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Pengaruh Jumlah Tawas Dan Tekniknya Terhadap Hasil Pewarnaan Pada Kain Katun MARYANI, SITI; Russanti, Irma Russanti
Jurnal Tata Busana Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Volume 2 Nomor 1 Tahun 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Tata Busana

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Abstract

Abstrak Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh jumlah tawas dan tekniknya terhadap hasil pewarnaan pada kain katun. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen. Desain eksperimen 2 faktorial, faktor yang pertama jumlah tawas (3 macam), faktor yang kedua adalah teknik pemberian tawas Variabel bebas pada penelitian ini adalah 3 macam jumlah dan teknik pemberian tawas, dan variabel terikatnya adalah hasil pewarnaan. Teknik pengambilan data menggunakan observasi, yang diolah dengan metode analisis statistik ANAVA ganda dengan bantuan SPSS 18 dengan taraf signifikan 0,05. Hasil analisis data menyatakan bahwa ada pengaruh yang signifikan untuk jumlah tawas dan teknik pemberian tawas pada ketajaman warna dan interaksinya. Selain itu, juga terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan untuk teknik pemberian tawas pada kerataan warna. Sedangkan untuk jumlah tawas pada kerataan warna dan jumlah tawas serta teknik pemberian tawas pada daya serap warna, tidak terdapat pengaruh. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah (1) Jumlah tawas 90 gram/liter dengan teknik pemberian tawas after merupakan hasil pewarnaan yang paling tajam. (2) Jumlah tawas 90 gram/liter dengan teknik pemberian tawas before merupakan hasil yang paling rata. (3) Jumlah tawas 90 gram/liter dengan teknik pemberian tawas after merupakan hasil yang paling terserap warnanya. Jadi, dapat disimpulkan bahwa semakin banyak tawas akan menghasilkan warna yang lebih tajam, lebih rata dan lebih terserap warnanya. Kata Kunci: jumlah tawas, teknik tawas, pewarnaan, kain katun. Abstract The goal of this research is to know existence of influence amount of the alum and its technique on result of coloration at cotton cloth. The kind of this research is experiment. Experiment design 2 factorial, the first factorial is amount of alum (3 kinds) and the second is its technique (3 kind). Indipendent variable in this experiment are 3 kind of amount of the alum and its technique and dependent variable is the result of coloration. The technique of data collecting used observation, that is analyzed with statistical analytical method double ANOVA with used SPSS 18 with significant level 0,05. The Result of data analysis shows that there is significant influence for amount of alum and its technique on durability aspect of colour and its interaction. In the other word, there is significant influence too for technique of alum at horizone aspect of colour. Whereas for amount of alum at horizon aspect of colour and amount of alum and its technique at colour absorpsion aspect there isn’t influence. The conclusion of this research are: ( 1) amount of alum 90 gram/liter with giving technique of alum after is the best result at durability aspect of colour ( 2) Amount of alums 90 gram/liter with giving technique of alum before is the best result at horizone aspect of colour ( 3) Namount of alums 90 gram/liter with giving technique of alum after is the best result at colour absorpsion aspec. So, can be conclused that more amount of alum can make the best result of durability aspect, horizon aspect, and absorpsion of colour Keywords: the amount of alum, technique of alum, colouring, cotton.
Correlation between leptin level with lipid profile and free fatty acid in liver cirrhosis patients Maryani, Siti; Ratnasari, Neneng; Nurdjanah, Siti
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 46, No 03 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.354 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScie004603201404

Abstract

Malnutrition is a common condition in liver cirrhotic patients. Leptin regulates body weightphysiologically by suppressing appetite and increasing energy expenditure. Leptin is higher in femalethan male. Studies have shown correlation between leptin with metabolic factors like body massindex (BMI) and lipid profile in cirrhotic patients. This study was conducted to investigate thecorrelation between serum leptin levels with lipid profile and free fatty acid in male patients with livercirrhosis. This was a cross sectional study that conducted at Gastroentero-Hepatology Clinic andInternal Ward at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta. The inclusion criteria were patients withliver cirrhosis > 18 years old, male, with Child-Pugh classification B and C, and provided informedconsent. The exclusion criteria were liver cirrhotic patients with comorbidity chronic kidney disease,chronic heart failure, diabetic, cancer, infection/septic, pregnancy, breast feeding, and steroid use.Data collecting was performed by anamnesis, physical examination, abdominal ultrasonographyexamination, and blood chemistry test. Pearson test was used to evaluate the correlation betweenthe serum leptin level with the lipid profile and free fatty acid. The results showed that no significantnegative correlation was observed between the serum leptin level with the total cholesterol (r= -0.052; p=0.766), high-density lipoprotein/HDL (r= -0.078; p=0.658) and triglyceride (r= -0.170; p=0.328) in male patients with liver cirrhosis. Furthermore, no significant positive correlationwas observed between the serum leptin levels with the low-density lipoprotein/LDL (r= -0.013; p=0.942) and free fatty acid/FFA (r= 0.007; p=0.968). In conclusion, there was no correlationbetween serum leptin levels with lipid profile and FFA in male patients with liver cirrhosis.
Analisis Nilai Moral Novel Bulan Jingga dalam Kepala Karya M Fadjroel Rachman Murti, Sri; Maryani, Siti
Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajaran (KIBASP) Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Jurnal KIBASP (Kajian Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajaran)
Publisher : Institut Penelitian Matematika, Komputer, Keperawatan, Pendidikan dan Ekonomi (IPM2KPE)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.653 KB) | DOI: 10.31539/kibasp.v1i1.93

