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Deteksi Virus Dengue pada Telur Nyamuk Dewasa Aedes spesies di Daerah Endemis DBD (Studi Kasus di Kota Semarang) Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Yusuf, Iwang
Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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ABSTRACT Background: Dengue infection is a serious public health problem in Indonesia, even the efforts to eradicate the vector of Dengue virus have not been successfully yet. Recently the number of Dengue cases has become increase. The continuing spread requires more intensive control measure for Dengue vector. There has been a shift—older age tends to be more susceptible to Dengue than before. The municipality of Semarang is included in the high endemic areas. Only few was studied about Dengue virus isolated from Aedes species. The study was conducted to prove the existence of Dengue virus in the egg of Aedes species. Design and Method: This study was analytic descriptive with Cross Sectional Design. Dengue virus and eggs of Aedes species were the independent variable and dependent variable respectively. The eggs of Aedes species obtained from the areas with the high and low endemicity. The epidemiological study was carried out in Semarang Municipality for two months, between May 2007-July 2007. Dengue virus was detected by Immununohistochemistry (IHC) test in Parasitological Laboratory of Medical Faculty of Gajah Mada University. Result: The IHC test was positive indicated by brown colour for all samples. Conclusion: The result proved the existence of Dengue virus in eggs of Aedes species. Key words: Aedes species, Dengue virus, endemic, IHC, Semarang Municipality ABSTRAK Pendahuluan: Infeksi Dengue merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia, bahkan upaya pemberantasan DBD belum berhasil sampai saat ini. Insiden DBD di Indonesia masih tinggi, dan penyebarannya semakin meluas. Kota Semarang merupakan salah satu daerah dengan endemisitas tinggi, dengan disertai terjadinya pergeseran usia penderita dari usia anak-anak ke usia dewasa muda. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan pengendalian vektor yang lebih intensif. Penelitian virus Dengue dari isolat nyamuk Aedes spesies belum banyak dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan adanya virus Dengue pada telur nyamuk Aedes spesies. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode diskriptif analitik dengan rancangan Cross Sectional. Virus Dengue sebagai variabel bebas dan telur nyamuk Aedes spesies sebagai variabel terikat. Telur nyamuk Aedes spesies diperoleh dari wilayah Puskesmas endemis tinggi dan rendah di Kota Semarang, Mei 2007 sampai Juli 2007.Virus Dengue dideteksi menggunakan metode uji Immunohistokimia (IHC) di Laboratorium Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran UGM. Hasil Penelitian: Hasil uji IHC menunjukkan positif (warna coklat) pada semua sampel. Kesimpulan: Virus Dengue terbukti ditemukan dalam telur nyamuk Aedes spesies. Kata kunci : Aedes spesies, endemis, IHC, Kota Semarang, virus Dengue,
Minyak Akar Wangi (Vetiver oil) sebagai Repelan terhadap Hinggapan Nyamuk Aedes aegypti Repellency of Akar Wangi Oil (Vetiver Oil) Against Aedes aegypti Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin
Jurnal Sains Medika Vol 2, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA

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ABSTRACTBackground: The effort to eradicate Aedes aegypti, the vector of DHF has not been successful. Therefore,there should be utilization a plant exploration, which regures an exploration of natural source repellentagainst Aedes aegypti. Akar wangi (Andropogon zizanioides (L) Urb.) or well known as Vetiveria has beenused as the repellent. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of akar wangi oil on Ae. aegyptilanding and to analyze the repellent efficacy of the vertiver oil.Design and Metode: This is experimental post test only control group study. Repellency of akar wangi oil atvarious doses was evaluated against A. aegypti females. Each test sample was repeated. Akar wangi oil wasapplied on the arms at different consentrations including 100%, 75%, 50% and 25%. The control and testedgroups arms were inserted into mosquito cage, and then at hour 1, 3, and 6, the number of mosquito landingon arms and attempting to feed were recorded. The repellency against the Ae aegypti was analyzed usingprotection time. One way ANOVA were applied to analyze the difference between the mean of number ofmosquito landing on the controls and testers.Result: Akar wangi oil which was applied on the arms capable of refusing the landing of Aedes aegypti, butit was not as effective as repellent. Based on the analysis akar wangi oil protection in various concentrationsin the first hour, third and sixth hour were different one another.Conclusion: Akar wangi oil is less potential for natural repellent against Aedes aegypti, because theeffectiveness of its repellent on the first six hours is less than 90% at concentrations of 25, 50, 75, and 100%(Sains Medika, 2(1):1-7).Key words: Aedes aegypti, DHF, Vetiver oil, repellentABSTRAKPendahuluan: Upaya pemberantasan nyamuk Aedes aegypti sebagai vektor Demam Berdarah Dengue(DBD) sampai saat ini belum berhasil. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan eksplorasi pemanfaatan tanamansebagai bahan alami repelan yang dapat menghindari hinggapan nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Akar wangi(Andropogon zizanioides (L) Urb.) atau lebih dikenal dengan Vetiveria merupakan salah satu tanamanyang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku repelan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai pengaruhminyak akar wangi terhadap hinggapan nyamuk Ae aegypti, serta menganalisis efektifitas penolakanhingapan nyamuk Ae aegypti pada lengan yang diolesi minyak akar wangi (Vetiver Oil).Metode Penelitian: Penelitian eksperimental dengan rancangan post test only control group design inimenggunakan sampel nyamuk Ae aegypti betina. Perlakuan terdiri dari lima kelompok dengan 5 ulangan,yaitu kontrol, minyak akar wangi konsentrasi 100%, 75%, 50%, 25%. Tangan yang sudah diolesi minyakakar wangi selanjutnya dimasukkan pada kurungan nyamuk, kemudian dihitung rata-rata jumlah nyamukyang hinggap pada tiap-tiap perlakuan pada pengamatan jam ke-1, 3 dan 6. Efektifitas penolakanhinggapan nyamuk Ae aegypti dianalisis menggunakan daya proteksi. Data yang diperoleh diuji denganOne Way Anova untuk menganalisa perbedaan antar kelompok perlakuan.Hasil Penelitian: Minyak akar wangi yang dioleskan pada lengan mampu menolak hinggapan nyamukAedes aegypti, akan tetapi tidak efektif sebagai repelan. Berdasarkan hasil analisa daya proteksi minyakakar wangi dalam berbagai konsentrasi pada jam pertama, jam ketiga dan jam keenam berbeda satusama lain.Kesimpulan: Minyak akar wangi kurang berpotensi untuk digunakan sebagai repelan terhadap nyamukAedes aegypti, karena efektifitas daya tolaknya pada 6 jam pertama kurang dari 90% pada konsentrasi25, 50,75, dan 100% (Sains Medika, 2(1):1-7).Kata kunci : Aedes spesies, DBD, minyak akar wangi, repela
Dengue Virus Detection in Egg of Aedes Species from DHF Endemicity Areas (Case Study at Semarang Municipality Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Qathrunnada Djam’an, Qathrunnada; Yusuf, Iwang
Sains Medika Vol 1, No 1 (2009): Januari-Juni 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Background: Dengue infection is a serious public health problem in Indonesia, even the efforts to eradicatethe vector of Dengue virus have not been successfull. Recently, the number of Dengue cases has becomeincrease. The continuing spread requires more intensive control measure for Dengue vector. There has been ashift—older age tends to be more susceptible to Dengue than before. The municipality of Semarang is includedin the high endemic areas. Only few was studied about Dengue virus isolated from Aedes species. The studywas conducted to prove the existence of Dengue virus in the egg of Aedes species.Design and Method: This study was analytic descriptive with Cross Sectional Design. Dengue virus and eggs ofAedes species were the independent variable and dependent variable respectively. The eggs of Aedes speciesobtained from the areas with the high and low endemicity. The epidemiological study was carried out inSemarang Municipality for two months, between May 2007-July 2007. Dengue virus was detected byImmununohistochemistry (IHC) test in Parasitological Laboratory of Medical Faculty of Gajah Mada University.Result: The IHC test was positive indicated by brown colour for all samples.Conclusion: The result proved the existence of Dengue virus in eggs of Aedes species, (Sains Medika, 1 (1) : 1-8).
COMPARISON OF EFFECTS OF ABDOMINAL STRETCHING EXERCISE AND COLD COMPRESS THERAPY ON MENSTRUAL PAIN INTENSITY IN TEENAGE GIRLS Cahya Rosyida, Desta Ayu; Suwandono, Agus; Ariyanti, Ida; Suhartono, Suhartono; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Fatmasari, Diyah
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2017): May-June 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.894 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.98

