Daniel Monintja
Departemen Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, FPIK-IPB, Bogor.

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Financial Analysis of Surimi Processing by Modern and Semi-Modern Scale

Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Development of surimi processing in the industry regions which have huge potential of rawmaterial, can be done through aiming at the business feasibility existed either by modern surimi processingbusiness as weel as semi modern. In general, theaim of this research is to analyze the feasibility business ofsurimi processing either by modern surimi processing business or semi modern. Sampling of surimiprocessing business for modern surimi processing was located in Pekalongan, Central Java Province andsemi modern surimi processing was located in Pulau Moro, Riau Island Province. Data collection was doneby questionnaire and interview to stakeholders of surimi processing industry. Method of analysis wascarried out by using criteria of financial feasibility i.e. Payback Period (PB), Net Present Value (NPV),Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Profitable Index (PI), Net B/C, and Break Event Point (BEP). Result ofresearch showed that surimi processing business either by modern surimi processing business or semimodern is feasible shown from (1) Value of NPV for PT. A is Rp.22,647,400,670 and PT.B isRp.29,866,797,485 for 10 years, (2) Value of IRR at surimi business in PT.A is 49.28% and PT.B is56.11%, (3) PT. A needs 2 years 1 month and 6 days to return the investment that has been invested insurimi processing, meanwhile PT.B needs 1 year 10 months and 6 days, (4) Value of profitability indexPT.A is 2.43 and PT.B is 2.78, and (5) figure of Net B/C Ratio PT.A is 1.89, and PT.B has figure of NetB/C Ratio 1.58.Keywords : financial feasibility, surimi product

Modification Technology of Surimi Processing through Utilization “By-Catch” of Shrimp Net in Arafura Sea

Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Utilization of shrimp net in Arafura Sea produced by–catch with average ratio 1:12 between main capture and by–catch. The low economic value, unavailability of suitable processing technology, and constraint in management by–catch lead to discharge the majority of by-catch to the sea. The aims of this research were to analyze the availibility of raw material of surimi from by–catch of shrimp net in Arafura Sea and modified processing technology from mixture of fish species by prepared minced fish in vessel and surimi processing of mixture fish  species in land and followed by quality assessment of surimi. Result of the research showed that number of 502 vessels operated – mostly by–catch – per vessel unit per year was 795 metric ton, therefore the estimation of volume of by–catch per year in Arafura was 399,000 metric ton. Fish species of by-catch that suitable processed into surimi was 32% or 128 metric  ton/year or equivalent to 41,000 metric ton of surimi per year. Result of cut off technology analysis showed that frozen minced fish could be stored for 5 weeks at –18oC which constantly produced good surimi (folding test: A, teeth cutting test:7 and gel strength > 500 g/cm2). Producing “minced fish” in fishing vessels would decrease weight to 60% and volume fourfold compose to whole fish without decreasing the quality of surimi produced.Keywords : by–catch, minced fish, non economic fish, surimi, quality of surimi.

Financial Analysis of Surimi Processing by Modern and Semi-Modern Scale

Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.893 KB)

Abstract

Development of surimi processing in the industry regions which have huge potential of rawmaterial, can be done through aiming at the business feasibility existed either by modern surimi processingbusiness as weel as semi modern. In general, theaim of this research is to analyze the feasibility business ofsurimi processing either by modern surimi processing business or semi modern. Sampling of surimiprocessing business for modern surimi processing was located in Pekalongan, Central Java Province andsemi modern surimi processing was located in Pulau Moro, Riau Island Province. Data collection was doneby questionnaire and interview to stakeholders of surimi processing industry. Method of analysis wascarried out by using criteria of financial feasibility i.e. Payback Period (PB), Net Present Value (NPV),Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Profitable Index (PI), Net B/C, and Break Event Point (BEP). Result ofresearch showed that surimi processing business either by modern surimi processing business or semimodern is feasible shown from (1) Value of NPV for PT. A is Rp.22,647,400,670 and PT.B isRp.29,866,797,485 for 10 years, (2) Value of IRR at surimi business in PT.A is 49.28% and PT.B is56.11%, (3) PT. A needs 2 years 1 month and 6 days to return the investment that has been invested insurimi processing, meanwhile PT.B needs 1 year 10 months and 6 days, (4) Value of profitability indexPT.A is 2.43 and PT.B is 2.78, and (5) figure of Net B/C Ratio PT.A is 1.89, and PT.B has figure of NetB/C Ratio 1.58.Keywords : financial feasibility, surimi product

