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INTERAKSI ANTARA SISTEM FORMAL DENGAN BUDAYA DALAM PENCEGAHAN TINDAKAN KECURANGAN: STUDI KASUS PT BANK X (PERSERO) TBK Maryam, Maryam; Wahyudi, Imam
Media Riset Akuntansi Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Bakrie

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Abstract

This  study  intends  to  describe,  explain  and  evaluate  fraud  prevention  system  of    a  state owned bank, namely PT Bank X (Persero) Tbk. Exploiting a case study method, researchers try  to  investigate  events  in  their  natural  contexts.  Data  were  collected  mostly  by  semi-structured  interviews  and  direct  observation  while  one  of  the  researcher  was  doing  on the  job  training  at  the  bank  for  four  months  from  2010  to  2011.  Therefore,  researcher’s own  experience  and  perception  during  the  field  observation  and  interviews  will  influence the  research  process.  The  result  shows  that  the  bank  has  successfully  implemented  three phases of fraud prevention system – detection, investigation and prevention. The interesting finding is that most  fraud cases were  detected by accident, while internal  control, internal audit  and  whistleblower  systems  that  supposed  to  be  the  most  important  devises  to  detect fraud were left behind. Cultural factors such as paternalism might explain the phenomena. Keywords: fraud  prevention  system,  case  study,  bank
PENGARUH TERAPI AKUPRESUR TERHADAP INTENSITAS NYERI PERSALINAN Ro?’ah, Siti; Chunaeni, Siti; Maryam, Maryam
Jurnal Ilmu Kebidanan (Journal of Midwivery Science) Vol 2, No 3: Desember 2014
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan AKBIDYO

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Nyeri dalam persalinan adalah suatu hal yang fisiologis akibat kontraksi otot rahim. Akupresur merupakan salah satu tehnik untuk mengurangi rasa nyeri dalam persalinan.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas terapi akupresur terhadap intensitas nyeri persalinan kala I fase aktif pada primipara di Puskesmas II Sumpiuh Kabupaten Banyumas tahun 2013.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini Pre Experimental dengan rancangan one group pretest - posttes design. Populasi da- lam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu primipara kala I fase aktif yang berjumlah 30 orang. Sampel yang digunakan merupakan total sampling.Hasil penelitian: sebelum dilakukan terapi akupresur responden lebih banyak dalam kategori nyeri berat, sesudah diberikan terapi sebagian besar dalam kategori nyeri sedang. Ada pengaruh terapi akupresur terhadap intensitas nyeri persalinan kala I fase aktif pada primipara di Puskesmas II Sumpiuh Kabupaten Banyumas tahun 2013 de- ngan nilai p value 0,0001.Saran: ibu bersalin agar mau menerima pemberian terapi akupresur saat proses persalinan. Bagi bidan sebaiknya mengikuti pelatihan akupresur supaya kompeten dan mengaplikasikan terapi akupresur kepada ibu bersalin. De- ngan penerapan terapi akupresur saat pertolongan persalinan diharapkan dapat mengurangi nyeri selama persalin-an dan memberikan pengalaman yang menyenangkan pada ibu bersalin.ABSTRACTBackground: Pain in labor is a physiological thing as a result of the contraction of the uterine muscle. Acupressure is one of the techniques to reduce pain in labour.Objective: This research was to know the effectiveness of accupressure therapy toward pain intensity first stage of labor in primipara active phase I at Public Health Care Sumpiuh II, Banyumas District in 2013.Method: Type of the research was Pre experimental with one group pretest-postest design. The population was 30 maternals primipara active phase of the first stage. The sample used was total sampling.Result: before getting accupressure therapy, the majority of respondents were in severe pain category, after getting therapy, mostly in moderate pain category. There was the effect of acupressure therapy on pain intensity of active phase of the first stage of labor in primipara at Public Health Care II Sumpiuh Banyumas in 2013 with p value of 0.0001.Suggestion: Mom will be expected to receive maternity acupressure therapy in labor proccess. Suggesting for midwives to follow accupressure training and applicate that therapy to maternity. By applying that therapy in labor proccess is expected to reduce pain during labor in accordance to give new and excite experience for maternity.
Relationship between Menstrual Profile and Psychological Stress with Dysmenorrhea Maryam, Maryam; Ritonga, Mulyanusa Amarullah; Istriati, Istriati
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps is the most common menstrual complaint among reproductive women in developing countries. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea is ranged from 19–91%. Many studies showed that factors associated with dysmenorrhea include a younger age, nulliparity, family history of dysmenorrhea, prolonged menstrual duration, high menstrual flow, psychological factors, and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to compare female medical students with dysmenorrhea and without dysmenorrhea regarding menstrual profile and psychological stress, also to examine the relationship between psychological stress and dysmenorrhea specifically..Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 fourth year female medical students of Universitas Padjadjaran. It used a structured, self-assessment, validated, and reliable questionnaire, such as Wong Baker Faces® Pain Rating Scale in combination with Numeric Scale Pain, and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-42). Then, the descriptive data analysis and chi-square hypothesis test were used to explore the relationship between the severity of psychological stress and the presence or severity of dysmenorrhea.Results: Family history of dysmenorrhea had a strongest relationship with dysmenorrhea. Nevertheless, there was no statistically significant interaction between the severity of stress and the presence of last menstrual cramps (p 0.745, Odd Ratio 1.15, 95% Confidence Interval 0.5–2.66). However, a positive relationship between the severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation was found in this study (p 0.033, Odd Ratio 3.69, 95% Confidence Interval 1.06–12.8).Conclusions: The severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation is related among the subjects with dysmenorrhea. [AMJ.2016;3(3):382–7]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.884 
PEMIKIRAN POLITIK JAMALUDDIN AL-AFGHANI (Respon Terhadap Masa Modern dan Kejumudan Dunia Islam) Maryam, Maryam
JPP (Jurnal Politik Profetik) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Politik Profetik
Publisher : ILMU POLITIK UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI (UIN) ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/jpp.v2i2.832