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Background: Pain during menstruation is not uncommon, especially in young women, which has an impact on their life activities.Objective: To examine the effect of abdominal stretching exercise and cold compress therapy on decreasing intensity of menstrual pain in teenage girls at SMK Bakti Indonesia Medika.Design: A Quasy Experimental Study with two group comparison pretest-postest design. There were 46 respondents selected in this study by consecutive sampling that consisted of 23 samples in the abdominal stretching exercise group and 23 samples in the cold compress group. The menstrual pain was measured using VAS (visual analog scale). Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, Chi-Square, and Wilcoxon test.Results: Findings showed that the mean of menstrual pain before intervention in the abdominal stretching exercise was 7.04 and in the cold compress therapy was 6.74 with p-value 0.211 (<0.05), which indicated that there was no mean difference of pain between both groups. However, after intervention, the menstrual pain was reduced from 7.04 to 1.91 (5.09 difference) in the abdominal stretching exercise group; and from 6.74 to 5.52 (1.22 difference) in the cold compress group with p-value 0.000 (<0.05), which indicated that there was statistically significant difference of menstrual pain before and after intervention, both abdominal stretching exercise and cold compress therapy.Conclusion: There were statistically significant effects of abdominal stretching exercise and cold compress therapy on menstrual pain in teenage girls. The abdominal stretching exercise is more effective than cold compress therapy in reducing menstrual pain intensity. Thus, it is suggested that abdominal stretching exercise can be an alternative choice of management of dysmenorrhea in teenage girls, and can be a part of subject in the education as non-pharmacological medicine.
THE IMPACT OF GENTLE HUMAN TOUCH IN INCREASING BABY WEIGHT, BODY TEMPERATURE AND PULSE STABILITY ON PRETERM BABY Maharani, Yennita; Suwondo, Ari; Hardjanti, Triana Sri; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Fatmasari, Dyah; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2017): July-August 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.087 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.153

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Background: Touch is crucial for optimal growth and development of preterm babies. Gentle human touch is considered as a complementary treatment to spur their growth and development.Objective: To determine the effect of Gentle Human Touch on weight gain, body temperature and pulse rate stability in preterm babies.Methods: This was a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) with pretest-posttest with control group. Thirty nine respondents were selected by consecutive sampling, assigned into 2 treatment groups and 1 control group. Data were analyzed using MANOVA .Results: The results showed that there was statistically significant difference in body weight (p 0.047), body temperature (p 0.021), and pulse rate stability (p 0.001) in preterm babies. Conclusion: Gentle Human Touch therapy twice a day is more effective in improving body weight, body temperature, and pulse rate stability in premature babies. It is recommended that gentle human touch be applied as an operational standard for premature baby care. 
HYPNOANXIETY AS AN ALTERNATIVE THERAPY TO REDUCE ANXIETY IN PRIMIGRAVIDA MOTHERS Jannah, Nurul; Hadi, Hadi; Rahayu, Sri; Hadisaputro, Soeharyo; Fatmasari, Diyah; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2017): March-April 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.083 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.68

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Background: Anxiety among primigravida mothers should be handled to avoid the risks during pregnancy. Hypnotherapy is considered to be a solution, however, there is limited studies to see its effect for anxiety, especially in primipara mothers.Objective: To examine the effect of hypnoanxiety on the level of anxiety in primigravida.Methods: This was a Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) with pretest-posttest design, conducted between September – October 2016 in the working area of the Health Center of Bergas Semarang, Indonesia. There were 40 respondents recruited using simple random sampling, which divided into intervention and control group. Hypnoanxiety was performed 8 times for 4 weeks. The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (ZSAS) was used to measure anxiety in pregnant women. Data were analyzed using Mann Whitney test and Kruskal waliis test.Results: Findings showed that after four weeks intervention, there was a decrease of the level of anxiety in the intervention group, consisted of 25% of moderate anxiety, 40% of mild anxiety, and 35 % of respondents had no anxiety. The p-value was 0.005, which indicated that there was mean difference of anxiety level between intervention and control group.Conclusions: There was a significant effect of hypnoanxiety on the level of anxiety in pregnant women. It is suggested that hypnoanxiety could be one of the alternative therapies to reduce the anxiety among prenant women. This could be considered to be included in the standard of midwifery care in Indonesia.
EFFECT OF CONSUMING RED SPINACH (AMARANTHUS TRICOLOR L) EXTRACT ON HEMOGLOBIN LEVEL IN POSTPARTUM MOTHERS Muliani, Resty Himma; Soejoenoes, Ariawan; Suherni, Titi; Hadisaputro, Soeharyo; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2017): July-August 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.931 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.156

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Background: Postpartum mothers are susceptible to anemia, due to loss of blood count during labor. Postpartum anemia causes uterine subinvolution which causes postpartum hemorrhage, facilitates puerperium infection, decreases breastfeeding and easy mamae infection. One alternative to prevent anemia in postpartum is to consume vegetables with high iron one red spinach. Red spinach is one of the non-heme iron sources needed to synthesize hemoglobin.Objective: To determine the effect of red spinach in increasing the levels of hemoglobin in postpastum mothers.Methods: This was a quasy experiment with pretest posttest with control group design in October-December 2017 at the Community Health Center of PONED Tarub, Tegal regency. Thirty postpartum mothers were included using purposive sampling, which 15 assigned in each group. Blood sampling and examination were performed in each respondent. Paired and Independent t-test were done for data analysis.Results: The results of the 14-day intervention of given red spinach extract showed that there was a significant increase of hemoglobin level (1.25 g / dL) with p-value 0.047.Conclusion: There is a significant effect of consuming red spinach extract (amaranthus tricolor L.) on the increase of  hemoglobin level in postpartum mother. It is recommended that midwives could apply this intervention and cooperate with agriculture and food processing in order to produce red spinach extract that increases hemoglobin, hematocrit and erythrocytes levels.
EFFECT OF CONSUMING TAMARIND AND TURMERIC DRINK ON THE LENGTH OF PERINEAL WOUND HEALING IN POSTPARTUM MOTHERS Susanti, Dewi; Setiani, Onny; Umaroh, Umaroh; Aristiati, Kun; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Mardiyono, Mardiyono
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2017): July-August 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.893 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.155

