Zahara Meilawaty
Departemen Biomedik, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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PENGARUH ASPEK FISIK DAN ADMINISTRASI BIAYA TERHADAP KUNJUNGAN PASIEN KE RUMAH SAKIT GIGI DAN MULUT (RSGM) UNIVERSITAS JEMBER ANTARA PASIEN MAHASISWA DAN PASIEN UMUM Kiswaluyo, Kiswaluyo; Meilawaty, Zahara; Prabowo, Budi
IKESMA Vol 6, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

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Abstract

The patients coming to Dental Hospital Jember University are those brought by dental students and those coming by their own will.  Most patients come to the Dental Hospital because they are asked by the students to fulfill their academic requirements. The purpose of this study is to figure out the influence of physical and fee administration aspects of the Dental Hospital Jember University between the patients brought by the students and those who come by their own will. This study used a descriptive and analytic method with cross-sectional approach. The samples were taken from the patients visiting Dental Hospital Jember University. The result of this study  was analyzed using Mann Whitney U Test. It was showed that there was a significant difference on the physical of Dental Hospital, while on there was no significant difference in the aspect of administrative fee both in common patients and those brought by the students.   Keywords : The factors affecting the visit, patients brought by students, common patients
PERILAKU MENJAGA KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT PADA SANTRI PONDOK PESANTREN AL-AZHAR JEMBER H, Hestieyonini; K, Kiswaluyo; E.Y., Ristya Widi; Meilawaty, Zahara
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 10, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Dental health perception and behavior of Indonesian people is still worse. The prevalence dental caries and oral diseases in Indonesia were increasing. A lot of Indonesia people didn’t know about how to care oral health. The aim of this study was to know how to care dental health of student in Pondok Pesantren Al-Azhar Jember. This was descriptive study. Sampling technique was absolute technique and used questioner. Result analysis was showed in frequency distribution. The result showed that dental health care behavior of elementary students was good; otherwise junior high school students were moderate.
POLA PERAWATAN GIGI DENGAN KELAINAN PULPA DI RUMAH SAKIT Meilawaty, Zahara; Hadnyawati, Hestieyonini; K, Kiswaluyo
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 10, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

SKRT 1995 showed that 63% of Indonesia people got active dental caries or tooth decay that had been in treatment. Patients usually come to dental clinic is in severe condition and with pulp inflammation. The treatment is endodontic intacanal. Otherwise, not all of hospitals give recommendation for patient to take this treatment. The aim of this study was to know services/ treatment pattern that given by hospital. This was descriptive study that did in Balung, Genteng, and Kalisat hospital. This study used secondary data such as patients visiting data for knowing kind of service that given by dentists. The result showed Balung hospital gave endodontic treatment, but the others didn’t give it.
PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK METANOLIK GETAH BIDURI (Calotropis gigantea) TERHADAP KETEBALAN EPITEL GINGIVA TIKUS WISTAR Meilawaty, Zahara
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 9, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background: Biduri is a shrub plant sap. The sap extract of this plant can be used to treat inflammation and accelerate wound healing. Objective: Determine the effect of sap extract metanolic biduri of gingival wound healing in wistar rats of thickness epithelium seen histological. Methods: The study used 48 wistar rats. All rat were given injury on their gingival using punch biopsy, further more divided into 4 groups, (1) control (-), given no medication; (2) control (+), given ibuprofen; (3) treatment group, given the extract of sap of biduri 50 mg / kg bw; (4) treatment group, given the extract of sap of biduri 500 mg / kg bw. Furthermore, each of 3 rats in all groups performed decaputation on the on the 2nd, 4th, 8th, and 15th day’s after injury to take the mandible, after that the histological observation were done. The data were analyzed by two way Anova test, was continued by LSD test. Results: there were significant differences in epithelial thickness in all groups (p<0,05). Conclusion: The methanolic extract of the sap of biduri able to increase the number of rat gingival epithelial thickness so as to accelerate wound healing
JUMLAH LIMFOSIT PADA MODEL INFLAMASI SETELAH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK GETAH BIDURI (Calotropis gigantea) Meilawaty, Zahara
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 8, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background: Biduri many found in the region be in season drought, is a wild shrub. The sap contains bakteriolitik enzymes and proteolytic kalotropin enzymes papain-like. Biduri sap can be used as a toothache cure, heal ulcers and accelerate healing. Objective: to see the effect of extracts of sap of biduri against the number of lymphocytes in rat made gingival inflammation. Methods: The study used 36 wistar rats. All rat were given injury on their gingival using punch biopsy, further more divided into 4 groups, (1) control (-), given no medication; (2) control (+), given ibuprofen; (3) treatment group, given the extract of sap of biduri 50 mg / kg bw; (4) treatment group, given the extract of sap of biduri 500 mg / kg bw. Furthermore, each of 3 rats in all groups performed sacrificed on the 2nd, 4th, 8th day’s after injury to take the mandible, after that the histological observation were done. The data were analyzed by two way Anova test, was continued by LSD test. Results: There were significant differences among the group for the number of lymphocytes in all groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: The extracts of biduri sap can reduce the number of lymphocytes.
Pengaruh Komunikasi Interpersonal Dokter Gigi-Pasien terhadap Tingkat Kepuasan di Poli Gigi Puskesmas Jember (The Influence of Interpersonal Communication of Dentist-Patient Satisfaction Rate in the Dental Poly of Health Center in Jember) Caresya, Galdhisia Devita; Meilawaty, Zahara; Hadnyanawati, Hestieyonini
Pustaka Kesehatan Vol 3 No 3 (2015)
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Interpersonal communication dentist patient is cooperative relation between dentist and patient face-to-face, either verbally or non verbally. Success of interpersonal communication of dentist-patient results in convenience and satisfaction for patients or dentists. The purpose of this study was to see whether there was an influence of interpersonal communication dentist to patient satisfaction in the dental poly of health center in Jember. This research was an observational analytic with cross sectional approach. Its used purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted in 11 health center in Jember, total subject were 398 respondents. Measuring instrument of study was a questionnaire. Results of the chi square test for the influence of interpersonal communication of dentist-patient satisfaction rate in the dental poly of health center in Jember was p = 0.000 [p < α (0.05)]. This showed there were influence of interpersonal communication toward patient satisfication in dental poly in Jember. Keywords: Dentist, Interpersonal Communication, Patient, Satisfaction
EFEK ANTIBAKTERI PASTA GIGI YANG MENGANDUNG TEA TREE OIL TERHADAP BAKTERIS. aureus, S. mutans dan S. viridans Astuti, Pudji; Meilawaty, Zahara
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 10, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

