Ameilinda Monikawati
Cancer Chemoprevention Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
Articles
2
Documents
Antiproliferative Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Ciplukan Herbs (Physalis angulata L.) on 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]nthracene-Induced Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

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Abstract

Physalis angulata  L.  is  an  annual  herb  widely  used  as  popular  medicine  for  the treatment of cancer. Physalis angulata L. ethanolic extract (PEE) has been demonstrated to have strong cytotoxic activity against breast cancer, inhibited cancer cell’s proliferation and induced  cell  cycle  arrest.  The  aim  of  our  study  is  to  investigate  the  effect  of  PEE  as  a cancer  chemopreventive  agent  on  7,12-dimethylbenz[a]nthracene  (DMBA)-induced  rats mammary. The antiproliferative activity was characterized by monitoring the histopatology representation  and  expression  of  cell  proliferation  on  DMBA-induced  mammary  rats  that were  treated  with  PEE  against  control  groups.  The  histopatology  representation  were analyzed  by  Haematoksilin  Eosin  (HE)  staining  method,  while  proliferative  activity  was detected by AgNOR method. The HE staining results showed significant differences in cells morphology  of  treatment  groups  compared  to  the  control  groups.  Thus  results  suggest that  PEE  was  able  to  repair  morphology  of  cells  undergoing  carcinogenesis.  AgNOR method  showed  decreasing  occurrence  of  black  dots  between  treatment  and  control groups. Thus, we conclude that PEE has an antiproliferative activity on DMBA-induced rat mammary.  Therefore,  the  ethanolic  extract  of  Physalis  angulata  herbs  is  a  potential chemopreventive agent on cancer. Further study on its molecular mechanism needs to be explored. Keywords:  Physalis  angulata,  breast  cancer, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]nthracene, carcinogenesis, antiproliferative

AKTIVITAS SITOTOKSIK EKSTRAK ETANOLIK HERBA CIPLUKAN (Physalis angulata L.) PADA SEL KANKER LEHER RAHIM HeLa MELALUI MODULASI EKSPRESI PROTEIN p53

Farmasains Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Oktober 2010 - Maret 2011
Publisher : UMM Press

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Abstract

Cervical cancer is one of leading cause of cancer death in women in the developing countries. One of the strategy to prevent cervical cancer based on cytotoxic agents are now being developed. Ciplukan (Physalis angulata L.) is one of potential plant as chemopreventive agent due to Physalin and Withangulatin constituent in this plant. This study was aimed to know cytotoxic effect  of ciplukan ethanolic extract (CEE) in human cervical carcinoma Hela cell line. Evaluation of cell viability value was determined using MTT assay. The expression of p53 as cell proliferation regulator was observed with immunocytochemistry assay. Ethanolic extract of ciplukan showed cytotoxic effect in HeLa cell line with IC50 of 158 µg/ml. Further observation of cell proliferation regulator showed that CEE induces expression of p53 that inhibit cell proliferation. The result showed that CEE has potential activity to be developed as anticancer agent in human cervical cancer.