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DESKRIPSI KONSEPSI SISWA PADA MATERI HEREDITAS DI MAN Maulidi, Andri; Ariyati, Eka; Mardiyyaningsih, Asriah Nurdini
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Vol 3, No 9 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran

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Abstract

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan konsepsi siswa pada materi hereditas di kelas XII IPA MAN 1 Pontianak pada tahun ajaran 2013/2014. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan bentuk penelitian survei. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XII IPA 1 dan XII IPA 2 MAN 1 Pontianak. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah tes diagnostik dan wawancara. Berdasarkan analisis data diperoleh konsepsi siswa yang tergolong paham rata-rata sebesar 46,19%. Rata-rata sebesar 15,69% konsepsi siswa tergolong miskonsepsi dan rata-rata sebesar 38,12% konsepsi siswa tergolong tidak paham. Konsepsi siswa yang tergolong miskonsepsi dengan persentase tertinggi terdapat pada subkonsep menentukan karyotipe pada sel sperma. Sedangkan miskonsepsi dengan persentase paling rendah terdapat pada subkonsep menentukan mutasi yang terjadi pada tingkat gen atau kromosom. Jenis-jenis miskonsepsi yang ditemukan yaitu kesalahan pada definisi, salah memahami soal bergambar, dan salah dalam membedakan antar konsep. Berdasarkan hasil wawancara, faktor penyebab miskonsepsi siswa lebih besar terjadi disebabkan oleh siswa itu sendiri. Kata kunci: Deskripsi, konsepsi siswa, miskonsepsi, faktor penyebab miskonsepsi, materi hereditas.  Abstract: This research was aim to describe student’s conception at inheritage in XII IPA MAN 1 Pontianak at 2013/2014. Survey was used as the method of this reaserch which refers to descriptive research. Students from XII IPA 1 and XII IPA 2 were taken as the subject of this research. Diagnostic test and interview are used as research instrument. The result showed the average were classified as understanding student’s conceptions by 46,19%, which were classified as misconceptions by 15,69%, and which were classified as not understood by 38,12%. The students’ conception which were classified as misconception with the highest percentage found in the sub concept determine the karyotype of the sperm cells. While the lowest percentage of misconception found in the sub concept determine mutations that occur at the gene or chromosome level. The types of misconceptions that were found are make a mistake on define a concept, fault on understand pictured questions, and fault on distinguish between concepts. Based on interview result, the student’s misconceptions were caused by the students themselves. Key words: Descriptions, Student’s Conceptions, Misconception, Misconception Factor, Inheritage.
Microsatellite Marker for Cross-Species Amplification: Study Case for Indonesian Sundaland Python (Serpentes: Pythonidae) Maulidi, Andri; Fatchiyah, Fatchiyah; Hamidy, Amir; Kurniawan, Nia
The Journal of Experimental Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Graduate School, University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jels.2018.008.01.10

Abstract

The python of Indonesian Sundaland has been traded for its distinct skin colour and patterns. The need for rapid method in cross-species amplification for Indonesian Sundaland python is useful to contribute in management of sustainability harvesting system. In this research, we screened 10 microsatellite primers which are previously used for Australian, New Guinean, Chinese and Burmese pythons and 7 potentially amplifiable primers for African and Asian reptiles. Python breitensteini showed a greater number of alleles (2-8 alleles) than Python bivittatus (1-3 alleles) and Python brongersmai (1-2 alleles). The observed and expected heterozygosity for all species were ranged from 0 to 1.00 and 0 to 0.79, respectively. According to the high cross-species amplification rates, 15 out of 17 primers were useful in assessing the genetic diversity and conservation genetic of Indonesian Sundaland python. Among the 15 primers, MS3 generated the highest number of allele for P. breitensteini (8 alleles), P. bivittatus (3 alleles), and P. brongersmai (2 alleles). We proposed MS3 locus as a suitable marker for Indonesian Sundaland python.Keywords: microsatellite, Python, Sundaland.
VARIOUS VEGETATION MODIFIES THE DIVERSITY OF HERPETOFAUNA IN WONOSOBO AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE Kurniawan, Nia; Yanuwiadi, Bagyo; Priambodo, Bagus; Maulidi, Andri; Kurnianto, Agung Sih
Journal of Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Technology Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jeest.2017.004.02.10

