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PROMOTING CHILDREN’S PARTICIPATION IN EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH: REFLECTION OF A PAST STUDY

HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia) Vol 2, No 1 (2005): Vol 2 No 1 Januari 2005
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

AbstrakTulisan ini merupakan refleksi dari penelitian eksperimen yang telah dilakukan olehpenulis sebelumnya. Penelitian eksperimen seringkali tidak mengindahkan partisipasi anak,meskipun hal ini bertentangan dengan prinsip CRC (Convention on the Rights of the Child).Refleksi terhadap penelitian eksperimen yang telah dilakukan oleh penulis ini akan mencobamelihat celah-celah dalam penelitian eksperimen yang dapat diperbaiki, sehingga membukapeluang bagi peningkatan partisipasi anak dalam proses penelitian metode eksperimental.

PROMOTING CHILDREN’S PARTICIPATION IN EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH: REFLECTION OF A PAST STUDY

HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia) Vol 2, No 1: Januari 2005
Publisher : HUMANITAS (Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia)

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Abstract

AbstrakTulisan ini merupakan refleksi dari penelitian eksperimen yang telah dilakukan olehpenulis sebelumnya. Penelitian eksperimen seringkali tidak mengindahkan partisipasi anak,meskipun hal ini bertentangan dengan prinsip CRC (Convention on the Rights of the Child).Refleksi terhadap penelitian eksperimen yang telah dilakukan oleh penulis ini akan mencobamelihat celah-celah dalam penelitian eksperimen yang dapat diperbaiki, sehingga membukapeluang bagi peningkatan partisipasi anak dalam proses penelitian metode eksperimental.

Migran Muda dan Transisi dari Pendidikan ke Dunia Kerja di Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat*

Jurnal Studi Pemuda Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Ragam Transisi Pemuda : Pengalaman Bertumbuh di Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Mayoritas mahasiswa perguruan tinggi di Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, adalah pendatang dari daerah lain. Tulisan ini menyajikan hasil survei kecil tentang para migran muda tersebut. Kebanyakan mahasiswa berasal dari keluarga kelas menengah bawah. Anak muda kelas bawah maupun menengah bawah mempunyai akses pada pendidikan tinggi di ibu kota provinsi, walaupun banyak yang merasa pendidikan tinggi di daerah lebih rendah kualitasnya dibanding dengan pendidikan di Jawa atau luar negeri. Tulisan ini memaparkan bagaimana sebagian besar migran muda memandang Pontianak sebagai kota “transit”— yaitu batu lompatan bagi mobilitas menaik melalui jalur sekolah dan kerja temporer sebelum mereka pulang ke kampung halaman mencari pekerjaan yang mapan. Keputusan migrasi ini sering dipengaruhi oleh identitas etnis. Banyak anak muda yang mengungkapkan ambiguitas mobilitas sosial dalam transisi mereka dari pendidikan ke pekerjaan.

Efektivitas Pelatihan Taktik Mempengaruhi Secara Rasional Terhadap Kepatuhan Anak

Psikologika : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi Vol 6, No 11 (2001)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi dan Ilmu Sosial Budaya Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas pelatihan taktik mempengaruhi secara rasional dalam meningkatkan kepatuhan anak. Hipotesis penelitian: ada perbedaan kepatuhan antara anak yang mengikuti pelatihan taktik mempengaruhi secara rasional dan yang tidak mengikuti pelatihan. Anak yang mengikuti pelatihan taktik mempengaruhi secara rasional memiliki kepatuhan yang lebih tinggi dibanding yang tidak mengikuti pelatihan taktik mempengaruhi secara rasional.            Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah skala perilaku kepatuhan anak dan treatmentnya adalah modul pelatihan mempengaruhi secara rasional. Subjek terdiri atas 15 orang. Kelompok eksperimen (terdiri dari 10 anak) berasal dari SD Islamiyah Paku Alaman Yogyakarta, sementara kelompok kontrol yang terdiri dari lima subjek berasal dari SD Islamiyah Warung Boto Yogyakarta.            Hasil analisis data dengan Teknik Mann-Whitney. Dari uji data tersebut ditemukan bahwa jenis taktik mempengaruhi secara rasional, baik berupa penalaran yang menekankan empati maupun negosiasi dapat menghasilkan tingkat kepatuhan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan anak yang tidak menerima perlakuan ini. Perbedaan hasil antara dua teknik statistik itu kemungkinan disebabkan penyebaran skor yang lebih merata ketika ketiga kelompok dibandingkan secara bersamaan karena mean rank.  Kata Kunci    :    Kepatuhan anak, Taktik mempengaruhi secara rasional. 

