIOR Tiwiw, Clara; Monintja, Daniel R; Fauzi, Akhmad; Soewardi, Kadarwan; Nikijuluw, Victor P.H.
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Mei 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Illegal fishing activities are basically not just done by foreign fisherman but also carried out by fisherman of Indonesia but they are using the size are smaller that is under 30 gross tonage. Due to the size a small fishing vessels are often allowed by the law enforcement officers due to the influence that is relatively small, whereas in the number of ships that are much smaller of course though its capacity would provide a major problem for the management of fish resources in Indonesia. Fishermen who settled in Brondong East Java is an example of illegal fishing activities as offeriders by loweinr the size of the ship that is lowering the gross tonage. These activities were carried out because the cost of maintaining a very troublesome permission and expensive.
Tuna’s exporting activities nowdays is still facing problem related with the stringent regulation and the complexity of sanitation program implemented in importing countries which triggers scores of rejection. This article discusses the analysis of regulation associated with seafood safety management system and tuna’s technical regulation initiated by Codex Alimentarius Comission (CAC), importing countries and Indonesia. Study was accomplished with content analysis method for seafood safety mana Trilaksani, Wini; Bintang, Maria; Monintja, Daniel R; Hubeis, M
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.862 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v13i1.3138

Abstract

Tuna’s exporting activities nowdays is still facing problem related with the stringent regulation and the complexity of sanitation program implemented in importing countries which triggers scores of rejection. This article discusses the analysis of regulation associated with seafood safety management system and tuna’s technical regulation initiated by Codex Alimentarius Comission (CAC), importing countries and Indonesia. Study was accomplished with content analysis method for seafood safety management system regulation instigated in importing countries and Indonesia using CAC references. Scoring method was achieved in analyzing tuna end-product technical regulation covering various indicators explicitly histamine, heavy metal and microbiology. Result of content analysis which refer to elements of food quality and safety management system recomended by Codex namely determination of good food material criteria, implementation of risk analysis in identification and characterization of potential hazard, implementation of food safety control based on risk analysis outcomes and establishing guidelines for hygienic food handling show that United States dan European Union had already formularized and performed those recomendation, meanwhile Canada, Japan, China and Indonesia had yet entirely executed the regulation. In accordance with the criteria of organizational structure for National Food Control Systems, the European Union and Canada implement integrated agency system, Japan has single agency system, in the meantime Indonesia, United States and China possess multiple agency system. Scoring analysis on tunas technical regulation reveal that European Union has the strictest standard following by USA, Indonesia, Canada, Cina, Japan and Codex respectively.
Efektivitas Bubu Lipat Modifikasi dan Penggunaan Umpan Cacing Tanah (Lumbricus rubellus) pada Penangkapan Spiny Lobster (Panulirus spp.) di Perairan Pesisir Timur Teluk Palabuhanratu Jawa Barat Zulkarnain, Zulkarnain; Baskoro, Mulyono S; Martasuganda, Sulaeman; Monintja, Daniel R
Buletin PSP Vol 19, No 3 (2011): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas bubu lipat modifikasi dan penggunaan umpan cacing tanah pada penangkapan lobster. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen penangkapan dengan pola Rancangan Acak Kelompok, dimana digunakan 2 jenis bubu lipat, yaitu bubu lipat modifikasi pintu samping dan bubu lipat standard dan perlakukan 2 umpan, yaitu cacing tanah dan tembang (standar) dengan ulangan sebanyak 20 trip penangkapan. Hasil tangkapan terdiri dari target utama dan by-catch. Komposisi hasil tangkapan utama adalah lobster 31 ekor (33,7%), terdiri dari 3 spesies, yaitu lobster hijau pasir (Panulirus homarus) 29 ekor (31,5%), lobster hijau (Panulirus versicolor) 1 ekor (1,1%), dan lobster mutiara (Panulirus ornatus) 1 ekor (1,1%). Hasil tangkapan sampingan (HTS) atau by-catch dengan total 61 ekor (66,3%) yang terdiri dari kelompok krustasea (rajungan) 33 ekor (35,9%), kelompok moluska (sotong-Sepia sp.) 22 ekor (23,9%), kelompok ikan (kerapu tutul-Epinephelus maculatus) 5 ekor (5,4%), dan kelompok krustasea (udang ronggeng-Squilla mantis) 1 ekor (1,1%). Penggunaan bubu lipat penelitian dan jenis umpan berbeda nyata pada taraf nyata 5%, dimana bubu lipat standar lebih baik dalam menangkap lobster dibandingkan dengan bubu lipat modifikasi. Sedangkan bubu lipat yang menggunakan umpan cacing tanah lebih baik dibandingkan dengan bubu lipat yang menggunakan tembang (standar). Bubu lipat modifikasi dapat mereduksi by-catch hingga 50% dibandingkan dengan bubu lipat standar.
Analisis Bio-ekonomi Pengelolaan Sumber daya Kakap Merah (Lutjanus sp) secara Berkelanjutan di Tanjungpandan, Belitung Suryana, Asep; Wiryawan, Budy; Monintja, Daniel R; Wiyono, Eko Sri
Buletin PSP Vol 19, No 3 (2011): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Nilai ekonomi yang baik dan peluang pasar yang masih sangat terbuka mendorong upaya pemanfaatan sumber daya kakap merah dari tahun ke tahun semakin meningkat bahkan cenderung berlebihan. Hal tersebut tidak hanya menimbulkan pemborosan secara ekonomi tetapi juga dapat menimbulkan semakin menurunnya kemampuan daya pulih dari sumber daya kakap merah dan mengancam kelestariannya. Tujuan utama penelitian adalah melihat agar pemanfaatan sumber daya ikan kakap merah (Lutjanus sp.) dapat memberikan hasil yang maksimum dari segi ekonomi dan lestari dari segi ekologi (Maximum Economic Sustainable Yield/ MESY). Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan model analisis surplus produksi dan bio-ekonomi. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa sejak tahun 2006, pemanfaatan sumber daya kakap merah (Lutjanus sp.) di Perairan Tanjungpandan dan sekitarnya, sudah mengalami kelebihan upaya (over exploited) dan disarankan agar dikurangi hingga 3.424 hari operasi setara pancing, supaya pemanfaatan sumber daya kakap merah (Lutjanus sp.) dapat memberikan hasil ekonomi yang maksimum dan lestari.