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GAMBARAN PASIEN INTUSUSEPSI DI BANGSAL BEDAH ANAK RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PEKANBARU PERIODE JANUARI 2009 –DESEMBER 2013 Priatna, M. Hadrian; Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Intussusception is the telescoping of one portion of intestine into another. It is one most common cause of intestinal obstruction in children and infants. This retrospective descriptive study was carried out to evaluate the profile of children with intussusception at Pediatric Surgery Unit Arifin Achmad General Hospital Pekanbaru period of January 2009-December 2013 and the data source were medical records. Twenty patients were found reported intussusception, 65% males and 35% females, with 95% found at 3-12 months age range. Sixteen patients (80%) had >24 hours onset with average 63,53+23.912 hours. Four people (20%) patients had a history of coinciding gastroenteritis, and 1 patient (5%) had a history of coinciding respiratory tract infection. The most common symptoms at presentation were currant jelly stool (17 patients), and then 10 patients had abdominal pain and 10 patients presence of abdominal mass. It was reported 2 ileocaecal, 1 colocolical and 17 had no significant data about location of intussusception. All patients had surgical intervention. Eighty per cent patients were recovered, 15% not yet recovered and other had no significant data about output resume.Keywords: intussusception, profile
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DENGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA PEGAWAI SEKRETARIAT DAERAH PROVINSI RIAU Indriani, Septy Dwi; Chandra, Fifia Chandra; Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Obesity is an increase body weight above normal caused by multifactorial such as genetic factor, individual factors and especially the sedentary lifestyle. Worker community are recognized as one of community at high risk of obesity and the risk can be minimalized by having good knowledge and attitude of obesity and its prevention. The aim of this research was to know the relationship of knowledge and attitude with obesity at the Local Secretary Officer Riau Province. A cross sectional research was performed involving 44 subjects. Obesity was determined by using body mass index. Knowledge and attitude were measured by some questionnaire. The result of obesity showed 50% samples were obese. The result of knowledge showed 36.4% subject had good knowledge, 56,8% had enough knowledge and 6.8% subject had bad knowledge. Futhermore, the result of attitude showed 11.4% subjects had good attitude, 75% subjects had enough attitude and 13.6% subjects have a bad attitude. Statistic analyzing using Kolmogorov Smirnov test showed there was no relationship either between knowledge and obesity or attitude and obesity (p> 0,05) in this research.Keywords: knowledge, attitude, obesity
ANGKA KEBERHASILAN POSTEROSAGITTAL ANORECTOPLASTY (PSARP) YANG DINILAI DARI SKOR KLOTZ PADA PASIEN MALFORMASI ANOREKTAL DIBANGSAL BEDAH RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU PERIODE JANUARI 2009 – DESEMBER 2014 Putri, Gizka Yolanda; Wahid, TB Odih Rhomdani; Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Posterosagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is the newest and most widely used technique for the treatment of anorectal malformation (ARM). Standardized assessment of clinical outcome after repairment of ARM can be measured by Klotz score. Klotz score can be used to examine anal function post PSARP. The aims of this research to evaluate the successful rate of PSARP in ARM patients measured by using Klotz score at The Department of Surgery Local State Hospital Arifin Achmad Riau Province. This research was an observational research, using cross sectional design, the population were medical records of ARM patients who had undergone PSARP with colostomy closure in The Department of Surgery Local State Hospital Arifin Achmad Riau Province from January 2009 until December 2013. The result showed the largest age group who performed PSARP was between 4 month-1 years old (58,82%). Among 57,81% were male and 32,35% were female. High lesion in male were found in 67,65% of ARM, whereas intermediet lesion in female were found in 14,70% of ARM. Rectouretra fistula was the most fistula in this research (35,30%). Almost patients in this research got full PSARP as a treatment (85,30%). Minor complication were found in 17,65% and no complications were found in 82,35%. Klotz score post PSARP at this research was categorized as good result 73,53% and best result 17,65%.
ANGKA KEJADIAN OBESITAS SENTRAL PADA MASYARAKAT KOTA PEKANBARU Sundari, Elsa; Masdar, Huriatul; Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Obesity has become a big problem in the world mostly known asglobesity. Central obesity can cause degenerative diseases such ascardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and cancer. This research informed theincidence of central obesity in Pekanbaru community. Descriptive cross sectionalstudy method was used in this research and two hundred sixty people were involved.Determination of central obesity in this research used waist circumferencemethode. In which waist circumference ≥ 90 cm in men and ≥ 80 in woman werecategorized as central obesity . The result shows 165 people with central obesity(63,4%). The insidence of central obesity in Pekanbaru community was higher inwoman (55%), age > 60 years old (79,1%), high education (65,9%) and housewife(77,3%).Key word : Obesity, Central obesity, Pekanbaru city.