SUSTAINABILITY FADs MANAGEMENT ON ECONOMIC DIMENSION IN THE KEI ISLANDS SOUTHEAST MALUKU REGENCY

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 7, No 2 (2015): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Fish aggregating devise (FAD) based fisheries have become a dominant economic support (about 90%) of the community of the Kei Islands in Southeast Maluku Regency. However, it will not last long if the fisheries is not well managed and financially balanced. This study aimed to analyze the attributes of sustainable FADs-based. fisheries and to assess the financial feasibility for an investment. The method used was the analysis of FADs investment, the consumption and income of the fishermen’s households of mini purse seine and FADs, contribution to the local revenues, and the growth of fishing supporting business. The analyses results showed that the investment for a FADs was of Rp. 13,714,000, mini purse seine of Rp. 426,875,000, handline of Rp. 71,75 million, and troll lines of Rp. 72,75 million, household consumption of Rp. 13,625,730. The income of FAD fisherman was of Rp. 164,143,125, mini purse seine fisherman of Rp. 164,143,125, and entrepreneur of Rp. 328,286,250. The index value of the sustainable FAD management was 62.17 indicating a sustainable index.  Keywords: FAD (Fish aggregating device), Kei Islands, Management, Sustainability

Vulnerability of Miangas Island

JURNAL ILMIAH PLATAX Vol 7, No 1 (2019): EDISI JANUARI-JUNI 2019
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

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Abstract

There are several methods of analysis in knowing the vulnerability of a community. In the analysis to determine the vulnerability of Miangas island, the determinant vulnerability was used. Determinant vulnerability evaluation is very easy to use and simple. Therefore, the determinants of ordinary vulnerabilities use an assessment of resources that are carried out in full, so that results can be used as reference for management. One approach that is widely used in determining the index is the method of scaling parameters into certain values. These values are expressed as a score of a parameter. As done by (Tahir 2010) referred to in Doukakis (2005) and Rao et al. (2008), the Miangas Island analysis refers to the determination of the paramater scale and the weight of the vulnerability.          The vulnerability index model constructed in this study consists of a static model of environmental vulnerability index and dynamic model of small island environmental vulnerability index. The static model of the environmental vulnerability index is intended to calculate the current vulnerability index (momentary), while the dynamic model of the environmental vulnerability index is used to predict the vulnerability dynamics in the future. In general, the values of IK-PPK = IE x IS / IAC = 4.29 x 2.35 / 1.6 = 6.30 By using these maximum and minimum values, the scale of assessment of the vulnerability of small islands is divided into 4 categories of vulnerability (Doukakis 2005), Miangas Island is obtained as follows; 0.20-6.04 = Low vulnerability, 6.05 -18.18 = Moderate vulnerability, 18.19-40.48 = High vulnerability (high), 40.49-76.00 = Very high vulnerability (very high). That there is a vulnerability with a moderate position.Keywords:  vulnerability, index, determinant, MiangasABSTRAKAda beberapa metode analisis dalam mengetahui kerentanan suatu komunitas.  Dalam analisis untuk mengetahui kerentanan pulau Miangas maka digunakan kerentanan determinan. Evaluasi kerentanan determinan sangat mudah digunakan dan sederhana. Oleh karna itu, determinan kerentanan biasa menggunakan assessment terhadap sumberdaya yang dilakukan secara utuh, sehingga hasil dapat dijadikan bahan acuan terhadap pengelolaan.   Salah satu pendekatan yang banyak digunakan dalam penentuan indeks adalah metode penskalaan parameter ke dalam nilai-nilai tertentu.  Nilai-nilai tersebut dinyatakan sebagai nilai skor dari suatu parameter.  Sebagaimana yang dilakukan oleh (Tahir 2010) yang diacu dalam Doukakis (2005) dan Rao et al. (2008) maka pada analisis Pulau Miangas mengacu penentuan skala paramater dan bobot kerentanan tersebut.Model indeks kerentanan yang dikonstruksi dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari model statis indeks kerentanan lingkungan dan model dinamik indeks kerentanan lingkungan pulau-pulau kecil.  Model statis indeks kerentanan lingkungan dimaksudkan untuk menghitung indeks kerentanan saat ini (sesaat), sedangkan model dinamik indeks kerentanan lingkungan digunakan untuk melakukan prediksi dinamika kerentanan pada masa yang akan datang. Secara umum didapatkan nilai IK-PPK = IE x IS/IAC =  4,29 x 2,35 /1,6 = 6,30. Dengan menggunakan nilai maksimum dan minimum tersebut, skala penilaian tingkat kerentanan pulau-pulau kecil dibagi menjadi 4 kategori kerentanan (Doukakis 2005) maka Pulau Miangas didapatkan sebagai berikut; 0.20-6.04 = Kerentanan rendah (low), 6.05-18.18 = Kerentanan sedang (moderate), 18.19-40.48 = Kerentanan tinggi (high), 40.49-76.00 =         Kerentanan sangat tinggi (very high). bahwa ada kerentanan dengan posisi moderate.Kata kunci :  kerentanan, determinan, indeks, Miangas