Abstract

Renewal of Afghani’s Islamic thought was based on the condition of the people and Islamic world, which esperienced social and religious backward. Jamaluddin al-Afghani, together with his Pan-Islamism was able to inspire Muslims and Islamic world to unite and to develop nasionalism among them.
PUPUK MUSACARICA SOLUSI MEMINIMALISIR PENGGUNAAN AGROKIMIA PADA PETANI SAYUR UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN INDONESIA FOOD SOVEREIGNTY Maryam, Maryam; David, Muh.
JURNAL PENA Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

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Abstract

Penggunaan pupuk kimia yang berkonsentrasi tinggi dan dengan dosis yang tinggi dalam kurung waktu yang panjang menyebabkan menurunnya kesuburan tanah karena terjadi ketimpangan hara atau kekurangan hara lain, serta menurunnya kandungan bahan organik tanah. Penggunaan pestisida yang berlebihan dalam kurung waktu yang panjang, akan berdampak pada kehidupan dan keberadaan musuh alami hama dan penyakit, dan juga berdampak pada kehidupan biota tanah. Adapun jenis penelitian yang digunakan pada penulisan karya tulis ilmiah ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konsep penerapan dan mengetahui keunggulan dari pupuk Musacarica sehingga dapat mewujudkan food sovereignty yaitu sistem pertanian yang berkelanjutan dan ramah lingkungan, tetapi program tersebut belum terealisasikan dengan baik. Upaya yang dilakukan untuk meminimalisir penggunaan pestisida dan pupuk kimia yaitu, dengan hadirnya berbagai jenis pupuk organik diantaranya pupuk kompos, pupuk hayati, pupuk hijau, dan pupuk mikroba. penggunaan pupuk tersebut masih dianggap belum efektif dan efisien karena hanya berfokus pada penyuburan tanaman, Salah satu alternatif pilihan adalah penggunaan pupuk organik cair yang memiliki dua fungsi sekaligus yaitu, sebagai penyubur tanaman sekaligus sebagai pembasmi hama yang bahan bakunya berasal dari tumbuhan. Pupuk Musacarica merupakan produk dalam bentuk kemasan yang dilarutkan berupa cairan sebagai penyubur tanaman sekaligus pembasmi hama. Penyubur tanaman itu sendiri berasal dari batang pisang yang diketahui mengandung hingga 80% air, selama ini batang pisang telah banyak diteliti untuk digunakan sebagai pakan ternak karena kandungan selulosanya yang berkadar lignin rendah. Kemudian pada daun pepaya itu sendiri memiliki getah yang menghasilkan senyawa-senyawa golongan alkaloid, terpenoid, flavonoid dan asam amino nonprotein yang sangat beracun bagi serangga pemakan tumbuhan sehingga serangga pada tumbuhan dapat mematikan organisme pengganggu. Pupuk Musacarica yang merupakan hasil fermentasi Musa paradisiaca (batang pisang) dan Carica papaya (daun pepaya) dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif dari penggunaan agrokimia dan juga sebagai multifungsi (penyubur tanaman sekaligus pembasmi hama). Kata kunci : Agrokimia, Food Sovereignty, Pupuk Musacarica
Relationship between Menstrual Profile and Psychological Stress with Dysmenorrhea Maryam, Maryam; Ritonga, Mulyanusa Amarullah; Istriati, Istriati
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps is the most common menstrual complaint among reproductive women in developing countries. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea is ranged from 19–91%. Many studies showed that factors associated with dysmenorrhea include a younger age, nulliparity, family history of dysmenorrhea, prolonged menstrual duration, high menstrual flow, psychological factors, and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to compare female medical students with dysmenorrhea and without dysmenorrhea regarding menstrual profile and psychological stress, also to examine the relationship between psychological stress and dysmenorrhea specifically..Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 136 fourth year female medical students of Universitas Padjadjaran. It used a structured, self-assessment, validated, and reliable questionnaire, such as Wong Baker Faces® Pain Rating Scale in combination with Numeric Scale Pain, and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-42). Then, the descriptive data analysis and chi-square hypothesis test were used to explore the relationship between the severity of psychological stress and the presence or severity of dysmenorrhea.Results: Family history of dysmenorrhea had a strongest relationship with dysmenorrhea. Nevertheless, there was no statistically significant interaction between the severity of stress and the presence of last menstrual cramps (p 0.745, Odd Ratio 1.15, 95% Confidence Interval 0.5–2.66). However, a positive relationship between the severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation was found in this study (p 0.033, Odd Ratio 3.69, 95% Confidence Interval 1.06–12.8).Conclusions: The severity of stress and dysmenorrhea in last menstruation is related among the subjects with dysmenorrhea. [AMJ.2016;3(3):382–7]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.884 
AKTIVITAS ANTELMINTIK BIJI Veitchia merrillii TERHADAP Ascaridia galli SECARA IN VITRO Hamzah, Abdullah; Hambal, Muhammad; Balqis, Ummu; Darmawi, Darmawi; Maryam, Maryam; Rosmaidar, Rosmaidar; Athaillah, Farida; Muttaqien, Muttaqien; Azhar, Azhar; Ismail, Ismail; Rastina, Rastina; Eliawardani, Eliawardani
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 21, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/tradmedj.12818