GAMBARAN VISUM ET REPERTUM PERLUKAAN DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KUANTAN SINGINGI PERIODE 1 JANUARI 2009 - 31 DESEMBER 2013 Pratiwi, Wilda Septi; Afandi, Dedi; Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda Februari 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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ABSTRACTVisum et Repertum (VeR) of injury is the type of VeR that most often requested by the investigator to a doctor who works in an emergency room. VeR requested by the investigator is required for law enforcement and justice, so that the quality of VeR which made by a general practitioner affect the clarity of a criminal case and also has a big influence for hospital accreditation. This research were done to figure out VeR of injury in Kuantan Singingi General Hospital during 1st January 2009-31st December 2013. A descriptive retrospective research was designed using Herkutanto’s scoring method. All VeR data in Kuantan Singingi General Hospital during 1st January 2009-31st December 2013 that were complete and has been signed by the doctor who did the examination were counted as samples a hundred fifty four VeR data in Kuantan Singingi General Hospital during 1st January 2009-31st December 2013. Were found injury survivors most cases are in the age group 22-40 years old as many as 78 victims (50,7%), mostly male (61,7%). The most frequent violence that were experienced by the victims were blunt violence was 137 VeR (88,9%) with the highest age group 22-40 years old. The preliminary unit of VeR about 72,3% showed medium quality, the reporting unit about 44,09% showed poor quality and also the inference unit about 40% showed poor quality. It can be concluded that quality of VeR reports in Kuantan Singingi General Hospital during 1st January 2009-31st December 2013 was 43,79% which means poor quality.Keywords: Visum et Repertum, injury, the figure of Visum et Repertum of injury
Angka Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tidak Terdiagnosis pada Masyarakat Kota Pekanbaru Artanti, Puji; Masdar, Huriatul; Rosdiana, Dani
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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ABSTRACTDiabetes mellitus is a chronic disease and the number is rising in theworldwide. One of risk factors of diabetes mellitus is obesity which can causeinsulin resistance. The purpose of this research was to inform the prevalence ofundiagnosed diabetes mellitus (UDDM) in Pekanbaru community. A crossectionalstudy design was performed November 2013-Desember 2014. Two hundred andthirty six subjects were involved in this research. Based on this research, 100subjects with central obesity detected as undiagnosed diabetes mellitus.Keywords: central obesity, undiagnosed diabetes melitus, Pekanbaru
GAMBARAN RINITIS ALERGI PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS RIAU ANGKATAN 2013-2014 Rafi, Muhammad; Adnan, Asmawati; Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda Februari 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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ABSTRACTAllergic Rhinitis is an inflammation reaction at nasal mucous that is caused by allergic reaction mediated by IgE, its identified by symptoms like rinore, sneeze, nasal itch, nasal congestion, itchy and watery red eyes. This research was done to visualizing and evaluating allergic rhinitis among stundents of Riau University’s Medical Faculty Generation 2013/2014. The design of the research was desciptive research wih cross sectional approach using total sampling sample recovery technique. From 293 respondents, 74 was suspected to having allergic rhinitis based from their questioner, physical examination, and skin prick test. From the result of the research, prevalention of allergic rhinitis is 74 students (25.25%). Further description of the research revealed that gender with the most allergic rhinitis suspect is female (19,79%), the most complained symptom is sneeze (03,24%), followed by nasal congestion (85,13%), the most common classification of allergic rhinitis to be the intermitten type (64,86%), the most common degree of allergic rhinitis is moderate-severe (50%). On physical inspection, allergic shiner (86,48%) is the most common physical findings, findings from anterior rhinoscope examination is livid mucous (100%). Tyoe of aeroallergen most commonly found is Dermatophagoides farinae (63,51%) followed by Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (60,81%) and Blomia Tropicalis (58,10%)Key words : Allergic Rhinits, Nasal mucous inflammation, Skin Prick Test, aeroallergen.
Depresi, ansietas dan stres serta hubungannya dengan obesitas pada remaja Masdar, Huriatul; Saputri, Pragita Ayu; Rosdiana, Dani; Chandra, Fifia; Darmawi, Darmawi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2016): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23021