PENGEMBANGAN PERIKANAN TANGKAP BERBASIS CODE OF CONDUCT FOR RESPONSIBLE FISHERIES (CCRF) DI TERNATE, PROVINSI MALUKU UTARA

Buletin PSP Vol 19, No 1 (2011): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research was conducted in Ternate Waters which is located in Fisheries Management Zone or WPP 715 (Maluku Sea, Gulf of Tomini, and Ceram Sea). DKP and LIPI (2001) reported that the level of exploitation on fish resources in this area is just reach to about 41.83%. To assure a sustainable capture fisheries in this management area, a study based on Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) criteria is needed so that the fisheries potential resources could be optimally utilized, to contribute a significant role in the local economy and fisher’s prosperity. This study was aimed to (1) identifying fishing units which are supporting the CCRF’s criteria, (2) determining an optimal composition of fishing units to be developed. The research was conducted using survey method. Scoring method and Linear Goal Programming are among the method of analysis applied. The result of analysis shows that most of the fishing units operating in the area are still fulfillling the CCRF criteria. The analysis also shows the most favourable fishing units to be furtherly developed for the area in ranking order, subsequently are : the handline, pole and line, and purse seine. The optimal composition of fishing units to be developed in the research area are : the handline 751 units, pole and line 33 units, and purse seine 86 units.