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengevaluasi aktivitas antelmintik ekstrak etanol biji Veitchia merrillii terhadap nematoda intestinal, Ascaridia galli. Metode fitokimia dilakukan untuk menguji keberadaan jenis kimiawi di dalam ekstrak. Efek dari ekstrak tersebut ditentukan melalui in vitro berdasarkan hambatan pergerakan dan kematian cacing. Sebanyak empat ekor cacing masing diperlakukan triplikat dalam phosphate buffered saline, 25 mg/mL, dan 75 mg/mL larutan ekstrak V. merrillii, dan 15 mg/mL albendazole. Pergerakan cacing diamati pada interval 9, 18, 27, dan 36 jam. Kematian cacing ditentukan berdasarkan ada tidaknya pergerakan badan, bagian kepala, dan ekor cacing. Kami menemukan bahwa larutan ekstrak V. merrillii mengandung tanin, alkaloid, flavonoid, triterpenoid, saponin, tetapi tidak mengandung steroid. Berdasarkan percobaan in vitro, penggunaan konsentrasi 25 dan 75 mg/mL ekstrak V. merrillii menunjukkan efek antelmintik. Ekstrak V. merrillii tersebut hanya efektif pada konsentrasi 75 mg/mL. Kajian tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa antelmintik berbasis herbal untuk mengendalikan A. galli berpontesi dikembangkan.
UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEPBAHASA INDONESIA DENGAN PENERAPAN PROGRAM REMEDIAL TUTOR SEBAYA PADA SISWA KELAS VI SDN 2 METRO BARAT TAHUN PELAJARAN 2009/2010 maryam, maryam
Iqra: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 1 No 2 (2016): Iqra : Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Tarbiyah Faculty of Institut Agama Islam Maarif NU Metro Lampung