Abstract

Human population growth has rapidly conversed the natural environment into agricultural and plantation area in Indonesia. This phenomenon resulted a reduction and fragmentation habitats, and led to the loss of biodiversity. By exploring Wonosobo, we were able to analyse the herpetofauna composition on three different habitat, including river, salak plantation [Salacca zalacca (Gaert.) Voss], and paddy fields. We identified 17 species (60,7%) from river, 15 species (53,6%) from paddy field, and 13 species (46,4%) from salak plantation. Shannon-wiener index diversity (H’) categorized herpetofauna diversity in all three habitats as medium. Meanwhile, the evenness index (E) showed that herpetofauna community in river classified as unstabile (E=0.7302). River was predicted be functioned as transit area for herpetofauna to hunt. There were no herpetofauna species predominating all three habitats, and this indicating that the ecosystem balance was well preserved. This study revealed that agriculture and plantation area affected the herpetofauna composition, yet it still able to maintain the diversity well. In addition, the water bodies, including river and irrigation in agriculture and plantation area, should be maintained its quality as it plays an important part in herpetofauna conservation. Keywords: fragmentation, herpetofauna composition, habitat
Snapshot of an On-Going Trade in Reptile Wholesaler, Kebumen, Central Java: Preparation, Trading, and Conservation Implications Kurniawan, Nia; Nugraha, Fitra Arya; Maulidi, Andri; Firdaus, Anggun Sausan; Kadafi, Ahmad Muammar; Kurnianto, Agung Sih
Indonesian Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development Vol 9, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Graduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpal.2018.009.01.02

Abstract

Indonesia is known as one of the highest supplier on animal illegal trading, especially reptile. The objectives of this study are to reveal the preparation proccess of reptiles in the wholesaler and the flow of illegal trade through deep interview and observation in Kebumen Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The results showed that wholesaler did some specific processes towards reptile. As much as 289 reptiles were observed to be traded in various conditions. Dry season affect the amount of animal sold. Chinese Ratsnake (Ptyas korros) and Reticulated Python (Malayopython reticulatis) became the most traded commodity within reptile trading, and is reported to be exported to other countries. Trafficking of adult reptiles could threaten their wild population, yet the level of exploration and monitoring toward reptile’s wild population are still low.Keywords: Kebumen, reptile, trade, population, wholesaler
Fishermen’s Perspective on Herpetofauna: A Case Study from Kuala Tungkal, Tanjung Jabung Barat, Jambi Kurniawan, Nia; Firdaus, Anggun Sausan; Nugraha, Fitra Arya Dwi; Maulidi, Andri; Kurnianto, Aguung Sih
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.01

Abstract

The population of herpetofauna (Class: Reptilia, Amphibia) is continuously declining throughout the world. Moreover, habitat changes such deforestation drive rapidly to declining process. Human communities play an important role in conserving the herpetofauna by maintaining and improving the harmonious relationship between human and environment. Therefore, these association will strongly support the conservation of herpetofauna and their habitats. This study is aimed to survey the herpetofauna communities, explore the local people perspective on herpetofauna, and the relationship between human and herpetofauna. We found 12 species observed in this survey that included to 3 order of herpetofauna: anura, squamata and testudines. Local people recognized herpetofauna species around them well and do not harm them because of their roles, such as part of nature (39%), bioindicator (33%), myth (17%), and economic value (11%). We also revealed the local knowledge on herpetofauna, as 14 local names and their roles. Despite Kuala Tungkal is a strategic area for the national port development that probably impacts herpetofauna microhabitat, it needs serious attention on herpetofaunal issues.
Microhabitat Assessment of Mangrove Pit Viper Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus in Restricted Mangrove Area, Dumai, Riau Province, Sumatera Kurniawan, Nia; Priambodo, Bagus; Nugraha, Fitra Arya Dwi; Maulidi, Andri; Kurnianto, Agung Sih
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.07.02.01