PENGEMBANGAN DESAIN BUBU LOBSTER YANG EFEKTIF

Buletin PSP Vol 19, No 2 (2011): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Spiny lobster (Panulirus spp.) merupakan komoditas perikanan laut unggulan yang memiliki nilai ekonomis penting dalam perdagangan tingkat lokal maupun internasional. Kegiatan penangkapan lobster merupakan salah satu kegiatan usaha perikanan tangkap andalan bagi masyarakat nelayan, karena dengan kuantitas hasil tangkapan lobster minimum dan kualitas yang prima, akan tetap memberikan keuntungan usaha sekaligus meningkatkan pendapatan. Di Indonesia, nelayan menangkap lobster dengan alat tangkap yang sederhana dengan tingkat usaha penangkapan skala kecil. Penggunaan bubu untuk kegiatan penangkapan lobster secara komersial belum banyak dilakukan, karena bubu yang digunakan oleh nelayan selama ini hanya untuk menangkap ikan, rajungan dan kepiting bakau. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Januari-Juli 2010 menggunakan metode desk study. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mempelajari perkembangan rancang bangun bubu lobster sebagai dasar upaya pengembangan desain yang efektif. Berdasarkan penelitian, diperoleh rancangan gambar desain bubu lipat satu pintu samping bentuk kotak dan bubu lipat satu pintu atas bentuk trapesium keduanya dipasang dengan pemicu pintu masuk. Efektivitas bubu lobster ini perlu diuji lebih lanjut, baik dalam pengujian skala laboratorium maupun skala lapangan.

KLASIFIKASI SENTRA INDUSTRI PERIKANAN BERBASIS PELABUHAN PERIKANAN: KASUS DI KABUPATEN BELITUNG

Jurnal Kebijakan Perikanan Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2010): (Mei 2010)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan

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Abstract

Klasifikasi pelabuhan perikanan Indonesia yang terdiri atas PelabuhanPerikanan Samudera, Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara, Pelabuhan PerikananPantai, dan Pusat Pendaratan Ikan. Klasifikasi tersebut di atas didasari hubungan inti plasma di mana pelabuhan perikanan yang besar ditunjang beberapa pelabuhan perikanan yang lebih kecil (Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Tangkap, 2008). Hubungan inti plasma tersebut tidak berjalan karena tidak mempunyai pola hubungan yang jelas. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan alternatif klasifikasi pelabuhan perikanan dengan memasukan unsur jaringan industri seperti yang diusulkan oleh Israel & Rouqe (2000) yang mengklasifikasikan pelabuhan perikanan menjadi tiga yaitu penyedia jasa utama, penyedia jasa antara (server), dan client. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan klasifikasi sentra industri perikanan berbasis pelabuhan perikanan dalam jaringan industri yang efektifdan efisien dilakukan di Kabupaten Belitung selama 11 bulan sejak Oktober 2007 sampai Agustus 2008. Metode yang dipergunakan adalah multi criteria analysis yang dilanjutkan dengan analisis technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution. Parameter yang diukur meliputi infrastruktur pelabuhan perikanan, kapasitas kapal perikanan, kemandirian faktor input, dan produksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Pulau Belitung berperan sebagai penyedia jasa utama, Pulau Mendanau, dan Pulau Seliu berperan sebagai penyedia jasa antara (server), dan Pulau Gersik dan Pulau Sumedang berperan sebagai client.Klasifikasi pelabuhan perikanan dalam suatu jaringan industri berimplikasi pada peningkatan efektivitas dan efisiensi pembangunan pelabuhan perikanan tangkap sebagai sentra industri perikanan tangkap.Indonesian government classify fishing port into 4 categories namely Ocean Fishing Port, National Fishing Port, Sea Shore Fishing Port, and Fish Landing Fishing Port. The above classification based on partnership or lingkage industry among fishing ports. However, the lingkage industry do not run effectively due to unappropriate pattern. Improving the condition, Israel & Roque (2000) suggested to classify fishing port into 3 categories namely main service provider, intermediate service provider or server, and client. This paper describes an alternative formula that considers industrial linkage among fishing ports as fishing industrial centers. The research was held on Belitung Regency as long as 11 months from October 2007 to August 2008. There are several factors should be considered in building fishing port namely fishing facilities, fishing capacity, input dependency and fish landing capacity. The 4 factors are analyzed by multi criteria analysis then continued by technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution analysis. The research concludes that the Belitung is as the main service provider, the Mendanau Island and Seliu Islands are as the intermediate service provider or server, the other 2 islands are as the client. The new classification will increase effectiveness and efficiency of fishing port developments.