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Journal : Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Hubungan Kekerapan Pemberian Kolostrum dan Cara Lahir dengan Jumlah Koloni Bakteri Asam Laktat di Saluran Cerna Neonatus Nurita, Suci Rahmani; Mayetti, Mayetti; Masrul, Masrul
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 19, No 1 (2019): Februari
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.406 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v19i1.575

Abstract

One of the biggest causes of infant mortality is an infectious diseases. Infectious diseases can be prevented through breastfeeding especially colostrum which is rich in nutrients, bioactive components, immunomodulatory factors and microbiota which play a role in the formation and development of the baby's immune system. Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) is one of the microbiota that plays an important role. This study aims to determine the relationship between frequency of colostrum and birth mode with the number of LAB colonies in the neonatal gastrointestinal tract. This study was observational with a cross sectional approach on 61 postpartum mothers and newborns at 2 hospitals (TK III Reksodiwiryo Hospital and DR. Rashidin Hospital) and 4 Independent Midwives Practice (BPM) in the Andalas, Ambacang and Belimbing Community Health Centre. Samples were obtained by consecutive sampling. The sample examination were done in the Microbiology Laboratory of Animal Product Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Andalas University, Padang. Data analysis using T-Independent test and Pearson correlation test. The statistical test results showed no significant differences in the number of LAB colonies in the first 24 hours of birth in the neonatal gastrointestinal tract between those who were vaginally and C-section born (p = 0.912) and there was a significant relationship between the frequency of colostrum and the number of LAB colonies in the neonatal gastrointestinal tract on the 4th day births with a very strong correlation and a positive direction (p = 0,000; r = (+) 0.91). In this study it can be concluded that the number of LAB colonies in neonates born of vaginal and C-section not much different, this is due to colonization of LAB in the neonatal gastrointestinal tract can occur before birth. The more often colostrum is given, the more number of LAB colonies in the neonatal gastrointestinal tract.
Hubungan Kadar Zinc dan Pola Asuh Ibu dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Anak Usia 2 – 5 Tahun di Kecamatan Panti Kabupaten Pasaman Noftalina, Elsa; Mayetti, Mayetti; Afriwardi, Afriwardi
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi Vol 19, No 3 (2019): Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Batanghari Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.904 KB) | DOI: 10.33087/jiubj.v19i3.723

Abstract

Stunting is a short body condition based on height according to age (TB / U) whose standard deviation is less than -2 and -3 from the z-score calculation of the WHO child growth standard table. Stunting is an irreversible growth disorder due to inadequate nutrition and recurring infections during the first 1000 days of life. Indicators of chronic malnutrition that occur in a long time so that stunting in children under five, especially at the age of 2-5 years stunting will be clearly visible and is one indicator of chronic nutritional status that can provide an overall picture of the disorder in the past. The causes of stunting are lack of nutrition, infectious diseases, poor parenting, poor environmental sanitation and low health services. Zinc deficiency can cause impaired growth and decreased immunity. One of the biomarkers used is the analysis of hair zinc levels because it can describe chronic zinc levels in the past so it is appropriate to measure zinc levels in the stunting condition which is a long-standing condition of malnutrition. The croos sectional research design was carried out in the Panti District of Pasaman Regency and the West Sumatra Regional Health Laboratory in June to July 2019. The study sample were mothers and children aged 2-5 years as many as 60 people divided into two groups which are stunting and normal children, taken by proportional stratified simple random sampling. Zinc levels were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) while parenting used questionnaires. Statistical test using Mann Whitney test and Chi Square. The results showed the mean zinc levels in stunting children 154.70 (9-387) µg / g and zinc levels in normal children 241.00 (60-933) µg / g with p = 0.018. parental feeding (p = 0.009), hygiene parenting (p = 0.034). health care parenting (p = 0.017), psychosocial stimulation parenting care (0,000). The conclusion of this study is that there is a significant association between zinc levels and parenting with the incidence of stunting.