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Abstract

This research is used to determine the extent of the application of cooperative learning peer tutor in class VI Elementary School 2 Metro West, on the activities and student learning outcomes. Indicators used in the research activity determine the success of student learning is to look at the observation sheet of research about student learning activities undertaken in class. The success of the research activities of students in the use of cooperative methods of peer tutoring is if at least 80% of its students have acquired or have a high learning activities in accordance with the calculations on the observation sheet that has been created by researchers in this study. After the recapitulation sheet researcher and teacher observation of a partner or team teaching results obtained by 10 students or 27.78% of the students have a low learning activities, as many as seven students or 19.44% of its students have learning activities that are, 15 students or approximately 41.67% of its students have high learning activities and 7 students or 19.44% students have a very high learning activities, and 8 students or 22.22% of its students have learned a very low activity. So it can be concluded that the use of peer tutors learning model can improve learning activities optimally at six graders Negeri 2 Metro West   Keywords: Understanding the concept of reading, learning model, Peer Tutor
Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Advance Organizer Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa SMA Negeri 3 Sigi pada Materi Larutan Elektrolit dan Non Elektrolit Maryam, Maryam; Ratman, Ratman; Ningsih, Purnama
Jurnal Akademika Kimia Vol 7, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.41 KB) | DOI: 10.22487/j24775185.2018.v7.i2.10392

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the influence of advance organizer learning model toward learning achievements of students at SMA Negeri 3 Sigi on the topic electrolyte and non-electrolyte solutions. This study was a quasi-experiment with pretest-posttest control group design using two groups of students, i.e. 34 Class X B as an experimental group , and 34 Class X A as a control group. Data of learning achievements of students was analyzed using t-test two parties statistical analysis. Results showed that the average values of experiment class (X1) was 77.15 with a standard deviation of 11.59, while the average values of control class (X2) was 68.44 with a standard deviation of 10.73. This testing hypotheses with statistical t-test two parties obtained -ttable ≤ tcount ³ + ttable (tcount = 10.89 and ttable = 2.00) with a significant level a = 0.05, and degrees of freedom 66. Therefore, H0 was rejected, and HI was accepted. This study concluded that advance organizer learning model influenced learning achievements of students at SMA Negeri 3 Sigi on the topic electrolytes and non-electrolyte solutions.
Motilitas Ascaridia galli Dewasa dalam Larutan Ekstrak Etanol Biji Palem Putri (Veitchia merrillii) Balqis, Ummu; Darmawi, Darmawi; Maryam, Maryam; Muslina, Muslina; Hamzah, Abdullah; Daud, Razali; Hambal, Muhammad; Rinidar, Rinidar; Harris, Abdul; Muttaqien, Muttaqien; Azhar, Azhar; Eliawardani, Eliawardani
Jurnal Agripet Vol 16, No 1 (2016): Volume 16, N0. 1, April 2016
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.142 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v16i1.3022

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui motilitas Ascaridia galli dewasa dalam ekstrak etanol biji Veitchia merrillii. Ekstrak etanol V. merrillii dianalisis fitokimia. Sebanyak 16 ekor cacing A. galli dewasa dibagi kedalam empat kelompok. Cacing pada kelompok pertama adalah kelompok tanpa perlakuan. Cacing pada kelompok kedua diberi 0,6 mg/ml levamisole. Cacing pada masing-masing kelompok ketiga dan keempat diberi 50 dan 100 mg/ml crude ekstrak biji V. merrillii. Motilitas A. galli ditentukan dalam skor persentase setelah 12, 24, 36 jam dengan menggunakan kriteria: 3 (badan bergerak), 2 (hanya sebagian badan bergerak), 1 (tidak bergerak tetapi masih hidup), 0 (mati). Hasil fitokimia V. merrillii mengandung alkaloids, saponins, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids. Ekstrak biji V. merrillii dosis 100 mg/ml secara in vitro dapat mempersingkat selama 12 jam waktu motilitas cacing A. galli dewasa. Penelitian ini mengindikasikan potensi anthelmintik berbasis herbal untuk pengendalian A. galli.  (Motility of Ascaridia galli adult worms in vitro in ethanolic extracts of Nuts Veitchia merrillii) ABSTRACT. The purpose of this research was to know the motility of Ascaridia galli adult worms in aqueous ethanolic extracts of nuts Veitchia merrillii. The ethanolic extract of the V. merrillii was analyzed. Amount of sixteen head A. galli adult worms were divided into four groups. The first group, worms were left as un-treated normal controls. The second group, worms were treated with concentrations of 0,6 mg/ml levamisole. The third and fourth group, worms were treated with crude aqueous ethanolic extract of 50 and 100 mg/ml concentrations nuts of the V. merrillii, respectively. Motility of A. galli were determined after 12, 24, 36 hour by mean of persentage scored using the following criteria: 3 (moving whole body), 2 (moving only parts of the body), 1 (immobile but alive), and 0 (died). The result of phytochemical V. merrillii contains alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, tannins, and terpenoids. V. merrillii nuts extract concentrations of 100 mg/ml in vitro can shorten the time motility A. galli adult worms for 12 hours. The study indicated the potential for developing herbal-based anthelmintics to control A. galli.