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Background: The incidence of perineal tear is still high in Indonesia. It is therefore the intervention to acceleate wound healing is needed. The use of turmeric and tamarind is considered as the alternative treatment for wound healing. However, little is known about the effect of the combination of turmeric and tamarind.Objective: To determine the effect of consuming turmeric and tamarind on the duration of perineal wound healing.Methods: The study was a quasi-experimental study with one group post-test only design conducted in the working area of the Community Health Center of Ngesrep and Srondol, Semarang City, Central Java in December 2016 until January 2017. There were 28 respondents recruited using consecutive sampling, with 14 randomly assigned in each group. The REEDA scoring system was used to measure the wound healing. Data were analyzed usig Independent t-test.Results: The results revealed that The average duration of wound healing in the intervention group was 6.25 days, while in the control group was 8.57 days with p-value 0.000 (<0.05), which indicated that there was statistically significant effect of tamarind turmeric drink of the duration of perineal wound healing in postpartum mothers.Conclusion: There is a significant effect of turmeric tamarinds drink on the duration of perineal wound healing in postpartum mothers. It is therefore suggested to the health providers, especially midwives, to apply this intervention the accelerate healing of perineal wound in postpartum mothers.
LAVENDER (LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA) AROMATHERAPY AS AN ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT IN REDUCING PAIN IN PRIMIPAROUS MOTHERS IN THE ACTIVE FIRST STAGE OF LABOR Karo Karo, Hilda Yani; Pramono, Noor; Wahyuni, Sri; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Latifah, Leny
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2017): July-August 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.074 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.159

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Background: Labor and childbirth is an extremely painful process. Aromatherapy is considered as one of the nonpharmacological methods to reduce labor pain.Objective: To determine the effect of Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia) aromatherapy on the level of pain in primipara in the first stage of labor.Methods: A quasy-experimental research with pretest and posttest design with control group conducted between October until November 2016. Forthy respondents selected using consecutive sampling, which 20 assigned in each group. a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) pain scale was used. Paired and independent t-test were used for data analyses.Results: The results showed that the p-value of labor pain after intervention was 0.000 (<0.05), which indicated that there was statistically mean difference of labor pain between intervention (6.10) and control group (4.05) in primipara in the first active stage of labor.Conclusion: The women in the lavender aromatherapy group reported lower intensity of labor pain. The intervention study could be practiced in the community health centers for pregnant women in order for them to apply this healing method.
BREAST MILK AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR POSTPARTUM PERINEAL CARE Admasari, Yuli; Santoso, Bedjo; Suherni, Titi; Mashoedi, Imam Djamaluddin; Mardiyono, Mardiyono
Belitung Nursing Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2017): May-June 2017
Publisher : Belitung Nursing Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.822 KB) | DOI: 10.33546/bnj.101

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Background: Perineal laceration during childbirth is very common among mothers; however some of them may suffer from its complication if not treated properly.Objective: To prove the effectiveness of breast milk as an alternative topical ingredient in the treatment of perineal wound in postpartum mothers.Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with non-equivalent control group posttest only design. There were 30 respondents selected in this study, with 15 assigned in the intervention and control group. Accidental sampling was used to select the samples with the criteria that the respondents had perineal laceration in level 1 and 2. Data were analzed using Mann Whitney test.Results: Effective wound healing process can be seen in the intervention group from 80% of poor category in 6-10 hours (1st period) of postpartum became 86.7% of good category in 7 days of postpartum (4th period). Different from the control group that showed the slow progress of wound healing, which was 86.7% of poor category in the 1st period to only 33.3% of good category in the 4th period. Mann Whitney test showed that there was a significant mean difference of the perineal wound healing process between the intervention group (11.23) and the control group (19.77) with p-value 0.002 (<0.05).Conclusion: Breast milk was more effective than povidone iodine in the treatment of perineal wound. It is suggested for health workers, especially midwife to apply this intervention to accelerate the healing of perineal wound in midwifery care.