In the oral cavity there are a variety of microorganisms that live as normal flora of the oral cavity. The beneficial microorganisms and play a role in the development and defense of normal physiology in human . Components of these microorganisms can be pathogenic if the environment is compromised or are at a place that is not normal. Microflora commonly found in the oral cavity such as Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus mutans , and Streptococcus viridians . Today has developed various types of toothpaste containing various therapeutic materials to help improve oral health. The one that is being developed is much toothpaste containing tea tree oil, which has antibacterial and antiseptic properties are very high. The purpose of this study was to determine the antibacterial effect of toothpaste containing tea tree oil to the amount of bacterial growth of S. aureus , S. mutans and S. viridians . This study uses a sample of 1 piece of toothpaste containing tea tree oil and 1 non toothpaste tea tree oil as a control. Furthermore, the data obtained by analysis of Kruskal Wallis were tabulated and tested, then tested Man Whithney. The results showed the number of bacteria S. aureus , S. mutans and S.viridans on toothpaste containing tea tree oil, much less when compared with the number of bacteria in toothpaste that contains tea tree oil . The conclusion of this study is the toothpaste that contains tea tree oil has antibacterial effects against S. aureus, S.mutans and S.viridans.
Gambaran Tingkat Keparahan Karies Gigi Anak Sekolah Dasar di 10 Kecamatan Kabupaten Jember Yani, Ristya Widi Endah; Hadnyanawati, Hestieyonini; Kiswaluyo, Kiswaluyo; Meilawaty, Zahara
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 12, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Until todays, dental caries disease is a major problem in a childs oral cavity. Children aged 6-10 years old are vulnerable to dental and oral diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the severity of dental caries in primary school children in 10 districts in Jember. An observational study with cross sectional approach was conducted in July-September 2015. Accidental sampling was 102 children of primary school grade 1 to grade 6 in 10 districts in Jember (Ambulu, Balung, Ledokombo, Tanggul, Mayang, Gumukmas, Jenggawah, Pakusari, Rambipuji and Sukorambi). The variables studied were deciduous tooth caries with four categories of severity i.e. pulp irritation (IP), pulp hyperemia (HP), gangrene of the pulp (GP), gangrene roots (GR). Data were presented in descriptive research results with a frequency distribution table and a bar chart. The results showed that most cases of primary teeth were gangrene tooth root 626 (38.1%), subsequently gangrene dental pulp 454 (27.7%), 360 dental pulp hyperemia (21.9%), and cases of irritation of the pulp were at least 202 teeth (12.3%). The high incidence of gangrene roots caused by deciduous teeth which have a tendency to be more susceptible to the development of caries lesions, lack of knowledge, awareness and motivation of parents of the importance of maintaining oral hygiene, the transition period the childs diet between home-cooked meals with school meals, which tend to choose cariogenic foods.
THE PROGRESSIVE LOW CHRONIC INFLAMMATION ON ORAL TISSUES IN ELDERLY Hamzah, Zahreni; Indartin, Dyah; Meilawaty, Zahara
UNEJ e-Proceeding 2016: Proceeding of 1st International Conference on Medicine and Health Sciences (ICMHS)
Publisher : UNEJ e-Proceeding