Abstract

Background: Obesity can occur in all ages, including adolescents. Multiple factors were known related to obesity including psychological factor. Eating excessively could be response toward loneliness, grief or depression. Anxiety can contribute to determining the food intake and nutrient substance, and stress can cause behavioral disorders such as abnormal (excessive) eating behavior that leads to obesity. Objective: The aimed of this research was to know depression, anxiety, and stress and their relationship with obesity in adolescents in Pekanbaru. Method: A cross-sectional research was performed, involving 132 subjects taken from 7 of 14 State Senior High Schools in Pekanbaru, 66 subjects were overweight/obese and 66 subjects were normal. Body mass index per age was used to determine their nutritional status according to Indonesian Ministry of Health Standard 2010 for nutritional status of 5-18 years old children. Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured by using DASS 42 Scale, and categorized only into normal or having depression/anxiety/stress. Data were statistically analyzed by using Chi-Square test with significance level 95%.Results: The results showed 17.4% subjects were categorized depression, 65.2% were anxiety and 34.8% were stress. Statistically analyzed using Fisher test showed that there was significant association between depression with obesity (p=0.003, OR=0,219) and stress with obesity (p=0.044, OR=0,028).Conclusion: Psychological aspects such as depression and stress were related to obesity in State Senior High Schools Students in Pekanbaru
Perbandingan Efek Pemberian Emulsi Kedelai dan Emulsi Tempe Terhadap Hitung Limfosit Total pada Tikus Putih yang Telah Diberi Prednison Nurcahyani, Rizka Bekti; Pardede, Imelda T; Masdar, Huriatul
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.35 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i1.2011.56-62

Abstract

Adequate nutrition is one of important factors in immunodeficiency repairment. Soybean and tempeh contains proteins,zinc, ferrum, vitamins and isoflavon. Fermentation in tempeh makes it having better nutrients digestion and absorptionthan soybean. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of soy and tempeh emulsions on total lymphocytecount in rats treated with prednisone. The test was done on 24 male white rats divided into four groups. Group A wasgiven distilled water and group B, C and D had prednisone 2.5 mg/day for 6 days. After that, group A and B werecontinued having distilled water while groups C or D was fed with soy or tempeh emulsion 0.71 mL/day for 10 days,respectively. The results shown that soy and tempeh emulsion could increase total lymphocyte count significantly (p <0,05) but there was no significant difference of total lymphocyte count between soy and tempeh emulsion groups (p >0,05).
Depresi, ansietas dan stres serta hubungannya dengan obesitas pada remaja Masdar, Huriatul; Saputri, Pragita Ayu; Rosdiana, Dani; Chandra, Fifia; Darmawi, Darmawi
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 12, No 4 (2016): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.23021

Abstract

Background: Obesity can occur in all ages, including adolescents. Multiple factors were known related to obesity including psychological factor. Eating excessively could be response toward loneliness, grief or depression. Anxiety can contribute to determining the food intake and nutrient substance, and stress can cause behavioral disorders such as abnormal (excessive) eating behavior that leads to obesity. Objective: The aimed of this research was to know depression, anxiety, and stress and their relationship with obesity in adolescents in Pekanbaru. Method: A cross-sectional research was performed, involving 132 subjects taken from 7 of 14 State Senior High Schools in Pekanbaru, 66 subjects were overweight/obese and 66 subjects were normal. Body mass index per age was used to determine their nutritional status according to Indonesian Ministry of Health Standard 2010 for nutritional status of 5-18 years old children. Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured by using DASS 42 Scale, and categorized only into normal or having depression/anxiety/stress. Data were statistically analyzed by using Chi-Square test with significance level 95%.Results: The results showed 17.4% subjects were categorized depression, 65.2% were anxiety and 34.8% were stress. Statistically analyzed using Fisher test showed that there was significant association between depression with obesity (p=0.003, OR=0,219) and stress with obesity (p=0.044, OR=0,028).Conclusion: Psychological aspects such as depression and stress were related to obesity in State Senior High Schools Students in Pekanbaru