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to describe the moral values ​​associated with human relationships with God, the relationship with oneself, relationships with others, and the human relationships with the environment contained in the novel of Bulan Jingga di Atas Kepala M. Fadjroel Rachman. Technique of collecting data using literature study technique and record. Based on the results of research and discussion of novel Bulan Jingga diAtas Kepala of M. Fadjroel Rachman can be deduced that the moral value in human relations with his Lord found 28 citations, the moral value of relationship with self found 20 citations, the moral value of human relationships with fellow found 13 citations, the moral value of the relationship with the environment found 7 citations. So it can beconcluded that in the novel of the Bulan Jingga di Atas Kepala of M. Fadjroel Rachman contained moral values ​​relating to human relationships with God, the relationship with self, relationships with others, and human relationships with the environmentthat proved to be true. Keywords: Analysis, Moral Values, Novels
Association Between Pregnant Woman Class and Pregnancy Complication in Tegal District, Central Java Maryani, Siti; Respati, Supriyadi Hari; Astirin, Okid Parama
Journal of Maternal and Child Health Vol 1, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Maternal mortality amounted to 33 cases in Tegal, Central Java, in 2015. The leading cause of maternal mortality rate in Indonesia was obstetric complication, i.e 46.8%. Pregnancy complication may be affected by maternal age, parity, education, and maternal employment status. Various efforts have been implemented by the government to reduce maternal mortality rate, including pregnant woman class. The objective of the pregnant mother class is to increase maternal knowledge in risk factor detection and to increase their willingness to use antenatal care. This study aimed to estimate the association between pregnant woman class and pregnancy complication, while controlling for confounding factors.Subjects and Method: This was an analytical observational with case control design. This study was conducted at Pagerbarang, Pangkah and Dukuhwaru Health Centers, Tegal, Central Java. A total of 90 study subjects, consisting of 30 laboring women with complication and 60 without complication. The dependent variable was pregnancy complication. The independent variables were maternal age, parity, education, employment status, and participation in pregnant woman class. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire. The data on pregnancy complication was obtained from the obstetric record at the health center. The data were analyzed by multiple logistic regresion.Results: Parity ≥3 (OR = 3.47; CI 95% = 0.95 to 12.69; p=0.060) and maternal education <senior high school (OR= 8.58; CI 95% = 1.7 to 43.33; p= 0.009) increased the risk of pregnancy complication. Maternal age 20 to 35 years (OR= 0.26; CI 95% = 0.08 to 0.81; p=0.020), employed  mother (OR= 0.21; CI 95% = 0.06 to 0.71; p = 0.012), and participation in pregnant woman class (OR =0.35; CI 95% = 0.12 to 1.05; p = 0.061), decreased the risk of pregnancy complication.Conclusion: Participation in pregnant woman class is associated with decreased risk of pregnancy complication. Parity ≥3 and maternal education <senior high school are associated with increased risk of pregnancy complication. Maternal age 20 to 35 years and employed  mother are associated with decreased risk of pregnancy complication. It is suggested that pregnant women plan their pregnancy in order to prevent pregnancy complication.Keywords: pregnant woman class, pregnancy complication.Correspondence: Siti Maryani. Academy of Midwifery Siti Fatimah, Slawi, Central Java. Mobile: 085741950488.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2016), 1(4): 214-219https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2016.01.04.02
Correlation between leptin level with lipid profile and free fatty acid in liver cirrhosis patients Maryani, Siti; Ratnasari, Neneng; Nurdjanah, Siti
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 46, No 03 (2014)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.354 KB) | DOI: 10.19106/JMedScie004603201404