Abstract

Bandar Bakau is a mangrove conservation area with approximately 20 ha that preserves many kinds of fauna, including Mangrove Pit Viper Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus. However, this species and its habitat are still poorly studied in Indonesia, particularly Sumatera island, despite it has a wide distribution in Southeast Asian countries. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the microhabitat of Mangrove Pit Viper C. purpureomaculatus that found at a restricted mangrove area in Dumai, Riau Province. Visual Encounter Survey (VES) and deep interview methods were used in this study. The survey found six individuals of C. purpureomaculatus that mostly basking on the Avicennia marina and artificial building. Although Bandar Bakau is a tourism object, but no snakebite cases were found.
Morphometric Analysis of Ischnura aurora (Brauer, 1865) in Two Lakes at Semeru Mountain East Java Nugraha, Fitra Arya Dwi; Maulidi, Andri; Winasis, Swiss; Kurniawan, Nia
Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Lake Ranu Pani has been experiencing environmental damage due to human activities, while Lake Ranu Regulo is still in good condition. This difference in environmental conditions allows for differences in the genetic diversity of animals in the area. The aim of this research is to know the genetic diversity of Ischnura aurora needle dragonfly based on morphometric analysis in both locations. A total of 8 morphometric characters (in mm) were measured using a digital caliper. Data were analyzed using T test, biplot and cluster. T test results showed that male I. aurora in both sites was not significantly different, nor did females, but there were differences between male and female aurora at each location ie body color, wing span (WS) and length of hindwing (LH). Biplot analysis showed the uniformity of sample distribution for each character. The dendogram results described most of the samples were clustered into a single group. The result data showed that genetic diversity of I.aurora in Ranu Pani and Ranu Regulo lakes is still low. Keywords: Damselfly, Morphometric, Ranu Pani, Ranu Kumbolo
PENGEMBANGAN SIM BIODATA MAHASISWA UNTUK PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PRODI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI FKIP UNIVERSITAS TANJUNGPURA Daningsih, Entin; Candramila, Wolly; Panjaitan, Ruqiah Ganda Putri; Titin, Titin; Wahyuni, Eko Sri; Maulidi, Andri
ICoTE Proceedings Vol 2 (2018): ICoTE Proceedings 2
Publisher : ICoTE Proceedings

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Abstract

Sistem Informasi Manajemen (SIM) merupakan hal penting bagi suatu program studi. Penggunaan SIM dapat membantu suatu Program Studi dalam melakukan pengorganisasian data yang lebih baik sekaligus membuat keputusan yang tepat. Paper ini mendeskripsikan penyediaan data melalui SIM Biodata Mahasiswa untuk meningkatkan kemudahan pengolahan data Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Untan. SIM diunggah ke dalam data sistem yang tersedia di Universitas. Ketersediaan SIM menjaring data 385 mahasiswa dari 451 total mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Untan angkatan 2012 hingga 2018. SIM biodata menampilkan data jumlah mahasiswa masing-masing angkatan, jenis kelamin, jalur masuk, agama, rata-rata IPK mahasiswa per angkatan, serta data pekerjaan orang tua mahasiswa. Data dapat digunakan untuk akreditasi, monitoring, evaluasi mahasiswa, dan perencanaan pengembangan program studi termasuk rencana strategis. SIM biodata Mahasiswa sebaiknya dihubungkan dengan Siakad Universitas dan disempurnakan. AbstractManagement Information Systems (MIS) is important for a Study Program. The use of MIS can help a Study Program in organizing better data while making the right decisions. This paper describes the provision of data through the MIS Biodata Students to increase the ease of processing the Biology Education Study Program of FKIP Untan. MIS is uploaded into system data available at the University. MIS availability captures data on 385 students from 451 total students of Biology Education Study Program class 2012 to 2018. The biodata MIS displays data on the number of students in each generation, gender, entry point, religion, average student GPA per generation, and parents’ job. Data can be used for accreditation, monitoring, student evaluation, and study program development planning including strategic plans. MIS Biodata Students should be connected with the University Academic and refined.