Parental Expectations and Young People’s Migratory Experiences in Indonesia

Jurnal Psikologi Vol 44, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Based on a one year qualitative study, this paper examines the migratory aspirations and experiences of non-Chinese young people in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. It is based on two main questions of migration in the context of young people’s education to work transition: 1) How do young people in provincial cities perceive processes of migration? 2) What is the role of intergenerational relations in realizing these aspirations? Living in a provincial city in Indonesia, many of these youth aspire to migrate to larger cities on the Java Island for tertiary education. It is found that apart from the idea that universities in Java are of better quality and diplomas from education institutions in Java provide leverage in the labour market, migrating to Java is also about growing up. Migrating is often linked to ideal notions of adulthood, indicated by independence. Yet, in reality, these aspirations often have to compete with parental expectations of family care and of building interdependent relationships with the family (rather than becoming independent). Thus young people are often constrained by their families in realizing their dreams to seek education in Java and even when they obtain permission to leave, they are expected to come back to Pontianak. This paper will describe the various strategies young people employ to realize their dreams of obtaining education in Java, the decisions made by those who fail to do so, and the choices made by migrants after finishing their education in Java. It will contribute to a body of knowledge on young people’s education to work transitions and how inter-generational dynamics play out in that process.

Perilaku Menolong Relawan Spontan Bencana Alam

Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP) Vol 2, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The vulnerable conditions of Indonesia, especially Yogyakarta, to natural disastersled a lot of volunteers who want to help the survivor. Many of volunteers joined the socialcommunity or formal organization, but many of them do not belong to any social communityor organization and does not have the ability to handle the condition of natural disaster stillhelp the victims. These individuals referred as spontaneous volunteers. The aim of this studyis to determine the helping behavior conducted by spontaneous volunteers. The approachused in this study is qualitative specifically phenomenology. Data was collected by a semi-structured in-depth interview. Informants of this study consisted of three individuals, two ofthem was volunteered when the eruption of Mount Merapi occurred in 2010, and the otherone was volunteered in Banjarnegara’s landslide in 2014. Result showed that there arechanges of helping behavior from spontaneous to formal planned form of helping. There arealso several factors that encourage or inhibit their helping behavior.

Strategi Mempertahankan Hubungan Pertemanan Lawan Jenis pada Dewasa Muda

Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP) Vol 2, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Cross-sex friendship is often regarded as a romantic relationship. The lack ofsocial norms that managed these relationships in society makes the individuals dealingwith the challenge of maintaining relationships. Young adults become one of thecategories that face this challenge because at this time the relationship between men andwomen is more prominent than the other phases. Based on his romantic intentions, cross-sex friendship is divided into four types, strictly platonic, mutual romance, rejectsromance, and desires romance. This research was conducted to find out the challengesfaced in cross-sex friendship and strategy to maintain the relationship. This research usesqualitative method with phenomenology approach. Methods of data collection used inthis study are semi-structured interviews and observation. The study's informantsconsisted of four people or two pairs of young adults who are in cross-sex friendship.Research shows that individual differences in seeing the friendship of the opposite sexcause different challenges and strategies to maintain cross-sex friendships.

Makna Peran Gender bagi Suami Peserta Program Laki-Laki Peduli di Gunungkidul Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP) Vol 3, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The most Gunungkidul is a region that embraces the culture of Java and has a high number of domestic violence. Program Laki-Laki Peduli of Rifka Annisa Women Crises Center comes to Gunungkidul to encourages husbands in Gunungkidul to change their characteristic identity to fit the positive masculinity. That means there is a conflict between the new men concepts with the concept that has been owned by them before (traditional concept of gender). This study will discuss about that phenomenon. Through qualitative method and phenomenological approach, this study involved two subjects who are alumni of Program Laki-Laki Peduli. This study aims to understand the psychological meaning of the subjects' gender role after experiencing the clash of two different gender role concepts. The data were collected through semi-structured interview with the subjects and data triangulation (subject and time) with the wives of the subjects. The results of this study showed that gender role of new men concept can emerge if subjects face the circumstances "forced". Circumstances forced in this context are situations of socio-economic demands and personal motivations to cope with such situations.