Abstract

Malnutrition is a common condition in liver cirrhotic patients. Leptin regulates body weightphysiologically by suppressing appetite and increasing energy expenditure. Leptin is higher in femalethan male. Studies have shown correlation between leptin with metabolic factors like body massindex (BMI) and lipid profile in cirrhotic patients. This study was conducted to investigate thecorrelation between serum leptin levels with lipid profile and free fatty acid in male patients with livercirrhosis. This was a cross sectional study that conducted at Gastroentero-Hepatology Clinic andInternal Ward at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta. The inclusion criteria were patients withliver cirrhosis > 18 years old, male, with Child-Pugh classification B and C, and provided informedconsent. The exclusion criteria were liver cirrhotic patients with comorbidity chronic kidney disease,chronic heart failure, diabetic, cancer, infection/septic, pregnancy, breast feeding, and steroid use.Data collecting was performed by anamnesis, physical examination, abdominal ultrasonographyexamination, and blood chemistry test. Pearson test was used to evaluate the correlation betweenthe serum leptin level with the lipid profile and free fatty acid. The results showed that no significantnegative correlation was observed between the serum leptin level with the total cholesterol (r= -0.052; p=0.766), high-density lipoprotein/HDL (r= -0.078; p=0.658) and triglyceride (r= -0.170; p=0.328) in male patients with liver cirrhosis. Furthermore, no significant positive correlationwas observed between the serum leptin levels with the low-density lipoprotein/LDL (r= -0.013; p=0.942) and free fatty acid/FFA (r= 0.007; p=0.968). In conclusion, there was no correlationbetween serum leptin levels with lipid profile and FFA in male patients with liver cirrhosis.
ANALISIS PEMBANGUNAN PADA KAWASAN BEKAS PERTAMBANGAN BAUKSIT DI DESA MAROK KECIL, KECAMATAN SINGKEP SELATAN, KABUPATEN LINGGA Maryani, Siti; Rusli SD, Zaili
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 5: Edisi II Juli - Desember 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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Abstract

Mining activities in most of Indonesia’s regions rarely pay attention to sustainable development, which is mining activities do not pay attention to the economic, social and environmental sustainability of the mining area. In the Marok Kecil village there was once a bauxite mining activity which at the moment is not longer operating. The purpose of this research is to analyze how development on ex-bauxite mining area in the Marok Kecil village and what are the factors influencing development on ex-bauxite mining area in the Marok Kecil village.This research was conducted at Marok Kecil village, South Singkep Sub Districs, Lingga Regency. The theory used in this research is Asdak’ theory, there are have three concepts of sustainable development that is sustainability of social system, sustainability of economic and ecological sustainability. The researh method used is descriptive qualitative research with data collection technique done through interview, observation and documentation. Selection of research informant using purposive sampling technique for Ltd Sanmas Mekar Abadi and accidental sampling techique for people in Marok Kecil Village.The result of this research indicate that the presence of influencing factors of development on ex-bauxite mining activities in the Marok Kecil village . That factors is not tranparancy regarding the use of funds for development, the existence of interest factors of certain people in the realization of development, lack of community knowledge about the use of ex-mining land and lack of community participation in developmnet-related activities.Keywords: Sustainable Development, Bauxite Mining.
Association Between Pregnant Woman Class and Pregnancy Complication in Tegal District, Central Java Maryani, Siti; Respati, Supriyadi Hari; Astirin, Okid Parama
Journal of Maternal and Child Health Vol 1, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.507 KB)

Abstract

Background: Maternal mortality amounted to 33 cases in Tegal, Central Java, in 2015. The leading cause of maternal mortality rate in Indonesia was obstetric complication, i.e 46.8%. Pregnancy complication may be affected by maternal age, parity, education, and maternal employment status. Various efforts have been implemented by the government to reduce maternal mortality rate, including pregnant woman class. The objective of the pregnant mother class is to increase maternal knowledge in risk factor detection and to increase their willingness to use antenatal care. This study aimed to estimate the association between pregnant woman class and pregnancy complication, while controlling for confounding factors.Subjects and Method: This was an analytical observational with case control design. This study was conducted at Pagerbarang, Pangkah and Dukuhwaru Health Centers, Tegal, Central Java. A total of 90 study subjects, consisting of 30 laboring women with complication and 60 without complication. The dependent variable was pregnancy complication. The independent variables were maternal age, parity, education, employment status, and participation in pregnant woman class. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire. The data on pregnancy complication was obtained from the obstetric record at the health center. The data were analyzed by multiple logistic regresion.Results: Parity ≥3 (OR = 3.47; CI 95% = 0.95 to 12.69; p=0.060) and maternal education <senior high school (OR= 8.58; CI 95% = 1.7 to 43.33; p= 0.009) increased the risk of pregnancy complication. Maternal age 20 to 35 years (OR= 0.26; CI 95% = 0.08 to 0.81; p=0.020), employed  mother (OR= 0.21; CI 95% = 0.06 to 0.71; p = 0.012), and participation in pregnant woman class (OR =0.35; CI 95% = 0.12 to 1.05; p = 0.061), decreased the risk of pregnancy complication.Conclusion: Participation in pregnant woman class is associated with decreased risk of pregnancy complication. Parity ≥3 and maternal education <senior high school are associated with increased risk of pregnancy complication. Maternal age 20 to 35 years and employed  mother are associated with decreased risk of pregnancy complication. It is suggested that pregnant women plan their pregnancy in order to prevent pregnancy complication.Keywords: pregnant woman class, pregnancy complication.Correspondence: Siti Maryani. Academy of Midwifery Siti Fatimah, Slawi, Central Java. Mobile: 085741950488.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2016), 1(4): 214-219https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2016.01.04.02