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Abstract

Aging is a normal process, as inevitable biologicalphenomenon. Generally, this process characterizedby a decrease in the ability of resolution,regeneration, and reparation of cell and tissues, So,those cells and tissues cannot function properly andits will grow up and die.(1) WHO reports that thepopulation of elderly people worldwide increases by1.7% annually, whereas the population of peopleaged ≥ 65 years old increases by 2.5%. WHOclassified the elderly based on their chronologic/biologic state in 4 groups: (1) the middle age ranged45-59 years old, (2) the older/elderly age ranged 60-74 years old, (3) the advanced old age ranged 75-90years old, and (4) the very old age over 90 years old.Generally, elders ≥ 65 years old have healthproblems as effects of aging process. That meansthey need to have a special concern about theirhealth condition include in dental care.(2,3)Low, systemic and progressive chronic inflammationin elderly age is called inflammaging. This conditioncan occur as the effects of injury on cells andtissues.(4,5) There are some factors that cause injuryon cells, such as; hypoxia, chemical materials (toxins,drugs), physical agents (mechanical trauma,temperature, sudden changes in atmosphericpressure, radiation, electrical potency), microbiologyagents (virus, microbes, fungi), immune systemdisorder, genetic disorder, or malnutrition. Whenthe cells got injuries, there are some possibilityreactions on cells and tissues, e.g. retrogressivereaction, progressive reaction; and adaptationreaction. The main cause and the response towardsinflammaging that linked to illness are stillunknown.(6)
Effect of Cassave leaf flavonoid extract on TNF-α expressions in rat models suffering from periodontitis Meilawaty, Zahara; Kusumawardani, Banun
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 3 (2016): (September 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i3.p137-142

Abstract

Background: Bacteria playing a role in periodontitis are Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria that can release endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS acts as a stimulus to a variety of host cells that can stimulate expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in periodontal disease, such as IL-1α, IL-1β, and TNF-α. Increased TNF-α then can lead to periodontal tissue destruction. Furthermore, cassava leaves have many health benefits due to flavonoid organic compound contained, known to possess anti-inflammatory activity are used as a medicine. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of cassava leaf flavonoid extract as a basic ingredient of anti-inflammatory gel on TNF-α expression in Wistar rats suffering from periodontitis induced with Escherichia coli (E. coli) LPS. Method: This study used 24 male Wistar rats. Those rats were divided into six groups. Group 1 consisted of four rats induced with E. coli LPS for 2 weeks, and then decapitation was performed on day 3. Group 2 consisted of four rats induced with E. coli LPS for 2 weeks, and then decapitation was conducted on day 7. Group 3 consisted of four rats induced with E. coli LPS for 2 weeks, treated with the topical cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel (Manihot esculenta) at a concentration of 25%, and then decapitation was performed on day 3. Group 4 consisted of four rats induced with E. coli LPS for 2 weeks, treated with the topical cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel (Manihot esculenta) at a concentration of 25%, and then decapitation was conducted on day 7. Group 5 consisted of four rats induced with E. coli LPS for 2 weeks, treated with the topical cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel (Manihot esculenta) at a concentration of 50%, and then decapitation was performed on day 3. And, group 6 consisted of four rats induced with E. coli LPS for 2 weeks, treated with the topical Cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel (Manihot esculenta) at a concentration of 50%, and then decapitation was conducted on day 7. The topical Cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel was inserted into gingival sulcus on the first right molar of their lower jaw by using a blunted syringe needle. The gel was given two times a day for 7 days. Result: The expression of TNF-α in the control group was more than that in the treatment groups given the Cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel at the concentrations of 25% and 50%. The expression of TNF-α in the treatment groups given the cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel at the concentration of 50% was lower than that in the treatment groups given the cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel at the concentration of 25%. Conclusion: Cassava leaf flavonoid extract gel could be used as an anti-inflammatory gel characterized by a decrease in TNF-α expression in rat models suffering from periodontitis.